“Child abuse is more than bruises and broken bones…”<br />
Child Abuse and Neglect<br />By: Kristin Crigamire<br />Ms. Oren <br />English 12 Period 3<br />
Contents…<br />History<br />Types of abuse<br />My Application<br />About Mission Kids<br />Class Activity<br />www.studen...
History<br />Child abuse was first founded early as 1884 in Great Britain.<br />The first state in the United States to wo...
Types of Abuse<br />Physical Abuse<br />Emotional Abuse<br />Sexual Abuse<br />Neglect<br /> “These are the four main type...
Who is more likely to get abused?<br />Children who grow up in very poor families<br />Children with divorced parents<br /...
Who is more likely to get abused?<br />Having an abusive husband who hurts his wife in the family is more likely to abuse ...
Statistics of child abuse<br />
Not So Fun Facts<br />“Research has found that children in families with an income less than $15,000 are 16 times more lik...
Physical Abuse<br />Physical abuse may be an attempt to hurt the child, but it is not always true<br />Many Parents say th...
Physical Abuse Cont…<br />Children will never know when a parent is about to strike them, if a child senses that he/she is...
Signs and how to recognize it<br />Frequent Injuries, unexplained bruises, welts, or cuts.<br />Is watchful, as if waiting...
Emotional Abuse<br />Emotional abuse is commonly defined as:<br /> “a pattern of behavior by parents or caregivers that ca...
 emotional abuse<br />Parents usually emotionally abuse there children because they were abused emotionally abused as a ch...
Signs and how to recognize it<br />If a child is emotionally abused there moods toward other people will change as it does...
Signs of emotional abuse<br />The abusers mood towards other people and there victim is different. Although the moods of t...
Signs and how to recognize it<br />The abuser may not only blame the child and use cruel words toward the child but may ta...
What is sexual abuse?<br />“Sexual abuse is any action related to sex, that harms a child.”<br />Most sexual abuse is caus...
Physical Signs of Sexual Abuse<br />Physical signs of sexual abuse:<br />Difficulty walking or sitting<br />Stained or blo...
Behavioral/Emotional signs of sexual abuse<br />Child has behavioral/emotional signs such as:<br />Difficulty eating or sl...
Neglect<br /> Some ideas that indicate a child is being neglected is:<br />they have a poor home environment,<br />the abu...
Signs of Neglect<br />Specific Signs (most known) of neglect include:<br />Developmental delays mainly In the<br /> cognit...
Signs and how to recognize Neglect in children<br />Signs of a poor home environment:<br />Lack of shelter, food, water, h...
My Application<br />My application for this project was to sell two tootsie pops tied together with ribbon for $1.<br />Th...
About Mission Kids<br />“Mission Kids is a non-profit, charitable organization providing multi-disciplinary care to allege...
About Mission Kids<br />Mission kids has a child friendly setting to achieve justice for child victims and promote there p...
How would you help an abused child?<br />Do suspect child abuse? Here’s what you can do to help:<br />Call 911<br />Call 1...
How would you help an abused child?<br />Some helpful hotlines:<br />Boys town: boys and girls in the U.S. or Canada can c...
   If you suspect abuse<br />Do not conduct your own investigation.<br />It is the Office of Children and Youth and local ...
Works Cited<br />Finkelhor, David, Ph.D, and Angela Browne, Ph.D. "The Traumatic Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptua...
Works Cited Cont…<br />Justice, Blair, and David F Duncan. "Life Crisis as a Precursor to Child Abuse." Public Health Repo...
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Child Abuse SGP

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  • http://www.tpub.com/content/armymedical/MD0584/MD05840095.htmGreat Britain founded the National Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children To protect children from being a bused in anyway from there friends or family. Many states have noticed child abuse in America, but the first state to work with the law was New York. Through the years other states have joined New York and the laws to help and protect children. Child abuse was eventually given the name battered child syndrome, which is no longer used. Now the term child abuse is used. To help children and families dealing with abuse there are many ways of getting help, there are websites and hotlines for help. Families may even be able to contact mission kids.
