What is Al-Qaeda? A look at the workings of a globally dangerous terrorist organization
Al-Qaeda Defined <ul><li>Loosely defined as  military base </li></ul><ul><li>A very complex organization that has been in ...
Al-Qaeda’s Strategy <ul><li>Soldiers operate in fast moving light forces. Work in complete secrecy to complete complex str...
Misconceptions of Al-Qaeda <ul><li>Islam vs.  Islamist   (has own interpretation of Koran) </li></ul><ul><li>Commit acts o...
Why Should  we  care? We are the number one enemy of Al-Qaeda.  Why?* (perception) (pg. 51) (also extract riches, enforce ...
You will never forget. <ul><li>September 11, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>19 hijackers from 4 countries, all Arab Muslims, assoc...
Not the First Attack Not by Al-Qaeda <ul><li>February 26, 1993*-  First World Trade Center operation (attempted bombing) <...
We have all been affected <ul><li>Sgt. Matthew J. Sandri (K.I.A March 21, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased fear, rumors, ...
1989-95 Birth and Development <ul><li>Al-Qaeda starts in the aftermath of Soviet invasion 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1989 b...
1996-2001 War Plans <ul><li>Al-Qaeda still relatively unknown to US (1987-1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy: Spread enemy’s...
2002-03 Regroup and Privatize <ul><li>The full-scale war brought by America was expected </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qaeda groups...
2004-2006 War and Diplomacy <ul><li>Offered truces to America and Britain in 2004 and 2006, denied </li></ul><ul><li>Now t...
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What Is Al Qaeda

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An Introductory look at Al-Qaeda this was presented to a classroom so there are some references to a book. The book referenced is "Understanding Al Qaeda" by Mohammad-mahmoud Ould Mohamedou

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What Is Al Qaeda

  1. 1. What is Al-Qaeda? A look at the workings of a globally dangerous terrorist organization
  2. 2. Al-Qaeda Defined <ul><li>Loosely defined as military base </li></ul><ul><li>A very complex organization that has been in existence since the late 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>Commits acts of violence aimed at America and Western Allies. </li></ul><ul><li>How does Al-Qaeda operate? </li></ul>Al-Qaeda training camp
  3. 3. Al-Qaeda’s Strategy <ul><li>Soldiers operate in fast moving light forces. Work in complete secrecy to complete complex strategic strikes. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoids engagement in conventional fighting (forces are not strong enough) </li></ul><ul><li>Spreads rumors, fear and discouragement among enemy forces </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on a force of over 20,000 professionally trained soldiers throughout the world. The organization’s strengths are its’ secrecy extensive influence and planning. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Misconceptions of Al-Qaeda <ul><li>Islam vs. Islamist (has own interpretation of Koran) </li></ul><ul><li>Commit acts of desperation </li></ul><ul><li>They are a brand new organization </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qaeda is an organization without a home </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why Should we care? We are the number one enemy of Al-Qaeda. Why?* (perception) (pg. 51) (also extract riches, enforce blockades, support Israel archenemies) Al Qaeda has officially declared war on America twice since 1996. They are a relatively new world power with clusters throughout the Middle East, North Africa and Asia.
  6. 6. You will never forget. <ul><li>September 11, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>19 hijackers from 4 countries, all Arab Muslims, associated with Al-Qaeda </li></ul><ul><li>Killed 3,000 American civilians </li></ul><ul><li>Very Intelligent, educated members with clear goals </li></ul>
  7. 7. Not the First Attack Not by Al-Qaeda <ul><li>February 26, 1993*- First World Trade Center operation (attempted bombing) </li></ul><ul><li>November 13, 1995- Bombing of Saudi American base in Riyadh </li></ul><ul><li>June 25, 1996- Al Khobar towers bombing (American crews enforcing no fly zone in Iraq) </li></ul><ul><li>August 7, 1998- Simultaneous bombings of US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>October 12, 2000- Attack against USS Cole warship in Yemen </li></ul><ul><li>Two botched attempts in 1995 and 2000. (Thwarted by US security) </li></ul><ul><li>What about America? (between 1980 and 1995 US engaged in 17 military operations aimed at Muslims </li></ul>
  8. 8. We have all been affected <ul><li>Sgt. Matthew J. Sandri (K.I.A March 21, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased fear, rumors, discouragement </li></ul><ul><li>War causes massive losses on both sides </li></ul><ul><li>Every day life (airport, schools, threats*, prejudice) </li></ul><ul><li>What will your role be in two years? </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1989-95 Birth and Development <ul><li>Al-Qaeda starts in the aftermath of Soviet invasion 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1989 begins to target America </li></ul><ul><li>Recruits from across the globe including America </li></ul><ul><li>No solid base (Afghanistan, Egypt, Iraq) </li></ul><ul><li>1991-1996 primarily based in Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Much soldier training and a system of Hierarchy stabilized (Bin Laden, Deputy, 5 committees) </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1996-2001 War Plans <ul><li>Al-Qaeda still relatively unknown to US (1987-1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy: Spread enemy’s attention and expose it. (2 Al-Qaeda members example) </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia of Jihad released in 1996 conveniently upgraded to DVD in 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Taliban team up (2,000 Al-Qaeda soldiers) </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qaeda will officially declare war for the first time in 1996 </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2002-03 Regroup and Privatize <ul><li>The full-scale war brought by America was expected </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qaeda groups become almost separate working loosely with mother Al-Qaeda (Southeast Asia, North America, Europe, Iraq, North Africa and East Africa) </li></ul><ul><li>Aside from war in Iraq since 2002 groups have made attacks on the US and seven of our allies. (18 major attacks in 11 countries) </li></ul><ul><li>Each Al-Qaeda group is strengthened by perceived injustices to that country (i.e. radical Egyptians in North Africa) </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2004-2006 War and Diplomacy <ul><li>Offered truces to America and Britain in 2004 and 2006, denied </li></ul><ul><li>Now three official representations of Al-Qaeda: Al-Qaeda in Europe, Al-Qaeda in Mesopotamia (Iraq), Al-Qaeda in the Gulf </li></ul><ul><li>In Iraq some practices have not been recognized by Mother Al-Qaeda (some beheadings, death of children and mistaken bombings i.e. Days Inn) </li></ul><ul><li>Some tension in the ranks </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of 2006, poised to begin soft and hard attacks and have chosen to do away with failed diplomacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qaeda’s strategy working in some ways, but losing some steam. Losing power by shedding Muslim blood. </li></ul><ul><li>In the future we must not underestimate Al-Qaeda!! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank you for your participation
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