Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots  Potential Applications for Immersive Visualisation of Airborne Lidar Keith Challis Inst...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>&quot;The real work (in the study of landscape) is accomplished by the men and w...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>The volume of data collected to record monuments and landscapes may now be vast,...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>ideas of landscape? </li></ul><ul><li>defining a new medium </li></ul><ul><li>ba...
ideas of landscape?
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Approaches to Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Air-photography and the post WW2 parad...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Post-Modernism meets landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenology, its acolytes and...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Another Perspective: Thirdspace </li></ul><ul><li>Thirdspace - spaces that are b...
defining a new medium
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Why Games?   </li></ul><ul><li>Potential to address deficiencies of conventional...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>The Nature of the Beast   </li></ul><ul><li>Visual fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>In...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Prevailing combat paradigm in FP games (prejudice) </...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Potential </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic landscape reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li...
backwards into VR
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>From survey to VR </li></ul><ul><li>Point cloud terrain data (ALS, TLS, Survey) ...
Keith Challis   University of Birmingham Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Software Choice: CryENGINE by CryTek
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis   University of Birmingham Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>GIS Derived Landscapes: Terrain </li></ul><ul><li>Scaled greyscale heightmaps </...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>GIS Derived Landscapes: Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Textures based on terrain anal...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>GIS Derived Landscapes: Vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation mapping based on...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis   University of Birmingham Example  TLS Survey British Camp,  Herefordshire
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis   University of Birmingham Example  GPS Survey Laxton Castle Notts
waving or drowning?
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Immersed and immersive, so what? </li></ul><ul><li>Do game worlds enhance interp...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Where you look from affects what you see </li></ul><ul><li>FP view may not clari...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Revisiting GIS Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of impact of vegetation an...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Ludic Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Play-based exploration of landscape </li></u...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Insight or Obfuscation? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we deviate too far from analytical...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>The “disneyfication” of the past? </li></ul><ul><li>A cheap and generic experien...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>A bigger agenda? </li></ul><ul><li>Public engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Museology...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>An end and a beginning? </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The real work (in the study of l...
Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Keith Challis </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of  </li><...
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Lasers, Landscapes and Muddy Boots: Visualizing Laser Scanning Data Using Game Engines

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Methods of survey have developed dramatically in the recent past with the advent of new digital survey techniques, global positioning airborne and terrestrial laser scanning. The volume of data collected to record monuments and landscapes may now be vast, and levels of accuracy and precision unprecedented. This growth in data quality and volume has to some extent been accompanied by a reluctant theoretical debate, largely about method and meaning in the practice of survey. Less well explored is the area of visualisation of survey results, which has tended to remain rooted in traditional approaches, albeit facilitated by new digital media. The ability of modern digital survey to engage with others areas of archaeological debate, for example discussions of sense of place, meaning and interpretation in landscape, as embodied by for example the phenomenological approach to landscape has largely been ignored as it is poorly addressed using conventional static visualisation techniques. This paper explores the potential of computer game software to produce accurate, immersive and interactive visualisations of digital survey data of archaeological monuments.

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Lasers, Landscapes and Muddy Boots: Visualizing Laser Scanning Data Using Game Engines

