Blood Pressure

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Blood Pressure

  1. 1. Blood Pressure<br />
  2. 2. What is blood pressure?<br />Blood pressure is the reflection of pressure against the walls of a vessel.<br />
  3. 3. Factors that affect blood pressure<br />Blood volume<br />Stress<br />Blood vessel condition<br />Peripheral resistance (size of the vessel)<br />Vessel elasticity (hardening)<br />Heart muscle condition<br />
  4. 4. What’s normal?<br />
  5. 5. Normotension<br />Systolic = contracting / Diastolic = relaxing<br />119 or below / 79 or below<br />
  6. 6. Pre-hypertension<br />120-139 / 80-89<br />
  7. 7. hypertension<br />140 or above / 90 or above<br />Essential vs. Secondary<br />
  8. 8. Symptoms of blood pressure<br />May not have any symptoms<br />Headaches<br />Blurred vision<br />Angina<br />Vertigo<br />Difficulty breathing<br />Fatigue<br />Nosebleeds<br />Palpitations<br />
  9. 9. What can happen if untreated?<br />Stroke<br />Blood clots <br />Aneurysms<br />Heart disease<br />Kidney disease<br />
  10. 10. Risk factors<br />Genetic<br />Age<br />Gender<br />Race<br />Diabetic or other health problems<br />Smoking<br />Obesity<br />
  11. 11. What to do<br />Proper diet<br />Increase activity<br />Lose weight<br />Stop smoking<br />Know your blood pressure<br />TAKE MEDICATIONS!!!<br />

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