Criminal Street Gangs<br />Identification and Suppression<br />
Introduction<br />A criminal street gang is a formal or informal group of three or more individuals with common identifier...
Introduction<br />Identification<br />Self Admission<br />Parents<br />Informants<br />Associates with known gang members<...
Introduction<br />Gang Associate<br />Meets partial criteria<br />Admits to gang association<br />Wanna be’s<br />Can be m...
Introduction<br />New Orleans Gangs<br />According to FBI gang task force, no national known gang activity<br />All, excep...
Introduction<br />Federal Gang Statute<br />Title 18 Part I Chapter 26 Sec. 521. Criminal street gangs<br /> -STATUTE-<br ...
Introduction<br />Federal Gang Statute<br />Title 18 Part I Chapter 26 Sec. 521. Criminal street gangs (continued)<br />(c...
Introduction<br />Federal Gang Statute<br />Title 18 Part I Chapter 26 Sec. 521. Criminal street gangs (continued)<br />(3...
Introduction<br />Louisiana Gang Statute RS 15:1404<br />§1404. Definitions <br />A. As used in this Chapter, "criminal st...
Introduction<br />Louisiana Gang Statute RS 15:1404 (continued)<br />B. As used in this Chapter, "pattern of criminal gang...
Gang Ideology<br />The gang can represent a family to the member who is looking for camaraderie, friendship, love, discipl...
Gang Ideology<br />Family <br />Gang replaces family<br />Gang provides for basic needs<br />Love<br />Discipline/Structur...
Ideology<br />Gang Discipline<br />Punishment is NOT discipline<br />Punishment is a tool for discipline<br />Discipline<b...
Ideology<br />Respect equals fear<br />Weakness is equivalent to<br />Kindness<br />Courtesy<br />Benefit of the doubt<br />
Ideology<br />The gang is not a street gang but an organization<br />Explains this attitude by<br />Provides help for memb...
Ideology<br />Social movement<br />Grass roots movement<br />Social cause<br />Minority oppression <br />Assist impoverish...
Ideology<br />Political action<br />Candidates run for office<br />Funding political campaigns<br />Hinders criminal inves...
Recruitment <br />Why people join gangs<br />Identity or recognition<br />Generational family influence<br />Pseudo-family...
Recruitment<br />Initiations<br />Beat-in<br />Sex-in (females only)<br />Leads to female rivalry<br />Females initiated t...
Recruitment<br />Recruiting locations<br />Schools<br />Public and private<br />Churches<br />Youth outreach groups<br />T...
Recruitment<br />Getting Out<br />“Membership is for Life”<br />Beat Out<br />More severe than beat in<br />Led to believe...
Gang Membership<br />Age Range<br />Recruiting targets <br />12-16 years old<br />Becoming younger<br />Lenient juvenile j...
Gang Membership<br />Age Range<br />As the gang evolves, the median age of membership increases<br />The older the average...
Gang Membership<br />Hard core and active members<br />Participate in violent and aggressive a gang related criminal acts<...
Gang Membership<br />Associates<br />Associate for status and recognition<br />Wear the clothing and identifiers of gang<b...
Gang Membership<br />Peripheral (At risk)<br />Move in and out based upon interest of activities of gang<br />Referred to ...
Gang Movement<br />Influenced by parents moving juvenile away from gang<br />Allows gang to start up and recruit in a new ...
Types of Gangs<br />Tagging crews<br />Interest revolves around graffiti<br />Began in inner cities and have spread out<br...
Types of Gangs<br />Stoners<br />Heavy metal music influence<br />Mimic artist appearance<br />Gothic/vampire influence<br...
Types of Gangs<br />Satanic or occult<br />Members are anti-social with varying degrees of personality disorders<br />Memb...
Types of Gangs<br />Subversive<br />Domestic terrorists<br />Membership is predicate upon hate of another because of:<br /...
Types of Gangs<br />Traditional gangs <br />Have historical existence which leads to traditions which are adhered to and t...
