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Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
Verbals
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Verbals

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  • 1. Verbals Gerund Participle Infinitive
  • 2. Verbal Phrase =
    • A phrase that is centered around a verb form .
    • This verb form is NOT used as a verb in the sentence
    • It is used as a noun , adjective or adverb .
    • There are 3 kinds of verbals or verbal phrases :
    • GERUND PARITCIPLE IN FINI TIVE
  • 3. Gerund - ing NOUN What?
  • 4. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • … centers around a verb form ending in -ING
    • … is always used as a noun
    • … is never surrounded by commas (except for appositives )
    • Caution! -ING verb forms can also be verbs or adjectives (These are NOT gerunds .)
    • … can be used in each of the 6 noun positions
  • 5. Not all -ING words are Gerunds :
    • morning
    • evening
    • something
    • nothing
    • anything
    • everything
    • She is driving to school today.
  • 6. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • EXAMPLES :
    • Swimming the mile is my best event.
    • I like swimming the mile.
    • My best event is swimming the mile.
    • I gave swimming the mile a try.
    • He lectured us about swimming the mile.
    • My best event, swimming the mile, was canceled.
  • 7. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • ANSWERS :
    • Swimming the mile is my best event. ( Subject )
    • I like swimming the mile . ( DO )
    • My best event is swimming the mile . ( PN )
    • I gave swimming the mile a try. ( IO )
    • He lectured us about swimming the mile . ( OP )
    • My best event, swimming the mile , was canceled. ( APP )
  • 8. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • EXAMPLES :
    • His sister was dancing in the show.
    • I hate practicing the piano.
    • I gave my mom’s cooking a perfect 10.
    • Sitting by the pool is quite relaxing.
    • Wishing upon a star, Sue imagined a better life.
    • While I was walking on the beach, I found a sand dollar.
  • 9. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • ANSWERS :
    • His sister was dancing in the show. ( not a gerund, verb phrase )
    • I hate practicing the piano . ( DO )
    • I gave my mom’s cooking a perfect 10. ( IO )
    • Sitting by the pool is quite relaxing. ( S )
    • Wishing upon a star, Sue imagined a better life. ( not a gerund, participial phrase )
    • While I was walking on the beach, I found a sand dollar. ( not a gerund, clause )
  • 10. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • EXAMPLES :
    • Becoming a doctor takes years of serious study.
    • Kino’s specialty is cooking mushrooms.
    • The subtle squeaking of the door hinges told Mira that her sister was home.
    • Carla decided on writing about famous women in history.
    • Mr. Riley enjoys the crackling of a campfire on a winter’s evening.
  • 11. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • ANSWERS :
    • Becoming a doctor takes years of serious study. ( S )
    • Kino’s specialty is cooking mushrooms . ( PN )
    • The subtle squeaking of the door hinges told Mira that her sister was home. ( S )
    • Carla decided on writing about famous women in history . ( OP )
    • Mr. Riley enjoys the crackling of a campfire on a winter’s evening . ( DO )
  • 12. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • EXAMPLES :
    • Traveling to new and interesting places is fun.
    • The smiling child amused his parents.
    • Give playing golf another chance.
    • Pam is studying for her French exam.
    • Holding onto the kite, Jeremy received a cut.
  • 13. Gerund / Gerund Phrase
    • ANSWERS :
    • Traveling to new and interesting places is fun. (S)
    • The smiling child amused his parents. ( not a gerund, participle )
    • Give playing golf another chance. (IO)
    • Pam is studying for her French exam. ( not a gerund, verb phrase )
    • Holding onto the kite, Jeremy received a cut. ( not a gerund, participial phrase )
  • 14. Gerund / Gerund Phrase patterns to look for…
    • Subject + verb …
    • Subject + linking verb + PN
    • Subject + action verb + DO
    • Subject + action verb (usu. give ) + IO DO
    • Preposition + OP
    • S, Appositive , verb… (Other combinations are possible for this one.)
  • 15. Participle -ing -d -ed -n -en -nt ADJECTIVE What kind? Which one?
  • 16. Participles…
    • are verb forms that act like adjectives .
    • can end in –ing , -d, -ed, -n, -en, nt
    • will come as close as they can to the noun they modify
    • can come BEFORE or AFTER the noun it modifies
  • 17. Participles
    • Examples:
    • The frowning clown fell down. ( article / adj./ noun )
    • The clown, frowning at the crowd , fell down.
    • Frowning at the crowd , the clown fell down.
  • 18. Participial Phrases…
    • may fall at the beginning of the sentence.
