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  • 1. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Acacia Energy presents Solar Power With CSP TechnologyU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 2. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Acacia Energy presents Table of Content 1. Acacia Energy Overview --------------------------------------- 2. Industry Overview ---------------------------------------- 3. Value Proposition ---------------------------------------- 4. Technology Roadmap ---------------------------------------- 5. Management TeamU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 3. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Solar Power With rising fuel costs, climate change concerns and a growing demand for electricity, renewable energy resources such as solar power are becoming an increasingly valuable part of the worlds energy mix. Building on a strong power generation heritage spanning more than a century, Acacia Energy s solar products and systems have proven performance and reliability. Utilizing our industry expertise and leadership in energy technologies, Acacia Energy is currently pursuing a number of projects that will make large- scale solar installations simple and affordable. Acacia Energy can take your solar plant‟s performance to the next level with our monitoring and controls system, helping you to get the most complete information and desired production from your plant.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 4. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Our Vision  Provider of Packaged Concentrated Solar Thermal and larger sized Integrated Solar Combined Cycle power plants to the developing world.  Deliver combined Solar Thermal Power and Water Desalination solutions  Stimulate local economic growth and employment in Middle East, Africa and Asia through manufacturing, assembly and power plant operations. Achieving our Vision  Design small‐scale, standardized and “containerized” 5MW and 10MW solar thermal power plants that are built in a factory and delivered to a site rather than constructed on a site.  Focus on Distributed Generation for base-load and peak-load solutions to overcome problems with site selection, and to decrease transmission line costs and energy losses.  Establish regional presence through Industry partnerships, manufacturing centers and to incubate solar technology leadership to build a vertically integrated global solar energy.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 5. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Table of Content 1. Acacia Energy ---------------------------------------- 2. Type of Solar Power ---------------------------------------- 3. Industry Overview ---------------------------------------- 4. Technology Roadmap ---------------------------------------- 5. Management TeamU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 6. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Solar Power 1. Residential Solar Power 2. Commercial Solar Power a). Solar Dish Engine b). Solar Power Tower c). Solar Parabolic TroughU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 7. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity SourceResidential SolarPower1. Solar Panels2. Inverter3. Transfer SwitchU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 8. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity SourceResidential SolarPower-21. Solar Panels2. Inverter3. Transfer Switch U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 9. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity SourceU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 10. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Table of Content 1. Acacia Energy ---------------------------------------- 2. Type of Solar Power ---------------------------------------- 3. Industry overview ---------------------------------------- 4. Technology Roadmap ---------------------------------------- 5. Management TeamU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 11. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source 2. Commercial Solar Power a). Flat Panel Commercial b). Solar Dish Engine c). Solar Power Tower d). Solar Parabolic TroughU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 12. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Commercial Solar Power a). Flat Panel Commercial Flat roof mounting system for commercialU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 13. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source a). Flat Panel CommercialCommercial Grid-Tie Solar Systems include Solar Array The photovoltaic (PV) system is mounted on the roof of the Buildings. The system, designed, engineered and installed by Acacia Energy has specially designed racking to complement the building‟s distinctive barrel-shaped roof.Why solar power system for business?With the federal tax credit, available state rebates, and a five year accelerateddepreciation of the system value, the return on investment of a large solar power systemhas never been better. Typical ROIs are 5-8 years when systems are purchased directlyfrom Solar Electric Supply and self-installed. With our financial analysis tools we canhelp determine the ROI of a solar power system on your business.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 14. Acacia Energy, Inc. a). Flat Panel Commercial Electricity SourceStabilize your power costs: With utility rates rising every year, a solarpower system can stabilize your power costs. After the system has paid foritself, you are producing free power, lowering the costs of the remainingpower you buy from the utility.Green Marketing: Theres no better way to show your customers that yourbusiness cares about the planet than by installing a grid tie solar system.Many customers the fact that their business is solar powered in all theirmarketing literature and communications. You can talk about your businessminimizing its carbon footprint. If your business is not too power hungry,you can actually become carbon neutral with a solar power system thatmeets 100%.Time for a new roof? Theres no better time to install a solar power systemthan when your are putting on a new roof. You can drastically lower the costof your system by using your