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INFANT MORTALITY
Infant Mortality
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       Neo-natal mortality rate
       Post neo-natal mortality rate
       Child mortality rates
...
Infant Mortality
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       World IMR (2008)        = 49 per 1000
       MDCs IMR                     = 6 per 1000
    ...
Infant Mortality
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       Country with lowest IMR
         China/Hong    Kong = 1.6
       Country with highest IMR
 ...
Infant Mortality
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       Why is it important to study?
        A   large % of all deaths occur among infants in
     ...
Infant Mortality
6


       Many deaths in this age group are preventable
         Low birth weight
         Jaundice

...
7
Infant Mortality
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       Infant Mortality
         Other factors which affect IMR which are linked to
          devel...
9
Infant Mortality
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        Within the US
          US is ranked 29th among all countries in IMR
          IMR varies...
Infant Mortality Among Blacks, Whites and Others. USA. 1979-2002 .
                                        2,500.00
      ...
12
     Source: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2005
13
     Source: Michigan Department of Community Health, 2009
14
     Source: Michigan Department of Community Health, 2009
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Infant Mortality

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Infant Mortality

  1. 1. 1 INFANT MORTALITY
  2. 2. Infant Mortality 2  Neo-natal mortality rate  Post neo-natal mortality rate  Child mortality rates  Children aged 5 and under
  3. 3. Infant Mortality 3  World IMR (2008) = 49 per 1000  MDCs IMR = 6 per 1000  LDCs IMR = 54 per 1000  Least Developed Countries = 85 per 1000
  4. 4. Infant Mortality 4  Country with lowest IMR  China/Hong Kong = 1.6  Country with highest IMR  Afghanistan= 163  World Population Data Sheet (pg. 2)
  5. 5. Infant Mortality 5  Why is it important to study? A large % of all deaths occur among infants in high mortality countries  It is a very sensitive event  Responds well to intervention  It is an index of the general medical and public health conditions of a country
  6. 6. Infant Mortality 6  Many deaths in this age group are preventable  Low birth weight  Jaundice  Gastroenteritis  Pneumonia  and therefore IMR decreases dramatically as medical care is improved  For this reason IMR is seen as an accurate indicator of development  Healthy People 2010 goal: IMR = 4.5
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Infant Mortality 8  Infant Mortality  Other factors which affect IMR which are linked to development  Status of women and income  Educational level of mother  Age of mother  Also birth interval
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Infant Mortality 10  Within the US  US is ranked 29th among all countries in IMR  IMR varies by race/ethnicity of mother
  11. 11. Infant Mortality Among Blacks, Whites and Others. USA. 1979-2002 . 2,500.00 Black Infant Deaths per 100,000 Live Births White Other 2,000.00 1,500.00 1,000.00 500.00 0.00 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Years 11 Source: Fry-Johnson, Rowley, Rust & Levine, 2006.
  12. 12. 12 Source: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2005
  13. 13. 13 Source: Michigan Department of Community Health, 2009
  14. 14. 14 Source: Michigan Department of Community Health, 2009

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