Chapter 4 Medical Terminology

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  • 1. Unit 2The Language of Health Care © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 2. Chapter 4Medical Terminology © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 3. Medical Terminology• Language used by health care professionals – Includes specialized terms, abbreviations, and symbols• Precise terms prevent confusion and error• Do not use when communicating with patients © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 4. Building Blocks• Word root – Gives word its main meaning – All medical terms have at least one root – Refers to structure and function of body• Combining form – Word root plus vowel (continued) © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 5. Building Blocks• Combining vowel – Links word root to next word part – Usually “o,” but can be “a,” “e,” “i,” or “u” © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 6. Question• What word part is “cardi”? A. Word root B. Combining form C. Combining vowel © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 7. Answer• A. Word root• Cardi – Word root meaning heart – Combining form • Cardi/o – Combining vowel • “o” © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 8. Building Blocks• Suffix – Attaches to end of word roots and combining forms to add to or change meaning – All medical terms have suffix © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 9. Question• Which of the following suffixes means pain? A. -cide B. -ical C. -algia © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 10. Answer• C. -algia• Suffix -cide – To kill or destroy• Suffix -ical – Pertaining to• Suffix -algia – Pain © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 11. Building Blocks• Prefix – Attaches to beginning of word roots and combining forms to add to or change meaning – Not all, but many medical terms have prefix © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 12. Question• In the word hypothyroidism, what word part is hypo? A. Word root B. Suffix C. Prefix © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 13. Answer• C. prefix• Prefix hypo = less than or under• Word root thyroid = thyroid gland• Suffix -ism = condition• Hypothyroidism meaning – Condition created by less than normal levels of thyroid hormones © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 14. Building Blocks© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied,duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 15. Deciphering Medical Terms• Start from right and work left – Identify meaning of suffix – Identify meaning of word root – Identify meaning of prefix • If one exists © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 16. Example• Cardiology – Suffix -ology = study of – Word root cardi = heart – Prefix = (none in this word) – Meaning • Study of the heart © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 17. Example• Polyarthritis – Suffix -itis = inflammation – Word root arthr = joint – Prefix poly = many or much – Meaning • Inflammation of many joints © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 18. Question• A patient is having intercostal pain. Decipher the medical term to determine where this pain would be located. A. Between the ribs B. In the abdomen C. In the head or neck © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 19. Answer• A. Between the ribs• Suffix -al = pertaining to• Word root cost = rib• Prefix inter = between• Combine word parts to learn that patient is having pain between ribs © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 20. AnimationClick Here to Play Word Parts Work Together Animation© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied,duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 21. Animation Click Here to Play Combining Word Parts Animation© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied,duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 22. Spelling and Pronunciation• Accuracy critical• Some words sound the same – But spelled differently• One letter can completely change meaning• Memorize pronunciation and plural form guides © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 23. Question• What is the guideline for making a plural form if the term ends in -ex or -ix? A. Change the -ex or -ix to -es B. Change the -ex or -ix to -ices C. Add an -e to the end of the word © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 24. Answer• B. Change the -ex or -ix to –ices• If term ends in -ex or -ix, plural usually formed by changing -ex or -ix to -ices © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 25. Medical Abbreviations and Symbols• Shorthand• Many common – Others vary• Use only those listed on facility’s approved list – If not on facility’s approved list, cannot be used © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 26. Question• True or False: – If the provider writes the order “up ad lib,” it means the patient is to always walk with the assistance of a health care professional. © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 27. Answer• False• Ad lib = freely or at will• Up ad lib = patient can get up and move about freely and at own will © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 28. Question• True or False: – The symbol ♂ means male. © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 29. Answer• True• Symbol for male –♂• Symbol for female –♀ © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 30. Aids to Learning• Purchase medical dictionary – Choose one most helpful to individual needs• Use study habits to build on own learning style – Visual, auditory, or kinesthetic © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 31. Question• Which of the following would be a visual study technique to learning? A. Practice by writing the words down B. Read medical terms aloud C. Draw and color images of terms © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
  • 32. Answer• A. Practice by writing the words down• Writing terms – Visual• Speaking words aloud – Auditory• Drawing and coloring images – Kinesthetic © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.