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Academic Cheater: To Be or Not to Be?
 

Academic Cheater: To Be or Not to Be?

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The slides for the talk delivered at Bunga Raya Residential College (BRC) on 18 May 2012. Full details or references are available by request. Do email me.

The slides for the talk delivered at Bunga Raya Residential College (BRC) on 18 May 2012. Full details or references are available by request. Do email me.

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    Academic Cheater: To Be or Not to Be? Academic Cheater: To Be or Not to Be? Presentation Transcript

    • Copy Cheat *Academic Cheater To be or not to be? Sharing Session at BRC, UNIMAS 18 May 2012 (8.00 – 10.00p.m.) By Mr. Chuah Kee Man, Centre for Language Studies kmchuah@cls.unimas.my
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAcademic Dishonesty What is it? Why is this important? Why do students do it? How to avoid it?
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkPonder:Have youevercheated? Several studies (Bushweller 1999; Graves, 2011; Vinski & Bushweller, Tryon, 2009) stated that more than 75% of students who cheated would never admit their wrongdoings.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from stockphotos) Academic Dishonesty: //What is it?
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAcademic Dishonesty …the theft of ideas and other forms of intellectual property property— whether they are published or not (Sandy, 1999, p. 75).
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAcademic Dishonesty Originality is undetected plagiarism - William Ralph Inge
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAcademic Dishonesty He who does not cheat in exam is stupid. He who cheats and gets caught is twice as stupid! - Anonymous
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkMajor Types of Academic DishonestyPlagiarism Fabrication CheatingThe adoption or The falsification of data, Any attempt to give orreproduction of information, or citations. obtain assistance in aoriginal creations of (Simmons, 1999). formal academicanother author Creating false facts or exercise such as exam orwithout due citations to create “hiring” others toacknowledgment “artificial complete your(Simmons, 1999). acknowledgement”. assignments (Simmons, 1999).
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from stockphotos) Academic Dishonesty: // Why is it important?
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAcademic Dishonesty: Importance Ensure academic integrity Ensure fairness Ensure credibility of your degree/learning process Avoid being penalised Reflect your own values
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkYou Try!Which statement is considered as plagiarised? Original: “The key reason of plagiarism among students is their lack of efforts to ensure academic integrity” (Simon, 2002, p.5). 1. The key reason for plagiarism among students is lack of efforts to ensure academic integrity. 2. The key reason for plagiarism among students is lack of efforts to ensure academic integrity (Simon, 2002). 3. The main factor for plagiarism among students is insufficient efforts to make sure academic integrity. 4. No apparent attempt to make sure academic integrity has been identified as the chief factor of plagiarism among students (Simon, 2002).
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAcademic Dishonesty: Importance UNIMAS Academic Regulation  Undergraduates – “Pelajar yang meniru hasil kerja orang lain atau tidak mengiktiraf kerja orang lain (plagiat) untuk tujuan tugasan atau ujian akan dikenakan tindakan tatatertib” (Peraturan Akademik Pengajian Ijazah Sarjana Muda, 2011, p. 22)
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from stockphotos) Academic Dishonesty: // Why do students do it?
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkPonder:Why doyou cheat? Possible reasons – lazy to read/research, deadline rushing, lack of time management, lack of knowledge on how to avoid academic cheating.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkReasons for cheating in assignments4035302520 35% Last minute work151050 Laziness Last-minute Ignorance work Nevet get caught others 25% Never get caught/ (Source: Chuah, 2011) No big deal
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkReasons for cheating in exam504540353025 45% To get good grades20151050 Get good grades To pass Peer pressure Others 35% To pass – difficult (Source: Chuah, 2011) courses
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from stockphotos) My friend plagiarise not plagiarise, caught, and scored higher than me. So, I follow… (Student F121- 2011)
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from stockphotos) Academic Dishonesty: // How to avoid it?
