Come Explore Nature’s Kitchen! A Workshop Series Booklet for 4-H Camp, July 24-28, 2011 Presented by Keeley Bruce, Teacher, Master Aesthetician, Herbalist
Let’s Make Bug Spray and Homemade Scents!There are plants in nature that act as a natural repellent to bugs. Making your own safe non-toxic bugspray is easy and fun! Remember, your skin is the largest organ in your body and what we put on it isabsorbed into our blood stream. In this workshop we will create our own unique bug spray and bodyscent. You will create your own recipe after becoming familiar with essential oils (the purest form ofplant extracts) but here is some information about essential oils and helpful formulas to get you started.Oils to Wake up or Increase Alertness: Peppermint, Lemon, Red Mandarin, Grapefruit, Rosemary, Basil,Ginger and Ylang YlangOils for Pain Relief: Sweet Birch, Peppermint, Corn Mint, Rosemary, Wintergreen, Lavender, Clove,Helichrysum, Cinnamon, Boswellia, Curcumin, and Ginger.Oils for Tension Relief: Bergamot, Lavender, Marjoram, Orange, Blue Tansy, Tangerine, Patchouli, YlangYlang, Labrador Tea, Ginger Lily.Oils to Repel Insects (Bug Spray): Citronella, Clove Bud, Catnip, Spearmint, Peppermint, Geranium, Sage,Lavender, Pennyroyal, Lemon Lemongrass, Rosemary and Cedarwood. FormulasEssential Oils are so concentrated, they must be mixed in carrier oils like sweet almond, jojoba, apricotgrapeseed oil or distilled water for safety and proper effectiveness. Body scents and sprays are bestmixed in de-ionized or distilled water while carrier oils create soothing massage oils. The followingrecipes are meant to be mixed with either carrier oil or distilled water.Bug Sprays (1 oz)Formula A: Citronella (4 drops), Geranium (2 drop), Cedarwood (4 drops), lemon grass (3 drops)Formula B: Catnip (4 drops), lemon grass (2 drops), Cedarwood (4 drops), Basil (2 drops)Wide Awake Formulas (1 oz)Formula A: Rosemary, Lemon, and Peppermint Mix in equal parts (2:2:2)Formula B: Basil (1), Ginger (2), Clary Sage (3)Formula C: Lemon (2), Rosemary (4), Basil (2)Pain Relief Formulas (1 oz)Formula A: Sweet Birch (2 drops), Boswellia (3 drops), Helichrysum (1 drop)Formula B: Clove (2), Rosemary (3), Sweet Birch (2)Now choose up to 3 scents and create your own formula using no more than 2-3 drops of each scent incarrier oil or water!
No Such Thing asa Safe Tan!To protect your skin from harmful UVA radiation, use a suntan lotion with a high sun protectionfactor. Lotions with plant-based oils, such as vitamin E-rich avocado oil, have enhanced effectiveness.Vitamin E helps prevent premature skin aging due to sun exposure. Remember, there is no such thingas a safe tan. Use common sense, and always avoid any overexposure to the sun.Organic Natural Sunscreen RecipeZinc oxide lies on the skin without being absorbed, is completely safe. You will need:Electric Mixer and Double Boiler2 ½ oz. unscented sesame oil or grapeseed oil1 ½ oz. coconut oil1 ½ oz. beeswax4 oz. distilled water4 tbsp. of zinc oxide1 tbsp. wheat germ oilPlace the double boiler on the oven to medium temperature. Mix sesame oil, coconut oil and beeswax inthe double boiler and warm over medium heat. Remove from heat and add distilled water. Mix with themixer until the ingredients are thick and smooth. Add zinc oxide and wheat germ oil. Pour into storagejar and leave to set.After Sun RecipesThe following recipe will NOT protect your skin against the suns rays but will help to nourish andcondition it after exposure, minimizing immediate discomfort and long-term damage.Rose oil is good for after sun intensive moisturizing, as it helps to improve the skins natural elasticity.Jojoba oil is very easily absorbed by the skin, leaving a soft, non-greasy base for make-up.You will need:50ml jojoba orgrapeseed oil7 drops pure rose essential oil3 drops pure frankincense essential oil5 ml wheat germ oilShake all the ingredients together in a colored glass bottle. Apply small amounts to the skin using gentlemassage movements.Alternative after Sun Recipes1. To help reduce inflammation and cool and moisturize sunburned skin, apply a thin coat of yogurt oraloe-vera gel to reddened areas.2. Spray pure lavender water or hydrosol freely on sun-damaged skin to keep skin hydrated, helpprevent peeling and promote the regeneration of cells.3. Add 2-3 drops of lavender oil to 1 tsp. of carrier oil, such as sweet-almond oil, and massage ontoaffected area. Or apply diluted St. Johns Wort oil.
