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Sap sd interview_questions_answers_and_explanations_espana_norestriction
Sap sd interview_questions_answers_and_explanations_espana_norestriction
Sap sd interview_questions_answers_and_explanations_espana_norestriction
Sap sd interview_questions_answers_and_explanations_espana_norestriction
Sap sd interview_questions_answers_and_explanations_espana_norestriction
Sap sd interview_questions_answers_and_explanations_espana_norestriction
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  • 1. SAP SD Interview Questions,Answers, and ExplanationsBy SAPCOOKBOOK.COM
  • 2. SAP SD Interview Questions- 2 -Please visit our website at www.sapinterviewing.com© 2005 Equity Press all rights reserved.ISBN 1-933804-04-1All rights reserved. No part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmittedin any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,photocopying, recording or otherwise, without eitherthe prior written permission of the publisher or alicense permitting restricted copying in the UnitedStates or abroad.The programs in this book have been included forinstructional value only. They have been tested withcare but are not guaranteed for any particular purpose.The publisher does not offer any warranties orrepresentations not does it accept any liabilities withrespect to the programs.Trademark noticesSAP, SAP EBP, SAP SRM, Netweaver, and SAP NewDimension are registered trademarks of SAP AG. Thispublisher gratefully acknowledges SAP permission touse its trademark in this publication. SAP AG is not thepublisher of this book and is not responsible for it underany aspect of the law.
  • 3. SAP SD Interview Questions- 3 -Table of ContentsSAP SD Interview Questions, Answers, andExplanations.................................................1Table of Contents..........................................3Motivation ....................................................9Introduction.............................................................. 11The SD Guru has spoken! ........................................ 11SAP SD Interview Questions, Answers, andExplanations...............................................12Question 1: Sales BOM and Delivery Group........... 13Question 2: Stock Transfer....................................... 14Question 3: Actual PGI without Stock..................... 15Question 4: Pop up in Order Creation...................... 16Question 5: Scale Price Condition........................... 17Question 6: VPRS Not Copied to Billing Document18Question 7: Serial Numbers in a Delivery Doc........ 19Question 8: Condition Type and Pricing Procedure. 20Question 9: Using Trans Mass to Create Sales Rep. 21Question 10: Serial Numbers ................................... 22Question 11: Variant Pricing.................................... 23Question 12: Area Menu Maintenance..................... 24Question 13: Pricing Procedure for Industrial andDomestic Customers ................................................ 25Question 14: Payment Method................................. 26Question 15: Output via Email................................. 27Question 16: “Problem with bapi_salesorder_change”.................................................................................. 28Question 17: Infostructure Filling............................ 29Question 18: Posting to Accounts ............................ 30Question 19: Error Message Creation...................... 31Question 20: Goods Issue From Negative Stock ..... 32Question 21: Messages Transaction......................... 33
  • 4. SAP SD Interview Questions- 4 -Question 22: List Partner Functions in Deliveries....34Question 23: Material Specific Pricing.....................35Question 24: Account Assignment in SD.................36Question 25:Customer Hierarchy ............................37Question 26: Pricing Procedure ................................38Question 27: Mandatory Condition..........................39Question 28: BOM Usage .........................................40Question 29: Copying Text to Other Sales Docs ......41Question 30: Delay Billing .......................................42Question 31: Company Code....................................43Question 32: Customer Invoice Based on MIROReceipt ......................................................................44Question 33: Sending Invoice via Email ..................45Question 34: Incomplete delivery for child model(free gift) under BOM...............................................46Question 35: SD/FI Interface ....................................47Question 36: Number Range Buffering ....................48Question 37: What is a “Characteristic?”.................49Question 38: Consignment Stock..............................50Question 39: Excise Tax...........................................51Question 40: Info Structure.......................................52Question 41: New Fields in Sales Order...................53Question 42: Price Adjustment for STO ...................54Question 43: Variant Configuration..........................55Question 44: Output with Different Language .........56Question 45: Text Determination..............................57Question 46: Intercompany sales ..............................58Question 47: Lost Tax Field in Customer Master andMaterial Master.........................................................59Question 48: Shipping Point .....................................60Question 49: Tax Determination in Invoicing .........61Question 50: Cancel Invoice.....................................62Question 51: LIS Update Client Copy......................63
  • 5. SAP SD Interview Questions- 5 -Question 52: How to trace changes in sales order ... 64Question 53: STO Delivery Creation List................ 65Question 54: Credit Check ....................................... 66Question 55: Printing Several Copies ...................... 67Question 56: Order quan. and Confirmed quan....... 68Question 57: Subtotals in Pricing............................. 69Question 58: Transaction VF04 Authorization Checkfor Division.............................................................. 70Question 59: Plant Stock.......................................... 71Question 60: Create a Condition for TCode VK31.. 72Question 61: Assigning Movement Type................ 73Question 62: Organization Structure........................ 74Question 63: To View the Invoice Due Date ........... 75Question 64: Rejecting/Canceling Sales Order Items.................................................................................. 76Question 65: Cannot Save Layout under SD01 under4.5B.......................................................................... 77Question 66: Change of Sales Document................. 78Question 67: Product Allocation Exception............. 79Question 68: Default distribution channel ............... 80Question 70: Third Party Sales Order Scenario ....... 81Question 71: Automatic Packing.............................. 82Question 71: Availability Check.............................. 83Question 72: Copying text........................................ 84Question 73: Customer stock in the MD04.............. 85Question 74: Printing Customer Details................... 86Question 75: Table for Sales Organization.............. 87SAP SD Fundamentals................................89SAP SD Processing Document Flow....................... 90Sales Document Type............................................... 91New Division/Sales Area/Sales Office .................... 93What is the difference between sales organization andsales area?................................................................. 95
  • 6. SAP SD Interview Questions- 6 -Block Sales Document Type / Delivery / Billing byCustomer ...................................................................97Wrong/duplicate RE Created ....................................99Movement type determination and Availability.....100Sales reservation.....................................................101Sales Order Stock....................................................102Forecasted and Confirmed Sales Orders.................103Backorder Processing..............................................104Third Party Order Processing..................................106Product Group and Sales BOM...............................109Defining Company and Assigning Sales Organization.................................................................................111Partner Procedures ..................................................113Goods Return from Customer.................................115SD Customer Master Tables ...................................117Rebate Agreement and Partner Determination.......118Document Flow in Sales .........................................120Transaction Code Listing........................................122Most Important Tables............................................125INDEX ...................................................... 126
  • 7. SAP SD Interview Questions- 7 -
  • 8. SAP SD Interview Questions- 8 -
  • 9. SAP SD Interview Questions- 9 -MotivationDuring the course of an average project, I am usuallycalled upon by a project manager to “help screenresources” for different parts of the project. And onething comes to mind – if done properly, it’s very timeconsuming, and it’s really hard work!My interviews usually sound something like this –Jim: “Please rate yourself, on a scale of 1-10 on yourSRM knowledge and experience…”Interviewee: “Um, probably something like 10…”Jim: “OK, so, let me just say something... I don’t believethere is such a thing as a ten.”Interviewee: “What would you rate yourself?”Jim: “I rate myself an 8.”Interviewee: “Why so low?”Jim: “There’s no such thing as a ten. All of the nines areworking at SAP, SAP Labs, or SAP Consulting, and sobasically that puts me at about an eight. But we’re hereto talk about your skills. And so you think you’re a 10,huh? OK, so tell me what you know about debugging then-step approval workflow…”And then I try to ask the questions that truly flesh out aperson’s understanding of the software. It’s part science,part art to be sure – but the #1 thing I’m looking for in
  • 10. SAP SD Interview Questions- 10-an interview is that the resource represents their skillstruthfully. The good resources know what they know,know what they don’t know, and they’re open about it.And so I hope that this book will serve as a much-needed guide for managers trying to get the rightresource for their project. If you construct an interviewbased on these questions, I’m confident you can get agood idea about the depth and breadth of a consultant’sexperiences and accumulated knowledge.Jim StewartRiverside, CaliforniaDecember 2005
  • 11. SAP SD Interview Questions- 11 -IntroductionEach interview question has a question and an answer –that is pretty straightforward – but when you see theguru icon – this is information that represents thehighest degree of knowledge in a particular area. So ifyou’re looking for a “SD guru,” be sure to listen foranswers similar to those given under the guru icon.Don’t be bamboozled!The SD Guru has spoken!
  • 12. SAP SD Interview Questions- 12 -SAP SD InterviewQuestions, Answers, andExplanations
  • 13. SAP SD Interview Questions- 13-Question 1: Sales BOM andDelivery GroupWe create an order for a sales BOM with three sub items.Since the sub item components must not be deliveredwithout the main product we declared the main itemcategory as delivery group. The problem arises whenthere is zero availability for the main item and noschedule line can be confirmed. The main item isdefined as delivery group but the delivery is createdwithout the main and only the component sub items.The delivery group becomes broken up. This occursonly in VL01N and VL10 dialogue mode. In VL10background it works ok, so no delivery item is created atall for those unconfirmed items. How do we fix this?A: The message is not configurable; at least in releases<= 4.6. But you can change the W to an E with amodification.