Types of Gangs<br />Non-traditional gangs<br />Referred to as transitional gangs<br />Hybrid in nature<br />This type of g...
Gang Activities<br />Murder<br />Theft<br />Drugs, #1 source of income for gangs<br />Intimidation<br />Extortion<br />Num...
Major Street Gang Sets<br />People Nation (Chicago Based)<br />	Includes Vice Lords, Latin Kings, Bishops, El Rukns, Latin...
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />Folk Nation (Chicago Based)<br />Includes Black Gangster Disciples,, Maniac Latin Disciples, D...
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />Crips (Los Angeles Based)<br />Will fight other Crips<br />Allied with Folk Nation if the Eigh...
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Major Street Gang Sets<br />Bloods (Los Angeles Based)<br />Formally known as Piru<br />Prison Gang alliance with United B...
Major Street Gang Sets<br />
Identification<br />Monikers<br />Street name or nickname<br />Often the only name a witness/victim has to identify the ga...
Identification<br />Representing<br />Hand signs<br />Wearing clothing to a particular side<br />I.e. pant leg rolled up, ...
Identification (Tattoos)<br />
Identification (hand signs)<br />
Identification<br />Graffiti<br />How gangs communicate<br />Communicate threats<br />Take credit for criminal activity<br...
Identification (Graffiti)<br />
Identification(Gang Alphabet)<br />Click on box to view or click HERE to continue presentation.<br />
Gang Prevention<br />Gangs should be treated as a criminal element<br />Media<br />Need to be trained not to publicize gan...
Gang Prevention- Intelligence<br />Make liaison with school personnel, including security staff, resource officers, admini...
Gang Prevention/Education<br />Develop community based anti-gang initiative<br />DARE, GREAT, after hours sports<br />Teac...
Gang Suppression<br />Gang Documentation<br />Field interviews of members and associates <br />Include tattoos, clothing, ...
Gang Suppression<br />Gang Sweeps<br />Zero tolerance policing<br />Multi-agency effort, both intelligence and prosecution...
Gang Suppression<br />Juvenile curfews<br />Traffic Enforcement<br />Speed<br />Window tint<br />Loud music<br />Unsafe eq...
Gang Suppression<br />Investigative stops<br />Terry Stops<br />See Sidebar <br />Criminal activity<br />About to be commi...
Gang Suppression<br />“Citizen contacts”<br />Consensual contact<br />Consensual search<br />“Ask” for identification<br /...
Officer Safety<br />Gangs will hide all kinds of weapons in all kinds of places<br />Females may be used to hold weapons<b...
Acknowledgements<br />Unless otherwise noted, all written information was derived from Criminal Street Gangs I class given...
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Criminal Street Gangs

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Gang identification and suppression class I developed for the NSA Police Department while employed as a Police Officer though in 2004.

