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'Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the Italyand Germany

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  • 1. Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Italy and Germany Unit 1 Notes
  • 2. Italy’s Location
    • Long, boot-shaped peninsula surrounded on 3 sides by the Mediterranean Sea
    • Alps form the northern border
    • Apennine Mountains run from the Alps to the sea
    • 2 islands, Sardinia & Sicily, are part of the country
  • 3.  
  • 4. Italy’s Climate
    • Temperate (mild) climate with regional differences
    • Coastal areas have mild winters and warm, dry summers
    • Mountains have cold, wet, and snowy winters and humid summers
  • 5. Italy’s Natural Resources
    • Has few mineral resources: natural gas, marble, granite, coal, mercury, zinc, and potash
    • Arable land is important (26% fertile land)
      • small farms cover much of the country
      • Grapes & olives are important crops
    • There are more than 800 ports for fishing boats
  • 6. Where People Live
    • Population: 58,000,000
    • Land Area: 301,340 sq km
    • 7 out of 10 Italians live in urban areas (Rome, Naples, Milan, & Turin)
    • About half of the people live in the most northern 1/3 rd of the country!
  • 7. Rome, Italy
  • 8. Trade
    • Apennine Mountains are like a backbone across Italy
      • They affect where people live & how they transport people and goods
    • Location on the Mediterranean Sea affects trade with other countries
      • Has a long history of shipping goods to countries in Africa, Europe, & Asia
  • 9. Germany’s Location
    • In north-central Europe on European Plain
    • Southern region = mountainous; central region = hilly and mountainous; northern region = flat plains
    • Contains the most important commercial waterway in Europe (Rhine River)
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Germany’s Climate
    • Most of Germany has a marine climate
    • In the west: winters are mild, summers are cool, with rainfall year round
      • Gulf Stream warms the region, making the land warmer in the winter and cooling it off in the summer
    • In the east: winters are very cold, summers are very hot with long dry periods
  • 13.  
  • 14. Germany’s Natural Resources
    • Has many natural resources: iron ore, coal, potash, uranium, nickel, natural gas, & copper
    • Timber is also a resource, but much of the forests in the north have been cut down for farms & towns
    • About 1/3 rd of the land is arable
  • 15. Where People Live
    • Population: 82,000,000
    • Land Area: 357,022 sq km
    • Germany is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe
    • 85% of the population lives in urban areas (cities)
      • Berlin is the largest city & the capital
  • 16. Remaining Section of the Berlin Wall
  • 17. Trade
    • Rhine River is very important for trade
    • Many German cities lie along the Rhine
      • Location gives those cities an excellent way to transport goods & people

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