Nrhm

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community medicine
national rural health mission

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Nrhm

  1. 1. NATIONAL RURAL HEALTH MISSION (PLAN OF ACTION) KEERTHI N S
  2. 2. Plan of Action-Components • 1)ASHA 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers 3)Strengthening of PHCs 4)Strengthening of CHCs for First referral 5)District Health Plan 6)Converging Sanitation & Hygiene under NRHM 7)Strengthening Disease control program 8)Public-private partnership for public Health goals, including regulation of private sector • 9)New health financing mechanisms • 10)Reorienting health/medical education to support rural health issues • • • • • • •
  3. 3. Component A: ASHA • Accredited social health activists
  4. 4. Component A: ASHA – Accredited social health activists • Every village will have a female ASHA • Chosen by and accountable to the panchayat
  5. 5. • Prototype training material for ASHA to be developed at National level subject to State level modifications.
  6. 6. ASHA act as the interface between the community and the public health system.
  7. 7. ASHA (contd…) • She will facilitate preparation and implementation of the Village Health Plan along with – Anganwadi worker – ANM – functionaries of other Departments – Self Help Group members
  8. 8. • She will be given a Drug Kit (generic AYUSH and allopathic formulations )for common ailments.
  9. 9. Responsibility of ASHA - To create awareness among the community regarding nutrition, basic sanitation, hygienic practices, healthy living. - Counsel women on birth preparedness, imp of safe delivery, breast feeding, complementary feeding, immunization, contraception, STDs
  10. 10. Contd. - Encourage the community to get involved in health related services. - Escort/ accompany pregnant women, children requiring treatment and admissions to the nearest PHC’s. - Primary medical care for minor ailment such as diarrhea, fevers - Provider of DOTS.
  11. 11. Plan of Action-Components • 1)ASHA • 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers
  12. 12. COMPONENT (B): STRENGTHENING SUB-CENTRES • Each sub-centre will have an Untied Fund for local action @ Rs. 10,000 per annum.
  13. 13. • Supply of essential drugs, both allopathic and AYUSH, to the Sub-centres.
  14. 14. Plan of Action-Components • 1)ASHA • 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers • 3)Strengthening of PHCs
  15. 15. COMPONENT (C): STRENGTHENING PRIMARY HEALTH CENTRES • Adequate and regular supply of essential quality drugs and equipment to PHCs • Provision of 24 hour service in 50% PHCs • Intensification of ongoing communicable disease control programmes, new programmes for control of non- communicable diseases and provision of 2nd doctor at PHC level (I male, 1 female)
  16. 16. Plan of Action-Components • 1)ASHA • 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers • 3)Strengthening of PHCs • 4)Strengthening of CHCs for First referral
  17. 17. COMPONENT (D): STRENGTHENING CHCs FOR FIRST REFERRAL UNITS • Existing CHC (30-50 beds) as 24 Hour FRU, including posting of anaesthetists • Codification of new Indian Public Health Standards, setting norms for – – – – Infrastructure Staff Equipment Management • Promotion of Rogi Kalyan Samitis for hospital management.
  18. 18. Plan of Action-Components • • • • 1)ASHA 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers 3)Strengthening of PHCs 4)Strengthening of CHCs for First referral • 5)District Health Plan
  19. 19. COMPONENT (E): DISTRICT HEALTH PLAN • District becomes core unit of planning, budgeting and implementation
  20. 20. At district level: Health Programmes Family Welfare Programmes District Health Mission”
  21. 21. Plan of Action-Components • • • • • 1)ASHA 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers 3)Strengthening of PHCs 4)Strengthening of CHCs for First referral 5)District Health Plan • 6)Converging Sanitation & Hygiene under NRHM
  22. 22. COMPONENT (F): CONVERGING SANITATION AND HYGIENE UNDER NRHM • Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in all districts
  23. 23. • ASHA would be incentivized for promoting household toilets by the Mission.
  24. 24. Plan of Action-Components • • • • • • 1)ASHA 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers 3)Strengthening of PHCs 4)Strengthening of CHCs for First referral 5)District Health Plan 6)Converging Sanitation & Hygiene under NRHM • 7)Strengthening Disease control program
  25. 25. COMPONENT (G): STRENGTHENING DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAMMES
  26. 26. • Disease surveillance system at village level would be strengthened. • Supply of generic drugs (both AYUSH & Allopathic). • Provision of a mobile medical unit at District level for improved Outreach services.
  27. 27. Plan of Action-Components • • • • • • • 1)ASHA 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers 3)Strengthening of PHCs 4)Strengthening of CHCs for First referral 5)District Health Plan 6)Converging Sanitation & Hygiene under NRHM 7)Strengthening Disease control program • 8)Public-private partnership for public Health goals, including regulation of private sector
  28. 28. COMPONENT (H): PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FOR PUBLICHEALTH GOALS, INCLUDING REGULATION OF PRIVATE SECTOR • 75% of health services are provided by the private sector, there is a need to refine regulation • Identifying areas of partnership, which are need based, thematic and geographic. • Public sector to play the lead role in defining the framework and sustaining the partnership
  29. 29. Plan of Action-Components • • • • • • • • 1)ASHA 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers 3)Strengthening of PHCs 4)Strengthening of CHCs for First referral 5)District Health Plan 6)Converging Sanitation & Hygiene under NRHM 7)Strengthening Disease control program 8)Public-private partnership for public Health goals, including regulation of private sector • 9)New health financing mechanisms
  30. 30. COMPONENT (I): NEW HEALTH FINANCING MECHANISMS  An ombudsman to be created to monitor the District Health Fund Management , and take corrective action.  The Central government will provide subsidies
  31. 31. Plan of Action-Components 1)ASHA 2)Strengthening of Sub-Centers 3)Strengthening of PHCs 4)Strengthening of CHCs for First referral 5)District Health Plan 6)Converging Sanitation & Hygiene under NRHM 7)Strengthening Disease control program 8)Public-private partnership for public Health goals, including regulation of private sector • 9)New health financing mechanisms • • • • • • • • • 10)Reorienting health/medical education to support rural health issues
  32. 32. COMPONENT (J): REORIENTING HEALTH/MEDICAL EDUCATION TO SUPPORT RURAL HEALTH ISSUES • • While district and tertiary hospitals they form an integral part of the referral care chain serving the needs of the rural people. • Medical and para-medical education facilities need to be created in states, based on need assessment.

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