L. Kohlberg (revised)
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L. Kohlberg (revised)

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Kohlberg\'s theory of moral development

Kohlberg\'s theory of moral development

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    L. Kohlberg (revised) L. Kohlberg (revised) Presentation Transcript

    • Lawrence Kohlberg 1927- 1986 Psychologist Slide show prepared by Kathryn D. Creasy and Consuelo Bachelet
    • Biography
        • Born 1927
        • Grew up in Bronxville, New York.
        • High school at Andover Academy in Massachusetts (private, elite institution)
        • Helped transport refugees
        • from parts of Europe to Israel.
        • Enrolled at the University of Chicago in 1948.
        • Earned his degree in one year.
        • Worked in psychology in Chicago during his graduate years.
        • Became interested in the work of Jean Piaget.
        • Revealed his stage theory of moral development for the first time in 1958 .
        • Began his teaching career at Harvard in 1968 .
        • He ended his life by drowning at the age of 59
    • Moral Development Theory By Kohlberg 1st-level Pre-conventional morality 2nd- level Conventional morality 3rd- level Post-conventional morality
      • Stage 1: Obedience and
      • punishment orientation
      • Authority creates rules
      • Goal is to avoid
      • punishment
      • Stage 2: Individualism
      • and exchange
      • Accepts
      • other points
      • of view
      • Returning
      • favors is
      • important
      • Stage 3: Good
      • interpersonal relationships
      • Focus is to meet
      • expectations
      • of others
      • Friends, family,
      • community
      • Stage 4: Maintaining the
      • social order
      • Focus is on society at
      • large
      • Stage 5: Social contract
      • and individual rights
      • Morality and rights take
      • prevalence over law.
      • Stage 6: Universal
      • principals
      • Few subjects reach
      • this stage.
      • Focus is the definition
      • of principals
      • Stages do not unfold as consequence of maturation or socialization.
      • Stages unfold as individuals think about social experiences.
      • Stages unfold sequentially, but not all subjects reach the highest levels.
      Key points
    • Kohlberg’s Method
      • Interviewed children at different stages of age.
      • Presented them with dilemmas , and asked them give a value judgment and explain.
      • Then, he asked others for validation. This is called interrater reliability .
    • Resources
      • W.C. Crain. (1985). Theories of Development. Prentice-Hall
      • Wenar, C. (1994.) Developmental Psychopathology: From Infancy Through
      • Adolescence (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill, Inc