Internet Safety and Cyber Bulling Karen Brooks Dr. Andrew Taylor
Digital Dossier http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=79IYZVYIVLA
What Is Bullying?
Bullying can take place in or out of school and in person or through other means of communication. When it occurs online, in, for example, emails, text messages, or in posts on websites, it is referred to as cyberbullying . Bullying can be verbal or physical, and when physical, it can be directed against a person, a person’s property, or be used to intimidate, rather than inflict damage to the person or his or her property. Verbal bullying can include name-calling, threatening, or teasing someone, or making obscene remarks or spreading rumors about someone. Bullying can be peer-to-peer, or be done by younger people to older people or vice versa.
What is Cyber Bullying?
Using communication technologies such as email, cell phones, chat rooms, instant messaging, blogs, or defamatory personal websites to send or post repeated, deliberate, cruel and harmful text or images.
(Shek, 2004; Belsey, www.cyberbullying.ca)
What is Cyber Bullying? – WiredSafety Video http://youtube.com/watch?v=T38-9OCDrP4
NYS and Bullying Laws
New York’s Grade
MAKING THE GRADE How States are "Graded" on their Anti Bullying Laws by Brenda High, Executive Director of BullyingPolice.org http://www.bullypolice.org/grade.html
The word "bullying" must be used in the text of the bill/law/statutes.
The law must clearly be an anti bullying law, not a school safety law.
There must be definitions of bullying and harassment.
There should be recommendations about how to make policy and what needs to be in the model policy.
A good law involves education specialists at all levels, starting with the State Superintendent's (Education) office, though the School Districts, Schools, Parents and Students. Together they can define and set rules, policies, and find and implement the best anti bullying programs. Laws should require anti bullying training, anti bullying education for students and staff as well as prevention programs.
A good law mandates anti bullying programs, not suggests programs.
Laws should include a date the model policy is due, when the schools need to have their policies in place, (in keeping with the anti bullying law requirements), and when the anti bullying programs must be in effect.
There must be protection against reprisal, retaliation or false accusation.
There must be school district protection against lawsuits upon compliance to policies.
A top rated law will put the emphasis on the victims of bullying by assigning counseling for victims who suffer for years after peer abuse.
There must be accountability reports made to either Lawmakers or the State Education Superintendent and there must be a consequence assigned to schools/districts who don’t comply to the law. There should be mandatory posting and/or notification of policies and reporting-form-procedures for students and parents.
Cyberbullying or "Electronic Harassment" law.
Passing in June 2010, this is a long awaited law. New York's law is missing point 5 and 8 and missing the "+" of point 10 (victim counseling) and point 12 (a cyberbullying clause). http://bullypolice.org/ny_law.html Takes effect 7/1/2012
Not all bullying is this obvious! Talent Show - Cyberbullying Prevention Commercial http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bdQBurXQOeQ
Our Work Environments
Story of local school of how simple playing can turn into bullying, even with staff.
Local School District
Current Societal Problem #1 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/03/29/school-shooter-north-american-tour-2012_n_840641.html and - http://ssnat.com/about/
Current Societal Problem #2 Relationship Bullying
Statistics on Teen Dating Violence- http://newchoicesinc.org/help/TDV/stats
Nearly three in four tweens (72%) say boyfriend/girlfriend relationships usually begin at age 14 or younger. (Liz Claiborne Inc. study on teen dating abuse conducted by Teenage Research Unlimited, February 2008.)
62% of tweens (age 11-14) who have been in a relationship say they know friends who have been verbally abused (called stupid, worthless, ugly, etc) by a boyfriend/girlfriend. (Liz Claiborne Inc. study on teen dating abuse conducted by Teenage Research Unlimited, February 2008.)
Only half of all tweens (age 11-14) claim to know the warning signs of a bad/hurtful relationship. (Liz Claiborne Inc. study on teen dating abuse conducted by Teenage Research Unlimited, February 2008.)
1 in 3 teenagers report knowing a friend or peer who has been hit, punched, kicked, slapped, choked or physically hurt by their partner. (Liz Claiborne Inc. study on teen dating abuse conducted by Teenage Research Unlimited, February 2005.)
