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Iran Russia and the Nuclear Issue
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Iran Russia and the Nuclear Issue

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  • 1. Current Events Related to Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping By Brendan Geck. Rachel Goldman, Devon Kelly, Liam Keane, M1ttRen/ }‘0, Joe Aronow, Kyle Biren, Drew Hayes, Timothy Ngzlyen, Laura Vanyan October 15. 2007 P5128
  • 2. Relations between Russia and Iran The issue of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons in the Middle East: How Russia's approach to Iran affects their relationship with the West
  • 3. Background: Weapons sales 1995 — Secret agreement between Clinton and Yeltsin administrations that Russia will not sell weapons or military technology to Iran 2000 — After the existence of such a secret agreement is leaked to the public, Putin announces he does not plan to honor the 1995 agreement 2001 — US officially warns Russia that the sale of military equipment or technology to Iran will have "serious ram tfications "
  • 4. Background. ‘ “United We Stand” Early 1995 — Plans to sell 4 nuclear reactor to Iran. US Congress threatens to end all aid to Russia. 2002 - After 9/] 1, Russia begins to cultivate a closer relationship with the US, and is open to curtailing nuclear development aid to Iran. Because of a lack of clear incentives, Russia and the US drift apart again and thisfalls through
  • 5. Backgro und: “Reactors and Weapons ” Feb. 2005 - Russia and Iran sign deal for sale of Russian nuclear fuel to Iran for Bushehr reactor Nov. 2005 - Russia sells $1 billion in anti-aircraft missiles and other weapons to Iran, which Iran intends to use to protect major nuclear development sites Apr. 2006 - Deputy US Secretary of State callsfor Russia to halt weapons sales to Iran; Russian officials refuse outright
  • 6. Background: Enrichment Jan. 2006 — Russia oflers to enrich material for Iran: “Iran would send its uranium to Russia under such a plan. The uranium would be enriched there and shipped back to Iran -- which would use the material to generate electricity. ” (Washington Post) Mar. 2006 — Iran strongly rejects Russia's proposal. Desires to keep reactors local.
  • 7. Perspectives Voices of Iranian young people Iran says it's pursuing a civilian nuclear energy program; the US. says Iran's building nukes. Yasmin Vossoughian speaks with young people in Iran about their thoughts on Iran's nuclear ambitions (current tv)
  • 8. Recent Events: Sanctions The UN Security Council has imposed two sets of sanctions on Iran for its refusal to stop uranium enrichment. But world powers have agreed to put off until November efforts to seek a third set of sanctions, to see if Iran 3' talks with the IAEA produce results. Russia has rejected further sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council, saying that the negotiation process has not been exhausted and that there is no proof that Tehran is pursuing a nuclear weapons program. This last Friday, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov met with Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, saying unilateral sanctions and the threat of military action against Iran hamper negotiations with Tehran on its nuclear program.
  • 9. Recent Events: Diplomacy Upcoming visit of Putin to Iran is first Russian visit since Soviet dictator Josef Stalin went in I 94 3 “Islamic Coalition Party member Hamid-Reza T araqi stated, 'Cooperation and interaction with Russia will increase Iran ’s security, and reduce U. S. influence in the region’ because Tehran and Moscow are both opposed to the US. plan to build more military bases in the region. " —Tehran Times Putin: “We have no real data to claim that Iran is pursuing nuclear weapons, which makes us believe the country has no such plans. But we agree that Iran's programs must be transparent”