Review and AnalysisofClimate Change Visualization ToolsKaren Carter554 Information Visualization
Visualization of Climate Change•Climate change is one of the most heavily researched areas•of science today.•Analysis of climate change data has far-reaching social,•political and economic Impact on every region of the world.•Effective data visualization tools can help both researchers•understand their findings and help the general public in•understanding the implications of climate change in their•daily lives.
Cluster One Virtual Globes Maps - Virtual Globes•Three-dimensional software modelsrepresenting the Earth•Use satellite imagery and aerial photographs•Allow users to zoom, rotate, and otherwisenavigate areas of the model.
Cluster One Maps- Virtual GlobesList of Tools in ClusterClimate Hot Map (http://www.climatehotmap.org/)4C Global Rise in Temperature map (http://www.fco.gov.uk/google-earth-4degrees.kml)Earth Browser (http://www.earthbrowser.com)GLOBE (http://vis.globe.gov/GLOBE)
Highlighted Tool Climate Hot Map Virtual Globe tool powered by Google Earth Visualizes “hot spots”, areas that have beenidentified as having been impacted by climate change or are projected to show significant impact in the future Allows scientists and the public to see trends in climate change in the most affected areas. Impacts are categorized into: People, Freshwater, Oceans, Ecosystems and Temperature Developed by the Union of Concerned Scientists
Climate Hot Map – web portal
Climate Hot Map – view in Google Earth
Climate Hot Map –InfoVis Toolkit Highlighted Features Perceptual Coding Position X Interaction Interaction Size X Direct Manipulation X Orientation Immediate Feedback X Texture Linked Displays X Shape X Animate Shift of FocusThis tool was selected as a Color X Dynamic Slidersstate of the art tool because of Shading Semantic Zoomits specific focus on climate Depth Cues Focus Plus Context Xchange elements and the easewith which it can be Surface X Details on Demand Xdownloaded and executed by Motion X Output/Input Xthe lay user while still offering Stereo Xadvanced features and a richvisual experience. Proximity Information Density Similarity Maximize Data-Ink Ratio X Continuity Maximize Data Density Connectedness Minimize Lie Factor X Closure Containment
Cluster Two Virtual Globes Maps – Interactive Web Maps Two dimensional applications Allow for the input of data values to be displayed on a map Also often provide option to view data in graphs and charts. Use color-coding, shapes, time sliders and other features to define data.
Cluster Two Maps - Interactive Web MapsList of Tools in ClusterClimateWizard (http://www.climatewizard.org/)Climate Data Online (http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/)GeoCommons (http://www.geocommons.com)CI:Grasp (http://cigrasp.pik-potsdam.de/worldmap)SERVIR-Viz (https://servirglobal.net/Global/MapsData/InteractiveMapper.aspx)FERRET/Live Access Server (http://ferret.wrc.noaa.gov/Ferret)Remote Sensing Information Gateway (http://ofmpub.epa.gov/rsig/rsigserver?index.html)GODIVA2 (http://behemoth.nerc-essc.ac.uk/ncWMS/godiva2.html)
Highlighted Tool ClimateWizard Web-based interface that allows users to create climate change maps and observe historical patterns as well as visualize future impacts. Measures Average Temperature and Precipitation, users can select time series from 1901 to present Offers standard web-tool and customizable maps available via email.
ClimateWizard Custom input page & map
ClimateWizard – InfoVis Toolkit Perceptual Coding Interaction Position X Size X Direct Manipulation X Orientation Immediate Feedback X Texture Linked DisplaysThis tool was chosen as a Shape X Animate Shift of Focus Color X Dynamic Sliders Xstate of the art tool because of Shading Semantic Zoomits utility and value, a user-friendly interface that allows Depth Cues Focus Plus Contexteven inexperienced users to Surface Details on Demand Xsee animated models of future Motion Output/Input Xclimate change predictions. StereoAlso, the ability to build Proximity Information Densitycustomized maps in addition Similarity Maximize Data-Ink Ratio Xto working with the online toolgives ClimateWizard an extra Continuity Maximize Data Density Connectedness Minimize Lie Factor Xdimension. Closure Containment
Cluster Three – Integrated PortalList of Tools in ClusterClimate-ADAPT – (http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/web/guest/general)World Bank Climate Change Knowledge Portal – (http://sdwebx.worldbank.org/climateportal/index.cfm)
Highlighted Tool Virtual GlobesWorld Bank Climate Change Knowledge Portal • Online access to climate change data on a global, regional, and country level •Access to WorldBank Data and external data visualization tools •Climate Data, Impact Data, Vulnerabilities Data can be examined •Maps display historical and future trends and comparison •Tools can be filtered to variable, time period, and scenario.
