Ke Peng| Student’s Presentations for
        Languages & Cultures of East Asia




       Writing in Cell Pone Text Messag...
Why cell phone text messages is
used instead of phone call
 Price
 Convenience
 Writers do not need to worry about
 bother...
What is the features in cell phone
text messages in Japan
 Non-standard script choices.
 Non-standard letter choices
 Use ...
Non-
Non-standard script choices
Different impressions of Japanese writing
system in text messages
  Hiragana あいうえお
  - so...
Non-
Non-standard script choices
Hiragana is used in order to make the impression
softer.
    Hiragana instead of Katakana...
Non-
Non-standard script choices
Romaji is used in order to make the
Impression western or exotic.
  Romaji instead of Hir...
Non-
Non-standard letter choices
  Use of small letter makes a sentence
  kawaii (cute).
  Used among young women.
1. Redu...
What is E-moji?
        E-
 E-moji (picture character) is logographic
 letter.
 E-moji is widely used among not only
 youn...
What is E-moji? (Cont.)
        E-


             E-moji


   Facial    Object
                          Symbols
   signs ...
What is Kao-moji?
        Kao-
 Kao-moji (facial character) is emoticon.
 Kao-moji is used among young people.
 Icons is b...
What is Gyaru-moji?
        Gyaru-
 Gyaru-moji (gal’s character) is distorted
 character.
 Gyaru-moji is popular among hig...
What is Gyaru-moji? (Cont.)
         Gyaru-
 How to create Gyaru-moji
Example 1 ) Hiragana
  け        レナ (Katakana re and ...
What is Gyaru-moji? (Cont.)
        Gyaru-
Example 2 ) Katakana
            セ        世 (Kanji)
            チ        千 (Kan...
Reasons new logographic letters are
accepted to Japanese people
1.    Complication of Japanese writing system.
       Hira...
Reasons new logographic letters are
accepted to Japanese people
Effects of E-moji, Kao-moji, and
           E-      Kao-
Gyarumoji

 Expressing emotions or feelings
 Make a message soft ...
1. Expressing emotions or feelings
 Since text messages is difficult to express
 emotion, facial signs of E-moji (Picture
...
2. Making an impression of cuteness
 Since the plain text message may give a
 cold impression, objective signs of E-moji
 ...
Controversial Issues
Disadvantages
1. Giving an impression of less seriousness.
   ex) Not appropriate for apologizing.

 ...
Controversial Issues
2.   Giving an impression of less politeness
     - Not appropriate to use E-moji, Kao-
     moji, an...
References
Kataoka, Kuniyoshi. “Affect and letter-writing: Unconventional conventions in casual
   writing by young Japane...
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Cellphone Messaging in Japanese Culture

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This is a presentation made by Naohiro Horie in one of my classes (Languages & Cultures of East Asia) at University of Arizona. All rights are reserved by the author.

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Cellphone Messaging in Japanese Culture

