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Beautiful Bangladesh 2009 2010 Pdf

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Youth Development: A promising strategy for economic resilience in Bangladesh …

Youth Development: A promising strategy for economic resilience in Bangladesh
Dec. 2009-Jan. 2010

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Youth  Development:   A  Promising  Strategy  for  the   Economic  Resilience  of  Bangladesh   Presented  By:  Kimberly  D.  York,  MSSA,  LSW,  CNM   Fall  2009,  Case  Western  Reserve  University  
  • 2. BeauIful  Bangladesh   Popula:on     150  Million   >7th  Most  populated  country  in  world   >Most  densely  populated  country  in  world   (1090  people  per  sq  km)   >Growth  Rate-­‐  1.34%  per  year  (esImated  to  be   181.5  mil  by  2015)   Primary  Language   Bangla  aka  Bengali   Currency     Taka  (US  exchange  rate  USS1:  Tk  68.55)   Major  Religions   Muslim-­‐  83%   Hindu-­‐16%   ChrisIan  &  Buddhism-­‐  1%  
  • 3. Humble  Beginnings   •  Formerly  part  of  East  Bengal  then  East   Pakistan   •  Secured  its  independence  from  Pakistan  in   1971  in  Libera:on  War     •  Former  Leadership  slaughtered   •  Current  Prime  Minister  Sheikh  Hasina  Wajed   of  Awami  League  
  • 4. People’s  Republic  of  Bangladesh   Bangladesh  Coat  of  Arms   Bangladesh  NaIonal  Flag   Capital  City:  Dhaka  
  • 5. Major  Geographical  Divisions   •  Dhaka   •  Khuluna   •  Barisal   •  Rajshahi   •  Chibagong   •  Sylhet  
  • 6. Historical  Risk  Factors   •  War   •  Natural  Disasters   •  Arsenic  Poisoning   •  Poverty   •  Corrupt  PoliIcs   •  Poor  Healthcare   •  Underground  violence  
  • 7. The  Comeback  Kids:  Protec:ve  Factors   •  Leapfrog  Technology   •  Family   •  Perseverance   •  Strategic  poverty  reducIon  plans:  Microcredit   •  CollaboraIve  Efforts  
  • 8. Looking  Up:  Resiliency  Paradigm   •  Resiliency  research  provides  solid  evidence  for   the  emphasis  on  human  development  among   high-­‐risk  populaIons.  According  to  Maston   (1994),  “…nature  has  provided  powerful   protecIve  mechanisms  for  human  development”   that  “appear  to  transcend  ethnic,  social  class,   geographical,  and  historical  boundaries”(Werner   &  Smith,  1992).  Henderson  (1999)  further   suggests  that  resiliency  addresses  universal   human  condiIons  from  a  strengths  based   perspecIve.    
  • 9. From  Risk  to  Resilience   RecommendaIons  from  Dr.  Muhammad  Yunus   •  The  need  to  think  strategically  about  development,  analyzing  a  country’s   potenIal  role  in  its  region  and  the  world  in  search  of  opportuniIes  for   growth   •  The  need  to  get  past  myths,  stereotypes,  and  assumpIons  about  poor   countries  and  their  relaIons  to  their  neighbors   •  The  need  to  find  fresh,  posiIve  approaches  to  development  that   emphasize  the  potenIal  strengths  of  a  country  and  its  people,  not  just   their  problems,  and   •  The  need  to  think  about  how  social  business  can  address  social  and   economic  problems  that  are  usually  lej  to  be  resolved  by  governments.   Source:  CreaIng  a  World  Without  Poverty,  Dr.  Muhammad  Yunus  (2008).  Pg  109  
  • 10. Current  Economic  Resiliency  Strategies     Mission  Possible:  Alleviate  Poverty     •  Microcredit  Lending   •  EducaIon   •  Family  Mabers   •  Leapfrog  Technology  
  • 11. Microcredit  Lending   Microcredit  (mI-­‐[*]Kro'kre-­‐dit);  noun;  programs  extend  small  loans  to  very    poor  people  for  self-­‐employment  projects  that  generate  income,  allowing  them    to  care  for  themselves  and  their  families.    
  • 12. EducaIon   •  NaIonal  literacy  rate  has  significantly   improved  from  twenty  six  (26)  percent  in  1981   to  forty  one  (41)  percent  in  2002  (Yunus,   2009).     •  Number  of  children  abending  school   increased   •  More  girls  abend  secondary  school  than  boys  
  • 13. Leapfrog  Technology   •  The  need  for  faster  technological  development   is  increasingly  felt  in  Bangladesh.   Development  plans  of  Bangladesh  have   emphasized  science  and  technological   research  to  develop  technologies  through   adopIon  of  imported  technology  as  well  as   development  of  indigenous  technologies.   Source:  hbp://www.discoverybangladesh.com/meetbangladesh/science_technology.html  
  • 14. Family  Mabers   Social  &  Economic  Strategies  Include:   • Improved  Access  to  Health  Care    Prenatal  Care    STD  PrevenIon   • Improved  Water  SanitaIon   • Adequate  Housing   • Childhood  NutriIon  Programs   • Community  EducaIon  Sessions  
