Role of medicine
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Role of medicine

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Role of medicine Role of medicine Presentation Transcript

  • Role of Medicine
  • Journal #1
    Recall the last 3 medications you have taken
    What purpose were they taken for?
    Did they work?
  • Medicine slogans
    Plop plop fizz fizz oh what a relief it is
    All day long all day strong
    Nausea, heartburn, indigestion upset stomach relief
    Life doesn’t stop for allergies works when you need it most
    Nightime sniffling sneezing cough achey fever best sleep ever got cold medicine
    Because your periods more than a pain
    Painrelievershostpitals use most
    The headache medicine
  • Role of Medicine
    Medicines are classified based on how they work in your body.
    Medicines: drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases or other conditions
    Drugs: substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body or mind
  • Medicines treat or prevent illness 4 classifications
    Prevent Disease
    Fight Pathogens
    Relieving Pain
    Managing Chronic Conditions
  • Disease Prevention
    Vaccines: a preparation that prevents a person from contracting a specific disease.
    Vaccines contain weakened or dead pathogens that cause the disease. When injected into the body the vaccine produces antibodies that fight those pathogens. Your body also produces memory cells that recall how to make these antibodies.
  • Fight Pathogens
    Antibiotics: class of drug that destroy disease-causing microorganisms, called bacteria.
    When antibiotics were first introduced they were considered a miracle drug because they saved so many lives.
  • Relieving Pain
    Most commonly used medicines are analgesics or pain relievers.
    Analgesics range from relatively mild medicines such as aspirin, to strong narcotics, such as opium-based morphine and codeine.
    Addiction to pain relieving medicines can be addictive. Patients who use these drugs can become physically or psychologically dependent on them.
  • Managing Chronic Conditions
    These medicines maintain or restor health, offer people with chronic disease a higher level of wellness
    Allergy Medicine
    Body Regulating Medicine: Insulin, cardio
    Antidepressants
    Cancer Treatment Medicines
  • Taking Medications
    Oral: taken by mouth
    Topical: applied to the skin
    Inhaled: delivered in mist or powder
    Injected: delivered through shot goes straight to the blood stream
  • Reactions to Medications
    Side effects, reactions to medicine other than the one intended.
    INTERACTIONS
    Additive interaction: medicines work together in a positive way.
    Synergistic effect: the interaction of two or more medicines that results in a greater effect than when each medicine is taken alone.
    Antagonist Interaction: effect of one medicine is canceled or reduced when taken with another medicine.
  • Tolerance and Withdrawl
    When a person takes a medication for a long period of time, the body can become used to the medication. Problems may include:
    Tolerance: body becomes used to the effects of a medicine. The body requires increasingly larger doses to produce desired effect.
    Withdrawal: person stops using a medicine on which he or she has become physiologically dependent. Symptoms: severe headaches, vomiting, chills and cramps.
  • Medicine Misused
    Medicine Misused: using a medicine in ways other than the intended use.
    Failing to follow instructions
    Giving a prescribed medicine to a person for whom it was not prescribed, or taking another persons med.
    Taking too much or too little
    Taking a medicine longer or shorter than prescribed
    Discontinuing use of a medicine without informing your health care provider
    Mixing medicines with knowledge of health care provider.
  • Medicine Abuse
    Medicine Abuse: intentionally taking medications for nonmedical reasons.
    Some teens feel that since a medicine is a prescription or over the counter that it is safer than illegal drugs.
    Abusing any medicine is DANGEROUS/ILLEGAL.
  • Teens should avoid using drugs to…
    Lose weight or stay awake while studying
    To fit in with peers
    Pill parties: teens mix whatever OTC and prescription medicines are available. DANGEROUS!!!!
    Avoid taking medicine that was prescribed to someone else. This is illegal and unsafe
  • Prescription Drug Abuse Clip
    http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=3551567n&tag=related;photovideo