    • If so, it will be separated from the sentence with a comma
    • Example :
    • Bent by the wind , the tree finally fell over.
  • 19. Find the participles:
    • The fallen tree blocked the road.
    • Mary had to replace the soiled carpet.
    • Mike’s goal was hiking the Rockies.
    • The running water eroded the soil.
    • We finally got our own swimming pool.
    • Eating jalapeno peppers can be painful.
  • 20. Find the participles (Answers)
    • The fallen tree blocked the road.
    • Mary had to replace the soiled carpet.
    • Mike’s goal was hiking the Rockies . (gerund)
    • The running water eroded the soil.
    • We finally got our own swimming pool.
    • Eating jalapeno peppers can be painful. (gerund)
  • 21. Find the participial phrases:
    • Running quickly, the puppy caught up with the family.
    • Seeing my family made me feel safe.
    • Bending in the wind, the tree finally fell.
    • The wind, whipping through the valley, did extensive damage.
    • I saw my uncle waiting for me.
  • 22. Find the participial phrases (Answers)
    • Running quickly , the puppy caught up with the family.
    • Seeing my family made me feel safe. (gerund)
    • Bending in the wind , the tree finally fell.
    • The wind, whipping through the valley , did extensive damage.
    • I saw my uncle waiting for me .
  • 23. Find the participial phrases:
    • Granny’s goal, quilting a huge quilt, will have to wait until spring.
    • Martha’s hobby is sewing for the family.
    • Sitting by the dock, Bob felt lonely.
    • The boy sitting by the bay was my cousin.
    • Not watching his steps, the toddler fell down.
  • 24. Find the participial phrases (Answers)
    • Granny’s goal, quilting a huge quilt , will have to wait until spring. (gerund / appositive)
    • Martha’s hobby is sewing for the family . (gerund)
    • Sitting by the dock , Bob felt lonely.
    • The boy sitting by the bay was my cousin.
    • Not watching his steps , the toddler fell down.
  • 25. Participle / Participial Phrase patterns to look for…
    • participial phrase , Subject + verb …
    • Subject , participial phrase , verb …
    • Subject + verb + DO participial phrase
    • Preposition + OP participial phrase
    • Article participle Noun
  • 26. In fini tive to + verb NOUN / ADJECTIVE / ADVERB What? (NOUN) Which one? (ADJ.) What kind? (ADJ.) Why? (ADV.)
  • 27. In fini tive RULES:
    • Center around TO + verb
    • Verb is “naked” – No endings (-ing, -ed, etc.)
    • Examples: to go, to sit, to talk, etc.
    • Can be used as noun , adj . or adv .
    • Caution! Do not confuse with prepositional phrases using “to” ( to school , to me , to us , to them, to lunch, etc.)
  • 28. Find the In fini tives
    • I wanted to go to the mall today.
    • My mom went to bed early.
    • Your cat ate too much food today.
    • To sleep all day is unhealthy.
    • I want to ask you a question.
  • 29. Find the In fini tive Phrases:
    • I went to the pond to fish for bass.
    • I have to go to the mall before supper.
    • To make good grades, one must study.
    • My goal is to make good grades.
    • I sat with the team to give them my support.
    • Don’t try to get out of here too fast.
  • 30. In fini tive Phrases used as NOUNS :
    • I want to get a car for my birthday.
    • My goal is to get a car for my birthday.
    • To get a car for my birthday would be wonderful.
    • My goal, to get a car for my birthday, may never happen.
    • Which two noun positions are not used?
  • 31. In fini tive Phrases used as ADJECTIVES :
    • The movie to see is Avatar .
    • I missed the road to take to the beach.
    • The place to see moose is Canada.
    • I need a place to keep my book bag.
    • Adjective infinitive phrases will come directly after a noun and modify it by answering “which?” or “what kind?.”
  • 32. In fini tive Phrases used as ADVERBS :
    • I went to the pond to fish.
    • To get into Harvard, you must study.
    • I am happy to be here.
    • I am sad to see you go.
    • An infinitive phrase that comes first in a sentence MAY be an adverb, but it will have a comma after it. Adverb infinitive phrases usually answer “why?” or “how?.”
  • 33. Some famous In fini tives :
    • “ To be or not to be , that is the question.”
    • “ To know me is to love me.”
    • “ You’ve got to live a little.”
    • “ I vant to drink your bloooooood.”
    • “ I wanna hold your hand.”
    • “ I’ve only just begun to fight .”
    • “ To boldly go where no man has gone before…” (split infinitive)
  • 34. Look for patterns…

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