roofing contractor to install the solar arraysupports on your underlying building structure. They will seal the supportsand warranty their installation for any leaking. Then its easy to install thearray on the supports with your facilities staff or a local electrician. U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 15. Acacia Energy, Inc. a). Flat Panel Commercial Electricity SourceGrid Connection:Grid tie solar electric systems for commercialbusinesses and government agencies are the fastestgrowing segment of the solar market worldwide. Withnet metering programs now approved in most of thelocations, thousands of businesses, schools andgovernment agencies are now experiencing the Grid Tie Inverterbenefits of solar electricity.Many states have rebates to further help subsidize thecost of the solar photovoltaic system. With solar panelwarranties of 25 years, solar arrays will stabilize yourpower costs over that period. Plus, they generate theelectricity during peak load times, often offsettinghigher tier utility rates, enhancing theU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 16. Acacia Energy, Inc. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Electricity Source Flat Panel Solar Power Key characteristics • Flat mirrors (w/Fresnel lens) focus sunlight on receiver tubes that heat transfer fluid (usually synthetic oil) or directly steam, which is then used to drive steam turbine (use of synthetic oil: heat exchanger step interconnected) • 1‐axis tracking system to follow sun path • Temperature range: 270 ºC to 500 ºC • Efficiency range: 15% to 25% (unproved), capacity factor ~20% (without storage) Assessment • + Flat mirrors, frames, and receivers significantly cheaper than parabolic configuration • + System feasibility is proved, technology improvements ongoing, market readiness ~ 2015 • + Modular, can cover wide capacity ranges • - Commercially unproved • - Low temperature limits prospects of on‐site energy storage.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 17. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source2. Commercial Solar Power b). Solar Dish EngineU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 18. Acacia Energy, Inc. b). Solar Dish Engine Electricity SourceDish/engine systems convertthe thermal energy in solarradiation to mechanical energyand then to electrical energy inmuch the same way thatconventional power plantsconvert thermal energy fromcombustion of a fossil fuel toelectricityU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 19. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source b). Solar Dish EngineDish/engine systems use a mirrorarray to reflect and concentrateincoming direct normal insulationto a receiver, in order to achievethe temperatures required toefficiently convert heat to work.This requires that the dish trackthe sun in two axes. Theconcentrated solar radiation isabsorbed by the receiver andtransferred to an engine. U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 20. Acacia Energy, Inc. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Electricity Source Dish Sterling Key characteristics • Parabolic concentrator comprised of multiple heliostat mirrors focuses sunlight on concentrator • Self‐contained gas in concentrator is heated and expands in cylinders whose movements drive generator • Temperature range: 750 ºC to 800 ºC • Efficiency range: 16% to 29%, capacity factor ~22% (without storage) Assessment • + Highest efficiency potential • + Modular, suitable for decentral generation • - Commercially unproved • - Limited number of developers, slower technology advances, market readiness expected only after 2015 • - Complex mechanics might result in high O&M costs -U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 21. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity SourceCommercial Solar Power c). Solar Power Tower U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 22. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity SourceU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 23. Acacia Energy, Inc. c). Solar Power Tower Electricity SourcePower tower hybridized withcombined cycle plant. Power isproduced in the gas turbine(fossil only) and from the steamturbine (fossil and solar). Steamfrom the solar steam generator isblended with fossil steam from theheat recovery steam generator(HRSG) before entering a steamturbine.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 24. Acacia Energy, Inc. c). Solar Power Tower Electricity SourceU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 25. Acacia Energy, Inc. c). Solar Power Tower Electricity SourceSolar power towers generateelectric power from sunlightby focusing concentratedsolar radiation on a tower-mounted heat exchanger(receiver).The system uses hundreds tothousands of sun-trackingmirrors called heliostats toreflect the incident sunlightonto the receiver. Theseplants are best suited forutility-scale applications inthe 30 to 400 MW range.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 26. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Commercial Solar Power b). Solar Power TowerIn a molten-salt solar power tower, liquid salt at290ºC (554ºF) is pumped from a „cold‟ storage tankthrough the receiver where it is heated to 565ºC(1,049ºF) and then on to a „hot‟ tank for storage.Hot salt is pumped to a steam generating system thatproduces superheated steam for a conventionalRanking-cycle turbine/generator system. The steamgenerator, the salt is returned to the cold tank whereit is stored and eventually reheated in the receiver.Storage tanks can be designed with sufficientcapacity to power a turbine at full output for up to13 hours.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 27. Acacia Energy, Inc. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Electricity Source Power Tower Key characteristics • Heliostat mirrors track sun individually (2‐axis) and focus sunlight on central receiver unit on top of a tower • High temperature steam or molten salt from tower drives steam turbine (potentially via heat exchanger) • Energy storage through molten salt reservoir • Temperature range: 250 ºC to 600+ ºC • Efficiency range: 10% to 25%, capacity factor ~32% Assessment  + Technology rapidly evolving through several pilot plants on ground/under construction, market readiness expected ~2011 • + High temperature allows better integration of on‐site energy storage and direct steam technology • - Not yet commercially proved • - High temperature might entail high O&M Cost.