Google Aap Settlement
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Google Aap Settlement



The settlement between the AAP and Google, with an emphasis on the effect on libraries.

The settlement between the AAP and Google, with an emphasis on the effect on libraries.



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  • October 2005
  • Between Google, and AG+AAP; libraries are not included. October 2008 134 p + 13 appendices Needs court approval Members of the class and other interested parties can comment. Comment period WAS up to May 5. Has been extended four months.
  • librarians from participating libraries in negotiations -- NDA
  • What about copyright office? What about Copyright Clearance Center? G digitizing the files of the Copyright office
  • Justice department
  • Research Corpus
  • $$ not known
  • probably will be advertising-based, as it is today will include links to purchase, either electronic or hard copy; eventually may include POD
  • NOTE: libraries cannot purchase books
  • Because court doesn’t have jurisdiction over future Because of Berne convention
  • “remove books for editorial reasons”

Google Aap Settlement Google Aap Settlement Presentation Transcript

  • Google/AG/AAP settlement Karen Coyle [email_address]
  • Google Book Search
    • Harvard, Michigan, Stanford, NYPL, Oxford
    • UC, CIC
    • Foreign libraries
  • Fair use ©
  • What the libraries got
    • Copy of digitized book
    • OCR text
    • To use according to copyright law
  • What the settlement covers
    • Represents rights holders
    • Specifically targets out-of-print but in-copyright books
    • Defines some library services
  • What the settlement creates
    • Books rights registry (BRR)
      • Works
      • Rights holders
      • Determines payment levels & makes payments
      • Non-profit, self-sustaining
      • Will be created initially with Google funding
  • What Google gets
    • No liability for making copies of out-of-print works
    • Can provide services around digitized works
    • Can use advertising model as well as licenses
    • Gets 37% of revenue; 63% to registry for dispersal
  • Participating libraries….
    • Some get copy of digital file
      • Cannot use EXCEPT for computational research
      • Specifically: no ILL, no e-reserves, no reading
      • Can: provide services to visually handicapped
      • Can: use to create replacement copies (§108)
  • Libraries
    • Can subscribe to Google service(s)
      • OP:
        • read whole book
        • print part or all
        • copy & paste
        • integrate with course management
        • create and share annotations
      • IP:
        • whatever G has agreed with publisher
      • PD:
        • no restrictions
  • Public institutions
    • Free access to “public service”
      • does not include all features
        • printing for a fee
      • based on FTE
    • Search and full view
  • Public libraries
    • Free access to “public service”
      • one “access terminal” per building
      • no remote access
      • possible per-page royalty for printing
  • Public
    • Online search
    • Display of up to 20% of OP book
    • No print or copy/paste
  • Individuals
    • Can “purchase” books
      • kept online; no download
      • full read and print
      • annotate, and share annotations with other owners
  • Oddities
    • Only books published before January, 2009
    • Includes foreign books found in US
  • Impact
    • Google gets monopoly over digitization of OP works
    • Does not establish fair use for digitizing for search
    • May affect copyright law
  • Concerns (esp. for libraries)
    • Price/monopoly
    • Sustainability
    • Privacy
    • Neutrality/censorship
    • Equal access for all
  • 2-page summary from ALA
  • 26-page summary from ARL
  • Resources
    • ALA:
    • “googlebooks”
    • Grimmelmann:
  • Questions?