The Science of Soap Making!There are many recipes for making soap. Some can be found on the websites listed below. For all soap making, youwill need access to a microwave or double boiler, hardy soap molds and your choice of ingredients. By creatingcustom made soap blends, one can make healthy choices by controlling what is used to clean, hydrate and nourishthe skin. The following recipes use a glycerin base.Basic Ingredients:Glycerin SoapEssential Oils*Exfoliating Agents (optional)*Consider using a small amount of exfoliating agents in recipes which detoxify, regenerate and moisturize the skin.Sample Exfoliating Agents: Finely Ground Pumpkin Seed, Sea Salt, Dried Milk (goat or cow), dehydrated and groundpumpkin, cranberry, pineapple, papaya or strawberry or avocado, Honey Granules, Apricot Seed, Walnut Shells,dried herbs.Using double boiler or microwave, melt glycerin being careful not to boil. Add mixture of essential oils. Pour intosoap mold and let set. Freezing mold will quicken in the setting process (about 20 minutes).Acne Blend #1 (per 1.5 pounds melted glycerin):10 drops Lavender oil7 drops Tea Tree or new Zealand Tea Tree (Manuka) essential oil2 drops Bergamot essential oil (avoid sun exposure for 12 hours since it is a phototoxic oil)-OPTIONAL1 drop Geranium essential oilAcne Blend #25 drops Geranium essential oil2 drops Balsam Fir essential oil8 drops Orange essential oil2 drops of Lemon essential oil7 drops of Lavender essential oil2 drops Cedarwood essential oil4 drops Tea Tree oil10 drops Vitamin E oilOther great oils and herbs to blend in soaps for acne or congested conditions include: Clary Sage, Rosemary,Grapeseed, Olive Leaf, Usnea, Myrrh, Sage, Thyme, Alfalfa, Devil’s Claw, White Willow, Witch hazel, Yarrow,Dandelion Root, Calendula, Chamomile and Burdock.Lightly Exfoliating or Moisturizing Blend (per 1.5 pounds of melted glycerin)7 drops Geranium or Rose oil15 drops Lavender oil10 drops Vitamin EVitamin K (for signs of distended capillaries)1 Tablespoon Powdered or granular honey1 Tablespoon Powdered MilkCheck out this website for more fun soap, balm, scrub and lotion recipes!http://www.teachsoap.com/recipes.htmlSource for Natural Glycerin: http://www.moldmarket.com
Salves and Lip BalmsMaking Salves and Lip Balms is simple and fun! The beeswax and extra virgin olive oil base makes themeasy to apply and a great occlusive agent to provide an effective moisture barrier for the skin.To Make Salves and Lip Balm, you will need a microwave, beeswax, extra virgin olive oil or other carrieroil like coconut, sweet almond, grapeseed, or jojoba, containers and your choice of ingredients.Recipe:½ oz beeswax to 2-3 oz. extra virgin olive oil(a harder wax requires 1 oz. beeswax to 3 oz. oil; a softer wax requires 1 oz. beeswax to 8 oz oil)Essential Oils and Herbs (Herbs for salves if desired)Sample Chamomile Skin Tonic Balm (great for skin chaffing and soothing burns)Extracts and Herbs of Chamomile, Plantain, Comfrey Root and Calendula mixed in melted beeswax andoil. Pour into container, let set until hardened, cap.Healing Salve Treatment Balm can be made by including 15 drops lavender, 10 drops of Helichrysum,and 5 drops of Tea Tree Oil.Anti-inflammatory Tonic Balm can be made by including oils and herbs with anti-inflammatoryproperties like Devil’s Claw, Myrrh, Oregon Grape, Alfalfa, White Willow, Witch Hazel and Yarrow. OliveLeaf is also great for those who suffer from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.Pain Relief Tonic Balm can be made by including oils and herbs like Arnica, White Willow,Sweet Birch,Peppermint, Corn Mint, Rosemary, Wintergreen, Lavender, Clove, Helichrysum, Cinnamon, Boswellia,Curcumin, and Ginger.Sample Lip BalmExtracts of Peppermint (1-2 drops), Lanolin and Vitamin E. Zinc Oxide (small amount) can be added toprovide sunscreen protection. Mix in melted beeswax and oil. Pour into container, let set untilhardened. Cap.Anti-Aging Eye Serum2 tablespoons hazelnut, sweet almond, jojoba, coconut, or grapeseed oil6 drops Borage seed oil3 drops Chamomile German essential oil3 drops Carrot oil essential oil¼ tsp Emu OilMix together in 1 oz. jar. Re-mix before each use. Apply a tiny amount under eyes before bed.
Healthy Natural Snacks and Refreshing DrinksFollowing each workshop, students will learn about good nutrition by experiencing and discussing pre-madehealthy snack choices they can make at home.Day 1: The Art of Vegetables Ingredients (for 10) 1 red, green and yellow pepper 1 cucumber 1 head broccoli 1 head purple cauliflower Grape tomatoes 1 bag radishes 1 bag carrots Wooden skewers Directions: Thoroughly wash all vegetables. Slice Cucumbers and use moldcutter to cut red, green and yellow peppers. Cut up broccoli and cauliflower flowerets. Flower cut radishes. Placeall but eight flowerets of broccoli and cauliflower in bucket for base. Thread vegetables on wooden skewersalternating by type and color with Floral pepper on top of each skewer. Place skewer in bucket &enjoy!Day 2: Smoothies the Healthy Way! Ingredients (for 8-10) 5 Bananas (frozen) 32 oz. Strawberries (frozen) Orange Juice Directions: Using blender, blend frozen fruit. Gradually add orange juice to achieve desired thickness.Day 3: The Healthy Bug! Ingredients (for 2) 2 red apples 1/4 cup raisins 1 tablespoon peanut butter or whipped cream cheese 8 thin pretzel sticks Directions: Slice apples in half from top to bottom. Scoop out the cores using a knife ormelon baller. If you have an apple corer, core first, then slice. Place each apple half flat side down on a small plate.Dab peanut butter or cream cheese if allergy to peanuts on to the back of the lady bug, then stick raisins onto thedabs for spots. Use this method to make eyes too. Stick one end of each pretzel stick into a raisin, then press theother end into the apples to make antennae.Day 4: Tea Time (Cleansing and Refreshing Tea) Ingredients (1-10 oz glass) 2 Tbsp Lemon or Lime Juice (approx ½ lemon) 2 Tbsp genuine maple syrup (not maple flavored) 1/10 Tsp Cayenne pepper to taste Water (hot or cold) Directions: Mix first three ingredients. Stir in water. Serve with petite healthy grain based sandwiches, oat based cookies, or whole grain pin-wheel rolls.