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Admin Task Force Summary Charts

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  • 1. Summary of Data from the Administrative Study Task Force First Presented Dec. 2009 1
  • 2. Task Force Objectives Given the context of the national economic crisis and the difficulties Keene faces during this budget cycle that will require addressing fiscal realities… • Comprehensively review Keene’s administrative structure and determine where efficiencies and cost savings may be found. • Determine the financial benefits of sharing one principal between two of Keene’s smaller elementary schools. Address the variety of issues that would accompany such a decision and determine whether those issues could be managed so that education for Keene students would not suffer. • From objectives 1 and 2, present recommendations on how to move forward. 2
  • 3. Step 1: District by District Comparisons • The committee looked at how Keene’s district costs compare to: – four “like” districts recommended to us by Mark Joyce Director of the NH School Administrators’ Association (Portsmouth, Exeter/Exeter Regional, Hampton/Winnacunnet Cooperative, and Londonderry) – five additional districts studied after an initial review of data (Concord, Laconia, Salem, Rochester, Merrimack) 3
  • 4. Comparative Factors The committee analyzed these districts across a number of measures: • School Level • City Level – Per pupil spending – Per capita income – % Free Reduced – Total tax rate participation – % SPED rate – Keene only – a quick look – School performance at the overall tax rate and – Average school size tax breakdown over time – A broad array of administrative costs, broken out subgroup by subgroup 4
  • 5. DISTRICT AND CITY LEVEL DEMOGRAPHICS 5
  • 6. District Enrollments (As of Oct 2008) 6,000 5,119 5,278 5,004 5,000 4,499 4,631 4,000 3,656 2,994 3,000 2,600 2,251 2,000 1,225 1,273 995 1,000 0 Districts are K-12 unless otherwise noted. These enrollment numbers include preschool enrollments. Preschool staffing and enrollments are not included in staffing ratios or per pupil expenditure later in the presentation. 6
  • 7. 2007-2008 Early Exit and Drop Out Data by District 25.0% Annual DropOut % 4 Yr Cum. Rate 21.2% 20.0% 15.0% 11.0% 11.1% 11.3% 9.9% 10.0% 6.7% 5.4% 5.5% 5.8% 5.0% 3.2% 3.8% 2.6% 2.9% 2.9% 2.9% 1.0% 1.4% 1.4% 1.7% 0.8% 0.0% In 2007-2008, Keene’s drop-out rate equated to 52 students. In 2008-2009 (numbers not yet certified by the DOE), the number of students dropping out without earning a GED is 20. 7
  • 8. 2008-2009 % Special Education by District 25% 20% 20% 20% 17% 18% 17% 17% 16% 16% 16% 15% 15% 15% 12% 10% 5% 0% 8 From DOE-25 reports provided by NH DOE
  • 9. Free/Reduced Participation by District 50.00% 45.00% 43.48% 40.00% 37.80% 35.00% 30.00% 25.34% 25.00% 20.87% 21.69% 20.73% 20.00% 17.99% 15.00% 12.85% 13.29% 10.39% 10.00% 7.09% 6.15% 6.68% 5.00% 0.00% 9
  • 10. City Level – Demographics Residents with Residents with income below Cost of Living income below 50% of the Median Mean prices in Index (U.S. the poverty poverty level in Household Per Capita 2007: All Average = City level in 2007: 2007: Income 2007 Income 2007 housing units: 100) Merrimack 1.9% 0.7% $87,229 $34,586 $302,969 117.4 Londonderry 2.3% 1.5% $89,714 $36,225 $302,766 117.0 Hampton 3.9% 1.4% $74,892 $41,641 $406,994 122.4 Salem 4.1% 1.6% $75,851 $35,417 $333,438 119.7 Concord 8.0% 3.1% $52,120 $27,211 $251,198 118.6 Rochester 8.4% 3.0% $55,080 $24,891 $188,511 112.4 Exeter 8.7% 5.0% $57,817 $33,378 $240,615 119.9 Laconia 8.9% 3.0% $47,895 $24,875 $222,575 91.2 Portsmouth 9.3% 3.9% $59,013 $37,271 $373,703 126.8 Keene 10.7% 5.7% $47,917 $27,206 $220,901 92.2 10
  • 11. City Level – A Comparison of Per Capita Income (2007) 11
