Learning Perspective• Behaviorism: Emphasizes the study of observable behaviors and events and the predictable role of environment in causing behavior. – Biology sets limits, but environment is more influential Goetgheluck, Science Photo Library, 2012
Operant Conditioning• Type of learning in which a person repeats a behavior that has been reinforced or ceases a behavior that has punished. Cappagh Parish, Derry Diocese, Ireland “Patience” April 4,2012via Google images , Creative Commons Attribution.
Operant Conditioning• Punishment: stimulus followed by behavior which decreases the probability that the behavior will be repeated. – Positive : Introducing an aversive event – Negative: Withdrawing a positive event
Huitt & Hummel (1997).
ResourcesCappagh Parish, Derry Diocese, Ireland “Patience” uploaded April 4,2012 via Google images , Creative Commons Attribution from http://www.cappaghparish.com/160809.htmClarity Digital Group LLC d/b/a, Pets , 2006-2012, What is operant conditioning? - National animal training uploaded April 5, 2012 via Google images . Retrieved from, Examiner.com http://www.examiner.com/animal-training-in-national/what-is-operant- conditioning#ixzz1rH7Ytgb1Goetgheluck P. ( 2012) “ White Laboratory Rat”, Science Photo Library, uploaded April 4, 2012 via Google images. Retrieved from, http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/385783/enlarge#Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (1997). An introduction to operant (instrumental) conditioning. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Uploaded April 5, 2012 via Google images. Retrieved from, http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/behsys/operant.htmlWade, C. & Tavris, C. ( 2008). Invitation to Psychology. (5th ed.) New York: Prentice-Hall.