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  • 1. The investigation of college students’ speaking ability in CLT classrooms in Taiwan 溝通式教學法對大專生口語能力影響之調查 Presenter: Chen-Yo Chi Advisor: Dr. Chin-Ling Lee Date: December 29, 2008
  • 2. Content
    • INTRODUCTION
    • LITERATURE REVIEW
    • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
    • RESEARCH QUESTIONS
    • METHODOLOGY
  • 3. Introduction
    • In the past, the focus of language learning had been on linguistic forms , and the representative teaching method Grammar translation method was widely adapted in teaching.
  • 4. Introduction
    • The principle characteristic of GTM are the analysis and memorizing the grammar rule , translation of sentences, and emphasis on accuracy
    • (Richard & Rogers, 2001)
  • 5. Introduction
    • Traditional teaching method GTM is still popular in the field of English education in Taiwan.
    • Due to the need for Taiwanese students to survive in test-oriented learning environment, translating , testing , and analyzing the text have been the major activities in the classrooms.
  • 6. Statement of the problems
    • The lack of teacher-student or student-student interaction in the classroom may lower students’ motivation to learn and hinder the development of speaking ability due to insufficient practice.
  • 7. Literature Review
    • CLT
    • Communicative Competence
    • Attitude towards language learning
  • 8. CLT
    • According to Richards and Rodgers (1986), CLT starts with a theory of language as communication, and its goal is to develop learners’ communicative competence .
    • (Richards & Rodgers, 1986)
  • 9. Communicative Competence
    • Canal and Swain(1980) defined communicative competence in terms of four components:
    • I. Grammatical competence
    • II. Social linguistic competence
    • III. Discourse competence
    • IV. Strategic competence
    • (Canal & Swain, 1980)
  • 10. Attitudes towards language learning
    • Negative attitudes towards language learning may reduce learners’ motivation and harm language learning.
    • Positive attitudes can do the opposite.
    • (Oxford, 2001, p.168)
  • 11. Purpose of the study To investigate the influences of CLT to students’ oral performance To investigate the influences of CLT to students’ learning motivation towards foreign language learning
  • 12. Research Questions
    • What effect does the implementation of CLT may have on college students’ oral performance?
    • What are students’ learning attitudes
    • towards CLT learning?
  • 13. Instrument
    • Performance test
    • Questionnaire
  • 14. Participants
    • The target participants of this study are 80 non-English major freshmen and sophomores at Chaoyang University of Technology (CYUT) in Taiwan.
  • 15. Research Procedures Pilot study Formal study Experiment group Control group
    • Pre-test
    • Oral performance test
    • Questionnaire of students’ perception towards CLT learning at pre-test
    Pre-test 1.Oral performance test 2.Questionnaire of students’ perception towards GTM learning at pre-test
  • 16. Research Procedures Experimental group Control group CLT learning for one semester Traditional learning (GTM) Post-test 1.Final oral performance test 2.Qustionaire of students’ perceptions towards CLT learning at post- test Post-test 1.Final oral perform test 2.Questionaire of students’ perceptions towards GTM learning at post-test
  • 17. Data Collection Pre-and Post tests of oral performance Pre-and Post Questionnaires
    • SPSS
    • Independent T test
    • Descriptive Statistics
    Data Analysis
  • 18. Thank you for your attention!