Bullying can take place in or out of school and in person or through other means of communication. When it occurs online, in, for example, emails, text messages, or in posts on websites, it is referred to as cyberbullying . Bullying can be verbal or physical, and when physical, it can be directed against a person, a person’s property, or be used to intimidate, rather than inflict damage to the person or his or her property. Verbal bullying can include name-calling, threatening, or teasing someone, or making obscene remarks or spreading rumors about someone. Bullying can be peer-to-peer, or be done by younger people to older people or vice versa.
Using communication technologies such as email, cell phones, chat rooms, instant messaging, blogs, or defamatory personal websites to send or post repeated, deliberate, cruel and harmful text or images.
(Shek, 2004; Belsey, www.cyberbullying.ca)
What is Cyber Bullying? – WiredSafety Video http://youtube.com/watch?v=T38-9OCDrP4
MAKING THE GRADE How States are "Graded" on their Anti Bullying Laws by Brenda High, Executive Director of BullyingPolice.org http://www.bullypolice.org/grade.html
The word "bullying" must be used in the text of the bill/law/statutes.
The law must clearly be an anti bullying law, not a school safety law.
There must be definitions of bullying and harassment.
There should be recommendations about how to make policy and what needs to be in the model policy.
A good law involves education specialists at all levels, starting with the State Superintendent's (Education) office, though the School Districts, Schools, Parents and Students. Together they can define and set rules, policies, and find and implement the best anti bullying programs. Laws should require anti bullying training, anti bullying education for students and staff as well as prevention programs.
A good law mandates anti bullying programs, not suggests programs.
Laws should include a date the model policy is due, when the schools need to have their policies in place, (in keeping with the anti bullying law requirements), and when the anti bullying programs must be in effect.
There must be protection against reprisal, retaliation or false accusation.
There must be school district protection against lawsuits upon compliance to policies.
A top rated law will put the emphasis on the victims of bullying by assigning counseling for victims who suffer for years after peer abuse.
There must be accountability reports made to either Lawmakers or the State Education Superintendent and there must be a consequence assigned to schools/districts who don’t comply to the law. There should be mandatory posting and/or notification of policies and reporting-form-procedures for students and parents.
Cyberbullying or "Electronic Harassment" law.
Passing in June 2010, this is a long awaited law. New York's law is missing point 5 and 8 and missing the "+" of point 10 (victim counseling) and point 12 (a cyberbullying clause). http://bullypolice.org/ny_law.html Takes effect 7/1/2012
Not all bullying is this obvious! Talent Show - Cyberbullying Prevention Commercial http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bdQBurXQOeQ
Story of local school of how simple playing can turn into bullying, even with staff.
Local School District
5 Ways That Boys and Girls Bully Differently http://www.thebeehive.org/school/k-12-students/supporting-my-child-school/top-5-ways-boys-and-girls-bully?gclid=CJH17LDUv6cCFcfe4AodeRHbBQ
Boys are more likely than girls to display bullying behavior through physical intimidation. Girls bully by lashing out verbally more than physically. They leave other girls out of their circle and spread rumors by gossiping.
When boys bully, they bully girls as well as other boys. Girls usually bully other girls.
Boys tend to bully openly, making it easier to spot. Girls disguise their bullying and act out in more passive aggressive ways. Because of this, girl-on-girl bullying is harder to spot. The majority of researchers think that boys bully more than girls, but more recent studies suggest that adults simply have a harder time recognizing when girls bully.
Experts believe that boys are more likely to cyber-bully as well. Girls who are cyber-bullied are more likely to report the bullying to adults than their male peers.
Girls report more positive opinions of how their teacher’s handle bullying. Boys are more likely to think that their teachers are doing a poor job in responding to bullying problems.
5 Ways That Boys and Girls Bully The Same http://www.thebeehive.org/school/k-12-students/supporting-my-child-school/top-5-ways-boys-and-girls-bully?gclid=CJH17LDUv6cCFcfe4AodeRHbBQ
Both genders can bully in the form of racist, sexist or homophobic remarks.
