Active Combat versus Non-Active Combat Rebecca Elkins Argosy University
There are many studies found relating to PostTraumatic Stress Disorder, commonly known asPTSD, in military veterans of war; however, very little of this information is made known to thepublic. There seems to be more information onPost Traumatic Stress Disorder being published in recent years; this is likely a result of the present war on terrorism and the constant development in the field of psychology. Eachstudy will be presented by discussing researchfindings and the relativity to the subject of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in military veterans.
PTSD in the WorkplaceLafferty, Alford, Davis, and OConnor’s (2008) study on military veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder posed an interesting point of view. In this study, Lafferty, Alford, Davis, and OConnor lookedat veterans with PTSD and what it is like for them toreintegrate into the workplace when coming out of awar zone. This study discussed symptoms of PTSD that could be noticeable to employers, givesexplanation for the development of PTSD, discusses how a civilian should handle a veteran who is experiencing PTSD, and explains what a veteran thinks and feels when experiencing PTSD.
In a news article retrieved from the ProQuest database, written by an anonymous author, are the statistics provided by the Healthcare FinancialManagement Association (2008), displaying how many veterans report PTSD symptoms, how many of those veterans with symptoms actually seek treatment, etc. According to the study, only slightly more than half ofthose veterans who are diagnosed with Post TraumaticStress Disorder seek treatment. The main reason given for this statistic is that the veterans do not want the diagnosis of PTSD to affect their military career due to this disorder being viewed as a disability. The study goes further to say that only about half of those diagnosed with PTSD actually get treatment and the treatment received is only minimally adequate (Anonymous, HFMA, 2008).
PTSD in the ClassroomHusley (2010) looked at the process of veterans acclimatingto the educational environment after returning from war. Re-entering the classroom once returning from war can presentmany issues. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is one of many.One common symptom of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is anxiety when in a crowd of people. Depending on the setting, symptoms such as this can present major issues. Sitting in class surrounded by classmates may seemnormal, sometimes even relaxing; however, to a veteran with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, it can be extremelystressful, cause severe anxiety, an anxiety attack, feelings of fear or anger, etc. This study describes the need to developworkshops and/or full-length classes on how to treat combat- war veterans and their families who are suffering from war- related mental health problems (Husley, 2010).
ResearchIn researching Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in military veterans of war, it seems as if the results would be quite clear. When taking intoconsideration military personnel in general versus military veterans, it will be clear that military veterans have a higher chance of experiencing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. When looking atmilitary veterans of war who have been deployed to an active combat zone versus military veterans of war who have been deployed to a non-active combat zone, the results are not quite as vastly different. For the purpose of the study, an active combat zone can be defined as a location classified as a war zone by the United States government that is experiencing regular active combat that includes, yet is not limited to, fire fights, bombings, and IEDs. A non- active combat zone can be qualified as a location in the territory of active war, but not currently seeing active combat and not classified as a war zone by the United States government. While PostTraumatic Stress Disorder is very common in all military veterans, thesymptoms of PTSD seem to be significantly more severe on average in veterans coming from an active combat zone (HFMA, 2008).
Results/Finding sTo determine whether or not military veterans are more likely to developPost Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after being deployed to an active combat zone versus being deployed to a non-active combat zone, the military veterans will need to be divided into two separate groups. One group will contain military veterans who have previously been deployed once and that deployment will consist of an active combat zone location. The other group will contain military veterans who have previously been deployed once and that deployment will consist of a non-active combat zone location. The participants will be asked a series of yes or no questions consisting of symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder aswell as asking if they have ever been professionally diagnosed with PTSD and if they have ever sought professional attention in order to determinewhether or not they may have PTSD. This would be the best way to easilycompare the two groups and to determine whether or not Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and the severity of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder isdependent on what type of location to which a military veteran of war has been deployed. Hypothetically the results should show that there is a significant difference in the two groups which will show a significantdifference in the cause of PTSD in terms of relation to combat, specifically that active combat results in a higher percentage of PTSD.
ConclusionIn conclusion, a study such as this can aid in the diagnosis and treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in military veterans. It can also show the public the extent to which a deployment of any kind affects a military veteran. Today, there is a significant lack of information provided to thepublic on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in the military. Many people may have heard of PTSD, but most do not understand what having this disorder entails for the veteran and their family. It is especially important that employers and school faculties are aware of the symptoms, causes, treatments, and how these veterans need to be treated to avoid negative affects to the individual relating to PTSD. As far as future studies, a study such as this can be quite beneficial. It isimportant to understand the causes and the root of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and by doing so military veterans can receive even more beneficial treatments. Because PTSD is so common among military veterans, many underestimate the lasting effects of this disorder and do not seek the help that they need. Future studies need to address how many veterans do not receive treatment for Post Traumatic StressDisorder, why these veterans decline treatment, and how the true severity of this disorder can be made more publicly known.
ReferencesAmerican Psychiatric Association. (2000). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Diagnostic andStatistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text revision). Retrieved fromhttp://www.psychologynet.org/dsm/ptsd.htmlHealthcare Financial Management Association. (2008). Costs of PTSD and Major Depression inVeterans. Healthcare Financial Management, 62(6), 9-10. Retrieved fromABI/INFORM Global.Hulsey, T. (2010). From the Battleground to the Classroom. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 90(2), 25.Retrieved from Business Source Elite database.Jones, K., Young, T., & Leppma, M. (2010). Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and PosttraumaticStress Disorder in Returning Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans: Implications forAssessment and Diagnosis. Journal of counseling & development, 88(3), 372-376.Retrieved from Business Source Elite database.Lafferty, C., Alford, K., Davis, M., & OConnor, R. (2008). "Did You Shoot Anyone?" APractioners Guide to Combat Veteran Workplace and Classroom Reintegration. SAMAdvanced Management Journal (07497075), 73(4), 4-18. Retrieved from BusinessSource Elite database.