KCC Art 211 Ch 1 And 2 What Is ArtPresentation Transcript
Chapter 1 and 2 What is Art? Our world has become a very visual one - we have art all around us. Understanding art is understanding our world! A good first step is to try to understand what we mean by art. What is Art? There are no single answers and not everyone will agree on a definition. Book art Collage Salvador Dali Persistence of Memory
Purposes and Functions of Art
Day to day living
Social and political purposes
What are the various forms of art? When you think of art, what do you think of? What is the difference between the words "statue" and "sculpture". "Statue" suggests sculpture that is realistic, usually representing the human form. "Sculpture" is a broader term, many are abstract.
Rodin – The Thinker, Chicago Henry Moore – Reclining nude series
Is there a size limit to art? Art can come in all sizes, from massive public art to dainty table top pieces. What are some large public pieces that you know about?
Woman of Wollendorf Christo – The Wall c. 25,000 – 20, 000 BCE 4 ½”
Is art defined by its materials? We're all used to thinking of paintings as art. Or bronze or marble sculptures. But art can be made from all kinds of materials.
Bicycle Tire by Duchaump Collage Michelangelo – Emerging series
A work can even combine art forms!
Photography, ceramics, metalwork, collage - these can all be incorporated into a painting or vice versa. For example, at left, Robert Rauschenberg uses many items in his assemblage collage work, on pg 427 in text book, Monogram is created with a stuffed goat, a tire and a painting.
Some art moves! A piece may turn in the breeze, like the Calder mobiles. Or have a motor or they can have sound. The mobile shown on pg 58 is by Calder and was made with metal called a kinetic sculpture.
Does art have to be representational? Is it necessary for it to actually look like something, such as a woman, or a vase of flowers? Does art have to be realistic? Is it better if it is realistic? What makes it realistic? Can it be something that suggests something real, even if it doesn't look exactly like our eye sees it in real life? Gauguin Matisse Whistler
What about abstract art? What is abstract art about? It can suggest many things, create many moods, or simply celebrate something as basic as form or color. You'll notice that when you look at abstract art you tend to describe it in terms of feelings. It makes you feel happy. It makes you feel tense. Or this painting looks angry. Or quiet and peaceful. This is a great way to interpret art!
See pg 29 in your text,
on how to take a representational drawing of a cow and abstract it into colorful squares.
Theo van Doesburg
Abstraction of a cow
Art tells a story. Is it art if it is intended for another purpose? If it is originally created with the intention to instruct, or record, or illustrate, is it still art?
Church window Stained glass Quilt by Faith Ringgold
Art has always had many roles.
Paintings and now photography have long been used to record how things or people look. Art has also been used to tell stories or history. Religious art sets out to explain beliefs, tell a spiritual story, or simply for inspiration. Art can be used to memorialize an event or person.
The Viet Nam Memorial by Maya Lin on pg 466 is a memorable example of art. Greek Vase
Art for Day to Day Living
Objects of all kinds are useful in our lives
Can art be functional? If a piece is something we use for everyday living, like a fork or a blanket, can it be art? See page 6 for everyday items that are decorative as well as useful.
Everyday items with artistic embellishment
Art for the Spirit
Art has a spiritual component from carvings to cave paintings to structures.
Lascaux cave paintings Stonehenge in England
Art for Personal Expression Mask Self Portrait by artist Rembrandt
Art for Social and Political Purpose
To criticize or influence values through public opinion
Andy Warhol print
Art for Visual Delight
Art for pleasure, enjoyment, diversion, or embellishment
Relates back to everyday items, we like to surround ourselves with items that we enjoy
Art vs. Craft
Are crafts art? Jewelry making, quilting, and woodworking are all referred to as crafts. Some people also call them art, while others only use the word art for certain pieces that they feel cross the line from crafts to art. Is the thing that makes the difference between craft and art the fact that it is functional? Or is the difference more about whether it is good or mediocre art, and relegating the mediocre to the craft category? What do you think? Who decides if the art is good or bad? Do we always listen to those opinions?
Art vs. Craft Wooden bowls Jewelry Quilt
What is the difference between art and craft?
It seems like many times arts and crafts get lumped together into a catch phrase most often used to describe camp activities for children. But what is the difference between art and a craft?
A craft is usually a cookie-cutter or close-ended activity. The craft activity is based on a formula and all participants follow the same directions and end up with roughly the same result every time. For example, creating a god’s eye from two sticks and colored yarn is a great craft example. Yes, it involves creating something, but the end product is most always the same and there’s not a lot of room for variation.
An art activity is more open-ended. For example, in a drawing project all participants may start with the same materials of paper and pencils then are asked to create drawings that represent their family. The results of this project will create many different drawings and therefore many different solutions to the same problem. While the end result may not always be considered art, the possibility of creating an original drawing that transcends its parameters and materials is always possible, and seems to be the definition of art.
If art is used to sell something is it still art? We call this commercial art. What are some of the forms of commercial art around us? Trademarks and logos are powerful visual communicators. Other kinds of commercial art are billboards, tv ads, animation in computer games, and package design. Some of these are beautiful. Some are not. But all were created by someone for a specific commercial purpose. Is that art?
If art is something done by human hands, what is art generated on a computer? Does our definition of art include that?
Does art have to be beautiful? What about a piece that looks truly ugly to you? Is it still art? Perhaps the artist is communicating something with that "ugliness". Sometimes the artist is trying to shock the viewer, or to make you feel uncomfortable. Why would an artist want to do that? Perhaps to make people see things in a new way?
daVinci’s Ugly Man Jean-Michel Basquiat – Mona Lisa
Is "found art" really art? Some artists take something they simply find, and mount it and call it art. If you found an interesting piece of wood, and polished it and mounted it, would that be art? If you didn't polish it, but just mounted it, would it be art? If you just brought a piece of wood in and didn't do anything to it, didn't mount it, would this be art? Some artists will say yes, some will say no. One thing to think about is that the word art is a root in words like artifice, artifact, artisan, so linguistically it implies something made by human hands. So in that light, perhaps that piece of wood needs to have something done to it by the artist to make it art? Or is it enough that the artist selected it?
Duchaump Found Art from beach trash
What is the one thing that all these art forms have in common? All art has one defining thing that it shares with all other art - COMMUNICATION! All forms of art communicate something... a feeling, an idea, a record of fact, another way of looking at something, a statement about something going on in our society, an appreciation of something beautiful, a spiritual understanding. Can you think of an example of art that does not communicate anything?