  • 14. SAP SD Interview Questions- 14 -Question 2: Stock TransferHow do we transfer stocks under one company codefrom plant to plant?A: Plant to plant is handled using MB1B. If stocktransfer orders with deliveries are configured, use ME27.
  • 15. SAP SD Interview Questions- 15 -Question 3: Actual PGI withoutStockI can press actual PGI successfully even without stock,but I know that is the wrong way to do so. The correctscenario should have enough stock then press actualPGI. How can I configure this?A: You must make sure you do not allow negativeinventory in MM.
  • 16. SAP SD Interview Questions- 16 -Question 4: Pop up in OrderCreationWhen I create a sales order using VA01, a pop upappears saying, "for this customer there are openquotations". I would like to disable that pop up. Howwould I do that?A: You can change this by checking order headerconfiguration (VOV8), and field quotation messages.
  • 17. SAP SD Interview Questions- 17 -Question 5: Scale PriceConditionI have a fixed amount discount condition type, which Ineed to establish a constant discount for all possiblevalues. For a value of $100, a discount of $3. For avalue of $200, a discount of $6. For a value of $300, adiscount of $9 and so on. The problem is that I cannotmaintain this scale at VK11 for all possible high values. Ineed to determine that for each $100 there is a $3discount. How do I configure this?A: Follow these steps: (1) new routine in VOFM ->Formulas -> Condition value. There you divide quantityby 100, and multiply the integer part of result by 3.(2) new condition - calculate type - G-formula. (3)Input condition in your pricing procedure and inputAltCTy (Condition formula for alternative calculationtype) - new formula.
  • 18. SAP SD Interview Questions- 18-Question 6: VPRS Not Copied toBilling DocumentI have two condition types for cost. One is customizedand the other is VPRS. Their values are determinedcorrectly in sales order. A problem arises when I createthe d/o and billing document. The condition type VPRSis incorrect with value 0, while the customized one iscorrect. What is the cause of this?A: The VPRS is a valuation condition, normally thecost of goods sold. If it comes from the material masterrecord, it is a standard valuation price. However, if itcomes from the information record, it is the very cost ofgoods sold. You may have a difference from the priceyou valued your material at and the real cost ofpurchase. Check if you have a standard value in yourmaster record or if you have a relevant info record.Another possibility is yourcustomized condition isundoing the VPRS.
  • 19. SAP SD Interview Questions- 19 -Question 7: Serial Numbers in aDelivery DocumentWhich report will show the serial number assigned in adelivery document?A: Take a look at function modules with SERIAL_*.For example, SERIAL_LS_PRINT.
  • 20. SAP SD Interview Questions- 20-Question 8: Condition Type andPricing ProcedureI received the error message, "Condition type Z928 isnot in procedure ZCS928 AV." How do I include thecondition type Z928 in pricing procedure ZCS928?A: Follow pathway:SPRO ->Sales and Distribution ->Basic Functions ->Pricing ->Pricing Control -> Define and Assign PricingProceduresFrom here select "Maintain pricing procedures." Next,select procedure ZCS928, then “Control Data.” AddZ928 to your procedure.
  • 21. SAP SD Interview Questions- 21 -Question 9: Using TransactionMass to Create SalesRepresentativeIs it possible to use transaction MASS to assign a salesrepresentative as a partner?A: Yes. Using the MASS transaction, select objectKNA1. Then select table name KNVP.
  • 22. SAP SD Interview Questions- 22 -Question 10: Serial NumbersWhere in the sale order would you enter the serialnumbers for material?A: Serial numbers are entered on the deliverydocument and not a sale order, as this allows formultiple serial numbers to be entered for a single line.For example, you may have 10 serial numbers for aquantity of 10.
  • 23. SAP SD Interview Questions- 23-Question 11: Variant PricingI need to have an additive price based on a variantcharacteristic selected and then provide a discount foreach of the characteristics. I must discount thecorrelating characteristic, not the gross value.price------Char 1 = 1.00Char 2 = 2.00Char 3 = 3.00gross price = 6.00discount------Char 1 = 10% of 1.00 = .10Char2 = 20% of 2.00 = .40Char3 = 15% of 3.00 = .45total discounts = .95The discount may vary by customer. How do I find outhow configure this?A: You can find out how to configure this by taking alook at the documentation for“$SET_PRICING_FACTOR,” in LO-VC.
  • 24. SAP SD Interview Questions- 24 -Question 12: Area MenuMaintenanceIm working in SE43,area menu maintenance. I amcopying an existing area menu where the name of themain node is already specified. I took standard menuCOND_AV (used as standard for maintaining conditionrecords in SD) and made its copy as ZCOND_AV. Ivechanged its description from "condition maintenance"to another description. However, in the area menu itselfthe main node still has "condition maintenance.” Howdo I change this?A: This can be solved through SE43 itself. Create anew menu area then the name of that area menu isautomatically assigned to the main node.
  • 25. SAP SD Interview Questions- 25 -Question 13: Pricing Procedurefor Industrial and DomesticCustomersWe have two types of customers industrial and domestic.The domestic customers have a price list. For theindustrial customers, the price is calculated on basis ofpercentage of the cost. Since there is a possibility thatindustrial customers might also buy domestic productsat any given point of time, we are forced to make onepricing procedure. Is there another solution?A: You can create a VOFM subroutine (transactioncode VOFM->Formulas->Condition value) and set thissubroutine in your procedure as transaction code V/2 infield AltCTy (Condition formula for alternativecalculation type). In the ABAP coding you can describeall of your requirements.
  • 26. SAP SD Interview Questions- 26 -Question 14: Payment MethodHow can I transfer the payment method from customermaster to sales order automatically?A: Use the user exit “userexit_move_field_to_vbkd”in report MV45AFZZ with this coding:DATA: via LIKE knb1-zwels.IF vbkd-zlsch IS INITIAL.IF NOT vbak-kunnr IS INITIAL.SELECT SINGLE zwels INTO viaFROM knb1WHERE bukrs = vbak-bukrs_vfAND kunnr = vbak-kunnr.vbkd-zlsch = via(1).ENDIF.ENDIF.
  • 27. SAP SD Interview Questions- 27 -Question 15: Output via EmailHow can you send output through an email instead of afax or printout?A: Check whether the transmission medium has beenmaintained for the processing routines for your outputtype. Make sure that this transmission medium isplaced in the partner functions evenly.Follow this path:SPRO -> SD-> Basic Functions-> output control-->output determination-> determination using conditiontechnique-> maintain O.deter.for sales documents->Maintain output types. Use transaction code V30.
  • 28. SAP SD Interview Questions- 28-Question 16: “Problem withbapi_salesorder_change”We have a problem with “bapi_salesorder_change.” Weneed to change a position in a sales order but when wefill the structures bapi does not change the sales order.What should we do?A: You must fill the update structures properly. Theorder header needs to read “order_header_inx-updateflag = U,”. The item must read “order_item_inx= U.” Each field touched in “order_item_in” needs tohave an X in the corresponding field of“order_item_inx.”
  • 29. SAP SD Interview Questions- 29 -Question 17: InfostructureFillingWe have two Company Codes and new InfostructureS004 for filling.We must fill it with data from first CC only. Is there anyproblem if the people who create orders, deliveries andbilling of second CC work at this time?A: You can control the updating of infostructure atboth header level and tem level using IMG. If you donot want the second company code data to be updatedin the info structure, do not include the salesorganizations assigned to the second company code inthe updating of info structure. For your information,the codes are OVRO and OVRP
  • 30. SAP SD Interview Questions- 30-Question 18: Posting to AccountsI am working in a system where someone has changedstandard SAP and the SAP standard pro forma invoice.Where is this set? There is no account determinationprocedure assigned to the document in SD but it ispicking up the standard one and posting to accounts.A: In VOFA check the SD Document category. Itshould be set to U and the transaction group should beset to 8. Likely these were changed to real invoices. Thetransaction group tells pro forma invoices not to beposted to accounts. If you have a posting block, waituntil someone releases it to accounting in change mode.
  • 31. SAP SD Interview Questions- 31 -Question 19: Error MessageCreationI need a modification to make the system issue an errormessage when the user enters two sales orders with thesamereference to the customers purchase order. Whatshould I do?A: In the transaction VOV8 (sales document typedefinition) under general control put an "A" in the checkPO number field. In the transaction OVAH (changesystem messages) change the message category of V4-115 to "E" from "W".
  • 32. SAP SD Interview Questions- 32-Question 20: Goods Issue FromNegative StockI want to issue goods where the Storage location has anegative quantity. The system is not allowing me tomake a goods issue. How do I configure this?A: Follow these steps:1) OMJ1 - Allow negative stocks - at plant level and atstorage location level.2) MM02 - Plant data/stor.2 - check negative stock inplant.