  • 12. City Level Comparison of the Total Tax Rates (2008) and Property Valuation City 2008 /Equalized Local Educ. Other Local State Education Total Tax Rate Valuation of School Districts for Local Taxes (with Utilities) SALEM 4,623,083,845 6.03 5.64 2.15 13.82 PORTSMOUTH 3,781,039,963 4.89 8.08 2.1 15.07 HAMPTON 3,031,631,500 6.42 7.35 2.23 16.00 LACONIA 2,151,357,301 6.99 7.57 2.22 16.78 LONDONDERRY 3,392,542,383 11.19 5.32 2.17 18.68 ROCHESTER 2,357,398,865 9.09 8.43 2.21 19.73 MERRIMACK 3,219,721,756 12 5.47 2.28 19.75 CONCORD 3,882,616,366 8.91 9.23 2.1 20.24 EXETER 1,591,018,998 11.16 6.91 2.19 20.26 KEENE 1,927,581,987 11.9 13.18 2.2 27.28 12
  • 13. Per Capita Income (2007) with Total Tax Rate (2008) Overlay 13
  • 14. Cost of Living Index Comparison Cost of Living Index (100= U.S. avg) 140 126.8 119.7 119.9 122.4 117 117.4 118.6 120 112.4 100 100 92.2 91.2 80 60 40 20 0 Laconia Keene U.S. Average Rochester Londonderry Merrimack Concord Salem Exeter Hampton Portsmouth 14
  • 15. Keene -Local and State Education Taxes – % of Total Tax (1999 and 2008) 1999 2008 7.21% 9.53% Local and State Ed. Local and State Ed. 31.21% City City 51.71% County 38.76% County 61.57% Education is only one piece (51.71%) of the Keene tax burden. 15
  • 16. Keene - % Change in Taxes Raised – 1999 to 2009 16
  • 17. DISTRICT LEVEL STAFFING COMPARISONS Based on Data from the FY 2009 Department of Education District Staffing A12B 17
  • 18. Limits of the Data and Comparisons • This is a district by district comparison. It does not provide building level information, or even a breakdown among elementary*, middle and high school staffing levels. It’s a big picture, high altitude view. • It may be helpful to focus more on the direction of the information and less on any specific number. • This data can give a broad view of where the Keene School District is now; any adjustments that may need to be made will require thoughtful planning. *Elementary staffing ratios do not include preschool staff or preschool enrollments. DOE per pupil expenditure data is also K-12. 18
  • 19. Number of Students Per Employee This category includes all of the  Of the eight K-12 positions reported by school districts, the average districts on form A12B: number of Students/ • full-time kindergarten teachers Employee is 6.2 • regular and special education classroom teacher  Keene averages 5.2 • instructional aides Students/Employee • principals & assistant principals  On the other end of the • guidance counselors graph: Salem has 1,376 • library specialists and staff more students than • clerical staff and all other non- Keene, but employs 12 teaching support staff. fewer people overall. 19
  • 20. Number of Students Per Employee 8.0 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 20
  • 21. Average Number of Students Per Teacher This category includes all full time  Of the eight K-12 equivalent teaching positions districts, the average reported by school districts on number of Students/ form A12B: Teacher is 12.8 • full-time equivalent preschool  Keene averages 12.0 and kindergarten teachers Students/Teacher • regular and special education classroom teacher • “specials” teachers, Title I and ESL teachers are reported as classroom teachers 21
  • 22. Average Number of Students Per Teacher 16.0 14.9 14.5 14.0 13.2 13.4 13.6 12.4 12.5 12.8 12.0 12.1 12.0 11.4 10.8 10.4 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 0.0 22
  • 23. Average Number of Students Per Aide (Tutors and Paraprofessionals) Regular instructional aides SPED aides (tutors and (paras): paras): In Keene, Regular instructional SPED aides are tutors or aides are a subset of paraprofessionals based on paraprofessionals providing individual student need as classroom support, including noted in the student’s IEP. Title I paras.  The average number of  The average number of Students/Regular Aide in the Students/SPED Aide in the eight K-12 districts is 183.3 eight K-12 districts is 35.5  Keene averages 78.1  Keene averages 23.1 Students/Regular Aide Students/SPED Aide 23