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Criminal Street Gangs

  1. 1. Criminal Street Gangs<br />Identification and Suppression<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />A criminal street gang is a formal or informal group of three or more individuals with common identifiers whose primary goals include criminal activity.<br />Common identifiers can include group name, colors worn, and common use of symbols/signs.<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />Identification<br />Self Admission<br />Parents<br />Informants<br />Associates with known gang members<br />Duck rule, i.e. acts like one, treat as one <br />
  4. 4. Introduction<br />Gang Associate<br />Meets partial criteria<br />Admits to gang association<br />Wanna be’s<br />Can be most dangerous as they have something to prove<br />Most likely win become involved in gang activity without intervention<br />
  5. 5. Introduction<br />New Orleans Gangs<br />According to FBI gang task force, no national known gang activity<br />All, except for some Vietnamese in New Orleans East, are home grown<br />No less violent and represent considerable problems for law enforcement<br />Harder to build cases and prosecute because of fluidity<br />
  6. 6. Introduction<br />Federal Gang Statute<br />Title 18 Part I Chapter 26 Sec. 521. Criminal street gangs<br /> -STATUTE-<br /> (a) Definitions. -<br /> ''conviction'' includes a finding, under State or Federal law,<br /> that a person has committed an act of juvenile delinquency<br /> involving a violent or controlled substances felony.<br /> ''criminal street gang'' means an ongoing group, club,<br /> organization, or association of 5 or more persons -<br /> (A) that has as 1 of its primary purposes the commission of 1<br /> or more of the criminal offenses described in subsection (c);<br /> (B) the members of which engage, or have engaged within the<br /> past 5 years, in a continuing series of offenses described in<br /> subsection (c); and<br /> (C) the activities of which affect interstate or foreign<br /> commerce.<br /> ''State'' means a State of the United States, the District of<br /> Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the<br /> United States.<br /> (b) Penalty. - The sentence of a person convicted of an offense<br /> described in subsection (c) shall be increased by up to 10 years if<br /> the offense is committed under the circumstances described in<br /> subsection (d).<br />
  7. 7. Introduction<br />Federal Gang Statute<br />Title 18 Part I Chapter 26 Sec. 521. Criminal street gangs (continued)<br />(c) Offenses. - The offenses described in this section are -<br /> (1) a Federal felony involving a controlled substance (as<br /> defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21<br /> U.S.C. 802)) for which the maximum penalty is not less than 5<br /> years;<br /> (2) a Federal felony crime of violence that has as an element<br /> the use or attempted use of physical force against the person of<br /> another; and<br /> (3) a conspiracy to commit an offense described in paragraph<br /> (1) or (2).<br /> (d) Circumstances. - The circumstances described in this section<br /> are that the offense described in subsection (c) was committed by a<br /> person who -<br /> (1) participates in a criminal street gang with knowledge that<br /> its members engage in or have engaged in a continuing series of<br /> offenses described in subsection (c);<br /> (2) intends to promote or further the felonious activities of<br /> the criminal street gang or maintain or increase his or her<br /> position in the gang; and<br />
  8. 8. Introduction<br />Federal Gang Statute<br />Title 18 Part I Chapter 26 Sec. 521. Criminal street gangs (continued)<br />(3) has been convicted within the past 5 years for -<br /> (A) an offense described in subsection (c);<br /> (B) a State offense -<br /> (i) involving a controlled substance (as defined in section<br /> 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802)) for<br /> which the maximum penalty is not less than 5 years'<br /> imprisonment; or<br /> (ii) that is a felony crime of violence that has as an<br /> element the use or attempted use of physical force against<br /> the person of another;<br /> (C) any Federal or State felony offense that by its nature<br /> involves a substantial risk that physical force against the<br /> person of another may be used in the course of committing the<br /> offense; or<br /> (D) a conspiracy to commit an offense described in<br /> subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).<br />-SOURCE-<br /> (Added Pub. L. 103-322, title XV, Sec. 150001(a), Sept. 13, 1994,<br /> 108 Stat. 2034; amended Pub. L. 104-294, title VI, Sec. 607(q),<br /> Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3513.)<br />-MISC1-<br /> AMENDMENTS<br /> 1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-294 inserted at end '' 'State'<br /> means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, and<br /> any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.''<br />
