Review and AnalysisofClimate Change Visualization ToolsKaren Carter554 Information Visualization
Cluster One Virtual Globes Maps - Virtual Globes•Three-dimensional software modelsrepresenting the Earth•Use satellite imagery and aerial photographs•Allow users to zoom, rotate, and otherwisenavigate areas of the model.
Cluster One Maps- Virtual GlobesList of Tools in ClusterClimate Hot Map (http://www.climatehotmap.org/)4C Global Rise in Temperature map (http://www.fco.gov.uk/google-earth-4degrees.kml)Earth Browser (http://www.earthbrowser.com)GLOBE (http://vis.globe.gov/GLOBE)
Highlighted Tool Climate Hot MapVirtual Globe tool powered by Google EarthVisualizes “hot spots”, areas that have beenidentified as having been impacted by climate change or are projected to show significant impact in the futureAllows scientists and the public to see trends in climate change in the most affected areas.Impacts are categorized into: People, Freshwater, Oceans, Ecosystems and TemperatureDeveloped by the Union of Concerned Scientists
Climate Hot Map –InfoVis Toolkit Highlighted Features Perceptual Coding Position X Interaction Interaction Size X Direct Manipulation X Orientation Immediate Feedback X Texture Linked Displays X Shape X Animate Shift of FocusThis tool was selected as a Color X Dynamic Slidersstate of the art tool because of Shading Semantic Zoomits specific focus on climate Depth Cues Focus Plus Context Xchange elements and theease with which it can be Surface X Details on Demand Xdownloaded and executed by Motion X Output/Input Xthe lay user while still offering Stereo Xadvanced features and a richvisual experience. Proximity Information Density Similarity Maximize Data-Ink Ratio X Continuity Maximize Data Density Connectedness Minimize Lie Factor X Closure Containment
Cluster Two Virtual Globes Maps – Interactive Web MapsTwo dimensional applicationsAllow for the input of data values to be displayed on a mapAlso often provide option to view data in graphs and charts.Use color-coding, shapes, time sliders and other features to define data.
Cluster Two Maps - Interactive Web MapsList of Tools in ClusterClimateWizard (http://www.climatewizard.org/)Climate Data Online (http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/)GeoCommons (http://www.geocommons.com)CI:Grasp (http://cigrasp.pik-potsdam.de/worldmap)SERVIR-Viz (https://servirglobal.net/Global/MapsData/InteractiveMapper.aspx)FERRET/Live Access Server (http://ferret.wrc.noaa.gov/Ferret)Remote Sensing Information Gateway (http://ofmpub.epa.gov/rsig/rsigserver?index.html)GODIVA2 (http://behemoth.nerc-essc.ac.uk/ncWMS/godiva2.html)
Highlighted Tool ClimateWizardWeb-based interface that allows users to create climate change maps and observe historical patterns as well as visualize future impacts.Measures Average Temperature and Precipitation, users can select time series from 1901 to presentOffers standard web-tool and customizable maps available via email.
ClimateWizard – InfoVis Toolkit Perceptual Coding Interaction Position X Size X Direct Manipulation X Orientation Immediate Feedback X Texture Linked DisplaysThis tool was chosen as a Shape Color X X Animate Shift of Focus Dynamic Sliders Xstate of the art tool because of Shading Semantic Zoomits utility and value, a user-friendly interface that allows Depth Cues Focus Plus Contexteven inexperienced users to Surface Details on Demand Xsee animated models of future Motion Output/Input Xclimate change predictions. StereoAlso, the ability to build Proximity Information Densitycustomized maps in addition Similarity Maximize Data-Ink Ratio Xto working with the online toolgives ClimateWizard an extra Continuity Maximize Data Density Connectedness Minimize Lie Factor Xdimension. Closure Containment
Cluster Three – Integrated PortalList of Tools in ClusterClimate-ADAPT – (http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/web/guest/general)World Bank Climate Change Knowledge Portal – (http://sdwebx.worldbank.org/climateportal/index.cfm)
Highlighted Tool Virtual GlobesWorld Bank Climate Change Knowledge Portal • Online access to climate change data on a global, regional, and country level •Access to WorldBank Data and external data visualization tools •Climate Data, Impact Data, Vulnerabilities Data can be examined •Maps display historical and future trends and comparison •Tools can be filtered to variable, time period, and scenario.
