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Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
Chapter 2   History of Children's Literature
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Chapter 2 History of Children's Literature

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August 9, 2011 Class Session

August 9, 2011 Class Session

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  • 1. Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011 2.1
  • 2. <ul><li>Easy-Fiction Picture Book - http://www.youtube.com/user/ScholasticKids#p/c/C1B08FBB22B50642/0/tmtCHUz9MKI </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Fiction: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWtxBqr1C44&amp;feature=related </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011 2.1
  • 3. <ul><li>What is the history of children’s literature? </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011 2.1
  • 4. <ul><li>Books weren’t always written for children. </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in printing technology provided affordable books. </li></ul><ul><li>When childhood began to be viewed as a special part of the human life cycle, literature written specifically for children became important. </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 5. <ul><li>The oral tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Early printed books </li></ul><ul><li>The Puritan influence </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke’s influence </li></ul><ul><li>Mother Goose tales </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure stories </li></ul><ul><li>Newbery’s books </li></ul><ul><li>Rousseau’s philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Blake’s poetry </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011 2.2
  • 6. <ul><li>1450’s – Johnannes Gutenberg’s mass production of books. </li></ul><ul><li>1476 - William Caxton’s printing press </li></ul><ul><li>The Hornbook </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 7. <ul><li>  </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 8. <ul><li>Chapbooks – </li></ul><ul><li>small publications that contained </li></ul><ul><li>songs, poems, political treatises, </li></ul><ul><li>folk stories, religious tracts, and </li></ul><ul><li>all manner of short texts. Street </li></ul><ul><li>peddlers or chapman sold </li></ul><ul><li>printed chapbooks for pennies at </li></ul><ul><li>markets to common people. </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 9. <ul><li>The Puritan Influence – </li></ul><ul><li>the story of children’s reading in America begins with the Puritans. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavily influenced by the Church of England </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted children from reading some chapbooks </li></ul><ul><li>Books selected for Puritan children reinforced their moral development; God and foremost. </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 10. <ul><li>Charles Perrault – </li></ul><ul><li>Contes de ma Mere L’Oye (Tales of Mother Goose) </li></ul><ul><li>Re-told many stories from French perspective </li></ul><ul><li>One of the first writers to recognize that fairy tales have a special place in the world of children. </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 11. <ul><li>Daniel Defoe – </li></ul><ul><li>Author of Robinson Crusoe, 1719 </li></ul><ul><li>Written originally for adults </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the book while condemned to Newgate Prison </li></ul><ul><li>The story is based off of Scottish sailer Alexander Selkirk </li></ul><ul><li>Re-told many stories from French perspective </li></ul><ul><li>One of the first writers to recognize that fairy tales have a special place in the world of children. </li></ul><ul><li>Jonathan Swift – </li></ul><ul><li>Author of Gulliver’s Travels, 1726 </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 12. <ul><li>John Newberry – </li></ul><ul><li>Writer and publisher </li></ul><ul><li>Little Pretty Pocket Book, 1744 </li></ul><ul><li>Brought recognition to the publishing field that there was a market for children’s books </li></ul><ul><li>Newberry award is named in his honor for his work with children’s literature </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/alsc/awardsgrants/bookmedia/newberymedal/newberymedal.cfm </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 13. <ul><li>Jean-Jacques Rousseau – </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that children should be accompanied in their search for knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Published Emile in 1762 </li></ul><ul><li>Stressed the importance of experiences in harmony with children’s natural development physically and mentally. </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011
  • 14. <ul><li>The Romantic movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Brothers Grimm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hans Christian Anderson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Illustrators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crane, Caldecott, Greenaway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Victorian influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The plight of children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Childhood as an adventure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantasy, adventure, and real people </li></ul></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011 2.3
  • 15. <ul><li>The Brothers Grimm - </li></ul><ul><li>German scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Re-told oral folktales that described German tradition and celebrated the language </li></ul><ul><li>Some popular titles include, Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel, Little Red Riding Hood and the Frog Prince </li></ul><ul><li>The second edition published in 1815 was written specifically for children </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011 2.3
  • 16. <ul><li>Hans Christian Anderson – </li></ul><ul><li>Born in poverty in Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>Teased about his looks, Anderson began to write tales that reflected his childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Known widely for publishing the first fairy tales </li></ul><ul><li>His most popular books are The Ugly Duckling, The Little Mermaid and The Red Shoes </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011 2.3
  • 17. <ul><li>British artist and illustrator </li></ul><ul><li>  Known widely for illustrating The House that Jack Built and the Diverting History of John Gilpin, 1878. </li></ul><ul><li>Drew sketches of the House of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/alsc/awardsgrants/bookmedia/caldecottmedal/caldecottmedal.cfm </li></ul>Norton, Through the Eyes of a Child - 8th Edition Professor K.C. Boyd - August, 2011

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