  9. 9. Introduction<br />Louisiana Gang Statute RS 15:1404<br />§1404. Definitions <br />A. As used in this Chapter, "criminal street gang" means any ongoing organization, association, or group of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, which has as one of its primary activities the commission of one or more of the criminal acts enumerated in Paragraphs (1) through (8) of Subsection B of this Section or which has a common name or common identifying sign or symbol, whose members individually or collectively engage in or have engaged in a pattern of criminal gang activity. <br />
  10. 10. Introduction<br />Louisiana Gang Statute RS 15:1404 (continued)<br />B. As used in this Chapter, "pattern of criminal gang activity" means the commission or attempted commission of two or more of the following offenses, provided at least one of those offenses occurred after September 7, 1990 and the last of those offenses occurred within three years after a prior offense, and the offenses are committed on separate occasions or by two or more persons: <br />(1) Aggravated battery or second degree battery as defined in R.S. 14:34 and R.S. 14:34.1. <br />(2) Armed robbery as defined in R.S. 14:64. <br />(3) First or second degree murder or manslaughter, as defined in R.S. 14:30, 30.1, and 31. <br />(4) The sale, possession for sale, transportation, manufacture, offer for sale, or offer to manufacture controlled substances, as defined in R.S. 40:961 et seq. <br />(5) Illegal use of weapons or dangerous instrumentalities, as defined in R.S. 14:94. <br />(6) Aggravated arson as defined in R.S. 14:51. <br />(7) Intimidating, impeding, or injuring witnesses; or injuring officers, as defined in R.S. 14:129.1. <br />(8) Theft, as defined in R.S. 14:67, of any vehicle, trailer, or vessel. <br />Acts 1990, No. 230,§ 1. <br />
  11. 11. Gang Ideology<br />The gang can represent a family to the member who is looking for camaraderie, friendship, love, discipline, identity and support, both emotional and financial<br />The gang provides this through a well structured and disciplined environment.<br />The gang provides an identity and the gang heritage to the member<br />It can represent a paramilitary model<br />
  12. 12. Gang Ideology<br />Family <br />Gang replaces family<br />Gang provides for basic needs<br />Love<br />Discipline/Structure<br />Food<br />Shelter<br />Financial Support<br />
  13. 13. Ideology<br />Gang Discipline<br />Punishment is NOT discipline<br />Punishment is a tool for discipline<br />Discipline<br />Attending all gang activities<br />Being down for the set<br />Recruiting new members<br />Furthering the purpose of the gang<br />Serves to remind the member where the boundaries are and requiring adherence to those boundaries<br />
  14. 14. Ideology<br />Respect equals fear<br />Weakness is equivalent to<br />Kindness<br />Courtesy<br />Benefit of the doubt<br />
  15. 15. Ideology<br />The gang is not a street gang but an organization<br />Explains this attitude by<br />Provides help for members<br />Supports members<br />Gives guidance to new members<br />They get along with each other<br />
  16. 16. Ideology<br />Social movement<br />Grass roots movement<br />Social cause<br />Minority oppression <br />Assist impoverished communities<br />Incorporates as a non profit<br />Very vocal<br />Apply for grant money<br />Front for criminal activity<br />
  17. 17. Ideology<br />Political action<br />Candidates run for office<br />Funding political campaigns<br />Hinders criminal investigations by seeking injunction forbidding investigations<br />Political statement and endorsements<br />Political control over law enforcement<br />
  18. 18. Recruitment <br />Why people join gangs<br />Identity or recognition<br />Generational family influence<br />Pseudo-family<br />Protection<br />intimidation<br />
  19. 19. Recruitment<br />Initiations<br />Beat-in<br />Sex-in (females only)<br />Leads to female rivalry<br />Females initiated this way seen as “ho’s”<br />Test of heart<br />Criminal act<br />Can be violent crime or property crime<br />Goal is to increase the reputation of the gang<br />
