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http://wfnetwork.bc.edu 9
https://workfamily.sas.upenn.edu 2
http://209.85.173.104 1

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  • ** Any opinions expressed here are those of the author and not those of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation or the Sloan Work and Family Research Network. .

Keynote Keynote Presentation Transcript

  • 9 to 5 No More: State Legislation To Give Working Families More Time Julie Schwartz Weber, JD Policy Specialist July 11, 2008 www.bc.edu/wfnetwork ** Any opinions expressed here are those of the author and not those of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation or the Sloan Work and Family Research Network. .
  • Agenda
    • Why Is It Harder to Balance Work and Family?
      • Workforce Changes
      • Workplace Changes
    • What Is the Impact on Families?
      • Impact on Parents
      • Impact on Children
    • What Is the Impact on Employers?
    • What Are States Doing to Help?
      • Flexibility in The Workplace with Focus on:
        • Flexible Leaves (Paid Sick, Education)
        • Flex-time (Flexible Work Schedules)
        • Flexible Place (Telework)
    • Now What? Parting Thoughts
  • I Need a “June Cleaver” in My Life!
    • Increased labor participation of mothers
    • Rise of dual earner and single parent households, where every parent in the home works
      • Only 19% of married-couple families fit the “traditional” model with a stay-at-home mother and breadwinner father
    Why Is It Harder to Balance Work and Family? 57% 14% 19% 5% 5% Source: US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, March 2005
    • Increased numbers of workers, both men and women, are providing substantial care to their elderly and disabled relatives
    WORKFORCE CHANGES
  • Why Is It Harder to Balance Work and Family?
    • Non-daytime and weekend employment is mainstream
    • Wide use of technology, including Blackberries, email, and voicemail, allow workers to be forever “on duty”
    • Longer commutes than in previous decades
    Source: Bond, et. al. (2002).
    • 24/7 economy where time at work has increased
    WORKPLACE CHANGES
  • Why Is It Harder to Balance Work and Family?
  • Agenda
    • Why Is It Harder to Balance Work and Family?
      • Workforce Changes
      • Workplace Changes
    • What Is the Impact on Families?
      • Impact on Parents
      • Impact on Children
    • What Is the Impact on Employers?
    • What Are States Doing to Help?
      • Flexibility in The Workplace with Focus on:
        • Flexible Leaves (Paid Sick, Education)
        • Flex-time (Flexible Work Schedules)
        • Flexible Place (Telework)
    • Now What? Parting Thoughts
  • What is the Impact on Families?
    • Work/family conflict may create stress, which increases risk of:
      • anxiety or mood disorder
      • substance abuse
      • physical health conditions
    • Work/family conflict may lower marital quality
    • Work/family conflict can result in adverse financial consequences
    IMPACT ON PARENTS Work/family conflict may result in negative health, social, and financial outcomes for parents
  • What is the Impact on Families?
    • Parental availability and involvement are important to children’s:
      • Health
      • Academic and developmental outcomes, particularly during adolescence
    IMPACT ON CHILDREN There may be negative effects on children when parents lack flexibility to participate in their children’s lives
  • Agenda
    • Why Is It Harder to Balance Work and Family?
      • Workforce Changes
      • Workplace Changes
    • What Is the Impact on Families?
      • Impact on Children
      • Impact on Parents
    • What Is the Impact on Employers?
    • What Are States Doing to Help?
      • Flexibility in The Workplace with Focus on:
        • Flexible Leaves (Paid Sick, Education)
        • Flex-time (Flexible Work Schedules)
        • Flexible Place (Telework)
    • Now What? Parting Thoughts
  • What is the Impact on Employers?
    • EMPLOYEES WITHOUT FLEXIBILITY COST EMPLOYERS $$$
      • Increased presenteeism
      • Decreased productivity
      • Decreased job satisfaction
      • Increased absenteeism
      • Greater health care costs
      • Higher turnover costs
      • Decreased engagement
      • Less effective recruiting
  • What is the Impact on Employers?
  • Agenda
    • Why Is It Harder to Balance Work and Family?
      • Workforce Changes
      • Workplace Changes
    • What Is the Impact on Families?
      • Impact on Children
      • Impact on Parents