  1. 1. Ke Peng| Student’s Presentations for Languages & Cultures of East Asia Writing in Cell Pone Text Messages among Young People in Japan By Naohiro Horie University of Arizona
  2. 2. Why cell phone text messages is used instead of phone call Price Convenience Writers do not need to worry about bothering the receiver Opportunity to revise a message
  3. 3. What is the features in cell phone text messages in Japan Non-standard script choices. Non-standard letter choices Use of e-moji (picture letters), Kao-moji (facial letters), and Garu-moji (teenage girl letters)
  4. 4. Non- Non-standard script choices Different impressions of Japanese writing system in text messages Hiragana あいうえお - softness and smoothness Katakana アイウエオ - straight and angular Kanji 阿伊宇江於 - educated and smart Romaji a i u e o - western and exotic
  5. 5. Non- Non-standard script choices Hiragana is used in order to make the impression softer. Hiragana instead of Katakana はっぴいだよ ハッピーだよ (Happy) Hiragana instead of Kanji きょうは 今日は (Today) Katakana is used in order to emphasize it. Katakana instead of Hiragana ゴメンね ごめんね (I’m sorry) Katakana instead of Kanji リョーカイです 了解です (All right)
  6. 6. Non- Non-standard script choices Romaji is used in order to make the Impression western or exotic. Romaji instead of Hiragana いいyo いいよ (Happy) Romaji instead of Katakana Thank you サンキュ(Today)
  7. 7. Non- Non-standard letter choices Use of small letter makes a sentence kawaii (cute). Used among young women. 1. Reducing the size of normal letters ありがとう ありがとぅ 2. Adding a small letter to lengthen the preceding vowel おやすみ おやすみぃ
  8. 8. What is E-moji? E- E-moji (picture character) is logographic letter. E-moji is widely used among not only young people but also relatively older people. Icons are built into cell phone.
  9. 9. What is E-moji? (Cont.) E- E-moji Facial Object Symbols signs signs
  10. 10. What is Kao-moji? Kao- Kao-moji (facial character) is emoticon. Kao-moji is used among young people. Icons is built into cell phone, but people can create own Kao-moji and store them in cell phone. (^_-) (^o^)/ (^_^)V (;_;) m(_ _)m (-.-;)y-~~~
  11. 11. What is Gyaru-moji? Gyaru- Gyaru-moji (gal’s character) is distorted character. Gyaru-moji is popular among high school and junior high school girls.
  12. 12. What is Gyaru-moji? (Cont.) Gyaru- How to create Gyaru-moji Example 1 ) Hiragana け レナ (Katakana re and na) Iナ (Capital i and Katakana na) († (open parenthesis and dagger)
  13. 13. What is Gyaru-moji? (Cont.) Gyaru- Example 2 ) Katakana セ 世 (Kanji) チ 千 (Kanji) Example 3) Kanji 好 女子 (Kanji for like) (Kanji for woman and child)
  14. 14. Reasons new logographic letters are accepted to Japanese people 1. Complication of Japanese writing system. Hiragana and Katakana are syllabic. Kanji is logographic. Romaji is alphabetic. Japanese people are accustomed to use a variety of writing systems in a sentence.
  15. 15. Reasons new logographic letters are accepted to Japanese people
  16. 16. Effects of E-moji, Kao-moji, and E- Kao- Gyarumoji Expressing emotions or feelings Make a message soft and cute. Giving an friendly impression. Giving the impression that more work done for a message.
  17. 17. 1. Expressing emotions or feelings Since text messages is difficult to express emotion, facial signs of E-moji (Picture character) and Kaomoji (face character) are used. Ex) おはよう Ohayou ‘Good morning’ Plane おはよう。 E-moji おはよう Kao-moji おはよう(^_^)/
  18. 18. 2. Making an impression of cuteness Since the plain text message may give a cold impression, objective signs of E-moji (Picture character) is used in order to make a sentence soft and cute. Ex) おはよう。いまから学校だよ。 おはよう いまから だよ
  19. 19. Controversial Issues Disadvantages 1. Giving an impression of less seriousness. ex) Not appropriate for apologizing. When using Kao-moji, E-moji, and Gyaru-moji, people need to decide whether or not those letters are acceptable, depending on a situation.
  20. 20. Controversial Issues 2. Giving an impression of less politeness - Not appropriate to use E-moji, Kao- moji, and Gyaru-moji to older people. 3. Non-standard script choices and non- standard letter choices are against the conventional orthography.
  21. 21. References Kataoka, Kuniyoshi. “Affect and letter-writing: Unconventional conventions in casual writing by young Japanese women.” Language in Society 26.1 (1997): 103-106. Katsuno, Hirofumi, and Christine R. Yano. “FACE TO FACE: ON-LINE SUBJECTIVITY IN CONTEMPORARY JAPAN.” Asian Studies Review 26.2 (2002): 205-231. Miyake, Kazuko. “How Young Japanese Express Their Emotions Visually in Mobile Phone Messages: A Sociolinguistic Analysis.” Japanese Studies 27.1 (2007): 53-70.
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