Nearly 1 in 5 teenage girls who have been in a relationship said a boyfriend had threatened violence or self-harm if presented with a break-up. (Liz Claiborne Inc. study on teen dating abuse conducted by Teenage Research Unlimited, February 2005.)
Statistics on Bullying - http://newchoicesinc.org/help/B/stats
Cyber bullying Research Center – 2010 Research Findings - http://cyberbullying.us/blog/electronic-dating-violence-and-teens-our-2010-research-findings.html
10% of youth said a romantic partner has prevented them from using a computer or cell phone.
6% of boys and girls say their romantic partner posted something publicly online to make fun of, threaten, or embarrass them.
10.4% of boys and 9.8% of girls said they received a threatening cell phone message from their romantic partner.
5.4% of boys and 3.4% of girls said their romantic partner uploaded or shared a humiliating of harassing picture of them online or through their cell phone
5 Ways That Boys and Girls Bully Differently http://www.thebeehive.org/school/k-12-students/supporting-my-child-school/top-5-ways-boys-and-girls-bully?gclid=CJH17LDUv6cCFcfe4AodeRHbBQ
Boys are more likely than girls to display bullying behavior through physical intimidation. Girls bully by lashing out verbally more than physically. They leave other girls out of their circle and spread rumors by gossiping.
When boys bully, they bully girls as well as other boys. Girls usually bully other girls.
Boys tend to bully openly, making it easier to spot. Girls disguise their bullying and act out in more passive aggressive ways. Because of this, girl-on-girl bullying is harder to spot. The majority of researchers think that boys bully more than girls, but more recent studies suggest that adults simply have a harder time recognizing when girls bully.
Experts believe that boys are more likely to cyber-bully as well. Girls who are cyber-bullied are more likely to report the bullying to adults than their male peers.
Girls report more positive opinions of how their teacher’s handle bullying. Boys are more likely to think that their teachers are doing a poor job in responding to bullying problems.
5 Ways That Boys and Girls Bully The Same http://www.thebeehive.org/school/k-12-students/supporting-my-child-school/top-5-ways-boys-and-girls-bully?gclid=CJH17LDUv6cCFcfe4AodeRHbBQ
Both genders can bully in the form of racist, sexist or homophobic remarks.
Bullying by both boys and girls is harmful and can lead to depression, body image issues, and low self-esteem.
According to psychologist and bullying expert Evelyn Field , bullies and targets of bullies often have undeveloped assertive communication skills. Assertive communication is the open expression of your needs, desires, thoughts and feelings. It involves speaking up for your own needs while also respecting the needs of others.
Both male and female bullies often turn on their friends.
Bullying usually occurs amongst younger teens and pre-teens and usually begins to fade by the later teen years. Later primary and middle school years are the crucial years to be aware of bullying.
Cyber bullying affects many adolescents and teens on a daily basis. Cyber bullying involves using technology, like cell phones and the Internet, to bully or harass another person.
Cyber bullying can take many forms:
Sending mean messages or threats to a person's email account or cell phone
Spreading rumors online or through texts
Posting hurtful or threatening messages on social networking sites or web pages
Stealing a person's account information to break into their account and send damaging messages
Pretending to be someone else online to hurt another person
Taking unflattering pictures of a person and spreading them through cell phones or the Internet
Sexting, or circulating sexually suggestive pictures or messages about a person – If convicted of Sexting – must register with sex offender registry for 20 years. Sexting is Child Pornography.
Characteristics of Cyberbullying
Speed & Ease:
Access available 24 hours/day, 7 days/week—victims can no longer find solace at home
Pictures/text sent instantly
If kids simply “turn off” their technology, they are socially isolated.
8 Forms of Cyberbulling
Flaming : Using inflammatory or vulgar words to provoke an online fight
Harassment : Continually sending vicious, mean, or disturbing e-mails to an individual
Denigration : Spreading rumors, lies or gossip to hurt a person ’s reputation
Impersonation : Posting offensive or aggressive messages under another person ’s name
Outing : Posting or sharing confidential or compromising information or images
Trickery : Fooling someone into sharing personal information which you then post online
Exclusion : Purposefully excluding someone from an online group
Cyberstalking : Ongoing harassment and denigration that causes a person considerable fear for his/her safety
How, Who, and Why
Cyberbullying may occur via personal Web sites, blogs, e-mail, discussion groups, message boards, chat, instant messaging, or voice, text, or image cell phones.