Bullying by both boys and girls is harmful and can lead to depression, body image issues, and low self-esteem.
According to psychologist and bullying expert Evelyn Field , bullies and targets of bullies often have undeveloped assertive communication skills. Assertive communication is the open expression of your needs, desires, thoughts and feelings. It involves speaking up for your own needs while also respecting the needs of others.
Both male and female bullies often turn on their friends.
Bullying usually occurs amongst younger teens and pre-teens and usually begins to fade by the later teen years. Later primary and middle school years are the crucial years to be aware of bullying.
Flaming : Using inflammatory or vulgar words to provoke an online fight
Harassment : Continually sending vicious, mean, or disturbing e-mails to an individual
Denigration : Spreading rumors, lies or gossip to hurt a person ’s reputation
Impersonation : Posting offensive or aggressive messages under another person ’s name
Outing : Posting or sharing confidential or compromising information or images
Trickery : Fooling someone into sharing personal information which you then post online
Exclusion : Purposefully excluding someone from an online group
Cyberstalking : Ongoing harassment and denigration that causes a person considerable fear for his/her safety
How, Who, and Why
Cyberbullying may occur via personal Web sites, blogs, e-mail, discussion groups, message boards, chat, instant messaging, or voice, text, or image cell phones.
A cyberbully may be a person whom the target knows or an online stranger. A cyberbully may be anonymous and enlist the aid of others, including online “friends.”
Cyberbullying may be a continuation of, or in retaliation for, in-school bullying. It may be related to fights about relationships or be based on hate or bias. Some teens think cyberbullying is a fun game.
Teens might think…
They think they are invisible, so they think they can’t be punished.
Some Well-Known Examples http://youtube.com/watch?v=HFsfDLCkfQU CNN Story
Megan Meier-student in St. Louis, MO who was a victim of a My Space hoax. Another teen ’s parent made up an account and “friended” Megan only to “dump” her later. She committed suicide last year. Video 5:43
Tyra Show – Follow Up http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=afKhU0ykrCQ&feature=related Video - 0:16 – 2:46
Many cyber bullies think that bullying others online is funny.
Cyber bullies may not realize the consequences for themselves of cyberbullying .
The things teens post online now may reflect badly on them later when they apply for college or a job.
Cyber bullies can lose their cell phone or online accounts for cyber bullying.
Also, cyber bullies and their parents may face legal charges for cyber bullying, and if the cyber bullying was sexual in nature or involved sexting, the results can include being registered as a sex offender.
Teens may think that if they use a fake name they won't get caught, but there are many ways to track some one who is cyber bullying.
Sexting is a felony - Child ponography – if convicted – must register on the sex offender list for 20 years.
NO ONE – has the right to make another person feel left out, feel inferior, or feel fear.
Faces of Victims More real life stories: http://www.netsmartz.org/reallifestories
Local School Uses Classic Literature to Fight Bullying http://www.fox23news.com/news/local/story/Greene-Co-school-uses-classic-kids-book-to-fight/lhgDttuLlk6AlxJNSa77FQ.cspx Teaching resources: http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/00352/100dresses.html http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/collateral.jsp?id=38456
Students will not learn about Internet ethics, etiquette, and safety intuitively simply because they are growing up in the digital age. Also the risks they face will not simply go away by ignoring it. Our students need to be taught these skills necessary for them to function in the 21 century.
Teachers give students assignments that require the use of the Internet. It is our responsibility to give them guidance on how to use technology safely.
Students want to learn!
62% of Grade 4 students prefer using the Internet over the library. 91% of Grade 11 students prefer the Internet over the library. Source: Young Canadians in a Wired World, Media Awareness Network, 2005 66 per cent of students say they would like to learn “ How to protect your privacy on the Net ” in school. Source: Young Canadians in a Wired World, Media Awareness Network, 2005
Don’t Laugh at Me http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HTNVXlirF4Y Resources: http://learningtogive.org/lessons/unit187/lesson1.html http://storybookipedia.sblc.wikispaces.net/Don't+Laugh+At+Me-+Activities