From Floras to Interactive Keys

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Presentation given by Patricia Malcolm-Tompkins at the KikForum
Abstract:
Floras offer a means for the identification and correct naming of plants for a particular region. Kew’s tradition for writing Floras has lead to the production of 6 main African Floras, which together with other monographic work are gradually being digitised and will form part of the online e-floras resource. Having these works in digital form not only enables access to the Floras for users around the world through the internet, but also opens opportunities to improve and reuse this information. In this talk I will cover 3 ways in which the information in Floras and monographs can be used to build interactive identification systems. I will first describe the methodology used for the digitisation of Kew’s legacy works and how this information is now part of an online database for identification and nomenclatural queries (Flora Zambesiaca online). I will then demonstrate how Lucid Phoenix can be used to publish dichotomous keys online, using Phyllanthus key from Flora Zambesiaca as an example. And finally, I will demonstrate how to transfer character base information from a monograph (“Then genus Croton in Madagascar and the Comoro Is.” by A. Radcliffe-Smith - unpublished) into a DELTA/INTKEY system. With this key the user can arrive to a group of less than 10 taxa by using only 5 characters, out of a total of ~150 species of Croton.

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  • Good morning. My name is Patricia and today the idea is to show 3 ways of reusing existing information in manuscripts for building keys, some more interactive than others. I will be focusing in mechanisms that allow you to transfer information in Floras in bulk into different interactive keys.
  • From Floras to Interactive Keys

    1. 1. From Floras to Interactive Keys Patricia Malcolm
    2. 2. From Floras to Interactive Keys <ul><li>How to capture information in existing manuscripts. </li></ul><ul><li>Dichotomous keys online – FZ example </li></ul><ul><li>Phyllanthus Key – Lucid Phoenix </li></ul><ul><li>Croton of Madagascar – INTKEY </li></ul>
    3. 3. Capturing existing information Printed volumes Word doc. Mark-up XML XSLT Database OCR
    4. 4. Original document The formatting in the document is used to first mark-up paragraph level information & then character level information using MSWord macros & MSWord Styles.
    5. 5. Marking-up
    6. 6. Marking-up Accepted Synonym Description Distribution Ecology Notes Paragraphs Genus Habitat Altitude Country FZ country Division Author Species Parenthetical Author Literature reference Local references
    7. 7. XML layout
    8. 8. Lucid Phoenix FZ online DELTA - INTKEY
    9. 9. DB holding dichotomous keys http://www.kew.org/efloras/search.do
    10. 10. Keys online rt
    11. 11. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player
    12. 12. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player
    13. 13. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player
    14. 14. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player
    15. 15. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player
    16. 16. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player http://lion.rbgkew.org.uk/~dk02kg/phoenix/keys.html
    17. 17. DELTA - INTKEY The Genus Croton in Madagascar and the Comoro Is. A. Radcliffe-Smith Text file
    18. 18. DELTA - INTKEY The Genus Croton in Madagascar and the Comoro Is. A. Radcliffe-Smith Text file
    19. 19. DELTA - INTKEY The Genus Croton in Madagascar and the Comoro Is. A. Radcliffe-Smith Text file
    20. 20. DELTA - INTKEY Text file
    21. 21. DELTA - INTKEY Text file
    22. 22. DELTA - INTKEY Database Text files DELTA INTKEY C:deltacrotoncroton
    23. 23. DELTA - INTKEY Database Text files DELTA INTKEY
    24. 24. DELTA - INTKEY Database Text files DELTA INTKEY
    25. 25. DELTA - INTKEY Database Text files DELTA INTKEY
    26. 26. Lessons learnt <ul><li>Have the information in a database or XML. </li></ul><ul><li>With few characters you can get far. </li></ul><ul><li>Images will help to differentiate the last few species. </li></ul><ul><li>Always write down your proceedures. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Thanks to: Photograph: © Gerald D. Carr Kehan Harman Stuart Cable Don Kirkup Rogier de Kok Petra Hoffmann Alan Radcliffe-Smith Paul Berry (U. of Michigan – Herbarium)
    28. 28. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player
    29. 29. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player
    30. 30. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player
    31. 31. Lucid Phoenix Text file Lucid Importer Lucid Builder Lucid Player

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