  • 33. SAP SD Interview Questions- 33-Question 21: MessagesTransactionWhat transaction do we use to view all messagesincluding warning messages in SAP?A: You can view these in transaction code SE91.
  • 34. SAP SD Interview Questions- 34 -Question 22: List PartnerFunctions in DeliveriesI would like to list the partner functions in a delivery. Inwhich table can I find that information?A: This information is located in table VBPA.
  • 35. SAP SD Interview Questions- 35 -Question 23: Material SpecificPricingWe have a situation where there will be two pricingprocedures and depending upon the materials used,either one of them will get picked up. For example wehave a field in customer master that helps determinepricing procedure. Similarly, is there any field in thematerial master that can determine the pricingprocedure determination?A: The pricing procedure applies to the wholedocument (header and items). You cannot change it atmaterial (item) level.
  • 36. SAP SD Interview Questions- 36 -Question 24: AccountAssignment in SDThere is a configuration setting for SD where you areable to activate the account assignment on both headerand item level. The activation will basically open up allthe respective cost objects. What setting is this?A: Use transaction code VKOA
  • 37. SAP SD Interview Questions- 37 -Question 25: CustomerHierarchyHow do you create two customer hierarchies for thesame payer?A: Create an order and delivery, and then perform aPGI for first customer hierarchy. Do the same for thesecond customer hierarchy.
  • 38. SAP SD Interview Questions- 38-Question 26: Pricing ProcedureI have created two pricing procedures. One is for normalpricing and the other for taxes. When I am trying to doa sales order, only the first pricing procedure is applyingand it is not accepting the second one. Why? What isthe exact link between these two pricing procedures andthe condition types?A: The pricing procedure is determined according to:sales area, customer pricing procedure field in thecustomer master (sold-to), document pricing procedurefield in the sales document type. You may need toidentify the criteria to determine the right pricingprocedure when you enter a sales order. The transactioncode to define pricing procedure determination is OVKK.Normally taxes are included in the actual pricingprocedure, as part of the determination of the actualprice (including taxes) the customer will pay. Taxesneed to be calculated based on the given prices in thepricing procedure.
  • 39. SAP SD Interview Questions- 39 -Question 27: MandatoryConditionWhile creating quotation, I am getting the error"Mandatory condition MWST is missing.” AlthoughMWST is present in procedure RVAA01, what are thesteps to solve this?A: Use transaction code VK11 and enter condition typeMWST. Next, enter the details in that document.
  • 40. SAP SD Interview Questions- 40 -Question 28: BOM UsageWhen we create a BOMthrough CS01, what effect doesBOM usage field have on subsequent configuration?For example, if we take it as 1=production or 5=saleswhat effect will it have on subsequentprocesses?A: A sales usage means that production will not see it,and a production usage means that sales will not see it.The components each may or may not be saleable, butas a sales BOM is intended to explode onto a sales order,a non-saleable item on a sales BOM would generally notbe recommended.The usage is precisely what it sounds like; whichfunction will use the particular BOM.
  • 41. SAP SD Interview Questions- 41 -Question 29: Copying Text toOther Sales DocumentsHow do you copy item text from sales order, to delivery,to invoice?A: Use text control function, SD-> basic function->text control.
  • 42. SAP SD Interview Questions- 42 -Question 30: Delay BillingHow do you delay billing to the next month in a deliverynote?A: You can postpone the invoice date in the sales orderthat belongs to that particular delivery under the billingtab. Otherwise by default, the invoice will pick up theGI date of the delivery. If it is acceptable to put the GIon hold until the day of invoicing you could also suggestthis as a procedure.
  • 43. SAP SD Interview Questions- 43 -Question 31: Company CodeHow should I assign GL account to the company code?I am doing SD/FI Interface. By using transaction codeFSSO I am able to enter GL account and company code.But when I try to save it I am getting the error "Accountxyz does not exist in company code xyz."A: You must create the GL account for the companycode, exactly like you create a customer master for a CC,or a material in a plant.
  • 44. SAP SD Interview Questions- 44 -Question 32: Customer InvoiceBased on MIRO ReceiptWhen we create a third party customer order, itgenerates a PO to the vendor. When we receive thevendor invoice, it is entered in MIRO, which thengenerates an order-related customer invoice. If wecreate for example, three different sales orders andthree separate POs and also make three separate invoicereceipts that are done on the same day, these invoicesare not combining into a single invoice for the customer.We need this to only be one invoice per sales order.Where is the logic that controls this and how do wechange it?A: You will have to take a look at copy control (fromSales document to Billing document), on item level.Most likely the routine will show 001. If you change thatroutine to 003, then you should get an invoice per salesorder.
  • 45. SAP SD Interview Questions- 45 -Question 33: Sending Invoice viaEmailI have a requirement to send the invoice copy to thecustomer or agent that will be specified at the time ofsending the invoice (it should not be configured before).How do I configure this and where do I set theindicators?A: Use transaction code NACE. Define the output typehere. In application V3, define the correct transmissionmedium. If you want to send it at your convenienceselect the dispatch time as 3 (Send with applicationsown transaction). Attach the output type to the correctoutput determination procedure defined for thedocument type. Use T Code VF31 to send the message.You will need basis while configuring the emailaddresses because SCOT and SOST will be used by it.
  • 46. SAP SD Interview Questions- 46 -Question 34: Incomplete deliveryfor child model (free gift) underBOMI have a BOM item and another item, which is a free giftfor child model. This was not delivered to the dealer, butdelivery order status indicates “complete delivery” andthe scheduled line appeared fine as well. After myanalysis, I found some things. The initial quantity of theBOM item is 5 and free good is 0. How do I go aboutfixing this?A: You cannot manipulate and make changesafterwards expecting the system to honor yourrequirements. You must add the child items as aseparate order.
  • 47. SAP SD Interview Questions- 47 -Question 35: SD/FI InterfaceA problem occurs while releasing invoice to accounting.Billing is created successfully, but the invoice is notreleased to accounting. The error message I receiveafter saving the document states "error in accountdetermination.” How should I solve this problem?A: The first thing you should do is check the accountdetermination log in the invoice.Follow these steps: transaction code VF02->Environment-> Acc.determ.analysis-> RevenueAccounts.
  • 48. SAP SD Interview Questions- 48 -Question 36: Number RangeBufferingI am facing a problem in the internal number rangeassignment of customer data. I have created a newaccount group and with each customer I create, thesystem gives an increment of 5. For example itincreases from 10005 to 10010 instead of 10005, 10006.How do I fix this?A: The problem is with the number range buffering.Go to transaction code SNUM, and then object type“debitor.” Click on the pencil (change mode) and changethe number in buffer.
  • 49. SAP SD Interview Questions- 49 -Question 37: What is a“Characteristic?”How does the term characteristic relate to transactioncode CTO4?A: Material master leads to classification, and then youselect the desired class. Based on class you can choosethe characteristics. These characteristics are defined inCT04.
  • 50. SAP SD Interview Questions- 50 -Question 38: Consignment StockWhat process do you use to create a consignment stock?A: Follow pathway-> SAP Library-> SAP R/3Enterprise Application Components-> Logistics-> Salesand Distribution (SD)-> Sales-> Special BusinessProcesses in Sales-> Consignment Stock Processing.
  • 51. SAP SD Interview Questions- 51 -Question 39: Excise TaxWhat is the business process of excise tax and how doyou relate that in SAP?A: Excise tax is the duty charged on manufacture ofgoods listed in the chapter and section head of CentralExcise Tariff Act. Process should amount tomanufacture and separate identifiable finished goodsshould emerge having marketability and specified inTariff Act.(?????)As far as SAP is concerned you, find CIN versionintegrated with standard SAP from 4.7 onwards. Thereare two places where you need to configure CIN. Thefirst is Financial Accounting-> Tax on Sale andPurchase and the other is Logistic General-> Tax onGoods Movement.
  • 52. SAP SD Interview Questions- 52 -Question 40: Info StructureI created a new info structure and activated update rulesfor it. What is the best way to transport them into aproductive system?A: After rigorous testing in the QA environment andapproval of the user community you should transportthe info structure and related items into a productionenvironment during “down time,” possibly when nobilling documents are being created and posted.
  • 53. SAP SD Interview Questions- 53 -Question 41: New Fields in SalesOrderAre there any user exits or any other way to include newfields in the sales order VA01?A: There are two ways to approach this. You can go totransaction code SE93 and give the Transaction as VA01.It will lead to a screen where you can click on a programthat will take you to mod.pool. In this program clickFind Icon and key in customer there. It will show youthe user exits in that particular program. Another wayis using SPRO. Follow path IMG->SD->SystemModifications->User Exits. There you can click on thehelp document and it will show all the user exits withprogram name. Select the suitable one.
  • 54. SAP SD Interview Questions- 54 -Question 42: Price Adjustmentfor STOFor STO when the invoice receipt (MM) and invoiceissue (SD) is completed, how do we perform a priceadjustment if we find the price is incorrect? If we do asubsequent credit/debit in MM, how do we createsubsequent credit/debit in SD?A: First cancel your invoices (SD and MM). Changethe price in the STO PO. Then create new invoices SDand MM. The new values will be picked up if properlyconfigured. The difference in the material value will beautomatically posted to the appropriate stock accountwhen you create the invoice in MIRO.
