Sharing information between projects

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A presentation given by Don Kirkup at the KikForum
Abstract:
A brief overview of some Kew “key” projects, potential areas of overlap and possible exchange mechanisms.

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  • Sharing information between projects

    1. 1. Sharing information between projects A brief overview of some Kew “key” projects, potential areas of overlap and possible exchange mechanisms.
    2. 2. “All plants are hybrids, but some are greater bastards than others” Franz Thonner (photo L Grillich, Vienna 1910) from “Thonner’s analytical key to the families of flowering plants”
    3. 3. Contents … <ul><li>Overview of some Kew projects </li></ul><ul><li>Where are there areas of likely overlap between different types of project? </li></ul><ul><li>What needs to be considered when sharing data? - Tracking taxa, characters and intellectual property. </li></ul><ul><li>A suggestion. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Pioneers World Grass Species Database – D. Clayton et. al Elaeocarpaceae (Elaeocarpus) – M. Coode neotropics fams Neotropical plants Africa (sub Saharan) fams/gen African plants Malesia (+ Indochina) fams/gen/spp Malesian plants Global genera Salicaceae s.l. & Achariaceae s.l. Global genera Ochnaceae Global genera Euphorbiaceae Borneo spp Borneo rattans Laos spp Laos rattans Brunei spp Brunei rattans Global spp Elaeocarpaceae Global spp Grass species Geographical coverage Taxonomic categories Database
    5. 5. Rattans from SE Asia Rattans of Brunei – Kirkup, Dransfield & Sanderson [CD] Rattans of Laos – Evans & Kirkup [CD, www] Rattans of Borneo – Dransfield & Patel [CD] neotropics fams Neotropical plants Africa (sub Saharan) fams/gen African plants Malesia (+ Indochina) fams/gen/spp Malesian plants Global genera Salicaceae s.l. & Achariaceae s.l. Global genera Ochnaceae Global genera Euphorbiaceae Borneo spp Borneo rattans Laos spp Laos rattans Brunei spp Brunei rattans Global spp Elaeocarpaceae Global spp Grass species Geographical coverage Taxonomic categories Database
    6. 6. Malpighiales Genera of Euphorbiaceae s.l. – Hoffmann, Kirkup, Galster, Challen & Radcliffe-Smith Genera of Salicaceae & Achariaceae s.l. – Zmarzty & Kirkup Genera of Ochnaceae – Kirkup [All on www] neotropics fams Neotropical plants Africa (sub Saharan) fams/gen African plants Malesia (+ Indochina) fams/gen/spp Malesian plants Global genera Salicaceae s.l. & Achariaceae s.l. Global genera Ochnaceae Global genera Euphorbiaceae Borneo spp Borneo rattans Laos spp Laos rattans Brunei spp Brunei rattans Global spp Elaeocarpaceae Global spp Grass species Geographical coverage Taxonomic categories Database
    7. 7. Regional keys Key to Malesian Plants – Malesian Key Group [CD, www] Key to African Plants – K, SANBI, WAG, Ethiopia & Kenya Key Neotropical Plant families – K others? neotropics fams Neotropical plants Africa (sub Saharan) fams/gen African plants Malesia (+ Indochina) fams/gen/spp Malesian plants Global genera Salicaceae s.l. & Achariaceae s.l. Global genera Ochnaceae Global genera Euphorbiaceae Borneo spp Borneo rattans Laos spp Laos rattans Brunei spp Brunei rattans Global spp Elaeocarpaceae Global spp Grass species Geographical coverage Taxonomic categories Database
    8. 8. Areas of potential overlap Lower triangle – Taxon concepts (coded descriptions) and specimen images Upper triangle – Character concepts and feature images
    9. 9. 1.Tracking Taxon Concepts <ul><li>Name, synonymy </li></ul><ul><li>Literature reference </li></ul><ul><li>Specimen lists </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Description (which could be coded) </li></ul><ul><li>Taxon Concept Schema (TCS) </li></ul><ul><li>Each TC can have a unique ID </li></ul>
    10. 10. 2. Tracking Character Concepts <ul><li>Abstract part (leaf length, flower colour) </li></ul><ul><li>Expression (leaf 5cm long, flowers blue) </li></ul><ul><li>Usage (i.e. a list of TCs) </li></ul><ul><li>CCs change! </li></ul><ul><li>Structured Descriptive Data (SDD) </li></ul><ul><li>Tracks the abstract part but not the expression (“characters” vs “states”)?? </li></ul><ul><li>Early days … </li></ul>
    11. 11. GBIF TAPIR trashes SDD
    12. 12. 3. Tracking IPR <ul><li>Copyright (images, data, software) </li></ul><ul><li>Database rights (structured data) </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Partly managed by TCS and SDD standards </li></ul><ul><li>XML so easily extended (in house) </li></ul><ul><li>Standards would need to be formally changed </li></ul>
    13. 13. We could … <ul><li>Develop a shared feature list that would at least be useful for regional keys to higher taxa (genera). </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate these features with “standard” drawings and develop ways of linking to specimen & other images in TOAD. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop methods for Concept and IPR tracking in conjunction with external projects (eg. IdentifyLife). </li></ul>

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