Oedipus Intro notes

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  • Oedipus Intro notes

    1. 1. Greek Drama
    2. 2. “Big 4 Playwrights”•Aeschylus •Euripides•Aristophanes •Sophocles
    3. 3. Sophocles• circa 496-406BC• most admired playwright• only 7 of his estimated 127 plays remain• won over 20 prizes in theater competitions• works explore “human suffering and despair”, dignity, morals• “the unsolvable dilemma”- tests faith in the gods, in justice, in morals
    4. 4. Greek Theatres
    5. 5. Theaters• huge, outdoor facilities• large audience capacity, all seats are good• natural acoustics• space also used for funerals of state, forums, meetings• Romans turned theaters into arenas for sports and gladiators• sometimes flooded for boat races
    6. 6. Major Themes•fatal flaw vs. victim of fate•role of divine justice... is there free will? or are we pawns of fate?•roles of humans in the universe
    7. 7. Tragedy and the Tragic Hero•tragic flaw: character’s weakness, faults•Aristotle: tragedy is “when a hero goes through one or more reversals of fortune, leading up to a final recognition of truth”
    8. 8. Notes from Film• Role of theatre in ancient Greek society: illustrate the “how” and “why” of the human experience ✴structure of the universe ✴structure of gods and family groups ✴give people a sense of the universe and how they fit in ✴truth of the human nature and experience ✴values, models for community living
    9. 9. Notes from Film• Birthplace and Time: Athens, 4th or 5th century• Original function: celebrate/honor Dionysis, the god of wine, sex, revel• Schedule of Performances: seasonal, or part of theater competitions• Play Themes and Narratives: not “highbrow”, based on myths and historical events, usually tragedy or comedy• Actors: originally amateurs, then eventually professionals, then eventually acting troupes; low wages; only men
    10. 10. Notes from Film•The SuperStars? playwrights! highest status in the theatre, did it all... wrote, acted, directed, costuming, wrote music•Audience/Cost: men only at first, then women eventually; cost about a day’s wages, the eventually free
    11. 11. • group speaking in unison or antiphonally The• speaks directly to audience Chorus• purpose of Chorus: ✴provide background ✴move plot along ✴state or reinforce values, themes ✴comment on human nature ✴misc remarks, information
    12. 12. Drama Terms to Know...• Drama: art of writing or producing a story intended for performance• Protagonist: main character, principal figure in a story• Antagonist: character in opposition of protagonist or hero• Comedy: dramatic work that is light or humorous in tone• Tragedy: dramatic work in which the protagonist suffers sorrow or extreme ruin, especially as a consequence of a tragic flaw or moral weakness
    13. 13. Drama Terms to Know...• Theatre: “what is seen” (vs THEATER: the place where it is seen)• 3 Parts of Greek Theater • Scene/Sheenee: acting platform (later became a raised area, and called the stage) • Theatron: seating • Orchestra: where chorus stood• Altars: to honor gods
    14. 14. Oedipus Rexhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sA1_QZxvRyo
    15. 15. Necessary Info...• first of a trilogy about Thebes (Greek city/state) • Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone• Opening Situation: Thebes is suffering a great plague. Apollo says it will not end until the murderer of King Laius is found and punished.• Audience Familiarity: would have known story (see summary in packet)• Tight Dramatic Structure: very small range of time and space, can stand alone apart from rest of trilogy • Aristotle’s wholeness in literature: completeness of beginning, middle, and end
    16. 16. THEMES๏quest for identity๏nature of innocence andguilt๏moral responsibility๏human will vs fate,destiny๏abuse of power๏human weaknesses, flaws
    17. 17. Terms
    18. 18. Terms• Dramatic Irony: when reader/audience knows or understands important point the character does not
    19. 19. Terms• Dramatic Irony: when reader/audience knows or understands important point the character does not ★ we already know Oedipus’ true identity before story begins!
    20. 20. Terms• Dramatic Irony: when reader/audience knows or understands important point the character does not ★ we already know Oedipus’ true identity before story begins!• Prologue/Prologos: opening, exposition (character, setting, conflicts)
    21. 21. Terms• Dramatic Irony: when reader/audience knows or understands important point the character does not ★ we already know Oedipus’ true identity before story begins!• Prologue/Prologos: opening, exposition (character, setting, conflicts)• Parados: entrance song of chorus
    22. 22. Terms• Dramatic Irony: when reader/audience knows or understands important point the character does not ★ we already know Oedipus’ true identity before story begins!• Prologue/Prologos: opening, exposition (character, setting, conflicts)• Parados: entrance song of chorus• Episodes (Scenes): action in the drama, performed by actors
    23. 23. Terms• Dramatic Irony: when reader/audience knows or understands important point the character does not ★ we already know Oedipus’ true identity before story begins!• Prologue/Prologos: opening, exposition (character, setting, conflicts)• Parados: entrance song of chorus• Episodes (Scenes): action in the drama, performed by actors• Stasimons (Odes): chorus passages, alternate with Episodes
    24. 24. Terms• Dramatic Irony: when reader/audience knows or understands important point the character does not ★ we already know Oedipus’ true identity before story begins!• Prologue/Prologos: opening, exposition (character, setting, conflicts)• Parados: entrance song of chorus• Episodes (Scenes): action in the drama, performed by actors• Stasimons (Odes): chorus passages, alternate with Episodes• Exodus: conclusion, ends usually with chorus singing final lines as they exit

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