  • 55. SAP SD Interview Questions- 55 -Question 43: VariantConfigurationI am making an inquiry in which I have a configurablematerial. When I create a quotation with reference tothe inquiry, the system is not allowing me to change theconfiguration in the quotation. I checked the copycontrol and found that at the item level copy controlbetween inquiry and quotation, we have an option forconfiguration. I have tried these, yet I am still unable tochange the configuration. What should I do?A: The document may already exist. Once fixed youcannot “unfix” the configuration by changing thecustomizing. You must create a new quote/order. Usesetting “A.”
  • 56. SAP SD Interview Questions- 56 -Question 44: Output withDifferent LanguageIs it possible to have to have two delivery notes in twodifferent languages?A: The destination country will decide which languagethe output should be printed. Make sure that you areidentifying that in the program attached to the outputand accordingly open the desired form.
  • 57. SAP SD Interview Questions- 57 -Question 45: Text DeterminationCan I copy text from the delivery note to the billingdocument? How can I do this through textdetermination?A: You can copy text from Delivery Note to invoice. Goto the IMG (SD>Basic Functions>Text Control) andclick on the help icons next to text types. Define accesssequences for determining texts and define and assigntext determination procedures. You need to check thedelivery text field in the relevant billing document type.If you do not check this field you will not be able to copythe delivery texts to the billing document.
  • 58. SAP SD Interview Questions- 58 -Question 46: Intercompany salesI am working on Intercompany sales. How do I creatematerial in both company codes?A: Use transaction code MM01 to create material withorganizational data pertaining to the plants and salesorganizations.
  • 59. SAP SD Interview Questions- 59 -Question 47: Lost Tax Field inCustomer Master and MaterialMasterI do not know why the tax field in the customer masterand material master is hidden. This field is notsuppressed in customer master. How do I make thisfield appear?A: Make sure you have a tax category defined for yourcountries in OVK1. Then check if the tax classes aredefined in OVK3 and OVK4.
  • 60. SAP SD Interview Questions- 60 -Question 48: Shipping PointOn the sales order shipping tab there is a field with thetext “shipping point.” I would like to add new shippingpoints to certain plants. Where is this configured inSAP?A: New shipping points are defined in enterprisestructure.Follow these steps: logistics execution -> defineshipping points and assign the shipping point to plantin assign in enterprise structure under logisticsexecution. Next, click: shipping -> shipping point andgood receipt determination. Configure for automaticdetermination of shipping point based on shippingcondition, loading group, and plant. Maintain relevantshipping condition in customer master. Maintainrelevant loading group in material master (normally thestandard). For the combination that you derive fromthe sales order, you should have a configuration entryfor automatic determination in sales order.
  • 61. SAP SD Interview Questions- 61 -Question 49: Tax CodeDetermination in InvoicingDocumentIf several items with different VAT rates are included inone invoice, these different rates are displayed in theinvoice header including the respective amount. Aftersaving the invoice, the system determines one VAT rateincluding one tax code and transfers this tax code to theaccounting document. How does this determinationwork? What is the rule behind this determination?A: In FS01/02/03 you will see that there is a taxcategory field where you enter the used tax code for thisaccount. Normally tax conditions have specific accountkeys. Through transaction code VKOA or OV35 youassign which account (using key fields from sales) willbe used for the account doc. Check V08 price procedurefor the used account key as well.
  • 62. SAP SD Interview Questions- 62 -Question 50: Cancel InvoiceWhen a user releases an invoice to accounting it createsan accounting document. The status of the accountingdocument is cleared if the user cancels this invoice. Is itnecessary to delete the previously created accountingdocument?A: No, but you will have a credit note in your customeraccount.
  • 63. SAP SD Interview Questions- 63 -Question 51: LIS UpdateTerminated After Client CopyI have a problem with LIS. After client copy, our testsystem does not update LIS info structures. When Isave a sales order, delivery or billing document I receivean error message that says, "update was terminated".How do I fix this?A: Generate the infostructure and update group againin the client in which you are facing the problem.
  • 64. SAP SD Interview Questions- 64 -Question 52: How to tracechanges in sales orderHow do you trace the changes made in the sales order inregards to changes to the partner function in the salesorder?A: If you go into the change mode of the sales orderclick on environment, and then change. This menu willshow you that partner functions like SH / BP / PY in thedocument are changed. It also shows old and newvalues.
  • 65. SAP SD Interview Questions- 65 -Question 53: STO DeliveryCreation ListI am working on cross company STO. After I createSTO, I cannot create outbound delivery by using VL10D.When I check the STO, I find that the delivery creationdate is blank. It seems the system does not add the STOto delivery due list automatically. Is some setting in SDaffecting this?A: The delivery creation date is blank because the STOis blocked by release strategy.
  • 66. SAP SD Interview Questions- 66 -Question 54: Credit CheckTypically you receive a standard credit check when yousave the sales order. What is the best way to trigger it atthe start of the sales order creation so that one does nothave to enter a lot of data in case you reach the creditlimit?A: The ideal way is to check the credit limit of thecustomer much before the processing the sales order.Follow the path mentioned within the sales order. Alsocheck: Sales Order-> Environment-> Partners->Display Credit Account.
  • 67. SAP SD Interview Questions- 67 -Question 55: Printing SeveralCopiesIs there a way to print an invoice five times?(One original and four copies)A: Use transaction code VF02. Once inside thedocument, click on Go to-> Header ->Output. Selectthe output type (normally RD00). Click onCommunication method and in the field "Number ofmessages", enter the number of copies you want to print.
  • 68. SAP SD Interview Questions- 68 -Question 56: Order quantity andConfirmed quantityWhat is the difference between order quantity andconfirmed quantity?A: The confirmed quantity is the allocated quantity bythe availability check (ATP).
  • 69. SAP SD Interview Questions- 69 -Question 57: Subtotals in PricingHow do the subtotals that have carry over value KOMP-KZWI1, KOMP-KZWi2, work with respect to conditiontypes?A: Subtotals are not tied to condition types per say.You control what goes into the field by assigningsubtotals within you pricing procedure. If you assign aparticular line in your pricing procedure to be subtotal 5,its value will be moved to KOMP-KZWI5.
  • 70. SAP SD Interview Questions- 70 -Question 58: Transaction VF04Authorization Check for DivisionWhen we run the transaction for VF04 no authorizationcheck is done for this division. This is causing someproblems because some users run the transaction VF04and create billing documents for a division for whichthey are not responsible. Is there a user exit or otherway that we can force transaction VF04 to look at thedivision as part of the authorization check?A: Make the modification to include a check within thecopying requirements of the division in the sourcedocument instead of the user authorization.
  • 71. SAP SD Interview Questions- 71 -Question 59: Plant StockI have created a new material in SAP, and now wish toadd stock for that material into a particular plant. Whatis the best transaction code as well as movement type touse?A: Use transaction code MB1C and movement type 561.
  • 72. SAP SD Interview Questions- 72 -Question 60: Create a Conditionfor Transaction Code VK31I defined manually a condition type Z004 (as a copy ofthe condition type K004). I then tried to createcondition in transaction code VK31 in the sectionDiscount/Surcharges -> By Material. The systemreported, “Table 304 is not defined for use withcondition type ZEC1.” How should I resolve this?A: VK31 works with pricing reports. If you want tohave a new condition type to be maintainable via VK31or VK32., you need to do the following: Create pricingreport via transaction code V/LA and include the tablesyou need. Extend the price area menu via SE43. Areamenu = COND_AV.
  • 73. SAP SD Interview Questions- 73 -Question 61: AssigningMovement TypeHow do I assign movement type?A: You assign movement type against the schedule linecategory.
  • 74. SAP SD Interview Questions- 74 -Question 62: OrganizationStructureWe are implementing R/3 in an auction servicescompany where they have nearly 15 auction servicesunder 5 business units. Our team has two ideas on howto treat the services. One opinion is to treat businessunits as a distribution channel and service types asdivisions. But the problem with this is the sales areanumber is going up and master data has to be extendedacross them all. The other idea is to have a dummydistribution channel and have business units asdivisions. This way the service types can be treated assales order types. However it might be difficult to havedifferent pricing for the same order type. What shouldwe do?A: This must be defined upon how your customerexpects the reporting to be. If their expectation is tolook on performance by services, then you have todefine them as divisions. Defining services as ordertype is not the right approach, since you face the sameproblem of data maintenance issues here too, should aservice type be moved to a different business unit. Lookfor the reporting they have today and the reportingexpected out of SAP. This will determine which courseto take.