  • Physical Abuse: hitting, shaking, kicking, punching, beating) Emotional Abuse: yelling, screaming, making the child feel worthless, telling the child that he/she is not good enough, telling them that they are a bad person. Sexual Abuse: touching a child in inappropriate places, showing pornography to a child, a person having a child touch them in inappropriate areas…etc Neglect: not providing the proper necessities to a child, not feeding them, ignoring them, not taking car of there health needs/dental needs(will be explained in further slides)
  • This slide shows what type of child is more likely to get abused. Children who grow up in poor families causes stress just like divorced families. And usually the caregiver takes there anger and stress out on the child. If a child has a physical or mental disorder it could cause them to be abused in many ways. They could be in a wheelchair and not be able to feed themselves or clean themselves or they may have a brain of a young child and may not know how to take care of themselves and if the caregiver doesn’t do it, its considered abuse.
  • -not quite finished
  • This slide shows the statistics of child abuse. Such as the age group of the child to be abused the number of children abused or will be abused each year and the total and percent of all the numbers shown in the body of the chart.
  • This slide will show the facts about child abuse that are not so fun. These facts are horrible and sad that stuff like this happens to young children. -the research in this slide shows what children are most likely to get abused and why. The income that a family makes has a great impact on who gets abused, how they get abused and when they get abused. -On Mission Kids website, they say that from the statistics that they gathered “1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will be sexually abused before the age of 18” mostly from there caregiver, a parent, sibling, and even strangers.
  • Physical abuse is actually putting your hands on a child. By touching, hitting, punching…etc. physical abuse is the most common abuse in America, and is the most recognizable. Physical child abuse can get really bad if the abuser is on drugs or has been drinking. Child abuse is very severe, it will impact the child&apos;s life physically and mentally. as he/she gets older it will be harder to interact with other people. Physical abuse is easilly recognized by the bruises, scars, or broken bones left by the abuser. There is a difference from teaching a child right from wrong, and abuse. If a child does something wrong and you give them a tap on there bottom it is not child abuse, if you smack a child on the hand for maybe, taking a cookie from the jar after you told them not to, is not considered abuse. But if you purposely hit, kick, punch, or beat a child for your on pleasure or because your having a bad day, or foe no reason at all… it is considered abuse.
  • Most children will not know when there abuser is going to hit them. But they probably know not to run and hide from them because they will get hit even harder or punished more. If a child runs away the abuser will probably strike them again for leaving. If a child leaves it may make the abuser more angry and willing to hit them again/more often than they have before.Parents abuse there kids because they think it’s a form of discipline, and if they hit/strike there kids they think that they will listen better and more often. Parents don’t need to hurt there kids to get them to behave, a simple tap on the hand or on there bottom should do it, and if that doesn’t work then they should use time out. Parents should not use abuse to keep there kids “in line” either. Its wrong and they are harming there children more than they are helping them learn how to behave.
  • This slide is pretty much self explanatory, it explains how to recognize child abuse/the signs of it. Most kids who get abused at home have there wounds hidden in some way. If a child gets abused they will be afraid to go home, afraid to go near the abuser and may start to cry when near them, is afraid of other adults that they could be close to or might not be close to at all. They will constantly keep watch around them as if they are expecting to be hit.
  • On this slide it states what emotional abuse is and how it is caused. Most of it is caused by how the parents are raised and how there home life is, and if they were abused when they were children.emotional abuse is he hardest to diagnose because no evidence is shown, unlike physical abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. Children who are emotionally abused go most of there life abused because they will not speak up to somebody and tell someone that they are being abused or nobody will recognize it.
  • Parents who abuse there children were abused themselves as children and they are trying to get back to someone else and letting there anger out on someone else for what has happened to them. Emotional abuse is the hardest to diagnose because the child will be upset a lot and will cry. But children do get upset and cry anyway. There is really no evidence to be shown unless the child speaks up to someone and tells someone who is not abusing them that they get made fun of at home, or that someone is telling them that they are no good or useless…sometimes other people will not believe the child which makes it hard to diagnose as well. -there is no true evidence to show that a child is being emotionally abused, a very thorough investigation is needed to determine if emotional abuse is occuring.
