WSP presentation in Bangalore


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WSP presentation in Bangalore

  1. 1. Mobile Technology to Support Monitoring of Sanitation Usage in Rural Areas of India OneWorld Foundation India C 5, Qutub Institutional Area New Delhi 110016
  2. 2. Context <ul><li>Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) is a comprehensive national programme to accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas by 2012. </li></ul><ul><li>The progress of TSC and achievements under NGP is tracked through an online monitoring system, which tracks relevant quantitative data on a monthly basis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are however limitations with regard to the validity of the self reported data; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The measured indicators do not deal with the campaign’s impact on the overall sanitation behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In this backdrop, an effort was made to explore innovative use of Mobile technologies to strengthen the monitoring framework of TSC – especially with regard to sanitation behaviour of Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By collecting and transmitting monitoring data directly from the households through mobile based application </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Technology Framework <ul><li>Harness Mobile based innovations to directly obtain feedback from target beneficiaries to measure programme outcome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Positioning System (GPS) to define geo-location of the stakeholder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual image to verify physical existence of asset (toilet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date & time stamp of data collection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Real time data transfer using GPRS /MMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternate store-forward option for areas with no network coverage </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Technology Framework
  5. 5. Implementation Overview <ul><li>Proof-of-Concept (PoC) field deployment in two blocks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rajgir Block of Nalanda district in Bihar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kandaghat Block of Solan district in Himachal Pradesh </li></ul></ul>State Block Gram Panchayat Households Bihar Rajgir 9 15589 Himachal Pradesh Kandaghat 24 6675
  6. 6. Implementation Overview <ul><li>12 Field Investigators and 1 Field Coordinator in each location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each investigator in Kandaghat is assigned ~10 villages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each investigator in Rajgir is assigned ~25 villages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using APL/BPL ID from the list provided by department, Ration Card, Voter ID, PAN Card or MG NREGA Job Card ID for identification </li></ul><ul><li>After completing survey each house is marked on door. Each staff maintaining a field diary </li></ul><ul><li>15% sample verification </li></ul>
  7. 8. Development & Deployment
  8. 9. Management Information System <ul><li>On-line dash-board for real-time access of gathered data </li></ul><ul><li>Generation of summary reports & Interface for preliminary analytics </li></ul>
  9. 10. Management Information System
  10. 11. Management Information System
  11. 13. Access to Toilet Summary of Analysis Outcome -- 3152 -- 11455 Total 2.98% 94 10.30% 1180 Broken/choked/incomplete 3.14% 99 0.18% 21 Under construction 12.85% 405 76.87% 8805 No 81.03% 2554 12.65% 1449 Yes Kandaghat RAJGIR   Toilet Coverage & Type of Facility (Household)
  12. 14. <ul><li>Significant percentage of toilets constructed in Rajgir are either broken/choked/incomplete </li></ul>
  13. 15. 18.58% 81.42% 2.22% 9.91% 69.29% 87.75% 12.25% 0.15% 1.14% 10.95% Open( %) Total (IHHL+ Shared + CSC)% CSC(%) Shared (%) IHHL(%) Open( %) Total (IHHL+ Shared + CSC)% CSC(%) Shared (%) IHHL(%) Toilet Usage by Members of the HH :13414 Toilet Usage by Members of the HH :9082 Toilet Coverage (HH that have access to toilet) : 2774 Toilet Coverage (HH that have access to toilet) : 1565 Kandaghat Rajgir Toilet Usage by Age and Gender (Member)
  14. 16. <ul><li>Interestingly, no major gender variation in terms of toilet usage </li></ul>Rajgir Kandaghat
  15. 17. Disposal of child feces reflects general sanitation behavior <ul><li>Rajgir </li></ul><ul><li>Kandaghat </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Some members of the households that do have a toilet continue to practice open defecation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field observation reveals that the percentage is much higher in Rajgir because people are not satisfied with the quality of toilet constructed </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. Scope for Scale-up <ul><li>Technological </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile application which is on Andrioid platform could be adapted to other platforms such as Symbian </li></ul><ul><li>GPRS connectivity used to transfer data mostly available in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Concern : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Investment for improving data-com stability in low-cost smart phones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Options need to be explored for more durable batteries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul><ul><li>Financially feasible: low operational cost with economies of scale </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to integrate with current online monitoring system </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate the manual entry at district level </li></ul>
  18. 20. Comparative Assessment Automatic time-stamp to indicate the time survey was conducted Not available Time-stamp Geo-tagging of individual household level. Locational data (Lat-Long) used to map sanitation coverage and behavior at household level GIS mapping for select districts to indicate percentage of sanitation coverage at Gram Panchayat level Mapping Locational Data In-built Separate Photographs Real-time transmission Monthly Frequency of Updates Individual Household Manual Entry at District Digitized Data Entry Level Mobile Phones with GPS and Camera, Online IMIS Online MIS and limited GIS Technologies Used Mobile Proposed Monitoring Framework Current Monitoring Framework Criteria Set for Comparison
  19. 21. Thank You For further details please contact: Naimur Rahman ( [email_address] ) or Kedar Dash ( [email_address] ) Tel: 011-41689000