  • 75. SAP SD Interview Questions- 75 -Question 63: To View the InvoiceDue DateA certain customer has credit payment terms wherein ifthe invoice is cut between Dec 1 –15 2005, then theinvoice due date should be Jan 15, 2006.I have configured the payment terms in the transactioncode OBB8. I created the sales order with the customerand got the specific payment terms in the overviewscreen, and then I made the delivery and then theinvoice. Can I view the invoice due date (Jan 16,2006)in the invoice?A: You should be able to see the due date in the ARModule. If you go into fbl5n and search for thecustomer, you can see the due date in the overviewscreen.
  • 76. SAP SD Interview Questions- 76 -Question 64: Rejecting andCanceling Sales Order ItemsI am in the VA02 transaction for a sales order and wantto reject the line items and cancel the entire sales order.What is the menu path needed to achieve this goal?A: Click the reject document button and then enter areason for rejection. This will reject the line items andthe sales order. You can enter a reason for rejection onthe line item sales a tab.
  • 77. SAP SD Interview Questions- 77 -Question 65: Cannot Save Layoutunder SD01 under 4.5BUnder transaction code SDO1, I try to save a displayvariant with the pathway: settings-> display variants.However the save option is grayed-out. How should Iresolve this issue?A: There is an unapplied SAP Note that will correct theerror. Once the correct note is applied the save optionwill not be grayed-out.
  • 78. SAP SD Interview Questions- 78-Question 66: Change of SalesDocumentA sales document type of a sales order can be changedafter getting saved. How do you do this?A: One way is through the configuration of documenttype in transaction code VOV8 (OAnother way is in the "Transaction Flow" section.You can also perform “Alt sales doc type 1” and “Alt salesdoc type 2.”
  • 79. SAP SD Interview Questions- 79 -Question 67: Product AllocationExceptionWe have set availability check against product allocationusing fields Prod.allocation obj., MATNR, WERKS andcustomer in the referenced infostructure. In theinfostructure referenced, these fields are coming fromMCVBAP-MATNR, MCVBAP-WERKS. But for thestructure field "plant,” we now need to make anexception. In certain cases we have to check and updateexisting allocation in a plant different from thedelivering plant. I found EXIT_SAPLQUOT_003 tocheck allocation on a different plant, but I am not ableto find a way to update the structure on this plant. Do Ihave to change the update rules/source fields for theinfostructure?A: The user exit is only useful for changing the plantprior to executing product allocation checks. To get theupdate of the infostructure against the same plant, youwill need to write a routine for the plant in theinfostructure.
  • 80. SAP SD Interview Questions- 80 -Question 68: Defaultdistribution channelWe have only one distribution channel in our company.Can we default it in the transaction field that needsdistribution channel data? How can we configure that?A: You can use the user master data to achieve this.Use transaction code SU01 and input the user ID. Go tothe parameters tab page and add parameter VTW. Inputyour default distribution channel in the parameter value.The only drawback with this method is you will have toindividually do this for all your users.
  • 81. SAP SD Interview Questions- 81 -Question 70: Third Party SalesOrder ScenarioOn plant P1 a sales order is created which is convertedinto PR and PO. A central purchasing plant P2processes it and sends it to the vendor. Vendor suppliesgoods to plant P2. P2 then transfers the goods to P1. P1then delivers it to customer. Wewant actual plant to dothe goods receipt. Meaning P2 would receive the stockinitially for sales order (TAB) and linked purchase order(having plant P1) if goods are coming to P2.Subsequently, when P2 plant delivers the sales orderstock to P1 plant, P1 should create the goods receipt forstock transfer delivery. The reason we want to achievethis is so not to disturb the material costs, as once thegoods are received it will be valuated. How do we dothis?A: You could have the requirement placed on P1,which then creates a dependent requirement on P2.When purchased, it is sent to P2. The dependentrequirement causes a STO between P1 and P2, and thecustomer demand requires fulfillment out of P1.
  • 82. SAP SD Interview Questions- 82 -Question 71: Automatic PackingI want to use automatic packing and I have to create theprocedure for packing instructions. Where and how canI link the procedure with my delivery type or itemcategory?A: The procedure is assigned in transaction OVHU2.You will have to assign the procedure to 0002Outbound Delivery. Here you cannot specify thedelivery type or item category. To some extent, you cancontrol this with the packing indicator in the deliveryitem category, however, you can have better control bydesigning the access sequence with the available fields.
  • 83. SAP SD Interview Questions- 83 -Question 71: Availability CheckIs it possible to perform an availability check based onthe plant yet exclude one storage location?A: You can make a storage location not available to theavailability check in MM.
  • 84. SAP SD Interview Questions- 84 -Question 72: Copying textIs it possible to copy texts from sales order header tobilling document header?A: Use transaction VOTXN, and then create an accesssequence with text object VBBK. Also make sure thatthe requirement of access sequence is given as 1-Refdoc. Header.
  • 85. SAP SD Interview Questions- 85 -Question 73: Customer stock inthe MD04I must create an order. Whenever a sales order iscreated in the schedule line items, the check box "Fixeddate and quantity" is checked. In the MD04 transaction,customer requirements for the sales order are notappearing. Why is this?A: Regarding fix date and quantity check box checktransaction OVZJ for your sales area. With the secondproblem regarding MD04, you must check two things;requirements class and scheduling category. Checkyour document to see whether they are activated forrequirement transfer.
  • 86. SAP SD Interview Questions- 86 -Question 74: Printing CustomerDetailsIn transaction XD03 we can print details for a singlecustomer. Is there any transaction code to print all thecustomers’ address or details at one time?A: For this requirement check TC: S_ALR_87012179 &S_ALR_87012180.
  • 87. SAP SD Interview Questions- 87 -Question 75: Table for SalesOrganizationWhat table do I use in creating ABAP program thatwould output the sales based on sales organization ofcustomers?A: If you have SIS update turned on, you can usetransaction code MTCE against infostructure 001 todisplay sales by sales organization and so forth. Apartfrom SIS, you may create simple ABAP query with LDBVAV. If you want to create an ABAP report only, thenuse transaction code VBRK->billing header table andVBRP ->billing item table.
  • 88. SAP SD Interview Questions- 88 -
  • 89. SAP SD Interview Questions- 89 -SAP SD Fundamentals
  • 90. SAP SD Interview Questions- 90 -SAP Sales and DistributionProcessing Document FlowDocument Flow in SalesThe sales documents you create are individualdocuments but they can also form part of a chain ofinter-related documents. For example, you mayrecord a customer’s telephone inquiry in thesystem. The customer next requests a quotation,which you then create by referring to the inquiry.The customer later places an order on the basis ofthe quotation and you create a sales order withreference to the quotation. You ship the goods andbill the customer. After delivery of the goods, thecustomer claims credit for some damaged goodsand you create a free-of-charge delivery withreference to the sales order. The entire chain ofdocuments – the inquiry, the quotation, the salesorder, the delivery, the invoice, and the subsequentdelivery free of charge – creates a document flow orhistory. The flow of data from one document intoanother reduces manual activity and makesproblem resolution easier. Inquiry and quotationmanagement in the Sales Information System helpyou to plan and control your sales.The following graphic shows how the various typesof sales documents are inter-related and how datasubsequently flows into shipping and billingdocuments
  • 91. SAP SD Interview Questions- 91 -Sales Document TypeSales document can have many different documenttype. Each document type has its own usage..Some commonly used document types are:-• OR - Standard Order• RE - Returns• FD - Delivery Free of ChargeDifferent Sales Document types have differentcontrol parameters.For e.g. Document type ZOWN :-General control :-Check Division -Blank -> no checks1 -> Dialog to inform user that the division isdifferent from material master2 -> Error when division is different frommaterial masterShippingImmediate DeliveryBlank -> Create delivery separately1 -> Create delivery immediately when salesorder is save2 -> Create delivery if quantity can beconfirmed to dayMaintain Sales Document Type
  • 92. SAP SD Interview Questions- 92 -• Transaction VOV8 - Double click on thedocument type to check the configuration.Some configurations you can specify:-• Check credit limit• Define the default Delivery type• Define the default Billing type• Block the Document Type from being usedetc.
  • 93. SAP SD Interview Questions- 93 -New Division/Sales Area/SalesOffice4.6xOVXA - Assign division to sales organizationOVXG - Set up sales areaOVXM - Assign sales office to sales areae.g. Sales Organization -> Distribution Channel ->Division|-> Sales OfficeVOR2 - Define Common DivisionsOVAN - Combine divisions allows you to sharesales document type data between differentdivisions. You define the sales document types in acentral division and then use it as a referencedivision.For e.g.Sales Organization Division Reference divisionALL 01 01ALL 02 01ALL 03 01OVKK - Define Pricing Procedure DeterminationFor e.g.Sales Organization DistributionChannel Division DocumentProcedure Pricing Procedure
  • 94. SAP SD Interview Questions- 94 -ALL 01 01A 1SM30 Table/View :V_TSPA - Define New DivisionV_T134G_WS - Assign Business Area To PlantV_TVTA_GRE - Define Rules By Sales AreaV_TVTA_KFV - Assign business area by salesareaV_TVAKZ - Assign sales order typespermitted for sales areas
  • 95. SAP SD Interview Questions- 95 -What is the difference betweensales organization and salesarea?Organizational Structure broadly refers to the waya company follows a set path ofsystems/hierarchies.Different companies do have different structuresand the differences in structures emanates basicallyfrom the strategies.Sales organization is the organizationalunit whichresponsible for the selling of the product,movement of goods to the customer.Sales Area is the combination of the Sales:Organization + Distribution Channel + Division.Company code of an organization is the legal entitywhich have separate Balance sheet and profit & lossA/C required by law for the legal purpose sowhenever an organizational unit have differentBalance sheet and P/L A/c you can define acompanycode.A Companys structure can be mapped in R/3which would facilitate flow of information, flow ofprocess and also facilitates work flow in a logicalway.A Sales organization structure is based on theElements of the Organization which are as follows.
