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Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
Intro to Computers
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Intro to Computers

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  • 1. Essential Introduction to Computers Mrs. Bryant Computer Information Systems
  • 2. What Is a Computer? <ul><li>A computer is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory , that can accept data ( input ), process the data according to specified rules (process), produce results ( output ), and store the results ( storage ) for future use </li></ul>
  • 3. What makes a computer so powerful? SPEED A computer can do billions of actions per second RELIABILITY Failures are usually due to human error, one way or another STORAGE A computer can keep huge amounts of data and is easily organized
  • 4. What Are the Components of a Computer? <ul><li>Input </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Processor </li></ul><ul><li>Output </li></ul>I need 3 volunteers! Input Memory Storage Processor Output
  • 5. Information Processing Cycle (4 basic functions of a computer) <ul><li>Input </li></ul><ul><li>Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Output </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Report Card </li></ul>
  • 6. Input Devices <ul><li>Any hardware component that allows you to enter data, programs, commands, and user responses into a computer </li></ul><ul><li>Examples?? </li></ul>
  • 7. Processor <ul><li>Also called CPU (Central Processing Unit) </li></ul><ul><li>Interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer </li></ul><ul><li>2 parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control unit interprets instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arithmetic/logic unit performs arithmetic and logical processes </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Output Devices <ul><li>Output devices make the information resulting from processing available for use </li></ul><ul><li>Output Device Examples?? </li></ul>
  • 9. Storage Devices <ul><li>Used to store instructions, data, and information when they are not being used in memory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floppy disk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard disk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD/DVD (ROM, R, RW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flash drive </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Memory <ul><li>Also called RAM (Random Access Memory) </li></ul><ul><li>Temporarily stores instructions waiting to be executed by the processor, data needed by those instructions, and the results of processed data </li></ul><ul><li>Kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte </li></ul><ul><li>Byte = 1 memory location ex. the letter A </li></ul>
  • 11. System Unit Let’s See!! Video Link!!
  • 12. Computer Mobile Devices <ul><li>PDA (personal digital assistant) </li></ul><ul><li>Notebook computer </li></ul><ul><li>Smartphone </li></ul><ul><li>Pocket PC </li></ul>
  • 13. It’s Your Turn! Find a partner. <ul><li>Computers are everywhere. Watching TV, driving a car, using a charge card, ordering fast food, and typing a term paper all involve interactions with computers. Make a list of every computer you and your partner can recall that you encountered today. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a timeline of at least 10 milestones/major advances in computer technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Who were some of the major contributors to computer technology (individuals, organizations, corporations)? List at least 4 and describe what they did. </li></ul><ul><li>How have businesses and our personal lives been affected by computer technology? </li></ul>

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