WB Climate Change Knowledge Portal – query result
WB Climate Change Knowledge Portal – InfoVis Toolkit Perceptual Coding Interaction Position X Interaction Size X Direct Manipulation X Orientation Immediate Feedback X Texture Linked Displays X Shape X Animate Shift of FocusThis tool was chosen as a Color X Dynamic Sliders Xstate of the art tool because of Shading X Semantic Zoomvolume of information that can Depth Cues Focus Plus Context Xbe visualized. The tool issuitable for novice users but Surface Details on Demand Xalso serves the needs of Motion Output/Input Xexperienced users who can Stereoexamine historical changes,compare regions, and Proximity Information Densityunderstand potential impacts Similarity Maximize Data-Ink Ratio Xall from one visualization Continuity Maximize Data Densityportal. Connectedness Minimize Lie Factor X Closure Containment
Cluster Four Virtual Globes Time-Series Animations•Use time range data as a specificvariable, in addition to any other valuesthat are to be measured.•Data is animated to show changes overtime•Output in bubble charts, scatter plots, orother displays.
Cluster Four Time Series AnimationsList of Tools in ClusterClimate Analysis Indicator Tool (CAIT) (http://www.wri.org/tools/cait/?page=/World-FlowChart)VERDI (http://www.verdi-tool.org/index.cfm)Google Motion Chart(https://developers.google.com/chart/interactive/docs/gallery/motionch art?hl=de-AT)StatPlanet – (http://www.statsilk.com/software/statplanet)
Highlighted Tool StatPlanet• Downloadable application used by government agencies and international organizations to visualize climate data• Datasets can be uploaded, generating color-coded maps. Graphs can also be generated and maps can be published online.
StatPlanet– InfoVis Toolkit Perceptual Coding Interaction Position X Interaction Size X Direct Manipulation X Orientation Immediate Feedback X Texture Linked Displays X Shape Animate Shift of FocusThis tool was chosen as a Color Dynamic Sliders Xstate-of-the-art tool because of Shape X Semantic Zoomits clear display, ease of use Color X Focus Plus Contextand unique integration of mapand time-series graph, which Shading Details on Demandallows the eye to quickly Depth Cues Output/Input Xprocess simultaneous pieces Surfaceof information. Motion Information Density Stereo Maximize Data-Ink Ratio X Proximity Maximize Data Density Similarity X Minimize Lie Factor X Continuity X Connectedness Closure Containment
Cluster Five InfographicsStatic visual representations of a particular topic or data set.Breaks down complex data or information and displays it in easy, digestible form.Visually engaging to generate and hold interest in the covered topic.Can be used as educational tool or as persuasive communication.
Cluster Five InfographicsList of Tools in ClusterVital Climate Graphics – (http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/climate)CLIMGRAPH – (http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gsd/outreach/education/climgraph/)
Highlighted Tool Vital Climate Graphics• Information package of forty infographics related to climate change and the environment.• Variety of infographs presented, including tables, charts, line graphs, etc.• Particularly focused on the socioeconomic impacts of climate change.
Vital Climate Graphics – InfoVis Toolkit Perceptual Coding Interaction Position X Interaction Size X Direct Manipulation Orientation Immediate Feedback Texture Linked Displays Shape Animate Shift of FocusThis tool was chosen as state Color Dynamic Slidersof the art because of the Shape X Semantic Zoomnumber, diversity, and quality Color X Focus Plus Contextof available infographs, andtheir specific usefulness for Shading Details on Demandindividuals interested in all Depth Cues Output/Inputareas of climate change. SurfaceBecause there are multiple Motion Information Densityinfographs included, Only one Stereo Maximize Data-Ink Ratio Xinfograph was evaluated with Proximity X Maximize Data Density Xthe InfoVis Toolkit, “Projected Similarity X Minimize Lie Factor Xchanges in globaltemperature.” Continuity Connectedness X Closure Containment