  • 96. SAP SD Interview Questions- 96 -1. Company Code2. Sales Organization3. Distribution Channel4. Division5. Plant6. Shipping Point.A Company Code is generally created by financeand it broadly represents the highest point ofstructure.The relationship between Sales Org and Companycode is Unique. One Sales Organization can beassigned to one Company code. Think of onepractical situation where in u can Say that Essar isOne Group (Client).Essar Infotech (Company Code), Essar Oil(Company Code).Essar Oil may have Essar South (Sales Org) andEssar North( Sales Org). You have to rememberthat Essar South is only assigned to Essar Oil andnot Essar Infotech right....A Combination of Sales Org, Distribution Channeland Division is called a Sales Area and a Sales Areais assigned to the company thru the Sales Orgn.A plant is assigned to the company code. It is alsoassigned to the Sales Org and Dist Channeland thischannel is called Delivering Plant.A Shipping Point is assigned to the CLIENT.
  • 97. SAP SD Interview Questions- 97 -Block Sales Document Type /Delivery / Billing by CustomerWhen there is a temporarily stop of business with acustomer, you can block new orders to be createdfor this customer. You can have the options ofblocking all the work flow or let the delivery andbilling to continue for any open orders.VD05 - Block/Unblock CustomerOVAS - Sales Order Type Blocking reasonsOVAL - Blocking reasons links with Sales OrderTypeOVZ7 - Delivery Blocking reasonsOVV3 - Billing Blocking reasonsIn 4.6x, if you found that your Sales Order BillingBlock is not working, it is because you need to buildthe Billing Block for the Billing Type.SM30 - Table/View V_TVFSPIf you want a material to be blocked, go to the Basicdata 1 view of the material, there in the generaldata you have " X-plant material status ". Also inCost estimate 1 view of the material you have PlantSpecific Material status. Use the options availableto block the material in these two views.You cannot use the material in sales order
  • 98. SAP SD Interview Questions- 98 -Use the material exclusion function:FUNCTIONALITY:SD> Master data > Products > Listing/Exclusion>Create( Transaction codes VBO1, VB02, VB03)Enter the list/exclusion type B001: For therequiredCustomer:Enter Maintain materials > Save > ExitCreate the order and enter material excluded to testexclusion.CONFIGURATION: IMG SETTINGSFor IMG settings; Go to IMG > SD > BasicFunctions>Listing/ExclusionEnsure that the listing/exclusion procedure isactivated for your order type. You can also createyour own condition types access sequences andprocedures or use the SAP provided ones.
  • 99. SAP SD Interview Questions- 99 -Wrong/duplicate RE Created• Check Document Flow for REDecision:-o No Goods Issue and No Credit Memocreatedo Reject the sales order itemo No Goods Issue and Credit Memocreated§ Cancel Credit Memo§ Reject the sales order itemo Goods Issue and Credit Memocreatedo Create another OR to offset the creditmemo created. Treat this as a normalOR process. Ensure that accountreceivable is informed by typing inthe item text. Please do not sendinvoice to customer as the RE iswrongly/duplicate.Note: When you create another OR, thedelivery department may actually go anddelivery the goods to customer. Thus, it isimportant to inform them that this OR is forinternal adjustment. The process of postingthe goods issue must be done by the deliveryside for proper flow.
  • 100. SAP SD Interview Questions- 100 -Movement type determinationand AvailabilitySM30 - Table View - V_TVEPZ -> Assign scheduleline categories• First check the Proposed schedule line category(SchLC) - double click on the line itemVOV6 - Maintain the schedule line categories - doubleclick on the line item• For example, you can control the default returnsmovement type.• 651 - two steps - with a transfer posting using453• 653 - one steps - direct post to unrestricted usedControl the Transaction Flow (tick to activate thefunction)• transfer of requirement• for availability check for sales• production allocation active
  • 101. SAP SD Interview Questions- 101 -Sales reservationSales reservation takes place automatically throughavailability checkThe setting is on the checking group ( OVZ2 - DefineChecking Groups ).You must set the "Accumul." column. Without settingthis it will only check availability but not reserve it!SAP recommend Accumul. = 3 -> Accumulate therequirements quantity when creating and accumulatethe confirmed quantity when making changes.For manual reservation, you can use MB21, movementtype 251 - Goods Issue for sales.To activate the Sales Order number field, do thefollowings :-Activate transaction OMBWdouble click movement type 251double click additional acct. assign.Tick the required/optional button as per yourrequirement.The user hasto manage the manualreservation usingMBVR.Reserving material without sales orderIn Order to reserve the specific materials for a particularcustomer, use Strategy 50 to plan your MRP with thematerials getting reserved for customer when you makeIndividual / Collective requirement (1) in MRP4 view ofMaterial MasterOr you can create a manual reservation against thatparticular material and give the customer name in theRecipient Field so that you can easily identify theMaterial which belong to the Customer
  • 102. SAP SD Interview Questions- 102 -Sales Order StockSales Order Stock is stock with Special Stock type E. Itcan fall into the usual stock categories such asunrestricted, blocked etc. but "belongs" to a salesorder. For example, you create a sales order for a partand assign a sales item category that generates anindividual requisition, the requirement has an accountassignment linking it to the sales order schedule line,and youconvert that requisition to a Purchase Order.When you receive the Purchase Order, the stock isplaced in sales order stock. It will show against the salesorder/sales order line. It can only be delivered againstthat sales order line. Any availability check etc for thatmaterial on any other sales order will not take it intoaccount as it is not available except to the sales orderline the stock is assigned to.
  • 103. SAP SD Interview Questions- 103 -Forecasted and Confirmed SalesOrdersMD73 - Display Total RequirementsEnter thematerial or MRP controller you want toanalyze.Assignment field options:1. If you with to look at how the planned independentrequirements have been match to the sales order. Salesorder which are over and above thatforecasted are notshown.2. If you are interested primarily in seeing what salesorder are over and above the sales forecast.3. If you are interested in seeing all the sales order withindication of whether or not they have been anticipatedin the forecast.4. If you wish to see all the three reports of the abovethree options together. Blank if you with to see acomplete list of sales order, without any indication ofwhether they have been anticipated in the forecast.
  • 104. SAP SD Interview Questions- 104 -Backorder ProcessingBackorder processing is a piece of functionality in SAPwhere you can change the commitments and over-ridethe blockage of stock marked against salesdocuments/deliveries. For example, you receive an orderfrom a very important customer for material "A" butthe entire quantity of A is committed to anothercustomer "B" via earlier sales orders and this is whereBACKORDER processing helps you to change thecommitment and shift stock due for B to A. This is thebenefit of this functionality.OMIH - Checking rule for updating backordersOPJL - Define new checking ruleOPJJ - Define scope of checkV_RA - Backorder ProcessingData selection:-Sold-to-party Customer code MandatorySales Organization MandatoryDistribution Channel MandatoryDivision MandatoryChanged confirmed quantity :-Tick the material you want to change and click theBackorder buttonConfirmed quantity that still can be changed arehighlighted.V.15 - Backorder ListSales Organization Mandatory
  • 105. SAP SD Interview Questions- 105 -Distribution Channel MandatoryDivision Mandatory
  • 106. SAP SD Interview Questions- 106 -Third Party Order ProcessingThird party order processing is as follows:Assume three companies X, Y and ZX - The company,y - The customerZ - VendorWhen ever X gets a PO from Y to supply some goods; Xhas an option of either manufacturing those goods orprocuring those goods.If he is procuring the goods, there are two methods thatare generally followed:Method 1) After receiving the PO from Y, X creates asales order against Y.Now at the same time he also creates a PO to a vendor Zto produce the goodsZ produces the goods and supplies to XX receives the goods from ZThen X delivers the same goods to Y.After that X invoices Y and Z invoices X.Note : Here there is no direct/ Indirect relation betweenZ and Y.This process is known as Trading Process. AndtheMaterial here is created with Material type HAWA.The other method is a Third party order processingmethod:Here the glaring difference is that instead of Z supplyingthe material to X and X in turn supplying the same
  • 107. SAP SD Interview Questions- 107 -material to Y.X authorizes Z to supply the material to Y on his behalfand notify him once the delivery is complete.Now Z supplies the material to Y and acknowledges thesame to X.Z will send a copy of delivery acknowledgement andinvoice to X.After receiving the delivery confirmation and invoicefrom Z, X has to verify the invoice and this process isknown as invoice verification and is done in SAPthrough Transaction code MIRO.The next step for X is to create an invoice and submit toY. Only after the invoice verification document isposted then only X can create an invoice for Y. This isthe business flow that is followed for third party orderconfiguration. There are few steps that have to beconfigured to enable the system to function asmentioned above.1. If you are always following a third party process for amaterial then you have to create the material using itemcategory group BANS.The procurement type should be marked as Externalprocurement (F) in MRP 2 view of the material masterrecord.If you are not always allowing third party orderprocessing then u can create a material master recordwith item category group as NORM and theprocurement type should be marked as ( X) meaningboth types of procurement ( in house manufacturing
  • 108. SAP SD Interview Questions- 108 -and external procurement).2. The item category in the order should be manuallychanged as TAS. For that you need to configure theitem category determinationord type + item cat grp + usage+ Hiv level = Item cat +Manual item catOR + NORM + + = TAN . + TASOR + BANS + + = TAS3. Make sure that during the item categoryconfiguration for TAS you need to mark relevant forbilling indicator as F4. The schedule line category for this type should be CS.Make sure that you mark subsequent type as NB -purchase requisition in this schedule line category asthis will trigger the purchase requisition orderimmediately after the creation of the sales order and thePO to vendor is created against this purchaserequisition.