  • Children who are emotionally abuse will act different when they are around other people than when they are around other people. Around the caregiver they may act frightened, scared, they may hide and they may cry a lot. But around other people the caregiver may warn the child to act like there is nothing wrong and to act like a normal person. Usually if the child doesn’t listen when they are out around society the child will come home with the caregiver and get abused more if they did something wrong’ the child will be lucky if they went home and the caregiver did nothing to him/her.The signs of abuse in the child shows how the child will react towards other people and other children it also explains that the child may act like his or her abuser towards other people as well.
  • This slide is similar to the previous slide. The previous slide was to the reactions of the child, but this slide is the reactions and the behavior of the abuser.
  • The abuser will say cruel words to the child, some that the child may not even know, and the words could hurt there feelings. -the child may be like there abuser. They will be aggressive, they will have anger issues, will be demanding, enraged and will not act like a normal child who is not abused. -the child is overly obedient, they will listen to other caregivers such as a babysitter, a teacher or a police officer. They will like to get confirmation that they can do something they will ask “can I?” or “am I being bad?” if a child asks these questions frequently there is a chance that abuse is occuring, and you have a right to suspect it. -will act like adult -and may wet or soil bed every night if abuse is occuring
  • Sexual abuse is inappropriately touching a child. My teacher always told her preschool students “do not let anybody touch you where your bathing suit covers”. And that is true. If an abuser touches a child in those areas for there own pleasure it is sexual abuse. Most of the time sexual abuse happens by a relative of the child, very rarely it happens with a stranger. It may be parents, siblings, grandparents, family friends, etc. sexual abuse is very rarely recognized, because it doesn’t show as mush as physical abuse or neglect. Strangers don’t abuse children as often, but if a child is left alone with one like a babysitter or family friend they could abuse them. Abusers do this to children who trust them and who like them, but eventually the abuser will break that trust bond and sexually abuse or rape the child. Pornography may not seem like sexual abuse because its not happening to them, but abusers most of the time have children watch it so that the children can do what they saw on the pornography to them.
  • Sexual abuse has many signs. Whether it be many difficulties, or a child afraid of being near any type of adult, family member…etc. sexual abuse affects children physically and emotionally. When children are abused they may have trouble walking, standing, sitting, using the bathroom and more.
  • Children may also have behavioral/mood changes, because of possible forced sexual activity with these innocent children they may wet the bed even when they are already potty trained. They will be treated as a younger child when they are abused so during the abuse or after they are attacked they will act like a younger child. They might cry often or be very depressed, because they don’t know how to tell or they don’t want to tell someone what&apos;s going on. Crying is the only way they can feel better being abused. The child who is being abused may talk about sexual activities with other children that is way older then they should be talking about for there age., and they will know about this only because of what there abuser does to them.
  • On this slide it describes on how to know If a child is being neglected. There are different signs such as there appearance, there odor, the type of clothes that they are wearing…etc. when the children are with there parents out in public they will act different towards each other until they are alone. Around other people abusers will acknowledge there children, but at home they will ignore them and pretend that they are not there, and make them feel worthless and feel guilty.
  • -Delays in the cognitive department include delays in the brain and the thinking area.Lack of attention would include a child who does not bathe, shower, or care for themselves or there caregiver does not care for them either.The child may not get proper health care such as the required vaccines, lack of dental care, does not get checked out by the doctor if they are sick. Pretty much the caregiver of the child does not show any type of concern or remorse towards the child at all.
  • -the signs and how to recognize neglect is shown I different ways. Such as there home life and there life outside of there home. -the lack of shelter, food, water, hear, furniture, beds is a BIG sign of neglect at home. The child does not have anywhere to sleep, eat of keep warm when its cold outside, -The bathrooms are dirty, or a single bathroom is dirty which is specifically for the child while the rest of the house could be clean. -The child will get sick easily or is always sick because of bugs, rats, mice etc inside the house that causes diseases in the children and the family. -The childs parents will not get there child to school. They will be home doing nothing or tending to what ever the caregivers want them to do. -Although physical abuse has more symptoms than neglect, Neglect happens more than physical abuse does.