  • 24. Average Number of Students Per Regular Instructional Aide (Paras) 450.0 406.5 400.0 366.2 350.0 300.0 250.0 193.1 200.0 177.9 183.3 148.3 150.0 137.5 122.2 126.9 115.3 100.0 77.8 78.1 50.0 0.0 0.0 24
  • 25. Average Number of Students 90.0 Per SPED Aide (Tutors and Paras) 82.7 80.0 70.0 60.0 54.5 50.0 41.8 42.2 43.4 43.6 40.0 35.5 35.8 37.1 33.3 30.0 27.4 23.1 20.3 20.0 10.0 0.0 25
  • 26. Average Number of Students Per Aide: Comparing Keene (K-5) to Exeter (K-5)  Because Keene’s instructional aide numbers Students Per Regular aide are spread across the K-12 90.0 77.8 district, a true comparison 80.0 70.0 to Exeter (K-5) cannot be 60.0 made based on the 50.0 36.7 original data. 40.0 30.0  However, we know that 20.0 70% of Regular aides are 10.0 0.0 in Keene’s elementary Keene (K-5) Exeter (K-5) schools (32.2 positions out of 45.9 total) Student SPED aide  We also know that 68.9% 25.0 of SPED aides are at the 20.3 elementary level (106.2 20.0 positions out of 155 total). 15.0 11.1  With this information, we 10.0 can compare Keene (K-5) 5.0 to Exeter (K-5) 0.0 Keene (K-5) Exeter (K-5) 26
  • 27. Students Per Non Instructional Professional This category includes Students Per Non non-teaching education Instructional Professional: professionals who have not  The average number of been reported as teachers such as nurse, resource officer, Students/Non curriculum coordinator, OT/ PT Instructional professional therapist, reading specialist, in the eight K-12 districts speech pathologist, psychologist is 137.6. and technology coordinator  Keene averages 78.1 Students/Non Instructional Professional 27
  • 28. Average Number of Students Per Non Instructional Professional 350.0 307.7 300.0 250.0 200.0 185.1 166.3 155.5 150.0 136.6 137.6 121.5 106.1 93.9 100.0 76.1 78.1 68.9 75.3 50.0 0.0 28
  • 29. Students Per Clerical Position This category includes all of the Students Per Clerical Position clerical support staff in the  The average number of schools such as clerical workers in the principals’ or guidance Students/Clerical offices. This count does not position in the eight K- include clerical staff in the 12 districts is 159.5. superintendents’ office.  Keene averages 116.3 Students/Clerical position 29
  • 30. Average Number of Students Per Clerical Position 250.0 236.1 218.5 200.0 191.7 171.4 155.9 159.5 149.4 150.0 142.7 134.4 127.4 110.5 116.3 106.1 100.0 50.0 0.0 30
  • 31. Number of Students Per Support Positions (Other) This category includes all Students Per Support other support positions not Position already reported on form  The average number of A12B including: Students/Other Support • social workers, data processing, maintenance, bus position in the eight K- drivers, security and food 12 districts is 58.2. service workers  Keene averages 53 Students/Other Support position 31
  • 32. Average Number of Students Per Support Position 80.0 73.5 69.4 70.0 60.5 61.5 58.2 58.2 59.2 59.4 60.0 53.0 53.8 50.0 45.8 40.0 36.8 37.8 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 32
  • 33. Other Staffing Categories Keene Average of eight K-12 districts Students/ Guidance 188.6 211.6 Students/ Library specialist &Library support 328.7 331.5 Students/Guidance Students/Library:  The average number of  The average number of Students/Guidance in the Students/Library specialist eight K-12 districts is in the eight K-12 districts is 211.6 331.5  Keene averages 188.6  Keene averages 328.7 students/ Guidance Students/Library specialist 33
  • 34. Average K-12 Students Per Principal 1600.0 1497.0 1400.0 1273.0 1200.0 1000.0 862.5 800.0 718.0 740.3 597.8 616.0 619.9 600.0 486.0 511.9 403.3 438.1 439.4 400.0 200.0 0.0  If Keene used the average number (616), the difference is approximately 1 principal position.  Note: Hampton (K-8), Exeter (K-5), Winnacunnet and Exeter Regional are not K-12 districts and are not directly comparable to Keene in this category. 34