A cyberbully may be a person whom the target knows or an online stranger. A cyberbully may be anonymous and enlist the aid of others, including online “friends.”
Cyberbullying may be a continuation of, or in retaliation for, in-school bullying. It may be related to fights about relationships or be based on hate or bias. Some teens think cyberbullying is a fun game.
Teens might think…
They think they are invisible, so they think they can’t be punished.
No real harm has been caused online
They should have a free speech right to post
Did you know…
In 2004-2005, 1,500 students in grades 4-8 were surveyed by iSafe.
The results show that the majority of students have had issues with cyberbullying or have been the initiator of the bullying.
In 2005, Patchin and Hinduja completed a survey of 1,500 adolescents.
Cyberbullying can cause great emotional harm.
Damaging material can be widely disseminated and impossible to fully remove.
Teens are reluctant to tell adults for fear they will be restricted from online activities or the cyberbully will retaliate.
Cyberbullying can lead to youth suicide and violence.
Responsible Management of Internet Use
Keep the computer in a public place and supervise.
Find out what public online sites and communities your child uses and review what your child is posting. Emphasize that these are public places!
Silent Friend in Social Networks
Prevent Your Child from Being a Cyberbully
Make it clear that all Internet use must be in accord with family values of kindness and respect for others.
If your child is being bullied at school, work with the school to stop the bullying and make sure your child knows not to retaliate online.
If you know your child has cyberbullied others, be very proactive in preventing any continuation. You can be held financially liable for the harm your child causes to another.
Prevent Your Child from Becoming a Target
Make sure your child knows not to post information that could be used maliciously.
Visit your child’s online communities and discuss the values demonstrated by those who participate.
Bully-proof your child by reinforcing your child’s individual strengths and fostering healthy friendships.
Sadness or anger during or after Internet use.
Withdrawal from friends and activities, school avoidance, decline of grades, and depression – even thoughts of suicide.
Indications that your child is being bullied at school.
http://tv.popcrunch.com/ellen-degeneres-speaks-on-cyber-bullying-tyler-clementi-video/ 0:01:45 http://ellen.warnerbros.com/2010/10/resources_to_help_stop_bullying_0930.php?page=2 Ellen Talk Show
Action Steps and Options
Make sure your child knows not to retaliate, to save the evidence, and to ask for your help if he or she is having difficulties.
Identify the cyberbully or bully group. Ask your Internet service provider for help.
There are different ways that your child or you can respond to cyberbullying:
Calmly and strongly tell the cyberbully to stop and to remove any harmful material.
Ignore the cyberbully by leaving the online environment, blocking communications, or both.
File a complaint with the Internet or cell phone company.
Send the cyberbully’s parents a letter that includes the evidence of cyberbullying. Demand that the actions stop and harmful material be removed
Seek assistance from the school.
Contact an attorney to send a letter or file a lawsuit against the cyberbully’s parents.
Contact the police if the cyberbullying involves threats of violence, coercion, intimidation based on hate or bias, or any form of sexual exploitation.
Despite the potential damage of cyber bullying, it is alarmingly common among adolescents and teens. According to Cyber bullying statistics from the i-SAFE foundation :
Over half of adolescents and teens have been bullied online, and about the same number have engaged in cyber bullying.
More than 1 in 3 young people have experienced cyberthreats online.
Over 25 percent of adolescents and teens have been bullied repeatedly through their cell phones or the Internet.
Well over half of young people do not tell their parents when cyber bullying occurs.