  • My application has been going very well for the past few months. I have raised over $86 Dollars for mission kids. I know that there are some organizations who take fundraised money and the money isnt used what it was raised for. But I have gotten reassurance from mission kids that the money will go to them and to the victiims of child abuse and there families.
  • This slide describes who mission kids is and what they do with the children they are helping with who have been abused. Mission kids does not only help victims who have been abused, but they also make the victim feel comfortable with the staff member who has been helping them. They provide a safe environment for the child and do not make the child talk to them, they let them talk when they are ready and comfortable to do so.
  • This slid also shows and describes what mission kids does and who they are. In he bold lettering it tells how well mission kids work with Montgomery County.Mission kids was granted and award for helping out many victims and there families and for serving montgomery county for years. Even though Mission Kids has not been around for a long period of time they have done an amazing job serving many people.
  • if a child is in immediate danger of call a local police department you should call 911 immediatelyIf you suspect that a child is being abused call the Montgomery county Office of Children and youth, they will research the home environment and talk to the family and the child. They will investigate, to see what they can come up with.If you know for sure sure that a child is being abused then you should call Pennsylvania’s child abuse hotline, they will do everything that they can to help the victim of abuse.
  • The boys town hotline is meant for the younger children who are being abused at home and are afraid of telling a teacher or a family member because they may think that someone else is going to harm them for telling someone.The child help USA is for both children and teens in the United States who are being abused at home, or are in abusive relationships with someone elseThe Covenant house hotline is meant for both teens and children in the united states who are ready to run away from home because they are being abuse by there parents or a sibling.
  • You should not conduct your own investigation because the abuser could get you into a lot of trouble. Which could put the child in more danger of being abused even more, the abuser may think that the child said something to someone else to the the abuser into trouble which could cause the abuser to move from one location to another making it harder for the correct authorities to investigate.
  • Child Abuse SGP

    1. 1. “Child abuse is more than bruises and broken bones…”<br />
    2. 2. Child Abuse and Neglect<br />By: Kristin Crigamire<br />Ms. Oren <br />English 12 Period 3<br />
    3. 3. Contents…<br />History<br />Types of abuse<br />My Application<br />About Mission Kids<br />Class Activity<br />www.studentsoftheworld.info/.../childabuse.php<br />
    4. 4. History<br />Child abuse was first founded early as 1884 in Great Britain.<br />The first state in the United States to work with the law in protecting children in the late 1800’s is New York.<br />In the early 1960’s child abuse was identified as a clinical condition which is a severe threat to a child's life.<br />Because of the horrible history of child abuse, people are trying to stop what has been started. Today there are resources for children and families in need of some help.<br />http://www.tpub.com/content/armymedical/MD0584/MD05840095.htm<br />
    5. 5. Types of Abuse<br />Physical Abuse<br />Emotional Abuse<br />Sexual Abuse<br />Neglect<br /> “These are the four main types of child abuse.” -Mrs.Flanagan<br />Child Abuse and Stress Disorders<br />
    6. 6. Who is more likely to get abused?<br />Children who grow up in very poor families<br />Children with divorced parents<br />Overly stressed caregiver<br />Children with physical or mental handicaps<br />
    7. 7. Who is more likely to get abused?<br />Having an abusive husband who hurts his wife in the family is more likely to abuse his children too.<br />Younger children 12 and under are more likely to be abused because they are more vulnerable and defenseless.<br />“According to 2004 statistics from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, children age three or younger experienced the highest rate of abuse.”<br />Child Abuse and Stress Disorders<br />
    8. 8. Statistics of child abuse<br />