  • 35. PER PUPIL SPENDING: HIGH SCHOOL, MIDDLE SCHOOL, ELEMENTARY 35
  • 36. 2007-2008 High School Cost Per Pupil $14,000 $13,058 $13,114 $12,220 $11,880 $12,000 $10,438 $10,481 $10,772 $10,877 $9,795 $10,000 $9,400 $8,308 $8,000 $6,000 $4,000 $2,000 $0 Salem Rochester Concord Keene Londonderry Laconia State Exeter Merrimack Portsmouth Winnacunnet Average Regional Cooperative Cooperative (9-12 only) (6-12 only)  In 2007-2008 (the most recent year for which per pupil spending data is available), Keene’s average per pupil spending at the high school level was $439 less than the State Average.  When multiplied by Keene’s 2007-2008 high school population of 1880 high school students, Keene spent approximately $825,320 less than Keene would have spent using the average per pupil cost. 36
  • 37. Keene High School Per Pupil Costs vs. State Average Costs Since 2000 Based on enrollments, Keene what the Average Cost State Difference/ HS Difference Year per HS Pupil Average Per Pupil Enrollment translates to: 2008-2009 $ 11,205 $ 11,573 $ (368) 1784 $ (656,512) 2007-2008 $ 10,438 $ 10,877 $ (439) 1850 $ (811,336) 2006-2007 $ 9,893 $ 9,992 $ (99) 1880 $ (186,759) 2005-2006 $ 9,637 $ 9,431 $ 206 1834 $ 378,079 2004-2005 $ 9,214 $ 8,982 $ 232 1844 $ 426,904 2003-2004 $ 8,360 $ 8,503 $ (143) 1861 $ (265,937) 2002-2003 $ 7,973 $ 8,023 $ (50) 1742 $ (86,281) 2001-2002 $ 7,608 $ 7,502 $ 106 1698 $ 180,531 2000-2001 $ 7,687 $ 7,167 $ 520 1659 $ 862,973 37 2008-2009 Data added 5/2010
  • 38. Graph of the Difference between Keene High School Costs vs. State Average Costs Since 2000 $12,000 Keene Cost per High School Pupil State Average $10,877 $10,438 $9,893 $9,992 $10,000 $9,637 $9,431 $9,214 $8,982 $8,503 $8,360 $8,023 $7,973 $7,687 $8,000 $7,608 $7,502 $7,167 $6,000 $4,000 $2,000 $- 2007-2008 2006-2007 2005-2006 2004-2005 2003-2004 2002-2003 2001-2002 2000-2001 38
  • 39. Average Cost of Principals + APs Per High School Student Principal+AP Cost/High School Student $350.00 $314.53 $300.00 $238.57 $246.79 $250.00 $200.00 $145.81 $150.00 $100.00 $50.00 $- 39
  • 40. 2007-2008 Middle School Cost Per Pupil 16,000 14,192 14,000 13,007 12,417 12,000 11,264 11,536 10,640 10,754 9,801 10,000 9,076 9,282 8,000 7,830 6,000 4,000 2,000 - Salem Rochester Londonderry Concord State Exeter Merrimack Keene Hampton Laconia Portsmouth Average Regional Cooperative  In 2007-2008 (the most recent year for which per pupil spending data is available), Keene’s average per pupil spending at the middle school level was $897 more than the State Average.  When multiplied by Keene’s 2007-2008 middle school population of 729 middle school students, Keene spent approximately $653,913 more than Keene would have spent using the average per pupil cost. 40
  • 41. Keene Middle Per Pupil Costs vs. State Average Costs Since 2000 Based on enrollments, Keene Middle what the Average Cost State Difference/ School Difference Year per MS Pupil Average Per Pupil Enrollment translates to: 2008-2009 $ 12,552 $ 11,161 $ 1,391 708 $ 984,828 2007-2008 $ 11,536 $ 10,640 $ 896 729 $ 653,534 2006-2007 $ 11,482 $ 9,821 $ 1,661 728 $ 1,209,288 2005-2006 $ 10,622 $ 9,208 $ 1,414 776 $ 1,097,380 2004-2005 $ 9,792 $ 8,558 $ 1,234 795 $ 981,094 2003-2004 $ 9,397 $ 7,901 $ 1,496 801 $ 1,198,528 2002-2003 $ 8,129 $ 7,144 $ 985 841 $ 828,789 2001-2002 $ 7,455 $ 6,646 $ 809 858 $ 693,916 2000-2001 $ 7,184 $ 6,232 $ 952 873 $ 831,111 41 2008-2009 Data added 5/2010
  • 42. Graph of the Difference between Keene Middle School Costs vs. State Average Costs Since 2000 $14,000 Keene Cost per Middle Pupil State Average $11,536 $12,000 $11,482 $10,640 $10,622 $9,821 $9,792 $10,000 $9,397 $9,208 $8,558 $8,129 $7,901 $8,000 $7,455 $7,144 $7,184 $6,646 $6,232 $6,000 $4,000 $2,000 $- 2007-2008 2006-2007 2005-2006 2004-2005 2003-2004 2002-2003 2001-2002 2000-2001 42