  • 109. SAP SD Interview Questions- 109 -Product Group and Sales BOMMy client collects products with quantities in somethingthey call Product Group. The customer calls in andorders for the product group and automatically gets inall the associated materials.Do we need a Sales Order BOM to handle this?This is a good example of a Sales Order BOM. But theconfiguration of Sales BOM depends upon certainconditions like:If you want to create the product group and price it atheader level or if you want to assemble the products anddepending upon the assemblies you want to price .For example, if the customer asks for a certaincombination of Material A, B and C respectively,then you create a Material Master record Material Dwith item category group as LUMF.While the Materials A, B and C are created withstandard item category groups NORM only.Then create a sales BOM using Transaction code CS01and enter the following details:Material : Material DPlant : Plant in which you created the material.BOM Usage : 5 (Sales and Distribution)then give the Materials A, B, and C and give theirrespective quantities.Before you have to create pricing condition records forMaterials A, B, and C.
  • 110. SAP SD Interview Questions- 110 -Then configure the item categories ( T - code : VOV4).When processing the sales order, just give the MaterialD and the system will pick up the correspondingassemblies for that material and populate in the order.The item category for the header item will be TAPand the item category for the items will be TAN,In this case the Material D is called as the higher levelItem , and all the assemblies are called as the sub items.Here the sub items are relevant for pricing and deliverywhere as the header item is not relevant for neitherpricing nor delivery. It just acts as a text item.This type of configuration of BOM is known as pricingat item level. This is used when you don’t know whatquantities of assemblies the customer is going to orderand if the price of the assembly keeps varies.There is another way of configuring BOM which ispricing at header level.The difference is that the Material Master D has to beconfigured using the item category group ERLA.Creation of BOM is same.But you need to maintain the pricing condition recordfor the header item.The item categories in this case would beHeader item : TAQSub item TAE;Where the header item is relevant for pricing anddelivery. And sub itemsare not relevant for neither thepricing nor the delivery.Depending upon your requirements you can configureaccordingly.
  • 111. SAP SD Interview Questions- 111 -Defining Company and AssigningSales OrganizationDefinition of Company Code1.Transaction Code: SPRO2. Click Enterprise IMG button3. Select Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> FinancialAccounting -> Define, Copy, Delete, Check CompanyCode -> Edit Company Code Data4. Check the check box and all yes radio buttons. ClickContinue button5. Click New Entries Button and Type your companycode and name.Assignment of Sales Organization to Company Code1. Transaction Code: SPRO2. Click Enterprise IMG button3. Select Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Salesand Distribution -> Assign Sales Organization toCompany CodeJoyThe sales organization is an organizational unit withinlogistics, which structures the company according to itssales requirements. It represents the selling unit as alegal entity. It is responsible for product guarantees andother rights to recourse, for example. Regionalsubdividing of the market can also be carried out withthe help of sales organizations.Each business transaction is processed within a salesorganization.
  • 112. SAP SD Interview Questions- 112-Each sales organization is assigned exactly one companycode for which you enter all accounting details of thesales organization.A distribution chain can be active for several plants andthe plants can be assigned to different company codes.If the sales organization and plant are assigned todifferent company codes, an internal billing documentis sent between the company codes before the salestransactions are entered for accounting purposes.
  • 113. SAP SD Interview Questions- 113 -Partner ProceduresSold-to-party (Customer Master) - Payment, TaxdeterminationBill-to-party - Address to send the invoice toShip-to-party - Deliver the goods toPayer - Pay to who (a company/person name)VOPA - Maintain Partner DeterminationClick Partner ObjectClick Partner ProceduresDouble Click on the Procedures Line ItemsTo pass the partner function contact person (CP) data tothe ship-to-party in the delivery document.Go to the Partner Determination procedure for you salesorder type. Look for the column that is labeledSOURCE.Put SH against partner function CP and it will assign CPfrom ship-to-party to afterwards.As long as you have CP in your delivery document, itwill be copied from SO to Delivery properly
  • 114. SAP SD Interview Questions- 114 -One Time CustomerV-07 - Create a one-time customer. (Account Group -CPDA)In order for the user to create sales order, you have tomaintain the Account group for the Sold-to Party. (SP)VOPA - Maintain Partner DeterminationClick Partner functionsClick Environment -> Account Group. AssignmentTo create a new entry, press Page Down till the last line.
  • 115. SAP SD Interview Questions- 115 -Goods Return from CustomerWe have posted GI to ship the material from our plantto our customer plant in Japan (also belongs to our owncompany, were doing intercom transfer). Now theywant to return the material to us.What is the process for us to do goodsReturn? What arethe exact steps/transactions used to handle this process.What if the billing document has been created and theyhave made payment to us?What if the billing document has been created and sentbut they have made payment to us?A: All returns against sales order are affected againstsales order type RE.You can copy this order type and rename it to suit yourpurpose. Kindly understand that sales returns areagainst billing raised. This means while creating thesales return order, thatit will be created with referenceto the Billing Number. This will ensure all the originaleffects in the billing to be passed on to the SRA . Thecredit memo is based on the order and not on thedelivery.Try this first in the development server before doing itin the production server. Also, ensure to verify that thecredit memo actually credits the customer and debitssales account. We had this problem due to some hotpatch application in version4.0B and then had to getthe relevant code from SAP OSS for applying in the copycontrol routines. As regards the payment, the amountwill appear as credit balance in the customer accountand you need to decide whether to adjust against someother invoice or refund the amount to the party.
  • 116. SAP SD Interview Questions- 116 -You wont be able to use the standard customer returnprocess for these cases. A customer return will only dothe postings on one side (goods receipt, customer creditmemo), but will not reduce inventory on the other sideor create the debit memo. I had the same requirement ina previous project and we used the same process we hadfor the initial transactions, just everything starts fromyour plant in Japan and they deliver stock to your plantand charge you.
  • 117. SAP SD Interview Questions- 117 -SD Customer Master Tables
  • 118. SAP SD Interview Questions- 118-Rebate Agreement and PartnerDeterminationHow do I create and process a Rebate agreement?Why is partner determination so important and alsoexplain the procedure for Partner determination?Following explains how to create a rebate agreement,test it using a sales order and billing it. Then settling itpartially or fully using a rebate credit memo. Please usethe basic procedure and tweak your IMG settingsaccording to your unique requirements.Rebate processing:1. First requirement is that the rebate processing mustbe active fora. the customer ( check in customer master) ,b. for the billing type ( check in IMG > Billing > rebateprocessing > active rebate processing > select billingdocuments for rebate processing. )c. For the sales organization:( check in IMG > Billing> rebate processing > activerebate processing > Active rebate processing for salesorg. )2. Next create a rebate agreement for this use T-codeVB01. For the rebate agreement type you can chooseeither 0001 (group rebate) or 0002 material rebate or0003 (customer rebate), etc. b. Enter your rebateconditions. Don’t forget to enter the accrual rate here.3. Now test your rebate functionality : create a salesorder for the particular customer, sales org ( ensure thatthe billing type used in your sales order is relevant forrebate) . Create outbound delivery, transfer order to dopicking and post goods issue.