    9. 9. Not So Fun Facts<br />“Research has found that children in families with an income less than $15,000 are 16 times more likely to be physically abused, 40 times more likely to be physically neglected, 29 times more likely to be emotionally neglected, 56 times more likely to be educationally neglected (may not get to school), 22 times more likely to be seriously injured from abuse.”<br />Child Abuse: Why Do My Parents Hit Me?<br />“1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will be sexually abused before the age of 18”<br />(Mission Kids)<br />
    10. 10. Physical Abuse<br />Physical abuse may be an attempt to hurt the child, but it is not always true<br />Many Parents say that when they hit there children it is a form of discipline.<br />There are differences between <br />Discipline and abuse, “discipline<br />Teaches children right from wrong,<br />Not to make them live in fear.”<br />http://www.helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm<br />
    11. 11. Physical Abuse Cont…<br />Children will never know when a parent is about to strike them, if a child senses that he/she is about to be hit, they will not run and hide in fear. Usually if the child runs away from the abuser the child is put in even more danger of being hit again. <br />http://www.helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm<br />Most parents who are abusive to there children believe that their children need to fear them in order to behave. <br />http://www.helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm<br />Parents usually use child abuse to keep there children “in line”. <br />http://www.helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm<br />
    12. 12. Signs and how to recognize it<br />Frequent Injuries, unexplained bruises, welts, or cuts.<br />Is watchful, as if waiting for something.<br />Pattern of injuries, usually from hand or belt.<br />Shies away from touch, flinches at sudden movements.<br />Afraid to go home<br />Fearful behaviorhttp://www.keepkidshealthy.com/welcome/commonproblems/Child_Abuse.html<br />Wears inappropriate clothing to hide injuries; (e.g. wearing long sleeves on a hot day)<br />http://www.helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm<br />Lack of medical/dental care http://www.keepkidshealthy.com/welcome/commonproblems/Child_Abuse.html<br />www.flickr.com/photos/alexandreturpin/3671455812/<br />
    13. 13. Emotional Abuse<br />Emotional abuse is commonly defined as:<br /> “a pattern of behavior by parents or caregivers that can seriously interfere with a child’s cognitive, emotional, psychological or social development.”<br />“Most emotional abuse happens when stress occurs in the parents life, the parents may have poor parenting skills, social isolation, lack of available resources or inappropriate expectations of their children.”<br />http://www.americanhumane.org/about-us/newsroom/fact-sheets/emotional-abuse.html<br />//www.americanhumane.org/about-us/newsroom/fact-sheets/emotional-abuse.html<br />
    14. 14. emotional abuse<br />Parents usually emotionally abuse there children because they were abused emotionally abused as a child as well.<br />“Out of all the type of abuse; emotional abuse is the hardest to diagnose. With the other types of abuse evidence is shown, but with emotional abuse there is no evidence.”<br />
    15. 15. Signs and how to recognize it<br />If a child is emotionally abused there moods toward other people will change as it does with there parent/guardian. The child will also act like the abuser to other people or be very, very obedient. The abusers behavior changes too.<br />Signs of abuse in the child:<br />Child Appears overly complaint<br />The child will seem very depressed<br />Avoids other children<br />Behaves younger than his/her age<br />http://www.americanhumane.org/about-us/newsroom/fact-sheets/emotional-abuse.html<br />
    16. 16. Signs of emotional abuse<br />The abusers mood towards other people and there victim is different. Although the moods of the child and the abuser are different, there are still signs of this type of abuse.<br />Abusers behavior:<br />Blames or belittles child<br />Is cold and rejecting of there children<br />Does not show child any type of love of <br />affection<br />Treats children/siblings unequally<br />Shows no concern for child's problems at all. <br />http://www.americanhumane.org/about-us/newsroom/fact-sheets/emotional-abuse.html<br />