  • 43. Average Cost of Principals + APs Per Middle School Student Principal+AP Cost/Middle School Student $400.00 $354.56 $350.00 $300.00 $261.53 $250.00 $200.00 $150.00 $100.00 $50.00 $- Note: Some schools, such as Londonderry, have additional administrative positions (e.g. housemaster, dean, Athletic Director) that are not captured here. 43
  • 44. Average Middle School Class Size 2008-2009 44
  • 45. 2007-2008 Elementary Cost Per Pupil $18,000 $16,000 $15,320 $14,331 $13,005 $13,650 $14,000 $11,507 $11,619 $11,690 $11,706 $12,000 $11,354 $10,401 $9,706 $10,000 $8,000 $6,000 $4,000 $2,000 $0  In 2007-2008 (the most recent year for which per pupil spending data is available), Keene’s average per pupil spending at the elementary level was $3,813 more than the State Average.  When multiplied by Keene’s 2007-2008 preK-5 population of 1203 students, Keene spent approximately $4.58 million more than Keene would have spent using the average per pupil cost. 45
  • 46. Keene Elementary Per Pupil Costs vs. State Average Costs Since 2000 Based on Keene enrollments, Average Cost K-5 what the per Elem State Difference/ Elementary Difference Year Pupil Average Per Pupil Enrollment translates to: 2008-2009 $ 15,133.73 $12,095.86 $3037.87 1187 $3.6 million 2007-2008 $15,320.00 $11,506.00 $3,814.00 1111 $4.2 million 2006-2007 $14,922.00 $10,716.00 $4,206.00 1092 $4.6 million 2005-2006 $14,159.00 $ 10,108.00 $4,051.00 1153 $4.7 million 2004-2005 $12,309.00 $9,406.00 $2,903.00 1185 $3.4 million 2003-2004 $11,843.00 $8,743.00 $3,100.00 1243 $3.8 million 2002-2003 $9,966.00 $7,961.00 $2,005.00 1280 $2.6 million 2001-2002 $9,108.00 $7,321.00 $1,787.00 1336 $2.4 million 2000-2001 $9,229.00 $6,705.00 $2,524.00 1351 $3.4 million 46 2008-2009 Data added 5/2010
  • 47. Graph of the Difference between Keene Elementary Costs vs. State Average Costs Since 2000 $18,000 Keene Cost per Elem Pupil State Average $16,000 $15,320 $14,922 $14,159 $14,000 $12,309 $11,843 $12,000 $11,506 $10,716 $10,108 $9,966 $10,000 $9,406 $9,108 $9,229 $8,743 $7,961 $8,000 $7,321 $6,705 $6,000 $4,000 $2,000 $- 2007-2008 2006-2007 2005-2006 2004-2005 2003-2004 2002-2003 2001-2002 2000-2001 47
  • 48. Elementary vs. High School Per Pupil Costs An Analysis of 175 New Hampshire districts • Of the 175 districts in NH, 65 districts have elementary and high school per pupil costs to compare. – 27 out of 65 (42%) spend more at the high school level per pupil than at the elementary school level per pupil. • On average, those districts spend $2,018 (median $,1444) more per high school pupil than per elementary student – 38 out of 65 (58%) spend more at the elementary level than at the high school level. • On average, those districts spend $1407 (median $1,087) more per elementary pupil than per high school pupil • Keene spends $4,882 more per elementary pupil than per high school pupil (out of 38 districts, only Lebanon has a higher figure than this) 48
  • 49. Average Cost of Principals/APs Per Elementary Student Using the 2008-2009 Principal+AP Cost/Elementary Student Salary and $450.00 $400.00 $376.03 Benefits $350.00 $321.26 Survey of NH $300.00 $250.00 Association $200.00 of School $150.00 $100.00 Principals, $50.00 we calculated $- the average cost of Principals and Assistant Principals per Elementary Pupil across  Multiplying the average per pupil administration cost the districts. ($318.81) by Keene’s student population of 1187 elementary students, Keene spends $65,667 more than the average on elementary principals and assistant principals. 49
