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"Goodness me archaeology is boring" the internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
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"Goodness me archaeology is boring" the internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past

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On-line social networks provide a means for rapid communication between widely dispersed networks of people. The information generated by users of these networks provides an unfiltered snapshot of …

On-line social networks provide a means for rapid communication between widely dispersed networks of people. The information generated by users of these networks provides an unfiltered snapshot of social mores and opinions at any point in time and is a hugely significant resource for those interested in human behaviour. Amongst social networking media the micro-blogging tool twitter is particularly noteworthy for functioning in near real-time and providing information on the spatial location of individuals at the point of posting. It thus becomes possible to reconstruct both social and spatial patterns of behaviours from an archive of users’ postings. In this paper we describe the development of a tool to harvest the geolocated tweets from users throughout the UK and the preliminary findings from analysis of some 1.87 million unique tweets collected over a 49 day period.

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  • 1. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past Keith Challis, IBM Vista, Institute of Archaeology & Antiquity Dr Mourad Oussalah and Faizan Bhat , School of Engineering, Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering Dr Thorsten Schnier, CERCIA, School of Computer Science
  • 2. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Attitudes to archaeology as a discipline are media shaped
    • How does the public at large perceive archaeology?
    • How do people articulate thoughts and attitudes to the past?
    • How do people engage with landscape, especially landscapes replete with historic meaning?
    • What thoughts do they articulate?
    • How are spaces used?
    • What does the public think?
    http://www.youtube.com/embed/F6P90SOf4jY CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 3. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Is there an answer?
    • Twitter – micro blogging
    • 140 characters, geolocated, user meta-data, stream of consciousness
    • 1.87 million tweets over a 50 day trial run
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 4. Building a Twitter Harvesting Application
  • 5. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Micro-blogging platform
    • Number of input and output sources
    • Well developed API for publishing and consuming
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 6. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Twitter Streaming API
    • Most suitable for large scale data collection
    • Filter predicates - usernames, keywords, locations
    • HTTP long-poll connection
    • Statuses/filter resource
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 7. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 8. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Command-line Java
      • Streaming API Connection
      • SQLite database storage
      • Persistent, fault-tolerant
    • Django web interface
      • User-friendly
      • Creation and management of streams
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 9. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 10. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 11. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 12. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 13. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 14. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 15. So What Have We Learned?
  • 16. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Is this data of any use?
    • Most previous research has focused on broad spatial patterns or user relational networks
    • We are interested in content analysis – what people say and where they say it
    • Complex keyword searches (wordnet)
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 17. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Keyword Search
    • Must take account of abbreviation, misspellings and slang
    • Not surprisingly little direct reference to archaeology!
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 18. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past RT @archaeologynews: Wreck of USS Revenge discovered off of Rhode Island http:/ Is rather determined to pass my archaeology exam!-i know my sites, key words jst Might combine it with archaeology and go somewhere "old" and trowel through mole Me and @archaeologyBoy have succeeded in getting a photo of me with a normal siz Goodness me, archaeology is boring. @atomicburgers I wanted to be an archaeologist. I blame Tomb Raider. This is genuine social media archaeology --> RT @chrismessina first hashtag ever Right I need to: write my coursework plan, answer 2 beethy archaeology exam ques @maryrose246 yeah I have done no classics/archaeology revision at all @mumsrock @zooarchaeologis but root canal was much cheaper on nhs. Dentist mixed http://bit.ly/fySaG2 CBA community archaeology bursaries. Visualising Portus (Roman harbours - my favourite type of archaeology) and 2nd l Recent updates from @pennmuseum are worth following. Great archaeological collec An archaeologist is the best husband a woman can have; the older she gets, the m @zooarchaeologis urgh! I still have horrible memories of getting it as a teen. H RT @archaeologynews: Fourth Great Escape tunnel to be excavated: @mrarchaeologist heck that'll be a format change and a half LOVE IT @mrarchaeologist don't get me wrong... I love the daily show, but it took years @mrarchaeologist yeh... but really where is there a British equivalent? HIGNIFY. CASPAR seminar 2 producing archaeology for tv Charles Furneaux. 4pm, room 612 IO @zooarchaeologis no one was more shocked when I got addicted but had to stop due @zooarchaeologis have you looked into British military fitness? Highly recommend
