he Coastal Plain extends from the Fall Zone eastward to the Atlantic Ocean. Throughthe Fall Zone, the larger streams cascade off the resistant igneous and metamorphic rocksof the Piedmont to sea level. Large tidal rivers, the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, andJames, flow southeastward across the Coastal Plain to the Chesapeake Bay. The Bay, inturn, empties into the Atlantic Ocean.The topography of the Coastal Plain is a terraced landscape that stair-steps down to thecoast and to the major rivers. The risers (scarps) are former shorelines and the treads areemergent bay and river bottoms. The higher, older plains in the western part of theCoastal Plain are more dissected by stream erosion than the lower, younger terrace treads.This landscape was formed over the last few million years as sea level rose and fell inresponse to the repeated melting and growth of large continental glaciers and as theCoastal Plain slowly uplifted. During the glacial maxima, much of the continental shelfwas emergent and the Susquehanna flowed through the Chesapeake lowland and acrossthe exposed shelf to the sea 80 km or more to the east. The Chesapeake Bay was createdabout 5000 to 6000 years ago when the lower course of the Susquehanna River throughthe Chesapeake lowland was flooded as meltwater from the large Pleistocene continentalglaciers raised sea level. Continuing sea level rise and shoreline erosion caused the bay toexpand its aerial extent
Lake Drummond The Dismal Swamp is one of Virginias most interesting natural features. It is a huge wetland area in southeastern Virginia. It provides protection and food for many types of wildlife. The wildlife include deer, rabbits, raccoons, foxes, bobcats, and even bears. Birds, snakes, frogs and turtles can also be found here. Virginias largest natural lake, Lake Drummond, isDismal Swamp located here.
In the heart of Virginia, where the Blue Ridge Mountains meet gently rolling hillslies The Virginia Piedmont. A region rich in natural beauty, American history,farmlands, quaint towns and inns, wineries and fine dining, the Piedmont is lessthan an hour’s drive from Northern Virginia/Washington D.C., Fredericksburg orCharlottesville.Follow scenic roads through expanses of farmland, orchards and horse farmsbordered by centuries-old stone fences. Walk the main streets of the region’shistoric towns and villages, and explore the restaurants, from casual to elegant,the galleries, antique shops and other stores. Sample Virginia’s award-winningwines at the many vineyards of the region.Relive American history as you walk the trails of Civil War battlefields, visit thehome and 2,700 acre estate of President James Madison and visit numerousother historic sites.Hike or horseback ride through fields and woods or bicycle along winding scenicroads. Don your favorite hat and head to the Gold Cup races, a steeplechase orother equestrian event. Canoe the Rappahannock and Rapidan rivers or enjoy aleisurely afternoon of fishing on the Rose or Robinson.