  • 50. Average Elementary Principal Salary by School Size Looking at 38 of the 41 elementary principals in the districts the committee studied (no data available for 3 Rochester schools): Average 2008-2009 2008-2009 # of schools in Elementary # K-12 Principal Elementary School Size group Principal Salary School students Salary 150-200 2 $ 82,759 Wheelock Elementary School 250 $ 87,343 201-250 4 $ 84,375 Jonathan M. Daniels School 190 $ 78,174 251-300 3 $ 76,384 Franklin Elementary School 210 $ 92,000 301-350 6 $ 85,234 Fuller Elementary School 283 $ 90,916 350-400 9 $ 86,329 Symonds Elementary School 329 $ 95,661 401-450 4 $ 89,088 451-500 3 $ 98,046 500-550 1 $ 99,156 551-600 2 $ 94,741 601-700 2 $ 85,837 701-800 1 $ 97,786 801-900 1 $ 91,658 50
  • 51. Because understanding administration costs, particularly at the elementary level, was a key objective of the Task Force, we also spent considerable time examining: KEENE’S ENROLLMENT, STAFFING AND ADMINISTRATION OVER TIME 51
  • 52. Students Per Administrator Students per Administrator, 1989-2009 Elementary Middle High School 400 350 300 Students 250 200 150 School Years 52
  • 53. Staff Per Administrator Supervised Staff per Administrator, 1989-2009 Elementary Middle High School 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 Staff 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 School Years 53
  • 54. Elementary Enrollments Since 1989 1800 Elem. Students Per Principal 1600 Students/ 1400 Enrollment Principals Principal 1989-1990 1667 5 333 1200 1999-2000 1416 5 283 2008-2009 1260 5 252 1000 Enrollment 800 Students/ Principal 600 400 200 0 1989-1990 1999-2000 2008-2009  While elementary enrollments have declined by approximately 25%, Keene’s total elementary administrators have remained constant. 54
  • 55. Elementary Staff Per Principal 350 Elem. Staff Per Principal Staff/ 300 Total Staff Principals Principal 1989-1990 201.6 5 40 250 1999-2000 233.7 5 47 2008-2009 301.3 5 60 200 Total Staff 150 Staff/ Principal 100 50 0 1989-1990 1999-2000 2008-2009  However, while elementary enrollments have declined by approximately 25%, total elementary staff has increased by 50%  Nearly all of these additional staff are supervised by elementary principals 55
  • 56. Middle School Enrollments Since 1989 1000 Middle Students Per Administrator 900 800 Principals + Students/ 700 Enrollment APs Principal+APs 600 1989-1990 805 4 201 Enrollment 1999-2000 861 4 215 500 2008-2009 708 3 236 400 Students/ 300 Principal+APs 200 100 0 1989-1990 1999-2000 2008-2009  While middle school enrollments have declined by approximately 12% since 1989, students per administrator have increased (KMS reduced one administrator in 2005). However, Keene had the smallest number of students per assistant principal out of the nine comparison districts that have middle schools. 56
  • 57. Middle School Staff Per Administrator 140 Middle Staff Per Administrator 120 Principals + Staff/ 100 Total Staff APs Principal+APs 1989-1990 95 4 24 80 1999-2000 118.6 4 30 Total Staff 2008-2009 128.2 3 43 60 Staff/ Principal+APs 40 20 0 1989-1990 1999-2000 2008-2009  While middle school enrollments have declined by approximately 12% since 1989, middle school staff has increased by approximately 35%.  Due to the reduction of an administrator in 2005, staff per administrator has increased (again, a supervision responsibility increase for administration). 57
  • 58. High School Enrollments Since 1989 2000 HS Students Per Administrator 1800 1600 Principals + Students/ Enrollment APs Principal+APs 1400 1989-1990 1559 6 260 1200 Enrollment 1999-2000 1638 6 273 1000 2008-2009 1819 8 227 800 Students/ 600 Principal+APs 400 200 0 1989-1990 1999-2000 2008-2009  While high school enrollments have increased by approximately 17% since 1989, students per administrator have decreased due to the addition of administrators, first in 2000-2001, then again in 2005-2006. 58
  • 59. High School Staff Per Administrator HS Staff Per Administrator 250 Principals + Staff/ 200 Total Staff APs Principal+APs 1989-1990 179.2 6 30 150 1999-2000 218.3 6 36 Total Staff 2008-2009 230.1 8 29 100 Staff/ Principal+APs 50 0 1989-1990 1999-2000 2008-2009  While high school staff has increased by approximately 28%, due to the addition of the two administrators, staff per administrator has remained about the same. 59
