Solar Us Inc


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Why Central IL will become an alternative energy hotbed

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Solar Us Inc

  1. 1. Sell, finance, install, and service photovoltaic electric, solar lighting and water heating equipment. Dr. Kenneth Bower 1680 West Polk Avenue Charleston, Illinois, 61920 USA 217-348-6703, 217-273-6713
  2. 2. Sustainable resource utilization can be an economic benefit to Coles County, Illinois, and the US Midwest over the next decade. The US Midwest is an ideal location for product manufacture and distribution to the continental US and North America. We have plentiful natural resources, a highway system that puts us within three days driving of the entire country, a talented workforce and good work ethic, great colleges, and a need to reinvent ourselves in light of changing energy costs, large trade deficits, global warming, and continued loss of population to the coasts and sunbelt. This brief presentation will survey a variety of electric generating options that are viable in our area and suggest that creative opportunities to address the need to derive heat, lighting, and electricity from clean sources could bring academic, industrial, and government interests together in a very productive way. The creation of new companies that are adequately capitalized to facilitate this transition is suggested as part of the solution. Ken obtained a PhD in chemistry and did postdoctoral research for University of California before joining Los Alamos National Laboratory where he participated in a variety of energy and weapons projects. He has led TRACE Photonics in their scientific and engineering projects and recently formed SolarUS to sell, install, finance, and maintain solar equipment. Contact at or 217-348-6703
  3. 3. Lights of the continental United States, Image from Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
  4. 4. Crude Oil Lt Sweet Pit Future (Nymex) March, 2009, compared to S&P500 retrieved Jan. 20, 2009, Wall Street Journal
  5. 5. Hydro electricity is clean when available.
  6. 6. Switchgrass Panicum virgatum. USDA Corn Zea mays. Agricultural Research Service
  7. 7. Wind Farm in Lee County, Illinois. 63 Gamesa 800kw wind turbines = Capacity 50.4 megawatts. Turbine hub height is 213 feet with 171 foot rotor diameter. Commonwealth Edison buys 125 million kWh annual output
  8. 8. Artist rendering for FutureGen power plant. Clean coal combustion for hydrogen and electricity with carbon dioxide sequestration.
  9. 9. Wind, clean coal, solar, geothermal, and nuclear can provide our national heating and electricity needs! However, the infrastructure for production and distribution are expensive.
  10. 10. 1680 West Polk Avenue Charleston, Illinois, 61920 USA 217-348-6703, 217-273-6713
  11. 11. South Double-pane glass with flowing mineral free water is heating loop of solar water heater. Outer layer may be photoluminescent and/or electroluminescent. Structure is greenhouse-like. Doors and windows on east and west. Cooling North side is bermed. loops 20 meter drop across a 50 meter run equals 1000m2 of beautiful exposure during sunlight. North Underground Water storage of purification, heated water pumps, sensors, and aux. heating cabinet
  12. 12. Solar Lighting Hybrid Luminaires – Disperse light into rooms. Solar Collector Plastic Fiber Optic Bundle concentrates and Transmits lighting into building. focuses sunlight into optical fiber bundle. 1680 West Polk Avenue Charleston, Illinois, 61920 USA 217-348-6703, 217-273-6713
  13. 13. A solar cell converts light (photons) to electricity based on the photoelectric effect; generation of electron-hole pairs in p-n junction, collection of electrons and routing through load. Controllers, diodes, inverters, secondary storage and other circuits.
  14. 14. US shipments of photovoltaics Last decade and next: 18 to 2200MW Energy Information Adminstration, C&Enews Nov. 20, '06 5000 3 2 4500 y = 0.4091x - 2452.8x + 5E+06x - 3E+09 2 R = 0.9785 4000 3500 Peak megawatts 3000 2500 2000 30% tax credit 1500 United Solar aSi 1000 500 0 1996 2001 2006 2011 2016 2021
  15. 15. SOLAR POWER ANALYSIS STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES Power plants are low maintenance Some regions have little sunlight Pollutant free. Fuel is free. Electricity and heat is needed at night Inexpensive over the long term (>10years) Expensive to store heat and electricity Power plants can be distributed at places of use Maintenance of system requires special skill Plenty of sunlight in the Americas Up-front power plant cost is significant OPPORTUNITIES THREATS People can save money over the long term Heavy dependence on government subsidies Reduce trade deficit from imported oil ($400B/yr) Changing weather patterns Science, technology, math education needed. Lack of public awareness Create hundreds of thousands of new jobs Time for project completion is significant manufacture R&D installation sales maintenance
  16. 16. Despite nuclear power providing only 10% of our electricity (incl. Clinton), we make almost half of the world’s nuclear power, and we are very good at it!
  17. 17. Nuclear fission: the release of energy by splitting heavy nuclei such as uranium-235 or plutonium-239 Each fission releases 2 or 3 neutrons These neutrons are slowed with a moderator to better initiate more fission events Control rods absorb excess neutrons to keep the chain reaction in check
  18. 18. Energy from the reaction makes steam to produce electricity. Nuclear power produces no greenhouse gas emissions and annually saved in the US over 5 million tons of sulfur dioxide, 2.4 million tons of nitrogen oxide, and 165 million tons of carbon from being released to air. Nuclear power is the cheapest source of electricity costing $0.018/kWh compared to $0.020/kWh from coal.
  19. 19. Clinton Power Station, Clinton, IL. 8,232,306 mwh @ 90% capacity
  20. 20. Fusion is the release of energy by combining light nuclei such as deuterium and tritium Exponential rate of R&D fusion progress Goal of fusion research is to confine ions at high enough temperature and pressure and long enough to fuse.
  21. 21. Inertial Confinement uses powerful lasers or ion beams to compress a pellet of fusion fuel to the right temperatures and pressures This is a schematic of the National Ignition Facility (NIF) built at Lawrence Livermore National Lab (California)
  22. 22. Magnetic Confinement uses strong magnetic fields to confine the plasma.This is a cross-section of the proposed International Thermo- nuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER, in Southern France)
  23. 23. A Argonne National Laboratory occupies 1,500 wooded acres in r g DuPage County, Ill, about 25 miles southwest of Chicago. o n