  • 15. Growing  a  Na:on:  Youth  As  Resources   •  Historical  Role  of  Youth     •  Youth  StaIsIcs   •  Youth  Development   •  Department  of  Youth  Development   •  Youth  Outcomes  
  • 16. Historical  ContribuIons  of  Bangladeshi  Youth       •  1952-­‐  Language  Development  Movement   •  1969-­‐  Mass  Upsurge   •  1971-­‐  LiberaIon  War   •  1970’s  &  beyond-­‐  Youth  voter  campaigns                                                                      -­‐  AnI  Tobacco  protest                        -­‐  InjusIce  protests  
  • 17. A  Closer  Look:  Bangladeshi  Youth    Account  for  1 /3  of  en:re  po  Comprised  o pula:on   f  all  people  age  18-­‐35  
  • 18. Youth  Development  in  Bangladesh   DefiniIon:    American  definiIon  from  Center  for  Youth  Development   and  Policy  Research  will  be  adopted  for  this  project.  It   describes  youth  development  as,  “the  ongoing  growth   process  in  which  all  youth  are  engaged  in  a3emp5ng  to   (1)   meet   their   basic   personal   and   social   needs   to   be   safe,   feel   cared   for,   be   valued,   be   useful,   and   be   spiritually   grounded,   and   (2)   to   build   skills   and   competencies   that   allow   them   to   func5on   and   contribute   in   their   daily   lives."                             hbp://cyd.aed.org/whaIs.html  
  • 19. Bangladesh  Department  of  Youth  Development   •  Vision  of  the  Department  of  Youth  Development:     •  To  organize  the  undisciplined  and  unproducIve  youth  into  an  organized,   disciplined  and  producIve  youth  force  by  providing  vocaIonal  /skill   development  training  for  their  gainful  employment/self-­‐employment.     •  To  involve  the  youth  in  the  main  stream  of  naIonal  development  process.     •  Aim  &  Objec:ves:     •  To  encourage  the  youth  for  self-­‐development  and  gainful  employment  through   moIvaIon,  training  and  other  necessary  support  including  micro-­‐credit.     •  To  organize  the  youth  through  voluntary  youth  organizaIons  and  moIvate   them  to  take  part  in  community  development  acIviIes.     •  PromoIng  formaIon  of  youth  organizaIons  at  the  grass  root  levels  and   ensuring  their  involvement  in  parIcipatory  development.     •  To  involve  the  youth  in  socio-­‐economic  development  acIviIes  like  literacy   program,  disaster  management,  environment  conservaIon,  primary  health   care  such  as  advocacy  on  protecIon  of  HIV/AIDS/drug  abuse  etc.     •  To  take  necessary  steps  for  empowerment  of  youth  through  mainstreaming   them  in  naIonal  development  process.     Source:  The  Department  of  Youth  Development  retrieved  from  hbp://www.dyd.gov.bd/nyp.php  
  • 20. Youth  Workforce  Outcomes:     At  A  Glance  Progress  of  Department  of  Youth  Development  since  its  incep:on  1981  to  June  2005 •  Number  of  Youth  Trained:    25,68,292   •  Total  number  of  self-­‐employed  youth  :  14,55,200   •  Average  monthly  income  of  self-­‐employed  youths  :  Tk.  1500/-­‐  to  Tk.   50,000   •  Total  number  of  youth  received  microcredit  loans  :  6,55,011   •  Total  amount  of  loans  disbursed  to  youth    :  Tk.599,24.11akh         •  Total  amount  of  grants  disbursed  from  Youth  Welfare  Fund  :  Tk.  356.31   •  Total  no.  of  youth  organiza:ons  received  grant-­‐  in-­‐  aid  from  Youth   Welfare  Fund  :  3361     •  Total  number  of  youth  organiza:ons  received  grant-­‐in-­‐aid  from  revenue   budget  :  1525   •  Total  number  of  youth  workers  received  Diploma  in  Youth  Works  &   Development  from  Common  Wealth  Youth  Programme  :  128     Source: Ministry  of  Youth  &  Sports  hbp://www.moysports.gov.bd/youth_development_04.html  
  • 21. Youth  Workforce  
  • 22. Bangladesh  &  Beyond   How  Bangladesh  is  ImpacIng  the  World   Grameen  Bank  in  the  Big  Apple   hbp://ediIon.cnn.com/2008/US/05/22/ grameen.bank/index.html  
  • 23. Bridging  the  Gap   How  students  can  support  Bangladesh   •  Consider  extensive  study  abroad/volunteer  opportuniIes   •  Become  a  Bangladesh  Ambassador  by  spreading   the  news  about  their  good  work       •  Buy  US  products  made  in  Bangladesh  (I  recently   bought  a  pair  of  pants  from  Gap)     •  Host  a  Bangladeshi  Exchange  Student  
  • 24. Southern  Illinois  University  Carbondale   Independent  University  of  Bangladesh   D’oh-­‐noh-­‐baad!