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Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
Probiotics10.14.11
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Probiotics10.14.11

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28 million bottles of Yakult are enjoyed everyday throughout the world. Yakult contains probiotics or friendly bacteria or yeasts. These friendly microorganisms help maintain the natural balance of …

28 million bottles of Yakult are enjoyed everyday throughout the world. Yakult contains probiotics or friendly bacteria or yeasts. These friendly microorganisms help maintain the natural balance of organisms in the intestines. Probiotics reduce the growth of harmful bacteria in the intestines and promote a healthy digestive system.

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  • IBD: ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease
  • http://m-biotech.biol.uoa.gr/MATHIMATAPMS/LESSONS/M1/MKYRIAKOY/paper3.pdf
  • Freezing puts cultures in a dormant state (“hibernate”); capable of providing beneficial effects when eaten & returned to warm temperature within body
  • Transcript

    • 1. Probiotics and Your Health
      Masako Harada, RD, CSR
      Registered Dietitian
    • 2. 2
      Contents
      1. What are probiotics?
      2. How do probiotics affect our health and the aging gut?
      3. How can we make probiotics a part of our daily diet?
    • 3. 3
      What are probiotics?
      Probiotics: pro = for
      biotics = relating to life
      = “for life”
      ↔Antibiotics
      “living microorganisms administered in adequate amounts which confer a beneficial health effect on the host”(Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)
    • 4. Intestinal microbiota: group of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and animals
      • inside the human intestine: over 100 trillion bacterial cells of over 100 different types of bacteria
      • 5. That's 3-5 pounds (1.4-2.3 kg) in weight!
      4
      Intestinal Microbiota
    • 6. Question:
      It is not healthy to have any bacteria in our intestinal tract.
      True or False
      5
    • 7. 6
      Intestinal Microbiota
      Friendly Bacteria VS Harmful Bacteria
      - Bifidobacterium - Clostridium perifringens
      - Lactobaccilus - E. coli
    • 8. 7
      What are probiotics?
      Harmful bacteria
      (produce cancer-causing
      substances, cause infections, etc.)
      Intestinal Microbiota
      Friendly bacteria = probiotics
      (provide health benefit)
    • 9. 8
      Some common probiotic bacteria
      • Lactic acid bacteria
      • 10. Examples:
      • 11. genus Lactobacillus
      • 12. Lactobacillus acidophilus
      • 13. Lactobacillus casei Shirota
      • 14. genus Bifidobacterium
      • 15. genus Lactococcus
      • 16. genus Enterococcus
      • 17. These probiotic bacteria are commonly found in dairy products like yogurt & kefir
    • 9
      Health Benefits of Probiotics
      • Improvement of diarrhea & constipation
      • 18. Prevent overgrowth of harmful bacteria & help friendly bacteria to multiply
      • 19. Boost immune function
      • 20. Decrease/prevent allergies
      • 21. Anti-cancer (colon cancer, bladder cancer)
      • 22. Help decrease blood pressure
    • 10
      Immune system
      • 70% of the human immune system is in the intestines
      • 23. When we eat, we ingest small amounts of pathogens (harmful bacteria) with food
      • 24. Our intestinal wall protect our body from these pathogens
      • 25. Probiotic bacteria help keep a good balance of intestinal microbiota on the intestinal wall to fight off pathogens
    • 11
      Probiotics & Allergy
      • 1 in 3 Japanese & 1 in 5 Americans have some type of allergic disease
      • 26. As friendly bacteria increase -> regulate immune function -> less allergic reactions
    • 12
      More benefits of probiotics...
      • Help with lactose intolerance:
      • 27. inability to digest lactose (sugar in milk products) -> cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, gas
      • 28. some lactic acid bacteria help digest lactose (fermented dairy products like yogurt & cheese usually better tolerated)
      • 29. Help in digestion & absorption of proteins & calcium
