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Native Americans of theSouthwest By: Emma R. February 4th, 2013
Description of the Region The area is sticky, moist and hot. This is the desert with dry areas. The villages are based around three mesas in pueblo style. Rows and rows of corn plants is one sight to see.
Tribes The tribes have very unique ways. Rows and rows of tall green corn plants and dry deserts is one of them. This scene described is still inhabited by the Hopi, Zuni, Navajo and other pueblo people. These people were descendants of the Anasazi.
Shelters Hopi homes were made out of adobe. These people stacked their homes and used ladders to reach the various levels. The Navajo lived in homes called hogans. They had winter and summer homes that they used.
Food Sources Like all Pueblos, the Hopi were excellent farmers. They grew many crops like corn, beans, squash, melon, pumpkins and fruit. The Navajo were farmers and hunter- gathers. They hunted on horseback and they tended sheep and planted corn. The Navajo grew corn, beans, squash, melon, pumpkins and fruit.
Clothing The Hopi clothing was made wool and fabric clothing. When the weather was cold, the Navajo, they wore clothing made from deerskin, sheepskin, and wool. There outfits were very colorful. When the weather was hot, they wore very little clothing.
Everyday Life The Hopi women cooked, cleaned, took care of the kids and wove baskets. The men planted and harvested the food, hunted, performed ceremonies and did weaving. Navajo men hunted deer and the women took care of the sheeps and crops. Children had strong ties with their families and helped their mothers and fathers.
Traditions and Ceremonies The Hopi and Navajo are known for their kachina ceremonies which are important part of their religion. The Hopi and Navajo kachinas are spirits who can visit there villages for half of a year. The kachinas are believed to bring grain and help crops grow. They also show people how to behave and how to live.
Crafts The Hopi people did pottery, weaving, made jewelry and made baskets. The kids help out with the crafts. The Hopi also kachina dolls. The Navajo made jewelry, wool, blankets and ketohs. Ketohs are wrist guards worn by Navajo archers.
Weapons and tools The Hopi had arrowheads, knifes, hoes, and adz. The arrowheads were used for hunting and battles. Knifes were used to cut and carve. Hoes were used to cultivating and harvesting crops. Adz were used to new out canoes. Navajo used planting tools, drills and weaving tools.
Websites Websites I used:1.I used my book2.nativeamericans.mrdon.org