    17. 17. Signs and how to recognize it<br />The abuser may not only blame the child and use cruel words toward the child but may take cruel actions towards the child. “some abusers will lock there child in a dark closet and scream at them from the outside.”<br />(Child Abuse “why do my parents hit me”)<br />Child is extremely aggressive, demanding, enraged<br />Overly obedient<br />Acts like adult (usually like abuser)<br />Wets/soils bed<br />http://www.americanhumane.org/about<br />(Child Abuse “why do my parents hit me”)<br />
    18. 18. What is sexual abuse?<br />“Sexual abuse is any action related to sex, that harms a child.”<br />Most sexual abuse is caused by someone<br />related to the child, whether it<br />be a parent, or a sibling. Which<br />Is caused incest.<br />Sexual abuse is the most <br />Unreported type of abuse but should be handled better than it is now be reported ASAP.<br />“Sexual abuse is a parent, family friend, stranger, sibling touching a child inappropriately for there own pleasure, having the child touch the abuser, showing the child pornography, and taping a child performing a sex act.”<br />Child abuse “why do my parents hit me?”<br />
    19. 19. Physical Signs of Sexual Abuse<br />Physical signs of sexual abuse:<br />Difficulty walking or sitting<br />Stained or bloody underwear<br />Genital or rectal pain, itching swelling, redness or discharge<br />Bruises or other injuries in the genital or rectal area<br />http://www.keepkidshealthy.com/welcome/commonproblems/Child_Abuse.html<br />http://www.tnp.no/en/?search=CHILD%20ABUSE<br />
    20. 20. Behavioral/Emotional signs of sexual abuse<br />Child has behavioral/emotional signs such as:<br />Difficulty eating or sleeping<br />Soiling or wetting themselves even after being potty trained.<br />Acting younger than their age<br />Excessive crying and sadness<br />Refusing to play with other children, and adults.<br />Talking about acting out sexual acts, older than normal for the child's age.<br />http://www.keepkidshealthy.com/welcome/commonproblems/Child_Abuse.html<br />
    21. 21. Neglect<br /> Some ideas that indicate a child is being neglected is:<br />they have a poor home environment,<br />the abusers are drug addicts or alcoholics, which will cause change in the child's behavior along with the abusers. <br />http://www.revolutionhealth.com/articles/signs-of-neglect-in-children/tm5032<br />
    22. 22. Signs of Neglect<br />Specific Signs (most known) of neglect include:<br />Developmental delays mainly In the<br /> cognitive department.<br />Lack of attention to there self. (a child may be smelly or dirty)<br />Inappropriate clothing for the current season. E.g. a child may be wearing long sleeves/pants in the summer.<br />Child does not receive proper health care. <br />Does not have required vaccines (gets sick frequently)<br />lack of dental care (Many broken or chipped teeth<br />
    23. 23. Signs and how to recognize Neglect in children<br />Signs of a poor home environment:<br />Lack of shelter, food, water, heat, furniture,<br /> beds…etc<br />Many unsanitary conditions (kitchens, rooms, living rooms, bathrooms)<br />Many insects/bugs in the house that cause sickness<br />Fire hazards<br />http://www.revolutionhealth.com/articles/signs-of-neglect-in-children/tm5032<br />poor educational needs<br />Parents will make little or no effort to get there children to school<br />Neglect happens more than twice as often as physical abuse.<br />(Child Abuse: “Why do my Parents Hit me? “)<br />
    24. 24. My Application<br />My application for this project was to sell two tootsie pops tied together with ribbon for $1.<br />The money earned from selling these <br />tootsie pops will go to an organization that <br />helps victims of child abuse and their <br />Families.<br />The organization is called Mission Kids.<br />I’ve been keeping in touch with Mission <br />Kids and letting them know of my progress<br />with selling the tootsie pops and with my <br />project.<br />
    25. 25. About Mission Kids<br />“Mission Kids is a non-profit, charitable organization providing multi-disciplinary care to alleged victims of sexual and physical abuse.”<br />There goal is to provide a broad range of support services to child victims and their care givers in an environment that encourages healing<br />Mission kids provides:<br />A safe, child-sensitive place for young victims,<br />Appropriate referrals for child specific medical and therapeutic services designed to reduce the trauma in the victims<br />team investigation that reduces the number of interviews a child victim is subjected to during the initial investigative process<br />Consistent, compassionate and ongoing medical and therapeutic services for child victims and their families.<br />http://missionkidscac.org/about/goals<br />