      • 30. Help prevent dental cavities
    • What happens as we age?
      • Alterations in our intestinal microbiota due to:
      • 31. Antibiotic medication use
      • 32. Chronic diseases (IBS, C-diff colitis, IBD)
      • 33. Poor appetite/unhealthy eating
      • 34. Results:
      • 35. Harmful bacteria increase
      • 36. Good bacteria decrease
      13
    • 37. Number of Intestinal Microorganisms
      Bacteroides, Eubacterium,
      Anaerobic Streptococcus
      Bifidobacterium
      E. coli, Enterococcus
      Number of bacteria par 1g of feces
      Lactobaciillus
      Clostridium perfringens
      Birth date
      Weaning
      Old age
      Adulthood
      14
      Mitsuoka T. Chonaisaikin no hanashi (Iwanami paperbooks, in Japanese)
    • 38. When harmful bacteria overgrow...
      • Decrease in immune function -> infections
      • 39. Cause of diarrhea & constipation
      • 40. Production of toxic substances -> gas, bloating
      • 41. Production of cancer-causing substances
      15
    • 42. Probiotics & the Elderly
      • Help boost the immune system
      • 43. Help regulate the bowel (relieve constipation & diarrhea)
      • 44. Help prevent antibiotic associated diarrhea
      • 45. Can be consumed as part of nutritional foods
      • 46. May help prevent certain cancers
      16
    • 47. Question:
      Probiotic products must be consumed on a daily basis to have the most beneficial health effect.
      True or False
      17
    • 48. Probiotics as part of your daily diet
      • Breakfast: plain yogurt + oligosaccharide syrup + whole grain cereal
      • 49. Lunch: yogurt cucumber salad
      • 50. Dinner: yogurt potato salad
      • 51. Snack: yogurt drink, kefir, smoothies, desserts & dips made with yogurt
      18
    • 52. Healthy Substitutions
      Try yogurt instead of…
      - mayonnaise
      - sour cream
      - ice cream or whipped cream
      - ranch dressing
      Recipes: www.aboutyogurt.com
      19
    • 53. Question:
      Probiotic products will maintain their beneficial health effects after heat-cooking.
      True or False
      ※ Probiotic bacteria do not survive high heat. When using for cooking, add at the end.
      20
    • 54. Question:
      Freezing will kill the live microorganisms in probiotic products.
      True or False
      ※ Remember: not all “frozen yogurt” use yogurt with live bacterial cultures.
      21
    • 55. 22
      Food for probiotics
      • Prebiotics: nutrients for probiotic bacteria (humans don't have the enzymes to digest these nutrients)
      • 56. Oligosaccharide: fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS)
      • 57. Dietary fiber: inulin (found in wheat bran, barley, artichoke, onion, garlic, chicory root)
    • 23
      Other probiotic products
      *Products should guarantee that it “Contains live & active cultures” through the end of shelf life.
    • 61. Question:
      Products that contain any “live active cultures” are all considered probiotic products.
      True or False
      ※ Probiotic products must be scientifically proven to have a beneficial health effect.
      24
    • 62. 25
      Probiotic Products
      25
    • 63. 26
      Summary
      • Probiotics
      • 64. bring health benefits to humans
      • 65. help maintain a balanced intestinal microbiota
      = increase friendly bacteria & decrease harmful bacteria
      • help with management of diarrhea & constipation, boost immune system, prevent allergies, etc.
      • 66. Each bacteria has different properties & health benefits
      • 67. More effective when probiotic products are consumed everyday consistently with prebiotics
    • 27
      References
      • 発酵乳と乳酸菌. CALPIS CO., Ltd. http://www.calpis.co.jp/hakkounyu/index.html
      • 68. ヤクルト中央研究所:健康用語の基礎知識 (Yakult Central Institute) http://institute.yakult.co.jp/japanese/dictionary/word_2.php
      • 69. National Yogurt Association. www.aboutyogurt.com
      • 70. Sanders, Mary Ellen, PhD. Probiotics: Background and Product Table. 2008 Oct.
      • 71. Sanders, Mary Ellen, PhD. USProbiotics.org. Probiotics Basics. 2007. http://www.usprobiotics.org/basics
      • 72. Yogurt Forum. Meiji Dairies Corporation. http://www.yogurt-forum.jp/index.html

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