  • 19. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Keyword Search
    • Terms that relate more broadly to culture and heritage more commonly used
    • Eg museum, cathedral, abbey…
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 20. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past @SpiceGirlMuseum wow I can't wait to see your collection at Leeds museum gear yo Just seen a pangolin in the natural history museum. Haha they look stupid @cormacflynn how was leprechaun museum? Lunch after the museum. — at The Plough http://gowal.la/c/3fsap Just laid under a suspended Sea Harrier, there are museums that don't let you ge we are at the national railway museum in York. #funtimes! Going to take our friend's little boy to @railwaymuseum in York for his first ev At the RAF museum at Hendon on a boys day out @ RAF Museum London http://instag Off into london film museum now! #excited. Canal Boat - another boat museum photo #flickr #photography #photo http://flic.k Mum : if we go to tmhe museum today then we re going shopping tomorrow Nooo museum </3 @dawnhfoster I agree with the others. The Sir John Soanes museum is fascinating. I am not going to a museum end of. YOU LL NEVER TAKE ME ALIVE !! Bus to the pencil museum, Keswick anyone? http://yfrog.com/hseg5zkj Picnic made. We taking on the tube for family outing to natural history museum. Via @culturevultures rt @futureofmuseums: http://bit.ly/gL8YR5 <- Great article Having a rest after rushing round the museum — at Starbucks Elmwood Ave http:/ Checking out the science museum. Pretty intense. Mmm, gravity always wins... #naturalhistorymuseum http://twitpic.com/3kw75w ht RT @bridgetmck: Interesting news that Delhi plans a Tate Modern style art museum @daveyfong It belongs in a museum, that's what I told my aunt Getting a slow start after a busy day yesterday. A museum and a library are on t
  • 21. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 22. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Spatial Analysis
    • Harvesting app allows basic analysis of spatial patterns
    • Export to GIS allows comparison with other spatial data and more complex spatial and time-series analysis
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 23. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 24. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Time and Movement
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 25. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Ideation and Images
    • How do people see landscape and heritage?
    • Do their images betray underlying attitudes and bias?
    • Twitpic, etc allows tweeting of urls for digital images
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 26. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 27. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 28. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Issues
    • Volume of data creates analysis issues
    • Complex text/ language searches
    • Limited demographics of twitter users
    • Vacuous garbage or underground intelligence?
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 29. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Mobile Signal Coverage
    • Mapping suggest comprehensive coverage of populated places
    • Mobile coverage limits ability to tweets from remote areas
    • Poor, or no GPS compromise locational accuracy
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 30. So Now What..?
  • 31. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • More Data
    • Need to collect more data
    • Cover all seasons, eg summer more outside tweets and more heritage visitor tweets
    • Cover auspicious dates/events
    • Heritage Applications
    • Analysis of response to historic landscapes (urban and rural)
    • Visitor intelligence (managed places)
    • Cultural preferences
    • Response to events
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 32. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Other Applications
    • Numerous other application areas
    • Public health
    • Causal data to examine in relation to clinical outcomes
    • Targeted spending of public health budget
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 33. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring” CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 34. “ Goodness me archaeology is boring”
    • Other Applications/Data
    • More publically streamed data
    • Flickr , geolocated photo streams
    • Post-hoc, users geolocate photos at time of upload
    • Crowd-sourced image libraries
    • 3D modelling from crowd-sourced images
    CAA 2011 The internet, micro-blogging and what we really think about the past
  • 35. Thanks Keith Challis, IBM Vista, Institute of Archaeology & Antiquity Dr Mourad Oussalah and Faizan Bhat , School of Engineering, Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering Dr Thorsten Schnier, CERCIA, School of Computer Science

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