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 28. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Commercial Solar Power d). Solar Parabolic TroughThese plants, which continue to operate ona daily basis, range in size from 14 to 80MW and represent a total of 354 MW ofinstalled electric generating capacity. Largefields of parabolic trough collectors supplythe thermal energy used to produce steamfor a Rankine steam turbine/generator cycleU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 29. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity SourceCommercial Solar Power d). Solar Parabolic TroughU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 30. Acacia Energy, Inc. d). Solar Parabolic Trough Electricity Sourceshows a process flowdiagram that isrepresentative of themajority of parabolic troughsolar power plants inoperation today. Thecollector field consists of alarge field of single-axistracking parabolic troughsolar collectors. The solarfield is modular in natureand is composed of manyparallel rows of solarcollectors aligned on anorth-south horizontal axis.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 31. Acacia Energy, Inc. d). Solar Parabolic Trough Electricity SourceEach solar collector has a linearparabolic-shaped reflector thatfocuses the sun‟s direct beamradiation on a linear receiverlocated at the focus of theparabola. The collectors track thesun from east to west during theday to ensure that the sun iscontinuously focused on the linearreceiver. A heat transfer fluid(HTF) is heated as it circulatesthrough the receiver and returns toa series of heat exchangers in thepower block where the fluid isused toU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 32. Acacia Energy, Inc. d). Solar Parabolic Trough Electricity SourceU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 33. Acacia Energy, Inc.d). Solar Parabolic Trough Electricity Source
  • 34. Acacia Energy, Inc. d). Solar Parabolic Trough Electricity SourceU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 35. Acacia Energy, Inc.d). Solar Parabolic Trough Electricity Source
  • 36. Acacia Energy, Inc. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Electricity Source Parabolic Trough Key characteristics • Parabolic mirror focuses sunlight on receiver tubes containing heat transfer fluid (synthetic oil) • Hot fluid generates steam via heat exchanger, driving steam turbine • Energy storage through molten salt reservoir possible • 1‐axis tracking system follows sun path • Temperature range 390 ºC to 415 ºC possible • Efficiency range 10% to 18%, capacity factor ~30% (without Storage) Assessment • + Commercially proven technology, first plant build started in 1980s • + Modular, can cover large capacity ranges; economies of scale • - Relatively low overall efficiency • - Low temperature limits prospects of on‐site energyU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 37. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Table of Content 1. Acacia Energy ---------------------------------------- 2. Type of Solar Power ---------------------------------------- 3. Industry Overview ---------------------------------------- 4. Technology Roadmap ---------------------------------------- 5. Management TeamU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 38. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Vision: Acacia Energy is rapidly deploying and commissioning systems using "off-the-shelf" bankable parabolic trough technology that is well- understood by the industry. These generation assets will provide early revenue with predictable twenty-year income streams, as well as allowing us to continuously enhance the system and installation process for later projects. Our Goal Future generations in Acacia Energy‟s product line will leverage our experience with initial system installations to fine-tune our technology. We will work with established partners to customize existing designs in order to implement different heat transfer mediums and proprietary thermal storage systems to provide base load generation.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 39. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Technology Roadmap Acacia Energy‟s implementation of Solar Thermal offers unique advantages • Provides 24 hour base load power generation capability from the same capital equipment. PV needs a primary power source. • Acacia Energy provides a lower capital cost. • Solar Thermal provides greater grid voltage stability with a spinning reserve from rotating equipment. • Flex hybrid fuel capability can allow use of cheaper fuels than diesel. • Acacia Energy s plant architectures provide optional water desalination and chilled water as by‐products from the waste‐heatU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 40. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Table of Content 1. Acacia Energy ---------------------------------------- 2. Type of Solar Power ---------------------------------------- 3. Industry Overview ---------------------------------------- 4. Technology Roadmap ---------------------------------------- 5. Management TeamU.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 41. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source 5. Management TeamAcacia Energys team has over 50years of collective solar powergeneration experience with strongrepresentation in technologydevelopment, project developmentand project execution. Our teambrings an outstanding track record tocarry out the companys mission ofmaking solar thermal energy aleading solution in the 2.5 MW and250 MW for Power Generationmarket.U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000
  • 42. Acacia Energy, Inc. Electricity Source Acacia Energy U.S.A1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROADSUITE 100ROSWELL, GA. 30075TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126CELL: 404-944-8315FAX: 678-580-0000U.S.A 1174 GRIMES BRIDGE ROAD SUITE 100 ROSWELL, GA. 30075 TEL: 678-507-0125 / 0126 CELL: 404-944-8315 FAX: 678-580-0000