    • What Is the Impact on Employers?
    • What Are States Doing to Help?
      • Flexibility in The Workplace with Focus on:
        • Flexible Leaves (Paid Sick, Education)
        • Flex-time (Flexible Work Schedules)
        • Flexible Place (Telework)
    • Now What? Parting Thoughts
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
    • States are active participants in the workplace flexibility movement
      • Workplace Flexibility means that employees and supervisors have some choice and control over when, where, and how work gets done
      • (Center on Aging and Work)
      • Workplace Flexibility is a “win-win” for the employer and employee
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
    • Flex-Time
    • Flexible work schedule
    • Flex-Career
    • Phased retirement
    • Flex-Leave
    • Paid Sick
    • Vacation
    • Parental leave
    • Education
    • Paid Family
    • Reduced Time
    • Part time (or part year)
    • Job Sharing
    • Flex-Place
    • Telework
    Legislation to give working families more time
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
    • PAID SICK LEAVE
    • Guarantees workers flexibility to deal with unanticipated or irregularly occurring short term illnesses or injuries for them or their family members
    • Sick leave can be used by the worker for routine medical and preventive care for themselves or a family member and treatment and counseling for domestic violence
    • Paid, job protected leave
    • No federal or state laws re: private sector
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
    • US Workers without Paid Sick Days
    Source: Lovell, 2004 (Does not include Federal Employees) Workers by Type
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
    • Paid Sick Leave Legislation
    • Considered Bills
    • Passed Laws
    San Francisco Philadelphia Milwaukee DC
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
    • EDUCATION LEAVE
    • Guarantees workers flexibility to take time off from work to attend their children’s school conferences or other school functions
    • Job protected leave
    • May or may not be paid
    • No federal laws re: private sector
  • What Are States Doing To Help? Education Leave Legislation Considered Bills Passed Laws Both
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
    • FLEXIBLE WORK SCHEDULES
    • Provide workers with flexibility in the scheduling of their work hours
    • Examples include:
      • Flex time : allows workers to shift start and quitting times
      • Compressed work schedules : work a full-time schedule, in less than a 5-day traditional workweek by increasing daily hours worked
  • What Are States Doing To Help? What kind of Workers get Flexible Schedules? Percent that can adjust start and stop times Low wage workers have the least access to flexible work schedules Source: Families and Work Institute, 2006
  • What Are States Doing To Help? Flexible Schedule Legislation Considered Bills Passed Laws Both
  • What Are States Doing To Help? Why do States enact Flexible Work Legislation? Number of States
  • What Are States Doing To Help?
    • TELEWORK
    • Working at an alternative worksite that is not the main worksite for some portion of their working hours
    • Alternative worksite could be:
      • Worker’s home
      • Satellite office
      • Other location outside of the main work site
  • What Are States Doing To Help? Telework Legislation Considered Bills Passed Laws Both
  • What Are States Doing To Help? Why do States enact Telework Legislation? Number of States
  • Agenda
    • Why Is It Harder to Balance Work and Family
      • Workforce Changes
      • Workplace Changes
    • What Is the Impact on Families?
      • Impact on Children
      • Impact on Parents
    • What Is the Impact on Employers?
    • What Are States Doing to Help?
      • Flexibility in The Workplace with Focus on:
        • Flexible Leaves (Paid Sick, Education)
        • Flex-time (Flexible Work Schedules)
        • Flexible Place (Telework)
    • Now What? Parting Thoughts
  • Now What? Parting Thoughts
    • “Caring for each other is the most basic form of civic participation. We learn to care for families, and we enlarge our communities of concern as we mature. Caring is the essential democratic act, the prerequisite to voting, joining associations, attending meetings, holding office and all the other ways we sustain democracy.”
    • - Deborah Stone, Scholar, 2000
  • Now What? Parting Thoughts
  • Need more information? Questions? Contact: Julie Schwartz Weber, Policy Specialist 617-552-1357 [email_address]