    26. 26. About Mission Kids<br />Mission kids has a child friendly setting to achieve justice for child victims and promote there physical and emotional well being.<br />“In 2008 mission kids suspected over 600 reports of child abuse in Montgomery county, including serious physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, or exploitation and serious physical neglect.”<br />In June 2008, Mission Kids was granted associate status from the national children's alliance. Mission Kids is credited to the friends and family of the Montgomery County Community Family.<br />
    27. 27. How would you help an abused child?<br />Do suspect child abuse? Here’s what you can do to help:<br />Call 911<br />Call 1-800-932-0313 (Pennsylvania's child abuse hotline)<br />Call Montgomery County Office of Children and Youth 610-278-5800<br />“in Pennsylvania, if you have “reasonable cause to suspect" a child is being abused or neglected you must report that suspicion to law enforcement or child welfare professionals”<br />http://missionkidscac.org/abuse/suspect<br />http://www.homesecuritysystemsales.com/monitoring-services.html<br />
    28. 28. How would you help an abused child?<br />Some helpful hotlines:<br />Boys town: boys and girls in the U.S. or Canada can call this hotline for help (1-800-422-3000)<br />Child help USA: this hotline is for children and teens in the United States. (1-800-422-4453)<br />Covenant House Hotline: This U.S. hotline is geared for runaways or kids who are thinking of running away because of abuse.<br />Child Abuse: Why do my parents hit me?<br />
    29. 29. If you suspect abuse<br />Do not conduct your own investigation.<br />It is the Office of Children and Youth and local law enforcement officials to investigate the report.<br />Report your suspicions to the right people, organization or authorities.<br />Know the child’s name or address so when its time to report, the correct organization will know where to investigate.<br />http://missionkidscac.org/abuse/suspect<br />
    30. 30. Works Cited<br />Finkelhor, David, Ph.D, and Angela Browne, Ph.D. "The Traumatic Impact of Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptualization." The Role of the Victim Advocate in Managing Sex Offenders (Oct. 1985): n. pag. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <http://www.csom.org/train/victim/resources/ the%20traumatic%20impact%20of%20child%20sexual%20abuse.pdf.>. <br />Foster, Olive M, Ph.D., Christine Collins, Ph.D., and Pat Levitt, Ph.D. Child Abuse and Stress Disorders. Ed. Christine Collins, Ph.D. New York, NY: Infobase Publishing, 2007. Print. <br />Havelin, Kate. Child Abuse "Why Do My Parents Hit Me?" Ed. Kristin Thoennes and Rebecca Aldridge. Mankato, Minnesota: Capstone Press, 2000. Print. <br />Hopper, JIm, Ph.D. "Child Abuse, Statistics, Research, and Resources." Child Abuse, Statistics, Research, and Resources. Jim Hopper Ph.D., 23 Sept. 2009. Web. 8 Feb. 2010. <http://www.jimhopper.com/abstats/>. <br />Iannelli, Dr. "Child Abuse In Children." http://www.keepkidshealthy.com/welcome/. N.p., Mar. 1995 . Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://www.keepkidshealthy.com/welcome/commonproblems/ Child_Abuse.html>. <br />
    31. 31. Works Cited Cont…<br />Justice, Blair, and David F Duncan. "Life Crisis as a Precursor to Child Abuse." Public Health Reports 91.2 (1976): 110-115. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC1438520/>. <br />Munro, Kali, M.Ed. "Child Abuse Prevention." Child Abuse Prevention; Prevention Through Education and Awareness. N.p., 2000-2001. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://www.childabuse.com/wisdom/ 072501.htm>. <br />New, Michelle, PhD. "How to Handle Abuse." http://www.noodletools.com/noodlebib/ defineEntryMLA.php. N.p., Nov. 2007. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <http://www.noodletools.com/ noodlebib/defineEntryMLA.php>. <br />Saisan, Joanna, MSW, Ellen Jaffe, M.A., and Jeanne Segal, Ph.D. "Child Abuse and Neglect: Warning signs of abuse and how to report it." http://www.helpguide.org/mental/ child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm. N.p., 1 Oct. 2008. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <br />. Tipp, Stacey L. Child Abuse Detecting Bias. San Diego, Ca: Greenhaven Press, 1991. Print. <br />

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