WHAT DO INSULTS AND ‘COARSE LANGUAGE’ACTUALLY ACCOMPLISH IN INTERACTION? By Kayla Burazin and Monika Grant
Overview Language Word magic Speech acts Social genres Social structure Profanity Politeness theory Social solidarity
Language What? Why? How? “Any verbal or non-verbal communication engaged in by humans, animals, or even machines”- The Oxford Dictionary of Sociology Verbal and Non-verbal
Word Magic Curses “Curses are both an oral residue and evidence of growing awareness of the performative potential of writing. (SIC)” (Bogoch, B and Danet, B, 1992) Oaths http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=knV OAr4U8l0
Word Magic Does anyone know of any other form of word magic? Have you ever experienced this in any way?
Speech Acts Speech act is a technical term in linguistics and the philosophy of language. A locutionary act: the performance of an utterance An illocutionary act: by saying something, we do something A perlocutionary act: which is viewed at the psychological consequence, such as persuading, convincing, scaring, enlightening, inspiring, or otherwise getting someone to do something or realise something.
Genres of Speech Every social situation is a different genre. Euphemistic speech: speech, that moves around the true meaning of a certain issue Dysphemistic speech: speech that is straight to the point of a certain issue. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nYA MDhVT50I
Genres of Speech Can you think of any of type of genres? Would you consider genres front or backstage?
Social structure of language Social classes Showing respect Titles An individuals context splits them into a certain class. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2- 9X0S1kcS0&feature=related
Profanity Why is there so much emphasis put onto certain words? Profanity can be seen as an intensifier, to gain attention or attack (Daly et al 2004)
Politeness Theory Brown and Levison first proposed the politeness theory in 1978 Politeness Theory identifies two aspects of individuals‟ „face‟, namely, their positive and negative face needs(Daly, 2004) Face Threating Acts (FTA)(Daly, 2004)
Politeness Theory Can anyone think of a situation they have been in where Politeness Theory has come into practice?
Social Solidarity One principal theme in the work of Émile Durkheim concerns the sources of moral and therefore social order in society- Oxford Dictionary of Sociology Can be created through the use of profanity within a conversation Bosses say you should of do this or you should do that …no you fuck off and they can both use this medium to horizontals their relationship. (Whelan, 2012).
Reference List albri1home (2008) Sue Simmons Curses "What the F**k" and Apology. Youtube. Accessed 10/10/2012 Daly. N, Holmes. J, Newton. J, Stubbe. M (2004) „Expletives as solidarity signals in FTAs on the factory floor.‟ Journal of Pragmatics 36: pp. 945-964. Danet, Brenda, Bogoch, Bryna, The Journal of American Folklore, Vol 105, No. 416 (Spring 1992), Pg, 132-165 Dundes, Alan, Jerry Leach and Bora Özkök. 1972. “The Strategy of Turkish Boys‟ Verbal Dueling Rhymes.” in Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Pp. 130-160 Labov, William. 1972. “Rules for Ritual
Reference List nocommenttv (2009) Obama swears in. Youtube. Accessed 10/10/2012 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=knVOAr4U8l0 Pishgadam, Reza, Zarei, Sima, Expressions of Gratitude,: A case of AFL learners, Rewiev of European Studies, Vol 3, No2 2011. Punjabicom1 (2012) Most Shocking & Worst X factor Audition Ever. Youtube. Accessed 10/10/2012 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2- 9X0S1kcS0&feature=related Scott. J, Marshall. G (2009/2012) A Dictionary of Sociology, Oxford University Press. Accessed 10/10/2012 http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/978 0199533008.001.0001/acref-9780199533008-e- 1236?rskey=E4TJeD&result=1236&q= University of Minnesota, CARLA: The centre for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition.