Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the UK and Russia

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Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the UK and Russia

  1. 1. Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom & Russia Unit 1 Notes
  2. 2. Location of the UK <ul><li>A country of islands off the coast of mainland Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Scotland, & Wales </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location makes it a HUB for trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Across the English Channel is France, west is the Republic of Ireland, east is the Scandinavian Peninsula </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 major ports along UK’s coast! </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. United Kingdom <ul><li>Consists of 4 regions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scotland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Ireland </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Location of UK <ul><li>Location has helped the UK become an international banking & insurance center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has more foreign bank branches than any country in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location on the Atlantic Ocean helps it trade with the US </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US is the UK’s #1 trading partner! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Climate of the UK <ul><li>Mild climate with rainfall throughout the year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No section goes without rain for more than 2 weeks! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winters are mild and wet; summers are warmest in the south </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic Ocean & warms the country, making the winters milder than other European countries </li></ul>
  6. 7. : Climate Map
  7. 8. Natural Resources of the UK <ul><li>Has deposits of coal, petroleum, natural gas, & iron ore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form the backbone of the country’s industry: auto production, steel manufacturing, & shipbuilding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other resources include: zinc, lead, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, gypsum, potash, sand, & slate </li></ul>
  8. 9. Natural Resources in UK <ul><li>Manufacturing is declining… </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources are being used up and industry is changing to cleaner forms of energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many people who once had jobs in mining and manufacturing are being retrained for jobs in service industries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% of the people work in service industries (tourism, health care, education, banking, & insurance) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Natural Resources in UK <ul><li>Fishing is profitable along the shores of the UK </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 25% of the country has arable land (fertile; good for farming) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over half of the land is used for farms </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Where People Live… <ul><li>About 60 million people live in the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Land Area: 243,610 sq km </li></ul><ul><li>Around 90% of the UK’s people live in cities. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>London has over 7 million people! </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Tower Bridge in London
  12. 14. Location of Russia <ul><li>Spans 2 continents: Europe & Asia! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So wide that a train trip across takes a week! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shares a border with 15 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern side is bound by Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Northern side is bounded by Arctic Ocean </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At its closest point, Russia & US are only 3 miles apart across Bering Strait! </li></ul></ul>
  13. 16. Location of Russia <ul><li>European Russia is mostly landlocked (difficult for trading via ship) </li></ul><ul><li>2 exceptions: Murmansk & St. Petersburg </li></ul>
  14. 17. Climate of Russia <ul><li>Only has 2 seasons—winter and summer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average yearly temperature is below freezing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Asian Russia (Siberia) has the most extreme climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lows -40 degrees & highs over 90 degrees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>73% of population lives in European Russia (warmer) </li></ul>
  15. 18. Natural Resources <ul><li>Vast forest for lumber are found here, but many have been cleared away for cities on the European side </li></ul><ul><li>Deposits of gold, aluminum ore, coal, & iron are found in the Ural Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Volga River (largest river in Europe) is a major source of hydroelectric </li></ul><ul><li>power </li></ul>
  16. 19. Natural Resources <ul><li>Russia’s large size, rugged terrain, and cold climate make it difficult for Russians to use their resources </li></ul>
  17. 20. Where People Live… <ul><li>Russia is one of the most populous countries in the world, with 145.5 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>Land Area: 17,098,242 sq km </li></ul><ul><li>Most people live WEST of the Ural mountains, where the climate is mildest and the land is the most fertile. </li></ul>
  18. 21. St. Basil’s Cathedral
  19. 22. Comparing UK & Russia <ul><li>Geographically very different: </li></ul><ul><li>Russia is larger, with a coastline bordering the Arctic Ocean (ports are frozen much of the year) </li></ul><ul><li>UK is an island country with a mild climate and many ports accessible all year round </li></ul>
  20. 23. Comparing UK & Russia <ul><li>Natural Resources: </li></ul><ul><li>Both have fossil fuels, like coal & oil </li></ul><ul><li>UK’s are dwindling, but much of Russia’s coal and oil is untouchable because of the climate & size of the country </li></ul>

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