  • 60. A Closer Look at Keene Elementary Schools • Based on Keene’s average elementary per pupil costs and the staffing analysis, the next step was to take a closer look at elementary spending. The committee: – examined average class sizes in Keene and across districts – compared Keene’s per pupil spending and average school size to other cities and towns in Keene’s population range – compared Keene to other cities that are spending similar amounts per pupil – prepared case studies of districts that are performing well and have a lower per pupil cost than Keene 60
  • 61. 2008 Average Elementary Class Size Across Districts  Keene’s average class size in grades 1-2 is comparable to the other districts, but is lower than any of the comparison districts in grades 3 and up. 61
  • 62. Average Elementary Class Size – Keene Policy and Current Enrollments (Sept 2009) • Grades K-3: District Standard is 20:1 (State Standard is max 25, 20 recommended) – Keene has a total of 199 Kindergarten students in 12 Kindergarten classes, for an average class size of 16.58*(school averages between 12.5 and 20) – Keene has a total of 220 1st graders in 12 1st grade classes, for an average class size of 18.33* (school averages between 15.5 and 21) – Keene has a total of 206 2nd graders in 12 2nd grade classes, for an average class size of 17.16* (school averages between 14.5 and 18) – Keene has a total of 188 3rd graders in 11 3rd grade classes, for an average class size of 17.09* (school averages between 15.6 and 23) • Grades 4-5: District Standard is 25:1 (State Standard is max 30, 25 recommended) – Keene has a total of 212 4th graders in 12 fourth grade classes, for an average class size of 17.66 * (school averages between 14.33 and 20.33) – Keene has a total of 147 5th graders in 9 fifth grade classes, for an average class size of 16.33* (school averages between 12 and 23) 62
  • 63. Keene Average Elementary Class Sizes Since 2000 Year Keene Average Keene Average Keene Average Class Size 1-2 Class Size 3-4* Class Size 5-8 2008-2009 18.0 16.2 17.2 2007-2008 17.0 16.6 18.8 2006-2007 16.0 17.2 17.9 2005-2006* 17 18 18 2004-2005 18 19 21 2003-2004 19 18 20 2002-2003 17 19 22 2001-2002 17 19 22 *Note: in 2005-2006, the Keene Board of Education set a guideline reducing class size maximums to 20 students per class in grades K-5. 63
  • 64. Per Pupil K-5 Spending Comparison with NH towns of 14,000 to 34,000 population # of Average Average Cost 2008 K-5 Elementary Students per per Elementary Town Population Enrollment Schools School Pupil (2008) Exeter 14058 972 2 486 13,004.77 Hampton 14937 775 2 387.5 13,650.32 Laconia 16411 965 3 321.7 11,690.18 Goffstown 16929 798 2 399 9,793.78 Bedford 18274 2406 4 601.5 10,195.97 Portsmouth 20784 992 3 330.7 14,330.59 Keene 22563 1187 5 237.4 15,320.45 Hudson 22928 1496 4 374 8,205.10 Londonderry 23236 2115 3 705 11,354.31 Merrimack 25119 1535 3 512 10,692.23 Dover 26884 1356 3 452 10,203.20 Salem 28112 1648 6 285 9,706.18 Rochester 28461 1888 8 236 11,706.46 Derry 34021 2343 5 468.6 11,599.10 Averages (not including Keene) 427.6 11240.9 64
  • 65. Chart of the Average School Size Versus the Average Cost Per K-5 Pupil – Towns of Similar Population Average Students per School Average Cost per Elementary Pupil (2008) 800 $18,000 700 $15,320 $16,000 705 $14,331 $13,650 $14,000 600 $13,005 602 $11,599 $11,690 $10,692 $11,354 $12,000 500 512 $10,203 $11,706 $9,794 486 452 469 $10,000 400 $10,196 $9,706 399 $8,205 374 $8,000 388 331 300 322 237 285 $6,000 236 200 $4,000 100 $2,000 $- Rochester Keene Salem LaconiaPortsmouthHudson HamptonGoffstown Dover Derry Exeter Merrimack Bedford Londonderry 65
