Achievements of Jose rizal Rizal attended the Ateneo De Manila University, earning a Bachelors of Arts. He enrolled in Medicine and Philosophy and Letters at the University of Santo Thomas and then traveled alone to Madrid, Spain where he continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid, earning the degree of Licentiate in Medicine. He attended the University of Paris and earned a second doctorate at the University of Heidelberg, Rizal was a polyglot conversant in at least ten languages. He was a prolific poet, essayist, diarist, correspondent, and novelist whose most famous works were his two novels, Noli me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. these are social commentaries on the Philippines that formed the nucleus of literature that inspired dissent among peaceful reformists and spurred the militancy of armed revolutionaries against the Spanish colonial authorities.
Rizal’s lifeIn full known as Jose Rizal y Mercado, or Jose Rizal y Alonzo. Born on June 19,1861 and died on December 30, 1896 in Manila. Patriot, physician, and man ofletters whose life and literary works were an inspiration to the literary works werean inspiration to the Philippine nationalist movement.Rizal was the son of a prosperous landowner and sugar planter of Chinese-Filipinodescent on the island of Luzon; his mother, Teodora Alonso, one of the mosthighly educated women in the Philippines, exerted a powerful influence on hisintellectual development. Educated at Ateneo de Manila and the University ofSanto Tomas in Manila, in 1882 he went overseas to study medicine and liberalarts at the University of Madrid. A brilliant student, he soon became the leader ofthe small community of Filipino students in Spain and passionately committedhimself to the reform of Spanish rule in his home country. He neveradvocated Philippine independence. The chief enemy of reform, in his eyes, wasnot Spain, which was going through a profound revolution, but the Franciscan,Augustinian, and Dominican friars, who held the country in political and economicparalysis.
Rizal continued his medical studies in Paris and Heidelberg; in 1887 he wrote his firstnovel, Noli me tangere (“Touch Me Not”), a passionate exposure of the evils of the friars rule,comparable in its impact to Harriet Beecher Stowe’s exposure of Negro suppression in theUnited States, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. A sequel, El Filibusterismo (1891, “Filibusterism”)established his reputation as the leading spokesman of the Philippine reformmovement. In1890 he wrote an edition of Antonio Morgas’ Succesos de las Islas Filipinas,which showed that the native people of the Philippines had a long history before the comingof the Spaniards. He became the leader of the Propaganda Movement, contributingnumerous articles to its newspaper, La Solidaridad, published in Barcelona. Rizal’s politicalprogram, as expressed in the columns of the newspaper, included integration of thePhilippines as a province of Spain, representation in the Cortes (the Spanish parliament), thereplacement of the Spanish friars by native Philippine priests, freedom of assembly andexpression, and equality of Filipinos and Spaniards before the law.Against the advice of his parents and friends, Rizal returned to the Philippines in 1892. Whenhe founded a nonviolent reform society, the Liga Filipina, in Manila, the Spanish arrested anddeported him to Dapitan in northwest Mindanao. He remained in exile for four years, doingscientific research and founding a school and hospital. In 1896, however, an insurrection ledby the nationalist secret society, the Katipunan, broke out; although he had no connectionswith that organization or any part in the revolt, he was arrested and tried for sedition by themilitary. Found guilty, he was publicly executed by a firing squad in Manila. His martyrdomconvinced Filipinos from Spain. On the eve of his execution, while confined in Ft. Santiago,Rizal wrote Ultimo Adios (“The Last Farewell”), a masterpiece of 19th-century Spanish verse.