  20. 20. Recruitment<br />Recruiting locations<br />Schools<br />Public and private<br />Churches<br />Youth outreach groups<br />Teen night clubs<br />Athletic events<br />Hang outs<br />
  21. 21. Recruitment<br />Getting Out<br />“Membership is for Life”<br />Beat Out<br />More severe than beat in<br />Led to believe death will occur<br />“Death is the only way out”<br />Dissociation<br />Successful<br />Member must make decision<br />
  22. 22. Gang Membership<br />Age Range<br />Recruiting targets <br />12-16 years old<br />Becoming younger<br />Lenient juvenile justice system<br />Adults usually recruited through detention setting<br />
  23. 23. Gang Membership<br />Age Range<br />As the gang evolves, the median age of membership increases<br />The older the average age the more serious the gang problem<br />As age increases, the violence and criminality also increases<br />
  24. 24. Gang Membership<br />Hard core and active members<br />Participate in violent and aggressive a gang related criminal acts<br />Encourage others to act violently<br />Respected by other gang members and tolerated by outsiders<br />Includes recruiters and leaders of the gang<br />
  25. 25. Gang Membership<br />Associates<br />Associate for status and recognition<br />Wear the clothing and identifiers of gang<br />Attend gang functions<br />Association fulfills the need to belong<br />Gang association gives respect on non gang persons<br />Fear <br />
  26. 26. Gang Membership<br />Peripheral (At risk)<br />Move in and out based upon interest of activities of gang<br />Referred to as wanna bes<br />Can be most dangerous<br />Have most to prove <br />Will seek membership<br />
  27. 27. Gang Movement<br />Influenced by parents moving juvenile away from gang<br />Allows gang to start up and recruit in a new area<br />See gang migration articles<br />
  28. 28. Types of Gangs<br />Tagging crews<br />Interest revolves around graffiti<br />Began in inner cities and have spread out<br />Philosophy is “art is not a crime”<br />Hip hop culture<br />Eventually mimic gang behavior<br />Crews have a common name <br />
  29. 29. Types of Gangs<br />Stoners<br />Heavy metal music influence<br />Mimic artist appearance<br />Gothic/vampire influence<br />Drug usage<br />hallucinogens<br />Satanic or occult worship<br />
  30. 30. Types of Gangs<br />Satanic or occult<br />Members are anti-social with varying degrees of personality disorders<br />Membership is reinforced by participating in socially unacceptable acts<br />Illegal drugs are used to enhance activities<br />
  31. 31. Types of Gangs<br />Subversive<br />Domestic terrorists<br />Membership is predicate upon hate of another because of:<br />Race<br />Religion<br />Sexual orientation<br />Government<br />
  32. 32. Types of Gangs<br />Traditional gangs <br />Have historical existence which leads to traditions which are adhered to and taught to new members<br />These gangs may be referred to as a “turf gang”<br />
  33. 33. Types of Gangs<br />Non-traditional gangs<br />Referred to as transitional gangs<br />Hybrid in nature<br />This type of gang will slowly transition into a traditional gang<br />This gang is in a constant state of flux as tradition and ideology are sorted out <br />
  34. 34. Gang Activities<br />Murder<br />Theft<br />Drugs, #1 source of income for gangs<br />Intimidation<br />Extortion<br />Numerous other criminal activities<br />
  35. 35. Major Street Gang Sets<br />People Nation (Chicago Based)<br /> Includes Vice Lords, Latin Kings, Bishops, El Rukns, Latin Lovers, P. R. Stones, Pachucos and Vice Lords<br />
  36. 36. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  37. 37. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  38. 38. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  39. 39. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  40. 40. Major Street Gang Sets<br />Folk Nation (Chicago Based)<br />Includes Black Gangster Disciples,, Maniac Latin Disciples, Deuces, Imperial Gangsters, Latin Eagles, Simon City Royals and Two Two Boys<br />Black Gangster Disciples<br />Three Leaders (Kings)<br />David Barksdale aka King David<br />Jerome Freeman aka King Shorty<br />Larry Hoover aka King Hoover<br />
  41. 41. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  42. 42. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  43. 43. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  44. 44. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  45. 45. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  46. 46. Major Street Gang Sets<br />Crips (Los Angeles Based)<br />Will fight other Crips<br />Allied with Folk Nation if the Eight ball (graffiti) is intact<br />Prison gang alliance with the Consolidated Crip Organization<br />Subsets include<br />Durock, 76 East Coast Crips, Eight Tray Gangster Crips, Grape Street Watts, 52 Hoover Crips, Rolling 60’s, Shotgun Crips<br />
  47. 47. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  48. 48. Major Street Gang Sets<br />Bloods (Los Angeles Based)<br />Formally known as Piru<br />Prison Gang alliance with United Blood Nation<br />Subsets include<br />Bounty Hunters, 59 Brims, Lime Hood Pirus, Main Street Swans, Denver Lane Bloods, Bloodstone Villains, Black P-Stone<br />
  49. 49. Major Street Gang Sets<br />
  50. 50. Identification<br />Monikers<br />Street name or nickname<br />Often the only name a witness/victim has to identify the gang member <br />Colors<br />Colors represent gang affiliation<br />Can be worn through sports teams jerseys<br />Individual meanings for individual gangs<br />
  51. 51. Identification<br />Representing<br />Hand signs<br />Wearing clothing to a particular side<br />I.e. pant leg rolled up, hat worn to a side, shoes laces untied on one side<br />Tattoos<br />Best way to identify gang members<br />Gang identifiers may be hidden in artwork<br />
  52. 52. Identification (Tattoos)<br />
  53. 53. Identification (hand signs)<br />
  54. 54. Identification<br />Graffiti<br />How gangs communicate<br />Communicate threats<br />Take credit for criminal activity<br />Mark territory<br />Announces roll call of gang<br />
  55. 55. Identification (Graffiti)<br />
  56. 56. Identification(Gang Alphabet)<br />Click on box to view or click HERE to continue presentation.<br />
  57. 57. Gang Prevention<br />Gangs should be treated as a criminal element<br />Media<br />Need to be trained not to publicize gang activity<br />This will only bolster the gang’s image<br />Can lead to retaliation from other gangs seeking recognition<br />Can not show the gang member as a victim of society<br />Should not display graffiti on TV<br />
  58. 58. Gang Prevention- Intelligence<br />Make liaison with school personnel, including security staff, resource officers, administrators, teachers and students<br />Citizen watch groups<br />Business owners located near teen hang out areas<br />Gang Members from rival gangs, members in justice system<br />Graffiti<br />
  59. 59. Gang Prevention/Education<br />Develop community based anti-gang initiative<br />DARE, GREAT, after hours sports<br />Teach parents and school administrators of warning signs<br />Information that the youth has not been home for several nights, drug use, new found wealth, increased conflicts/fights, discovery of weapons, tattoos, etc<br />
  60. 60. Gang Suppression<br />Gang Documentation<br />Field interviews of members and associates <br />Include tattoos, clothing, associates, reason for contact, monikers, and any other identifiers<br />Reasons to stop can include the LA statutes in the accompanying folder<br />See also Terry Stop-need cause<br />Gang events <br />Media reports<br />Graffiti and paraphernalia <br />
  61. 61. Gang Suppression<br />Gang Sweeps<br />Zero tolerance policing<br />Multi-agency effort, both intelligence and prosecution <br />Probation/Parole officers can authorize warrantless searches<br />Target specific high risk areas for intensive patrols <br />
  62. 62. Gang Suppression<br />Juvenile curfews<br />Traffic Enforcement<br />Speed<br />Window tint<br />Loud music<br />Unsafe equipment<br />Moving violations<br />Fictitious license<br />Underage drivers<br />
  63. 63. Gang Suppression<br />Investigative stops<br />Terry Stops<br />See Sidebar <br />Criminal activity<br />About to be committed<br />Being committed<br />Just committed<br />Pat down for weapons<br />Be able to articulate suspicion<br />Reasonable suspicion<br />
  64. 64. Gang Suppression<br />“Citizen contacts”<br />Consensual contact<br />Consensual search<br />“Ask” for identification<br />Non-threatening<br />Covert interview<br />
  65. 65. Officer Safety<br />Gangs will hide all kinds of weapons in all kinds of places<br />Females may be used to hold weapons<br />Felony stop for known gang members<br />Always be vigilant, as gang members can be very creative<br />
  66. 66. Acknowledgements<br />Unless otherwise noted, all written information was derived from Criminal Street Gangs I class given by SEPSI and Robert Mateo. <br />Photos on slides 52 and the upper left photo on slide 53 were obtained from http://www.dc.state.fl.us/pub/gangs/index.html<br />Others photos were derived from www.gangland.com or its links to the actual gangs themselves. <br />
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