The Cyberbullying Research Center also did a series of surveys that found these cyber bullying statistics:
Over 80 percent of teens use a cell phone regularly , making it the most popular form of technology and a common medium for cyber bullying
About half of young people have experienced some form of cyber bullying, and 10 to 20 percent experience it regularly
Mean, hurtful comments and spreading rumors are the most common type of cyber bullying
Girls are at least as likely as boys to be cyber bullies or their victims
Boys are more likely to be threatened by cyber bullies than girls
Cyber bullying affects all races
Cyber bullying victims are more likely to have low self esteem and to consider suicide
Some Well-Known Examples
Ryan Halligan-student born in Poughkeepsie, NY, who committed suicide after being bullied online. http://www.ryanpatrickhalligan.org/
Some Well-Known Examples http://youtube.com/watch?v=HFsfDLCkfQU CNN Story
Megan Meier-student in St. Louis, MO who was a victim of a My Space hoax. Another teen ’s parent made up an account and “friended” Megan only to “dump” her later. She committed suicide last year. Video 5:43
Tyra Show – Follow Up http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=afKhU0ykrCQ&feature=related Video - 0:16 – 2:46
Many cyber bullies think that bullying others online is funny.
Cyber bullies may not realize the consequences for themselves of cyberbullying .
The things teens post online now may reflect badly on them later when they apply for college or a job.
Cyber bullies can lose their cell phone or online accounts for cyber bullying.
Also, cyber bullies and their parents may face legal charges for cyber bullying, and if the cyber bullying was sexual in nature or involved sexting, the results can include being registered as a sex offender.
Teens may think that if they use a fake name they won't get caught, but there are many ways to track some one who is cyber bullying.
Sexting is a felony - Child ponography – if convicted – must register on the sex offender list for 20 years.
NO ONE – has the right to make another person feel left out, feel inferior, or feel fear.
Faces of Victims More real life stories: http://www.netsmartz.org/reallifestories
Local School Uses Classic Literature to Fight Bullying http://www.fox23news.com/news/local/story/Greene-Co-school-uses-classic-kids-book-to-fight/lhgDttuLlk6AlxJNSa77FQ.cspx Teaching resources: http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/00352/100dresses.html http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/collateral.jsp?id=38456
Recognizing the Signs
Patchin & Hinduja have created a resource to help you notice the signs of cyberbullying
You Again - http://movieclips.com/osUp-you-again-movie-trailer-1/ and http://movieclips.com/4uNmF-you-again-movie-our-experiences/
17 Again - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJYKW48Vubw&feature=related Video1:49 – 1:55
Karate Kid I Start at 11:00 - plus Remake – Netflix – online
Max Keeble’s Big Move
Back to the Future
Why address this in schools?
Students will not learn about Internet ethics, etiquette, and safety intuitively simply because they are growing up in the digital age. Also the risks they face will not simply go away by ignoring it. Our students need to be taught these skills necessary for them to function in the 21 century.
Why address this in schools?
Teachers give students assignments that require the use of the Internet. It is our responsibility to give them guidance on how to use technology safely.
Students want to learn!
62% of Grade 4 students prefer using the Internet over the library. 91% of Grade 11 students prefer the Internet over the library. Source: Young Canadians in a Wired World, Media Awareness Network, 2005 66 per cent of students say they would like to learn “ How to protect your privacy on the Net ” in school. Source: Young Canadians in a Wired World, Media Awareness Network, 2005
Don’t Laugh at Me http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HTNVXlirF4Y Resources: http://learningtogive.org/lessons/unit187/lesson1.html http://storybookipedia.sblc.wikispaces.net/Don't+Laugh+At+Me-+Activities
Bullying Books on Amazon - http://www.amazon.com/Bullying-books/lm/TGB5IZPC74JZ
Glendale Library Book list for Bullying broken down by Teens, Juvenile and DVD. http://library.ci.glendale.ca.us/About_Bullying.asp
Embracing a Child – Books for Kids - http://www.embracingthechild.org/bully.html
Children’s Books about Bullying - http://www.best-childrens-books.com/childrens-books-about-bullying.html
Books about Bullying for older kids - http://www.santaclaracountylib.org/kids/lists/bullies_older_kids/index.html
Discussion and Activity Book about Bullying - http://www.thebullybook.com/
PBS.org listing of Books about Bullies - http://pbskids.org/itsmylife/friends/bullies/print_books.html
Bulling Books by Grade Level - http://www.bulliesinbooks.com/
Resources for CyberBullying
Stop Online Social Aggression - http://www.aaronjmeyer.com/storage/cbnparent.pdf
Bullying by Gender Research http://spi.sagepub.com/content/27/2/157.short