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkHow to avoid plagiarism?1. Set the mentality right.2. Use proper citations and referencing.3. Practise paraphrasing and summarising techniques4. Use plagiarism checker to help.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from MercedesBenz)How to avoid plagiarism? #1 MENTALITYDon’t even think of copying other’s work. Set in your mind that youneed to acknowledge things/info/ideas that you get from others.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from MercedesBenz)How to avoid plagiarism? #2 CITATION & REFERENCINGLearn and master the correct citation and referencing styles. Whenin doubt, consult the lecturers or make use of the manual/guide.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkCitation and ReferencingDifferent styles available. The commonones are:Author-Date formatAPA (American Psychology Association) APA Harvard Referencing StyleAuthor-Title format MLA (Modern Language Association)
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAPA – Quick OverviewCitations (Acknowledge in your essay):-Use lastname/surname only. /surnameIn-text (author-focus)According to Adams (2010), …..Adams and Alice (2010) stated that…Adams (2010) mentions ““abcdef” (p. 4)end-text (info-focus)……. (Adams, 2010).……..(Adams & Alice, 2010).“abcdef” (Adams, 2010, p.4). ”
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAPA – Quick OverviewReferences (listing of sources cited)-Appear at the end of the essay. Sources Appearused/cited in the essay must be listed in thereference list.Adams, M. (2010). How to be a rich student London, student. UK: McGraw-Hill.Adams, M., & Alice, K. (2010). The student who sold his Mercedes Benz. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: MPH . Publishing.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAPA – Quick OverviewReferences (Common Format)Books:Lastname, F. (Year). Title of the book Place: Publisher. book.Lastname1, A., & Lastname2, B. (Year). Title of the book. Place: Publisher.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAPA – Quick OverviewReferences (Common Format)Journal Articles:Lastname, F. (Year). Title of the article. Journal Name, , Volume(Number), pages (Number), pages.Jason, M., & Simon, B. (2011). How to do referencing. Journal of Academic Writing 19(1), 1-14. Writing,
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAPA – Quick OverviewReferences (Common Format)Web Pages:Valerie, H. (2011). Introduction to marketing Retrieved marketing. from http://www.marketing.com/article123.html.Valerie, H. (n.d.). Introduction to marketing Retrieved marketing. October 21, 2012, from http://www.marketing. , com/article123.html.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkAPA – Quick OverviewReferencesNote: References should be listed in alphabetical order.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from stockphotos) Almost 90% of the essay is from others’ idea, should I cite everything??
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkWhen is citation required? When you borrow someone else’s ideas When you refer to the work of others When someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas. When there is a clear indicator of specific information/facts taken from a source (e.g. statistical results).
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkWhen is citation NOT required? When expressing common knowledge When expressing your own thoughts, opinions and ideas in your own words When analyzing or synthesizing the material you have researched When drawing your own conclusions
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkHow “Common” is Common? Examples• Malaysia is a country located in Southeast Asia with two similarly sized regions. Common!• Malaysia is a country located in Southeast Asia with a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometres separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions.Citation Needed!
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from MercedesBenz)How to avoid plagiarism? #3 PARAPHRASE & SUMMARISELearn to paraphrase ideas/info/statement obtained from thesources. When necessary, summarise and write in your own words.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk Paraphrase SummaryCan be shorter or The shorterlonger than the version of theoriginal text. original text.Does not Eliminate detailseliminate details and retain onlybut try to describe the main ideas.the original text ina different way.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkParaphrasing5C’s Guide: Comprehend – understand the text Change – change structure and words Combine – combine ideas if possible Check– check if the meaning is the same Cite – cite the external sources (Source: Chuah, 2009)
    • Academic Cheater – BRC Talk(Image taken from MercedesBenz)How to avoid plagiarism? #4 PLAGIARISM CHECKERWhen in doubt, please use plagiarism checkers to help you inidentifying parts which are copied.
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkPlagiarism CheckerSome tools…. Google – good for instant checking especially online materials.Plagiarisma.net – free but not as good as Turnitin Turnitin.com – One of the best tools, and integrated as a tool in Morpheus. EHJ = Expert Human Judgments
    • Academic Cheater – BRC TalkPlagiarism Checker Turn-It-In - The leading checker so far - Rapid reporting - Cross-checking with vast resources. - Capable of identifying the use of quotations.