Our Nation’s Capital: Memorials, Monuments and Landmarks Kelly Wooten
The White House1792George Washington selected the site for the WhiteHouse in 1792 and supervised construction.President Washington was the only president whodid not take residence in the mansion because theproject was not completed until 1800. In 1814 themansion was burned down by the British. The WhiteHouse has a total of 132rooms. Public rooms arelocated on the first floor.The president and his familyoccupies the second and thirdfloors.
United States Capital1792Construction for the United States Capital buildingbegan in 1792. The design for the building wasmodified several times. The Capital Building wascompleted in 1865- nearly 100 years after theproject began. Congress meets andconducts business inside of thisbuilding. The Great Rotunda is 180feet high and is one the mostrecognizable features of this famouslandmark. The Capital Building isalso the home to many famouspieces of artwork.
Washington Monument1848The Washington Monument was built to honorPresident George Washington. It is the talleststructure in the nation’s Capital and will remain thetallest due to a law. After George Washington’sdeath in 1797, a memorial wasdiscussed but delayed. Constructionfor the monument began in 1848and was not completed until 1884due to a lack of funding. Stone fromall 50 states was used to completethe 555 foot structure.
Arlington National Cemetery1864Arlington National Cemetery is located on thePotomac River in Arlington, Virginia. The cemetery ishome to over 285,000 honored dead servicemembers and their dependents. President John F.Kennedy is buried on the grounds and is grave isdecorated with an eternalflame. The Tomb of theUnknown Solider is also on theCemetery grounds. This site isan important landmark in ournation’s history.
Lincoln Memorial1914The Lincoln Memorial is one of the most impressivememorials in Washington D.C. The memorial issituated at the end of the Reflection Pool and facesthe Washington Monument and State CapitalBuilding. This Memorial was built to honor PresidentAbraham Lincoln. Construction began in 1914. Thememorial was completed in1922 and was dedicated byPresident Warren G. Harding.It is modeled after the GreekParthenon and is made ofmarble, granite, and limestone.
Jefferson Memorial1934Congress authorized the construction of theJefferson Memorial in 1934. The building wascompleted and dedicated on April 13, 1943. The dateof the dedication marked the 200 year anniversaryof Jefferson’s birth. The design is based on theRoman Pantheon. The architect utilized some ofThomas Jefferson’sarchitectural preferences in hisDesign. The walls are inscribedwith some of Jefferson’sfamous writings and the insideof the structure houses a 19foot bronze figure of Jefferson.
Iwo Jima Memorial1951The Iwo Jima Memorial is also referred to as theMarine Corps War Memorial. It is one of the largestbronze statues ever cast. The statue itself stands 32feet and holds a 60 foot flagpole that carries a clothAmerican flag 24 hours a day. The memorial isdedicated to all of theservicemen who have died inthe defense of our countrysince 1775. Work on theIwo Jima Memorial began in1951 and was dedicated byPresident Eisenhower onNovember 10, 1954.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial1982Congress authorized this memorial in 1980.Construction for the Vietnam Veterans Memorialbegan on March 26,1982 and was dedicated onNovember 23, 1982. This memorial was built tohonor the men and women of the armed forces whoserved in the Vietnam War. A21 year old student from YaleUniversity designed thememorial. The black granitewalls are etched with thenames of over 58,000 veteranswho lost their lives in the war.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial:1991Construction on the Franklin Delano RooseveltMemorial began in 1991. Construction wascompleted and the memorial was dedicated on May2, 1997. President Roosevelt served four 4 yearterms as president. The memorial traces 12 years ofAmerican History through 4 separate outdoor rooms.Each room symbolizes one ofPresident Roosevelt’s terms inoffice. The rooms contain 12bronze sculptures depictingPresident Roosevelt, EleanorRoosevelt, and events from theGreat Depression and WWII.
National World War II Memorial1993The National World War II Memorial was authorizedin 1993. Construction on the memorial wascompleted in 2004. The memorial is the size of afootball field and features arches, pillars, a wall ofstars, fountains, a pool, and many inscriptions. Thememorial is dedicated to the 16 million American’swho served in WWII, the400,000 soldiers who died inthe war, and to the millionsthat supported the war effortsfrom home. The memorial islocated in the National Mall.