WB Climate Change Knowledge Portal – query result
WB Climate Change Knowledge Portal – InfoVis Toolkit Perceptual Coding Interaction Position X Interaction Size X Direct Manipulation X Orientation Immediate Feedback X Texture Linked Displays X Shape X Animate Shift of FocusThis tool was chosen as a Color X Dynamic Sliders Xstate of the art tool because of Shading X Semantic Zoomvolume of information that can Depth Cues Focus Plus Context Xbe visualized. The tool issuitable for novice users but Surface Details on Demand Xalso serves the needs of Motion Output/Input Xexperienced users who can Stereoexamine historical changes,compare regions, and Proximity Information Densityunderstand potential impacts Similarity Maximize Data-Ink Ratio Xall from one visualization Continuity Maximize Data Densityportal. Connectedness Minimize Lie Factor X Closure Containment
Cluster Four Virtual Globes Time-Series Animations•Use time range data as a specificvariable, in addition to any other valuesthat are to be measured.•Data is animated to show changes overtime•Output in bubble charts, scatter plots, orother displays.
Cluster Four Time Series AnimationsList of Tools in ClusterClimate Analysis Indicator Tool (CAIT)(http://www.wri.org/tools/cait/?page=/World-FlowChart)VERDI (http://www.verdi-tool.org/index.cfm)Google Motion Chart(https://developers.google.com/chart/interactive/docs/gallery/motionch art?hl=de-AT)StatPlanet – (http://www.statsilk.com/software/statplanet)
Highlighted Tool StatPlanet• Downloadable application used by government agencies and international organizations to visualize climate data• Datasets can be uploaded, generating color-coded maps. Graphs can also be generated and maps can be published online.
StatPlanet– menu options
StatPlanet– map result
StatPlanet– InfoVis Toolkit Perceptual Coding Interaction Position X Interaction Size X Direct Manipulation X Orientation Immediate Feedback X Texture Linked Displays X Shape Animate Shift of FocusThis tool was chosen as a Color Dynamic Sliders Xstate-of-the-art tool because of Shape X Semantic Zoomits clear display, ease of use Color X Focus Plus Contextand unique integration of mapand time-series graph, which Shading Details on Demandallows the eye to quickly Depth Cues Output/Input Xprocess simultaneous pieces Surfaceof information. Motion Information Density Stereo Maximize Data-Ink Ratio X Proximity Maximize Data Density Similarity X Minimize Lie Factor X Continuity X Connectedness Closure Containment
Cluster Five Infographics Static visual representations of a particular topic or data set. Breaks down complex data or information and displays it in easy, digestible form. Visually engaging to generate and hold interest in the covered topic. Can be used as educational tool or as persuasive communication.
Cluster Five InfographicsList of Tools in ClusterVital Climate Graphics – (http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/climate)CLIMGRAPH – (http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gsd/outreach/education/climgraph/)
Highlighted Tool Vital Climate Graphics• Information package of forty infographics related to climate change and the environment.• Variety of infographs presented, including tables, charts, line graphs, etc.• Particularly focused on the socioeconomic impacts of climate change.
Vital Climate Graphics – InfoVis Toolkit Perceptual Coding Interaction Position X Interaction Size X Direct Manipulation Orientation Immediate Feedback Texture Linked Displays Shape Animate Shift of FocusThis tool was chosen as state Color Dynamic Slidersof the art because of the Shape X Semantic Zoomnumber, diversity, and quality of Color X Focus Plus Contextavailable infographs, and theirspecific usefulness for Shading Details on Demandindividuals interested in all Depth Cues Output/Inputareas of climate change. SurfaceBecause there are multiple Motion Information Densityinfographs included, Only one Stereo Maximize Data-Ink Ratio Xinfograph was evaluated withthe InfoVis Toolkit, “Projected Proximity X Maximize Data Density X Similarity X Minimize Lie Factor Xchanges in globaltemperature.” Continuity X Connectedness Closure Containment