  • 119. SAP SD Interview Questions- 119 -4. Now go to transaction code VB03 and check yourrebate by choosing conditions , selecting the conditionline and choosing payment data. You will see that theaccruals and business volume are updated whenaccounting doc is created for billing.5. Settling your rebates:Once your rebates have been accrued you need to settlethe rebate. For this first release the rebate forsettlement by using transaction code VB02. As a trialbasis choose B ( you can choose other settings based onyour requirement) and choose Create manual accrual.Now enter the amount to be paid and save the rebateagreement.6. Next display your rebate agreement usingTransaction code VB03. Enter your rebate agreementnumber . Next choose rebate payments > Rebatedocuments and select partial settlement. Click on thechoose button to note down your credit request number.7. Use transaction code VA02 and release the billingblock for your credit request. (Use item overview tab)8. Now use VF01 to create a rebate credit memo byentering the credit memo request number and save it9. Now release the credit memo to accounting usingvf02.
  • 120. SAP SD Interview Questions- 120 -Document Flow in SalesThe sales documents you create are individualdocuments but they can also form part of a chain ofinter-related documents. For example, you may record acustomer’s telephone inquiry in the system. Thecustomer next requests a quotation, which you thencreate by referring to the inquiry. The customer laterplaces an order on the basis of the quotation and youcreate a sales order with reference to the quotation. Youship the goods and bill the customer. After delivery ofthe goods, the customer claims credit for some damagedgoods and you create a free-of-charge delivery withreference to the sales order. The entire chain ofdocuments – the inquiry, the quotation, the sales order,the delivery, the invoice, and the subsequent deliveryfree of charge – creates a document flow or history. Theflow of data from one document into another reducesmanual activity and makes problem resolution easier.Inquiry and quotation management in the SalesInformation System help you to plan and control yoursales.
  • 121. SAP SD Interview Questions- 121 -The following graphic shows how the various types ofsales documents are inter-related and how datasubsequently flows into shipping and billing documents.
  • 122. SAP SD Interview Questions- 122 -Transaction Code Listing1. VS00 - Master data2. VC00 - Sales Support3. VA00 - Sales4. VL00 - Shipping5. VT00 - Transportation6. VF00 - BillingOthers as follows:At Configuration:1. VOV8 - Define Sales documents type (header)2. OVAZ - Assigning Sales area to sales documentstype3. OVAU - Order reasons4. VOV4 - Assign Item categories (Item categorydetermination)5. VOV6 - Schedule line categories6. OVAL - To assign blocks to relevant salesdocuments type7. OVLK - Define delivery types8. V/06 - Pricing9. V/08 - Maintain pricing procedure10.OVKP - Pricing proc determination11.V/07 - Access sequenceEnd user:1. Customer Master Creation-VD01 and XD01 (forfull including company code)VD02 - Change CustomerVD03 - Display CustomerVD04 - Customer Account ChangesVD06 - Flag for Deletion Customer
  • 123. SAP SD Interview Questions- 123 -XD01 - Create CustomerXD02 - Modify CustomerXD03 - Display Customer2. Create Other material ----MM003. VB11- To create material determinationcondition record4. CO09- Material availability Overview5. VL01 - Create outbound delivery with ref salesorder6. VL04 - Collective processing of delivery7. VA11 - Create InquiryVA12 - Change InquiryVA13 - Display InquirySales & DistributionSales order / Quote / Scheduling Agreement/ Contract· VA01 - Create Order· VA02 - Change Order· VA03 - Display Order· VA02 - Sales order change· VA05 - List of sales orders· VA32 - Scheduling agreement change· VA42 - Contract change· VA21 - Create Quotation· VA22 - Change Quotation· VA23 - Display QuotationBilling· VF02 - Change billing document· VF11 - Cancel Billing document· VF04 - Billing due list· FBL5N - Display Customer invoices by line· FBL1N - Display Vendor invoices by line
  • 124. SAP SD Interview Questions- 124 -Delivery· VL02N - Change delivery document· VL04 - Delivery due list· VKM5 - List of deliveries· VL06G - List of outbound deliveries for goodsissue· VL06P - List of outbound deliveries for picking· VL09 - Cancel goods issue· VT02N - Change shipment· VT70 - Output for shipmentsGeneral· VKM3, VKM4 - List of sales documents· VKM1 - List of blocked SD documents· VD52 - Material Determination
  • 125. SAP SD Interview Questions- 125 -Most Important TablesKONV Conditions for Transaction DataKONP Conditions for ItemsLIKP Delivery Header DataLIPS Delivery: Item dataVBAK Sales Document: Header DataVBAP Sales Document: Item DataVBBE Sales Requirements: Individual RecordsVBEH Schedule line historyVBEP Sales Document: Schedule Line DataVBFA Sales Document FlowVBLB Sales document: Release order dataVBLK SD Document: Delivery Note HeaderVBPA Sales Document: PartnerVBRK Billing: Header DataVBRP Billing: Item DataVBUK Sales Document: Header Status andAdministrative DataVBUP Sales Document: Item StatusVEKP Handling Unit - Header TableVEPO Packing: Handling Unit Item (Contents)VEPVG Delivery Due Index
  • 126. SAP SD Interview Questions- 126 -INDEXAABAP....................................86Account Assignment..........35Area Menu Maintenance...23Assigning Movement Type..........................................72Assigning SalesOrganization .................113Automatic Packing .............81Availability Check..............82BBackorder Processing.......105bapi_salesorder_change.....27Billing by Customer ...........97Billing Document................17Block Sales Document.......97BOM ...............12, 39, 45, 110BOM Usage .........................39CCanceling Invoicesaccounting documents ..61Canceling Sales Order Items..........................................75Cannot Save Layout ...........76Change of Sales Document..........................................77characteristicrelation to transactioncode CTO4 ................48Characteristic .......................48Company Code....................42COND_AV..........................23condition maintenance..23Condition Type....................19Confirmed quantity.............67Confirmed Sales Orders ...104consignment stockProcess to create.............49Consignment Stock.............49Copying text .........................83Copying Text .......................40Credit Check ........................65CS01......................................39Customer Hierarchy............36DDefault distribution channel...........................................79Defining Company............113Delay Billing........................41Delivery Document.............18Delivery Group....................12delivery notesdifferent languages ........55Document Flow .................122domestic customers.........24EError Message Creation......30Excise Tax............................50FForecasted Sales Orders ...104GGoods Issue..........................31Goods Return .....................117IIncomplete delivery ............45industrial customers........24
  • 127. SAP SD Interview Questions- 127 -Info Structure........................51Infostructure Filling ............28Intercompany sales..............57Invoice Due Date.................74View.................................74LLIS.........................................62LIS Updates..........................62Lost Tax Field ......................58MMandatory Condition..........38Material Specific Pricing....34MB1B....................................13MB1C.....................................70MD04....................................84ME27.....................................13Messages Transaction.........32MIRO.....................................43MIRO Receipt.................43MM01...................................57MM02...................................31MTCE....................................86MWST...................................38NNACE ....................................44Negative Stock.....................31New Division........................92normal pricing...................37Number Range Buffering...47OOBB8.....................................74OMJ1.....................................31Order Creation......................15Order quantity ......................67Organization Structure........73Output Via Email.................26OVHU2.................................81OVK1.....................................58OVK3.....................................58OVK4 ....................................58OVKK....................................37OVRO....................................28OVRP ....................................28OVZJ.....................................84PPartner Determination......120partner functions..............33Partner Procedures............115Payment Method..................25PGI ..................................14, 36Plant Stock............................70Posting to Accounts.............29Pricing Procedure ..19, 24, 37Printing Customer Details ..85Printing Several Copies ......66Prod. Allocation Exc...........78Product Group...................110RRebate Agreement ............120Rejecting Sales Order Items...........................................75RVAA01................................38SS004......................................28sales area...............................94Sales Area .............................92Sales BOM ...................12, 110Sales Document Type.........90Sales Documents..................40Sales Office ..........................92sales order...........................37Credit Check ...................65tracing the changes of....63
  • 128. SAP SD Interview Questions- 128 -Sales OrderNew Fields......................52Sales Order Stock..............103sales organization................94Sales Organization..............86Sales reservation ...............101Scale Price Condition.........16SD Document Flow............89SD/FI Interface...........42, 46SD01......................................76SE43,....................................23SE91......................................32Sending Invoices.................44Serial Numbers ..............18, 21SERIAL_LS_PRINT .......18Shipping Pointsadding new......................59STO .......................................64Price Adjustment ...........53STO Delivery Creation List..........................................64Stock Transfer .....................13SU01 .....................................79Subtotals in Pricing.............68TTable 304............................71Tax Codes.............................60taxes......................................37Text Determination.............56Third Party Order Processing........................................107Third Party Sales.................80Transaction Mass ................20VVA01 .....................................15Variant Configuration.........54Variant Pricing.....................22VAT rates.............................60VBBK ....................................83VBPA ....................................33VBRK....................................86VF02.....................................66VF04.....................................69VK11...............................16, 38VK31.....................................71VKOA....................................35VL01N..................................12VOFA....................................29VOFM............................16, 24VOTXN ................................83VOV8.............................15, 30VPRS.....................................17VTW......................................79Wwarning messages............32Wrong/duplicate RE Created...........................................99XXD03 ....................................85ZZEC1......................................71
  • 129. SAP SD Interview Questions- 129 -

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