Leonardo da Vinci Present by Group 6School of science , Mea Fah Luang University
Content•Life•Relationships and influences•Painting•Observation and invention•Leonardo the legend
LifeLeonardo da Vinci
• Childhood,1452-1466 He was born on 15 April 1452 at Tuscany,Vinci Italy. He was the out of wedlock son of the wealthy Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci, a Florentine legal notary, and his mom Caterina, a peasant.1466 moved to Florence where he began anapprenticeship in the workshop of Verrocchio. Florence The Uffizi,
• Verrocchios workshop, 1466–1476 Leonardo would have been exposed to both theoretical training and a vast range of technical skills as well as the artistic skills. 1472-1475 Leonardo collaborated with Verrocchio on his Baptism of Christ, In 1472 Leonardo qualified as a master in the Guild of St Luke, the guild of artists and doctors of medicine. Florence The Uffizi,
Professional life, 1476–1513 In 1478 he leftVerrocchios studio In January 1478, he paint an altarpiece for theChapel of St. Bernard in the PalazzoVecchio and, in March 1481, The Adoration of theMagi for the Monks of San Donato a Scopeto .Thesecond being interrupted when Leonardo went toMilan. The Uffizi, Florence
• In 1482, Lorenzo de Medici sent Leonardo to Milan, bearing the lyre as a gift, to secure peace with Ludovico il Moro, Duke of Milan. At this time Leonardo wrote an often-quoted letter describing the many marvelous and diverse things about army weapon. The Uffizi, Florence
• Leonardo worked in Milan from 1482 until 1499. He was commissioned to paint the Virgin of the Rocks for the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception and The Last Supper for the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie
1492, Gran CavalloIn 1494, Ludovico gave the bronze to be used for cannon to defend the city from invasion by French armyIn 1499,after Second Italian War he fled Milan for Venicewhere he was employed as a military architect and engineer,devising methods to defend the city from naval attack byTurkey.In 1500, he return to Florence and do apicture name Mona lisa1504, his father died1508, go to Milan living in his own house in PortaOrientale in the parish of Santa Babila.
Old age, 1513–1519 From September 1513 to 1516,Leonardo spent much of his time living in the Belvedere(abuilding that build to have a great view)in the Vatican inRome,Leonardo died at Clos Luce, on May 2, 1519.Clos Luce in France, whereLeonardo died in 1519
Relationships and influences Leonardo da Vinci
oIn 1466, Leonardos familymoved to the Florence in Italy.When Leonardo was 18 years old,he commenced his apprenticeshipwith Verrocchio. The Uffizi, Florence
oMasaccio whose figurativefrescoes, Leonardo was influencedby the realism and emotion ofMasaccios works.oDepicting the naked anddistraught Adam and Eve byMasaccio, created using of lightand shade which was to bedeveloped in the works ofLeonardo, particularly John theBaptist. The Uffizi, Florence
o Lorenzo Ghiberti, the creatorof the monumental Gates ofParadise. Leonardo was veryimpressed, as well asinfluenced, by his combinationof detailed architecturalbackgrounds and complexfigure compositions. The Uffizi, Florence
oRaphael, one of the most famousItalian artists, he worked closelywith Leonardo Da Vinci. Asopposed to copying theunimportant aspects ofLeonardos style, Raphaelincorporated key details of DaVincis style and used them todevelop his own unique andfamous creations. The Uffizi, Florence
oMichaelangelo, another ofItalys most famous. Alsohaving worked closely withDa Vinci, his teachings areless reflected in paintings asthey are in the intricatesculptures thatMichaelangelo is known for.Upon learning with Da Vinci. The Uffizi, Florence
Personal life• Within Leonardos lifetime, his extraordinary powers of invention, his "outstanding physical beauty", "infinite grace", "great strength and generosity", "regal spirit and tremendous breadth of mind" as described by Vasari, as well as all other aspects of his life, attracted the curiosity of others.• Leonardo had many friends who are now renowned either in their fields or for their historical significance.• Beyond friendship, Leonardo kept his private life secret. Leonardos most intimate relationships were perhaps with his pupils Salai and Melzi. Melzi, writing to inform Leonardos brothers of his death, described Leonardos feelings for his The Uffizi, Florence pupils as both loving and passionate.
Assistants and pupils• Gian Giacomo Caprotti da Oreno, nicknamed Salai or Il Salaino entered Leonardos household in 1490. Salai executed a number of paintings under the name of Andrea Salai, but although Vasari claims that Leonardo "taught him a great deal about painting", his work is generally considered to be of less artistic merit than others among Leonardos pupils, such as Marco d’Oggione and Boltraffio. In 1515, he painted a nude version of the Mona Lisa, known as Monna Vanna. The Uffizi, Florence
Assistants and pupils• Count Francesco Melzi: In 1506, Count Francesco Melzi, the son of a Lombard aristocrat, who is considered to have been his favourite student. Melzi inherited the artistic and scientific works, manuscripts, and collections of Leonardo and administered the estate. The Uffizi, Florence
PaintingLeonardo da Vinci
- Despite the recent awareness and admiration of Leonardo as a scientist and inventor- These paintings are famous for a variety of qualities which have been much imitated by students and discussed at great length by connoisseurs and critics Uffizi, Florence The
• Early works - Leonardos early works begin with the Baptism of Christ painted in conjunction with Verrocchio. Two other paintings appear to date from his time at the workshop, both of which are Annunciations. The Uffizi, Florence
• Paintings of the 1480s - In the 1480s Leonardo received two very important commissions and commenced another work which was also of ground-breaking importance in terms of composition. The Uffizi, Florence
• Paintings of the 1490s - Leonardos most famous painting of the 1490s is The Last Supper, painted for the refectory of the Convent of Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan.• Paintings of the 1500s - Among the works created by Leonardo in the 16th century is the small portrait known as the Mona Lisa or "la Gioconda", the laughing one. In the present era it is arguably the most famous painting in the world. The Uffizi, Florence
• Drawings - Leonardo was not a prolific painter, but he was a most prolific draftsman, keeping journals full of small sketches and detailed drawings recording all manner of things that took his attention. The Uffizi, Florence
Leonardo da Vinci, his painting technique. (레오나르도 다 빈치 painting 기법) Fresco – a picture painted on a wall usually while the plaster The Uffizi, Florence is still wet.
painting style and result because of it.• The traditional wall painting style is to paint once more on the wall before the plaster is dried• Used the dyes mixed oil paint with tempera• it caused the painting to be damaged quickly. The Uffizi, Florence
The last supper• It was painted by Fresco on the wall of the old city of Jerusalem by Leonardo da Vinci when he lived in Mlian around 1495.• He expressed the anecdote that Jesus Chris t was seated with his disciples to celebrate the Passover and he said “one of you will b etray me” The Uffizi, Florence
• In the paint, he expressed his theme by using very special method which he described that someone would betray the Christ and the reaction from the disciples after they heard the news.• Also Jesus Christ was still while the disciples were debating who would be the betrayer.• There was a reason why Leonardo da Vinci portra yed like this concept. The Uffizi, Florence
Observation and invention Leonardo da Vinci
Journals and notes• Leonardo studies in science and engineering are as impressive and innovative as his artistic work.• Leonardos writings are mostly in mirror-image cursive.• There are compositions for paintings, studies of details , faces , emotions and etc. The Uffizi, Florence
Windsor Castle It is a medieval castle and royal residence in England. The original castle was built after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror. The Uffizi, Florence
Musee du Louvre It is one of the worlds largest museums, the most visited art museum in the world and a historic monument, in Paris. It was found by King Philip II in the late 12th century. The Uffizi, Florence
Biblioteca Nacional de España It is a national Library ,the largest in Spain. The library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 The Uffizi, Florence
Victoria and AlbertMuseum the worlds It’s largest museum of decorative arts and design Named after Prince Albert and Queen Victoria It was founded in 1852 The Uffizi, Florence
Biblioteca Ambrosiana It is a historic library in Milan, Italy. Named after Ambrose, the patron saint of Milan. It was founded by Cardinal Federico Borromeo (1564–1631) The Uffizi, Florence
Codex Leicester It is a collection of largely scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci. Of Leonardos 30 scientific journals, the Codex may be• the most famous of all. The Uffizi, Florence
AnatomyAnatomy • Leonardos formal training in the anatomy of the human body began with Andrea del Verrocchio. • As an artist, he quickly became master of topographic anatomy, drawing many studies of muscles and tendons The Uffizi, Florence
Engineering and inventions• For much of his life, Leonardo was fascinated by the phenomenon of flight and producing many studies of the flight of birds• c. 1505 Codex on the Flight of Birds, as well as plans for several flying machines resembling a helicopter. The Uffizi, Florence
A design for a flying machine,(c. 1488) Institut de France, Paris Florence The Uffizi,
Leonardo the legend Leonardo da Vinci
His fame was such that the King of Francecarried him away like a trophy and was claimed tohave supported him in his old age and held him inhis arms as he died.
Introduced his chapter on Leonardo da Vinci with the following words:• According to Baldassare Castiglione 1528 , "... Another of the greatest painters in this world looks down on this art in which he is unequalled ...“• According to Anonimo Gaddiano“ 1540 , "His genius was so rare and universal that it can be said that nature worked a miracle on his behalf ...".
• According to Giorgio 1568 , In the normal course of events many men and women are born with remarkable talents; but occasionally, in a way that transcends nature, a single person is marvellously endowed by Heaven with beauty, grace and talent in such abundance that he leaves other men far behind, all his actions seem inspired and indeed everything he does clearly comes from God rather than from human skill.
• According to Henry Fuseli 1801 , "Such was the dawn of modern art, when Leonardo da Vinci broke forth with a splendour that distanced former excellence: made up of all the elements that constitute the essence of genius ...“• According to A. E. Rio who wrote in 1861: "He towered above all other artists through the strength and the nobility of his talents."
• According to Hippolyte Taine 1866 , "There may not be in the world an example of another genius so universal, so incapable of fulfilment, so full of yearning for the infinite, so naturally refined, so far ahead of his own century and the following centuries."
• Liana Bortolon, writing in 1967, said: "Because of the multiplicity of interests that spurred him to pursue every field of knowledge ... Leonardo can be considered, quite rightly, to have been the universal genius par excellence, and with all the disquieting overtones inherent in that term. Man is as uncomfortable today, faced with a genius, as he was in the 16th century. Five centuries have passed, yet we still view Leonardo with awe."
Statue of Leonardo da Vinci Amboise The Uffizi, Florence