  • 66. A Comparison of Keene and Other Districts with Small Schools/Lower Per Pupil Costs Keene Rochester Salem District Elem. Enroll. 1200 2015 1750 Average school size 237 236 285 Per Pupil Spending $15,320 $11,706 $9,706 Students /Teacher 12 12.5 14.5 Students/Employee 5.2 6.4 7.3 Students/Reg. Aide 78.1 115.3 406.5 Students/SPED Aide 23.1 43.6 37.1 Students/Non Instruct. 78.1 75.3 155.5 Professional Students/Clerical 116.3 171.4 236.1 Students/Other Support 53 73.5 60.5 66
  • 67. A Look at Cities with Similar K-5 Per Pupil Spending 2008 # of Average Average 2008 K-5 Elementary Students Cost per K-5 Town Population Enrollment Schools per School Pupil Plymouth (K-8) 6,362 426 1 426 15,019.72 Newfound Area (7 towns) 9,878 594 4 148.5 15,080.49 Hanover 10,850 472 1 472 15,223.21 Oyster River Cooperative (Durham) 12,664 728 2 364 15,223.49 Keene 22563 1187 5 237.4 15,320.45 Croydon (Sullivan) 661 25 1 25 15,397.60 Hampton Falls 1,880 276 1 276 15,554.43 Jackson 835 55 1 55 15,584.02 Ashland 1,955 153 1 153 15,685.96 Averages (not including Keene) 5,636 288 240 15,346.12  Based on the eight cities directly above and below Keene in per pupil spending, Keene is more closely aligned with smaller towns (average population = 5,636) with smaller schools (average 240 students).  Of 175 NH school districts, in 2008-2009, 22 spent more per pupil at the elementary level. The average population of these 22 towns is 2,043 and the average school size is 115 students. 67
  • 68. 2008-2009 Average Elementary Class Size Comparisons by Size of Town 2008 Average 2008 Average 2008 Average Class Size Class Size Class Size Gr. 1-2 Gr. 3-4* Gr. 5-8 Towns with 14,000-34,000 population 18.6 19.9 22.3 (not incl Keene) Small Towns with similar per pupil 15.8 15.5 16.8 elementary spending (not incl Keene) Keene 18 16.2 17.2 State Averages 17.5 18.9 20.5  One of the effects of small schools is a lesser ability to be nimble regarding class size. The fewer classrooms there are per grade, the more difficult it becomes to adjust to shifting student populations.  Other costs include duplication of administration, support staff, libraries, building maintenance, snow removal, fuel, electricity, etc. 68
  • 69. Summary of Findings I. Education in Keene, particularly at the elementary level and to a lesser degree at the middle school, is more costly than that of other comparison districts due to a number of expensive choices the district and community have made. II. In per pupil spending over the past 8 years, Keene High School stands at or near the state average; Keene Middle School is higher than the state average; Keene elementary schools are significantly higher than the state average. III. Keene has small K-5 schools for a community its size, and each is staffed by one principal – resulting in administrative staffing higher than that of comparison districts. Keene Middle School also has administrative costs that are comparatively high. IV. Keene staffing is richer than that of comparison districts. With 5.2 students per employee, Keene has the lowest number of students per employee of any comparison district. 69
  • 70. Summary of Findings V. Staffing levels at the elementary and middle levels are one driver of administration costs. Although enrollments have decreased over the past twenty years, staff has significantly increased. VI. Keene class sizes in grades 1-2 are comparable to other districts; 3-8 are smaller than those of comparison school districts. VII. Keene’s percent of students enrolled in special education services is higher than the state average; Keene’s special education service delivery model appears to be quite different than that of other districts (based on staffing comparisons and positions). VIII. Despite Keene’s substantial investment in special education and its deep commitment to its students, the performance of special education students on the NECAP was less strong than other comparison districts allocating fewer resources to special education. 70