  1. 1. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Potential Applications for Immersive Visualisation of Airborne Lidar Keith Challis Institute of Archaeology & Antiquity University of Birmingham U B
  2. 2. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>&quot;The real work (in the study of landscape) is accomplished by the men and women with muddy boots...&quot; W.G. Hoskins. </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  3. 3. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>The volume of data collected to record monuments and landscapes may now be vast, and levels of accuracy and precision unprecedented </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional visualisation of TLS/ALS and survey data, has tended to remain rooted in traditional approaches, albeit facilitated by new digital media </li></ul><ul><li>Modern digital survey can engage with others areas of archaeological debate such as discussions of sense of place, meaning and interpretation in landscape, as embodied by for example the phenomenological approach to landscape </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  4. 4. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>ideas of landscape? </li></ul><ul><li>defining a new medium </li></ul><ul><li>backwards into VR </li></ul><ul><li>waving or drowning? </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  5. 5. ideas of landscape?
  6. 6. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Approaches to Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Air-photography and the post WW2 paradigm shift </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crawford </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riley </li></ul></ul><ul><li>W.G.Hoskins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An emphasis on fieldwork </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The countryman’s eye for landscape </li></ul></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  7. 7. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Post-Modernism meets landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenology, its acolytes and critics </li></ul><ul><li>Visual primacy in archaeology (coincident with availability of tools?) </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  8. 8. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Another Perspective: Thirdspace </li></ul><ul><li>Thirdspace - spaces that are both real and imagined Edward Soja </li></ul><ul><li>“ everything comes together… subjectivity and objectivity, the abstract and the concrete, the real and the imagined, the knowable and the unimaginable, the repetitive and the differential, structure and agency, mind and body, consciousness and the unconscious, the disciplined and the transdisciplinary, everyday life and unending history.” </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  9. 9. defining a new medium
  10. 10. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Why Games? </li></ul><ul><li>Potential to address deficiencies of conventional visualisation (static, omniscient viewer) </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond cognitive engagement with data into first person experience of data </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  11. 11. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>The Nature of the Beast </li></ul><ul><li>Visual fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Ludic engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation modelling </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul><ul><li>AI controlled denizens </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  12. 12. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Prevailing combat paradigm in FP games (prejudice) </li></ul><ul><li>Modelling issues </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise between precision and visual appeal </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  13. 13. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Potential </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic landscape reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple user remote access </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  14. 14. backwards into VR
  15. 15. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>From survey to VR </li></ul><ul><li>Point cloud terrain data (ALS, TLS, Survey) </li></ul><ul><li>Interpolated surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>GIS terrain derivatives </li></ul><ul><li>Game-based rendering </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  16. 16. Keith Challis University of Birmingham Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Software Choice: CryENGINE by CryTek
  17. 17. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis University of Birmingham Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis University of Birmingham Building Terrain and Landscape in Sandbox
  18. 18. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>GIS Derived Landscapes: Terrain </li></ul><ul><li>Scaled greyscale heightmaps </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  19. 19. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>GIS Derived Landscapes: Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Textures based on terrain analysis (slope, insolaton) and aerial photography </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  20. 20. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>GIS Derived Landscapes: Vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation mapping based on surveyed data </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  21. 21. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis University of Birmingham Example TLS Survey British Camp, Herefordshire
  22. 22. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis University of Birmingham Example GPS Survey Laxton Castle Notts
  23. 23. waving or drowning?
  24. 24. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Immersed and immersive, so what? </li></ul><ul><li>Do game worlds enhance interpretation? </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  25. 25. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Where you look from affects what you see </li></ul><ul><li>FP view may not clarify, but it might explain </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape as experienced </li></ul><ul><li>Engage with different areas of debate </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  26. 26. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Revisiting GIS Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of impact of vegetation and atmospheric conditions on visibility </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  27. 27. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Ludic Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Play-based exploration of landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Visual and auditory cues </li></ul><ul><li>Building a personal narrative of landscape </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  28. 28. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Insight or Obfuscation? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we deviate too far from analytical examination of survey data? </li></ul><ul><li>Skewed perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Digital repetition </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  29. 29. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>The “disneyfication” of the past? </li></ul><ul><li>A cheap and generic experience? </li></ul><ul><li>Whose past is it anyway? </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape now – not then </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  30. 30. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>A bigger agenda? </li></ul><ul><li>Public engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Museology </li></ul><ul><li>Uniting art and science </li></ul><ul><li>Thirdspace (Souja) </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating physical modelling and experiential understanding </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  31. 31. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>An end and a beginning? </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The real work (in the study of landscape) is accomplished by the men and women with muddy boots...&quot; W.G. Hoskins. </li></ul><ul><li>“ To understand a landscape truly it must be felt, but to convey some of this feeling to others it has to be talked about, recounted, or written and depicted.&quot; Chris Tilley </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham
  32. 32. Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Keith Challis </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology & Antiquity </li></ul><ul><li>University of Birmingham </li></ul><ul><li>Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Secondsiteresearch.blogspot.com </li></ul>Keith Challis University of Birmingham Lasers, Landscape and Muddy Boots Keith Challis University of Birmingham

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