Intro to Screenprinting
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Intro to Screenprinting

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Intro to Screenprinting Intro to Screenprinting Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction toScreenprinting
    Presented by: Keira Dooley
  • What is Screenprinting?
    Screenprinting involves "pushing" ink through a screen over a stencil.
    It is also known as silkscreen, seriography, and serigraph.
  • Anatomy of Screenprinting
    Ink
    Squeegee
    Positive image on the screen
    Negative space on the screen
    Frame
    The printed image on paper
  • Screenprinting Methods
    Stencil Techniques
    Cut stencils - cutting the design from a non-porous material and attaching it to the bottom of the screen
    Painted stencils - painting a negative image directly on the screen with a filler material
    Photo Emulsion Technique
  • Cut Stencils
    The cut stencil method can be used with kraft paper, contact paper or acetate film.
    The image is cut away from the stencil using an exacto knife.
  • Positive vs. Negative Space
    As we cut our stencils, we want to be mindful of the positive and negative space within our images.
    The positive spaces that you cut out of the stencil will allow the screenprinting ink to pass through the screen to the paper.
    Negative Space
    Positive
    Space
  • Painted Stencils
    Screen filler is handpainted onto the screen in the negative areas.
  • Photo Emulsion Method
    Photo emulsion is applied to the screen. Once dry, then the screen is exposed to bright light, thus “burning” the negative film image into the screen.
    Photographic negatives or computer images are commonly used.
    http://www.hobbydo.com/screen_printing/preparing_the_screen.htm
  • Photo Emulsion Exposure Unit
  • Commercial Screenprinting
  • Silkscreen Postersin History
  • Propaganda Posters
    World War 1 posters:(from left) U.K., USA and Russia.
  • WPA Posters
    Work Projects Administration (WPA) posters were produced in America between 1936 and 1943 in the District of Columbia and seventeen states.
    The posters depict various programs and projects sponsored by the government.
  • WPA Posters
  • Silkscreen Posters in the Art World
  • Andy Warhol
    Andy Warhol was an American painter, printmaker, and filmmaker who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
  • Roy Lichtenstein
    Roy Lichtenstein was a prominent American pop artist. His work was heavily influenced by both popular advertising and the comic book style.
  • John Baldessari
    John Baldessari is an American conceptual artist. His work often attempts to point out irony in contemporary art theory and practices or reduce it to absurdity.
  • Barbara Kruger
    Barbara Kruger is an American conceptual artist. Much of her text questions the viewer about feminism, consumerism, and individual autonomy and desire, although her black-and-white images are culled from the mainstream magazines that sell the very ideas she is disputing.
  • Barbara Kruger
  • ShepardFairey
    Frank ShepardFairey is an American contemporary artist, graphic designer, and illustrator who emerged from the skateboarding scene and is currently active in Cincinnati, Ohio.
    He first became knownfor his "André the Giant Has a Posse" (OBEY) sticker campaign
  • ShepardFairey
  • Do It Yourself!
    With a few simple guidelines, you can screenprint at home!
  • 9 Basic Steps
    Plan your image. Think about positive and negative space, as well as color and image size.
    Cut the stencil. Draw then cut your image “read right” on the back of the contact paper.
    Measure and tear your good paper and some newsprint paper.
    Apply the stencil to the flat side of the screen.
    Mix your inks. (use small amounts of colors when mixing.)
    Prep the printing space. Clamp the screen tightly & tape a sheet of acetate to the table under the screen.
    Print! (newsprint, acetate, good paper)
    Sign, date and title your prints!
    Clean up!
  • ScreenprintingSuppliers
    Art Supply Warehouse: (Westminster)http://www.artsupplywarehouse.com
    Blick Art Materials: http://www.dickblick.com
    McLogan Supply Company: (Los Angeles, Anaheim, San Diego, Chatsworth) http://www.mclogan.com
  • References
    Library of Congress http://loc.gov
    Wikipedia
    War posters http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters