Goal 2   politics
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Notes on NC SCOS Goal 2 (2007) from the election of 1824 to the election of 1840.

Notes on NC SCOS Goal 2 (2007) from the election of 1824 to the election of 1840.

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  • 1. 2.04: Political events, issues, and personalities that contributed to sectionalism/nationalism CHAPTER 3 (pages 94-131)
  • 2. After 1812James Monroe elected 1816 and 1820 in landslides (D-R)VP: John Quincy Adams (JA’s son)Nationalism keeps growingPeriod known as the “Era of Good Feelings”
  • 3. Monroe as PrezGoal: create national economy (govt policies support national growth/power) Once D-R had been afraid of strong national govt… Now they’ve changed their minds!Henry Clay becomes the man with the plan, AKA “American System”
  • 4. Monroe as PrezClay’s American System:1. protective tariffs: protect US businesses from foreign competition by raising the cost of imported goods2. New roads/canals: improve transportation between the east coast and west3. national bank: new system needed to protect money supply
  • 5. Monroe as PrezJohn Marshall heads SC, supports natl govt through M v. M & other SC decisions:McCulloch v. Maryland (1819): Congress has implied powers (create a National Bank), fed law superior to state lawGibbons v. Ogden (1824): only Fed Govt has power to regulate interstate commerce
  • 6. Monroe as PrezPanic of 1819: economic downturnWorkers lose jobs, demand down for grain/cotton, farmers in debt, property lost to foreclosureAdams-Onis Treaty of 1821: Spain sells Florida to U.S.Monroe Doctrine, 1823:Monroe warns Europe to stay out of the Americas
  • 7. Election of 18244-way D-R race:1. John Quincy Adams (JQA/former VP)2. Crawford (GA)3. Andrew Jackson (war hero – New Orleans)4. Henry Clay (“American system,” War Hawk)Jackson wins more popular votes & electoral votes than JQA, but DOESN’T HAVE A MAJORITY
  • 8. Election of 1824Clay decides to support Adams & transfer votes… JQA becomes 6th Prez (1825-1829)Adams makes Clay his Secretary of State, supports “American System” Jackson is angry, calls this a “Corrupt Bargain” (illegal deal)
  • 9. Election of 1828 Andrew Jackson furious that he’d been robbed in 1824, runs again in 1828AJ wins election as a Democrat (no longer D-R!)VP John Calhoun (SC)Rose up from poor beginning, didn’t trust the richSupported by regular Americans/“plain folk”/common menUsed the spoils system (gave jobs to his friends/party followers)
  • 10. Voting Trends – 1800sFewer states require property ownership to be able to vote (only have to pay taxes)More states have universal male suffrage (if you’re a white man, you can vote)More voter participation (party conventions open to public, voters choose electors, parades, rallies…)
  • 11. Voting Requirements 1800-1830
  • 12. Jackson as Prez Protective tariffs part of “American System”North okay with tariffs, South dislikes tariffs (dependent on foreign trade)“Tariff of Abominations” passed 1828. Last act of JQA as Prez, leads to defeat, Jackson pressured to get rid of tariff ASAP.
  • 13. Jackson as PrezJackson’s VP, Calhoun, opposes tariff.Calhoun writes SC Exposition and Protest – protests tax, calls on southern states to nullify tariff.Nullification: states could reject any federal law they thought unconstitutional.
  • 14. Jackson as Prez Another tariff passed in 1832… SC legislature rejects tariff: AKA Nullification CrisisSC threatens to secede (leave the union)Jackson supports state rights, but not if the country would fall apart… threatens to send in troops Solution: Clay writes compromise, CRISIS OVER
  • 15. Jackson as Prez Proposal: Second Natl BankOpponents (Jackson & Dems): dangerous/corrupt/ favors rich investorsSupporters: (Clay/Whig Party) economy will only grow with regulated currency (paper money w/ stable value)Jackson vetoes 2nd Natl Bank!Whig Party created to oppose Jackson, want strong national economy
  • 16. Election of 1832 Jackson (D) v. Henry Clay (W) Jackson wins in landslide, takes on Natl BankWithdraws Fed $ from Natl Bank, puts it into different state banks AKA “Pet Banks”2nd Natl Bank failsWhig Party attacks Jackson, calls him “King Andrew the First”
  • 17. Election of 1836 Martin Van Buren elected (Dem & Jackson’s fav)Panic of 1837:Depression started by Jackson’s decision to stop accepting paper $ for purchase of federal landLand value drops, banks/businesses bankrupt, etc.
  • 18. Election of 1840 Whigs run against the depressionWilliam Henry Harrison elected (war hero/Whig).Harrison dies 1 month into office, replaced by John Tyler (rejects Whig policies once in power)