Grow Your Potential
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Grow Your Potential

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How Personality Can Affect Learning

How Personality Can Affect Learning

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    Grow Your Potential Grow Your Potential Presentation Transcript

    • Grow Your Potential With The Personality Tree
    • Introduction
      • Grow Your Potential is a study of how personality type affects a students grades and extra curricular activities.
      • The personality survey used is based off the book The Personality Tree .
      • The four personality types studied were first recognized by Hippocrates in 400 BC.
    • The Personalities
      • For the study purposes there are 4 personality types:
        • The Popular Sanguine
        • The Powerful Choleric
        • The Perfect Melancholy
        • The Peaceful Phlegmatic
    • The Popular Sanguine
      • Labeled “The Talker,” the sanguine lives to have fun!
      • Sanguines love color, acting, and telling stories, so these are good ways to help remember things.
      • Studying out loud helps to process information, but record for later playback.
      • Always keep a calendar; living in the moment can make one forgetful.
    • The Powerful Choleric
      • “The Worker” is very goal oriented and tends to jump straight to the bottom line.
      • Take notes to become an active learner. Later, create a game to learn details.
      • Studying with friends can help you to see the big picture.
      • The innate drive to complete something makes one restless, so study while walking to increase focus.
    • The Perfect Melancholy
      • “ The Thinker” spends more time analyzing than actually getting things done.
      • The deep need for perfection can inhibit one’s drive, so prioritize, make a calendar, and stick to it.
      • Learns well by rote memory, so flash cards are a good study technique.
      • Pictures and graphs help in understanding a concept at a higher level.
      • Use creativity to drive meaning home: a poem, song, dance, etc.
    • The Peaceful Phlegmatic
      • “ The Watcher,” who always sees the best in others, needs a practical application to what they are learning in order to focus.
      • A big picture person, looking for connections can help you to retain details.
      • A vivid imagination can be a distraction, but taking notes and free writing helps you to solidify what you learn.
      • Always looking for the easy way out, discipline for deadlines, and even expressing opinions is a must.
    • The Study
      • We completed a descriptive and correlational study.
      • 45 High School Students were surveyed using the personality profile and were asked three survey questions.
        • What extra-curricular activities do you participate in?
        • What is your favorite subject?
        • Do you think personality affects grades?
    • The Survey
      • Results of personality test was compared with the student’s grades.
        • Numbers were assigned to tests and grades, to ensure student confidentiality.
        • Charts were created to compare grades and activities by personality.
        • Personality types were also analyzed by gender.
      • While cause and effect cannot be determined, we will hypothesize about some of the results based on personality descriptions.
    • Academic Results
      • Sanguine
        • Mostly “B” & “C” students.
        • Excelled in Languages, especially foreign languages, perhaps due to their love of talking and acting.
      • Choleric
        • Primarily “B” students. While goal oriented, they can have challenges multi-tasking.
    • Academic Results
      • Melancholy
        • Students seemed to excel or be middle of the road. Some perfectionists have difficulty completing assignments, because they can’t reach their perfectionist goals.
        • Did well in science, English, and foreign languages.
      • Phlegmatic
        • Mostly “A” students. Despite lazy tendencies, they would rather do the work than have conflict over it.
    • Extra-Curricular Activities
      • Results are based on surveying students current activities.
      • They were divided into 4 categories:
        • Performing Arts:
          • Band, theatre
        • Individual Sports
          • Tennis, swimming, track
        • Team Sports
          • Basketball, football, softball
        • Leadership Activities
          • Honor Society, Student Council
    • Activity Results
      • Sanguine
        • Over 75% participated in team sports, while less than 5% played individual sports probably due to their social nature.
        • Also, high in performing arts.
      • Choleric
        • Considered leaders, cholerics surveyed surprisingly did not participate in any leadership activities.
        • Most participation was evenly split between performing arts and team sports.
    • Activity Results
      • Melancholy
        • Highest in performing arts followed by team sports.
        • Individual sports and leadership also relatively high at over 25% each.
      • Phlegmatic
        • Sports were the highest with individual and team about equal.
        • Also had about 30% participation in performing arts and leadership.
    • Student Opinion
      • Does Personality Matter?
        • 100% of Phlegmatics said YES!
        • Under 25% of controlling Cholerics said YES.
      • Favorite Subjects
        • Sanguine
          • Math
        • Choleric
          • Band
        • Melancholy
          • English
        • Phlegmatic
          • History
    • Gender
      • Females had almost twice as many talkative Sanguines as males.
      • Males had more than 7 times as many powerful Cholerics than females, and nearly 4 times as many Phlegmatics.
      • Percentage of Melancholy personalities were similar for both male and female.
    • Conclusion
      • While trends were weak compared to larger studies, there were definite differences in each personality style.
      • Teaching students how to use their strengths to compensate for their weaknesses can help students to improve in school.
      • These techniques can also be used for students with exceptionalities.