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Recent developments in the Kew Grasses Databases
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  • Good morning! (Thanks for the introduction) My job: Developing and maintaining Kew’s institutional grass databasesMaking more accessible Today going to talk about some of the: Recent developments in the Kew Grasses Databases, which follows on from Brian’s talk. I’ll try not to go over the stuff that brian covered too much.

Recent developments in the Kew Grasses Databases Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Recent Developments in Kew’s Grass Databases Kehan T. Harman Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AB, UK [email_address] A Celebration of Grasses
  • 2. Outline
    • Background
      • History
      • What the databases contain
    • Changes
      • Descriptions
      • Synonymy
    • What you can do with the databases
    • Future Plans
      • Help us improve them
  • 3. History
    • Driving force
      • W.D. Clayton
      • Tool to make a taxonomist’s job easier
        • Floras
        • Revisions
  • 4. Descriptions
    • DEscriptive Language for TAxonomy (DELTA)
    • Character set developed
      • open ended database for grass species descriptions
      • broad experience of Floras
      • additional characters added
        • 1,090 Characters
    • Descriptions coded
      • Literature
        • Floral Treatments, monographs, original descriptions
      • Herbarium specimens
    • *SHOW World Grass Species - items.
    • *ITEM DESCRIPTIONS
    • # Aciachne acicularis/
    • 1,2 4,2 33,1-3 58,3 140,1 141,0.7 161,1 163,3 165,0.4-1 166,0.3-0.4 170,1
    • 180,3 182,3 195,3 198,1 206,3 207,2 229,4 230,1-3 232,2 390,1 518,1 519,1
    • 520,1 521,2 522,2 527,2 531,4-4.6 534,3 539,1 576,1 579,1 590,1 591,1 593,1
    • 594,2 597,6 601,1.8-2.2 602,1 604,7 611,1 619,3-5 648,3 655,6 660,1.8-2.2
    • 661,0.5 664,7 671,1 676,3-5 699,3 797,4 802,2 806,4-4.6 808,7 813,2 816,1
    • 821,3 822,1 852,4 853,2 865,10 921,6 923,2 924,1 985,4 989,1 990,1 995,3
    • 1008,2 1018,1 1034,1 1071,8 1079,1&4&6 1082,37 1085<Fl Meso-Am 1995>
    • 1090<imp00000>
    • # Aciachne flagellifera/
    • 1,2 4,2 33,1-3 58,3 140,1 141,0.7 157,2/3 161,1 163,3 165,0.4-1 166,0.3-0.4
    • 170,1 195,3 198,1 206,3 207,2 208,8<1-1.5mm,flexuous> 209,5 229,4 230,1-3
    • 232,2 390,1 518,1 519,1 520,1 521,2 522,2 527,2 531,4-4.6 534,3 539,1 576,1
    • 579,1 590,1 591,1 593,1 594,2 597,6 601,1.8-2.2 602,1 604,7 611,1 619,3-5
    • 648,3 655,6 660,1.8-2.2 661,0.5 664,7 671,1 676,3-5 699,3 797,4 802,2
    • 806,4-4.6 808,7 813,2 816,1 821,3 822,1 852,4 853,2 865,10 921,6 923,2 924,1
    • 985,4 989,1 990,1 995,3 1008,2 1018,1 1034,1 1071,8 1079,4 1082,37
    • 1085<Laegaard 1999> 1087<lateral pulvini at base of leaf-blade
    • inconspicuous> 1090<imp00001>
  • 5. Synonymy
    • Index Kewensis / IPNI ( www.ipni.org )
    • Literature
      • Taxonomic status
      • Synonyms
      • Homonyms
      • Distribution (TDWG Level 2)
      • Type specimens
      • etc
  • 6. History
    • Both databases were downloadable from the Kew website
      • Little documentation available
      • Not updated for 2 years
  • 7. Descriptions
    • INTKEY
      • Query data
      • Interactive Identification
    • But…
      • Complex for the uninitiated
      • Descriptions difficult to read
      • Advanced querying complex
  • 8. Synonymy
    • MS Access Database
    • Reports
      • Accepted Names
      • Synonyms
      • Lists
    • Not linked to descriptions
    • Not web accessible
  • 9. Changes – Descriptions
    • Major overhaul of website
      • Species descriptions in Webpage Format
        • 10,800 Descriptions
      • Species index
      • Search page
  • 10. Changes – Descriptions
      • Documentation
        • Introduction
        • Character List
        • Citation
        • Details of how to contribute
        • DELTA utilities
        • How to use Intkey
  • 11. Changes – Descriptions
    • Update of Interactive Key
      • Additional links to documentation
      • Glossary of terms
      • Character notes
      • Rich Text Descriptions
  • 12. Changes – Synonymy
    • Link to Descriptions
      • Synonyms
      • Lists
    • New queries
      • Lists of species
        • Genus within an Area
        • Unidentified (HELP!)
  • 13. What you can do
    • Descriptions
      • Confirm species identification
        • does your specimen match the description
      • Use descriptions for further taxonomic work
        • Writing Floras
        • Data analysis
  • 14. Interactive Key
    • Identify Species
      • Look for differences
      • Separate a taxon
    • Search online databases
    • Key Writing
  • 15. Raw Data
    • Phylogenetic Analysis / Distance Matrices
    • Morphometrics
    • Supertree analyses
    • EvoDevo
    • The sky’s the limit
    Flagellariaceae Ecdeiovoleaceae Anarthriaceae Hopkinsia/Lyginia Austral Restioids Centrolepidaceae Elegia Joinvilleaceae Bambusa Oryza Centotheceae Pennisetum Phragmites Neurachne Andropogoninae Zea Eragrostis Danthonia Nardus Aegilops Avena
  • 16. Synonymy
    • Find the accepted name and citation for (almost) all grass species
    • Produce various lists of species
    • Links to Descriptions
  • 17. Planned Changes
    • Descriptions
      • Generic descriptions
      • Distribution maps from Synonymy database
        • Improve Geography
      • Improve quality of existing descriptions
        • Help!
      • Start gathering illustrations for species
  • 18. Planned Changes
    • Interactive Key
      • Illustrated character set
      • Web based key
  • 19. Planned Changes
    • Synonymy
      • Develop web pages
      • Documentation
      • Incorporation into the Monocot Checklist
        • Online Database
        • Synonyms / Taxonomic Status
        • Checklist production
  • 20. Summary
    • New
      • Descriptions
      • Documentation
      • Link from Synonymy
    • Updated
      • Synonymy
      • Interactive Key
    • Future
      • Enhanced descriptions
      • Synonymy on web
        • Monocot Checklist
      • Web based identification system
  • 21. Thank you for coming!
    • Write this down 
      • Descriptions Database
        • www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html
      • Synonymy Database
        • www.kew.org/data/grasses-syn.html
      • Grasses at Kew
        • www.kew.org/scihort/poaceae
    • Demonstration tomorrow during the poster session!!!
  • 22.